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A comparison of spanish and english poster

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  • I like your presentation, however I am puzzled that you said Spanish has no irregular verbs – it does, much to my students’ dismay! I really liked your example of students errors using three flowers – that’s a really terrific and concise way of presenting a lot of errors.
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A comparison of spanish and english poster

  1. 1. by Heather GossWilkes University
  2. 2.  Spanish is the third most commonly used language worldwide, behind only English and Chinese. Spanish is considered to be the official language of twenty countries and Puerto Rico. The United States has at least 40 million native Spanish speakers, which is about 10% of the world’s Spanish speaking population. Spanish in Spain versus Spanish in other parts of the world do differ in pronunciation and use of indigenous words, however, they still retain fundamental cohesiveness.
  3. 3. Spanish English - 18 consonant phonemes - 26 consonant phonemes - Pronounced phonetically, - uses 8 additional vowels sounds with a silent /h/, /b/, and for a total of 13 vowel sounds /v/ sounding the same - diphthongs are used in - dialectal changes are indicated- Grammatical gender is both languages by vowel differences assigned to nouns - phonetic - many one syllable words- Shifts in consonantal classes languages because English supports final mark dialect change consonants - use the same- No irregular plural nouns alphabet - uses irregular verbs and nouns and no irregular verbs - vowels a, - places subject before the - No distinction between personal and e, i, o, u verb non-personal relative pronouns - prepositions frequently occur - Requires the trilled at the end of sentences. /rr/ and /ɲ/
  4. 4. Student: Maritza  2nd grade  attends an emotional support classroom  level 6 ELL student  born in New York City, New York and moved to York, PA at the age of four  mother speaks fluent Spanish but uses English in the home since moving to the United States ten years ago  reading above grade level in L2  knows and uses limited Spanish phrases and inappropriate Spanish words  most errors occur in her oral and written
  5. 5.  4 errors in pluralizing nouns (added –s to make words plural) 11 errors in verb tense (added –ed to all verbs to make them plural) 10 errors in pronoun/verb agreement
  6. 6. deers hitted we ismouses runned her is making pronoun verb nouns plural verb tense agreement buyedgooses goed we was she go fishes
  7. 7.  The Spanish language does not have irregular verb, but the English language does. The simple present tense can have multiple meanings in Spanish. This could cause confusion when including past tense verbs. The Spanish language pluralizes noun, adjective, and article, which could cause confusion when attempting to pluralize nouns in English. The student may be over generalizing the English rules they have learned. (adding –ed for past tense and –s or –es to make a noun plural)
  8. 8.  direct, explicit instruction within context exposure to plural nouns in a variety of ways repeated practice of grammar skills (example: brainstorm a list of nouns and then together list the plural of each noun) Mini lessons on exceptions to the rules (example: lessons on irregular verbs) print rich environment with supporting visuals (example: opportunities to see and read magazines, comics, newspapers, books, charts, etc. to relate the newly learned concepts) Instruction for both oral and written language that is engaging (example: incorporate learning songs, games, and videos)
  9. 9.  Bilinguistics. (2007). Typical Development of Speech in Spanish in Comparison to English. Retrieved from www.pediastaff.com/uploads/resources/abad_0707.pdf Goldstein, B. & Iglesias, A. (1996). Phonological patterns in normally developing Spanish-speaking 3- and 4-year-olds of Puerto Rican descent. Retrieved from www.pediastaff.com/uploads/resources/abad_0707.pdf Language Capitals. (2011). The World of Spanish Language. Retrieved from http://www.language-capitals.com/spanish.php O’Rourke, Erin. (2012). The Handbook of Hispanic Linguistics. Retrieved from http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=Wx0RP0_cPwC&oi=fnd&pg=PR9& dq=The+Handbook+of+Hispanic+Linguistics&ots=RZzYv9581P&sig=IEdXlWwE6ly RNhRR3uIFzrozUMk#v=onepage&q=The%20Handbook%20of%20Hispanic%20Lingu istics&f=false WIDA Consortium. (2009). The English Language Learner CAN DO Booklet Grades 1-2. Retrieved from http://www.wida.us/standards/CAN_DOs/

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