Spanish is the third most commonly used language worldwide, behind only English and Chinese. Spanish is considered to be the official language of twenty countries and Puerto Rico. The United States has at least 40 million native Spanish speakers, which is about 10% of the world’s Spanish speaking population. Spanish in Spain versus Spanish in other parts of the world do differ in pronunciation and use of indigenous words, however, they still retain fundamental cohesiveness.
Spanish English - 18 consonant phonemes - 26 consonant phonemes - Pronounced phonetically, - uses 8 additional vowels sounds with a silent /h/, /b/, and for a total of 13 vowel sounds /v/ sounding the same - diphthongs are used in - dialectal changes are indicated- Grammatical gender is both languages by vowel differences assigned to nouns - phonetic - many one syllable words- Shifts in consonantal classes languages because English supports final mark dialect change consonants - use the same- No irregular plural nouns alphabet - uses irregular verbs and nouns and no irregular verbs - vowels a, - places subject before the - No distinction between personal and e, i, o, u verb non-personal relative pronouns - prepositions frequently occur - Requires the trilled at the end of sentences. /rr/ and /ɲ/
Student: Maritza 2nd grade attends an emotional support classroom level 6 ELL student born in New York City, New York and moved to York, PA at the age of four mother speaks fluent Spanish but uses English in the home since moving to the United States ten years ago reading above grade level in L2 knows and uses limited Spanish phrases and inappropriate Spanish words most errors occur in her oral and written
4 errors in pluralizing nouns (added –s to make words plural) 11 errors in verb tense (added –ed to all verbs to make them plural) 10 errors in pronoun/verb agreement
deers hitted we ismouses runned her is making pronoun verb nouns plural verb tense agreement buyedgooses goed we was she go fishes
The Spanish language does not have irregular verb, but the English language does. The simple present tense can have multiple meanings in Spanish. This could cause confusion when including past tense verbs. The Spanish language pluralizes noun, adjective, and article, which could cause confusion when attempting to pluralize nouns in English. The student may be over generalizing the English rules they have learned. (adding –ed for past tense and –s or –es to make a noun plural)
direct, explicit instruction within context exposure to plural nouns in a variety of ways repeated practice of grammar skills (example: brainstorm a list of nouns and then together list the plural of each noun) Mini lessons on exceptions to the rules (example: lessons on irregular verbs) print rich environment with supporting visuals (example: opportunities to see and read magazines, comics, newspapers, books, charts, etc. to relate the newly learned concepts) Instruction for both oral and written language that is engaging (example: incorporate learning songs, games, and videos)
Bilinguistics. (2007). Typical Development of Speech in Spanish in Comparison to English. Retrieved from www.pediastaff.com/uploads/resources/abad_0707.pdf Goldstein, B. & Iglesias, A. (1996). Phonological patterns in normally developing Spanish-speaking 3- and 4-year-olds of Puerto Rican descent. Retrieved from www.pediastaff.com/uploads/resources/abad_0707.pdf Language Capitals. (2011). The World of Spanish Language. Retrieved from http://www.language-capitals.com/spanish.php O’Rourke, Erin. (2012). The Handbook of Hispanic Linguistics. Retrieved from http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=Wx0RP0_cPwC&oi=fnd&pg=PR9& dq=The+Handbook+of+Hispanic+Linguistics&ots=RZzYv9581P&sig=IEdXlWwE6ly RNhRR3uIFzrozUMk#v=onepage&q=The%20Handbook%20of%20Hispanic%20Lingu istics&f=false WIDA Consortium. (2009). The English Language Learner CAN DO Booklet Grades 1-2. Retrieved from http://www.wida.us/standards/CAN_DOs/