Take Care Of Your Digestive System Using Ayurveda


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Take Care Of Your Digestive System Using Ayurveda

  1. 1. Take care of your Digestive System using Ayurveda Dr. Gayatri Devi
  2. 2. Digestive system in Ayurveda <ul><ul><li>Digestive fire is called Agni in Ayurveda. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agni is the transforming force </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take care of agni, agni will take care of you and your health. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Types of agnis  <ul><ul><li>13 types of agnis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1-Jatharagni-digestive fire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7-Dhatvagnis- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5-bhutagnis </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><ul><li>Bhootagni -digests the 5 pancha mahabhoota factors present in food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dhatwagni-present in tissues helps to absorb nutrients and transform into tissues. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Jataragni controls bhootagni, dhatwagni </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Agni-common functions  <ul><ul><li>Digests food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Absorbs nutrients </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Destroys pathogens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transforms food into dhatus </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Normal-Jatharagni  <ul><ul><li>Body tissues will be well nourished get attractive complexion &  glow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Longevity, strength, good health, growth, enthusiasm, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vitality and overall healthy development of body and mind. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong resistance to diseases </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Abnormal Jatharagni  <ul><ul><li>Poor digestion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor circulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bad complexion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>offensive body odour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intestinal gas, constipation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low energy , poor resistance to diseases </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Body nature-agni  <ul><ul><li>Samagni-balanced agni </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tikshnagni –high  agni </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mandagni—low  agni- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vishamagni—variable agni </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Samagni (balanced agni)   <ul><ul><li>Well balanced --due to balanced tridoshas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Normal and regular appetite </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digests the food completely, nourishes the body tissues very well. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular bowel movements, little or no gas and bloating </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Teekshnagni (high agni) :   <ul><ul><li>Seen in pitta type constitutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased hunger, thirst, acidity, heart burn and loose motions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resistance generally good, diseases occur suddenly with severity </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Mandagni (low agni)  <ul><ul><li>Seen in kapha constitutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor appetite, low metabolism, tendency to gain weight without high consumption, prone to indigestion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diseases are often not severe </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Vishamaagni (varying agni)  <ul><ul><li>Seen in vata predominant bodies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some times strong appetite and some times loss of appetite </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prone to constipation, flatulence, pain in abdomen and to more debilitating diseases </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Agni-food  <ul><ul><li>Eat acc- to agni </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Samagni –eat all rasas /tastes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mandagni—reduce sweet , bitter tastes and heavy foods, eat sour and pungent foods and easy to digest ones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tikshnagni- reduce sour and pungent tastes, eat sweet and bitter tastes, eat heavy foods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vishamagni-eat acc. To the condition </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. koshtam  <ul><ul><li>It is the nature of alimentary tract & bowel movements. 3 types of koshtas. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Krura (hard)      </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mrudu (Soft) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Madhya (Moderate)  </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Krura koshtam  <ul><ul><li>  Predominance of vata --produces hard faeces, difficulty of elimination or even non-elimination.              </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>   Predominance of pitta- causes watery or semisolid faeces, moving out more than once or twice, in a day. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take more liquids and fibre.   </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Mrudu koshtam    <ul><li>  Predominance of kapha- causes soft, solid faeces moving out smoothly.  </li></ul><ul><li>Eat more bitters.   </li></ul>
  17. 17. Madhya   <ul><ul><li>- If all the doshas are normal—madhya    koshta –normal faeces once a day. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is the ideal condition.  </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Stages of digestion  <ul><ul><li>3 stages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage 1-kapha dominant- happens in the mouth and stomach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage 2  - pitta dominant-in the small intestines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage 3- vata dominant–large intestines </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Sequence of digestion  <ul><ul><li>Sweet taste- --digested first-eat sweets first </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Salty taste-second-- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sour taste & pungent– third-eat sour and pungent in the middle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bitter and astringent at the end-eat at the end </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Quantities- need  <ul><ul><li>Sweet -relatively more-for tissue growth and devt. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Salty-small amounts-for maintaining mineral balance and holding water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sour-moderate –maintaining acidity and countering thirsty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pungent-moderate-for metabolism, improving appetite and digestion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bitter—small quantities- for detoxification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Astringent –moderate-for firmness of tissues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sweet taste reduces appetite and digestion. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sour and pungent increase the appetite and digestion </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Ama   <ul><ul><li>It is the undigested food accumulated in the body, toxic and disease causing substance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ama   problems of digestive system, Ama enters blood stream  -settles in various parts of the bodydiseases </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Causes of indigestion  <ul><ul><li>Spicy foods, chilly, oily foods, medicines, milk and milk products, tobacco and alcohol. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Irregular food habits and sleeping patterns. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medications like pain killers, antibiotics, oral contraceptives and steroids. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intestinal parasites. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diseases of pancreas, liver, gall bladder, intestinal infections etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>During pregnancy, premenstrual period, menopausal period in women. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional upset like anxiety, stress, examination, family tensions, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Langhanam -Fasting  <ul><ul><li>Light food or only liquid diet once a week—increases digestion, clears ama from the body --detoxification. </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Exercise-yoga  <ul><ul><li>Regular exercise –improves appetite and digestion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>yoga-  all types of asanas involving the abdominal muscles –tadasana, bhujangasana, suptapavana muktasana, vajraasna, utkatasana, ardhamatsyendrasana, surya bhedana pranayama –help in maintaining normal agni . </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Role of mind  <ul><ul><li>Emotional upset like anxiety, stress, examination, family tensions  ---disturb agni - lead to indigestion. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Practice relaxation techniques –yoga, pranayama, soothing music, meditation, prayers. </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Care of the digestive system  <ul><ul><li>Eat only when you are hungry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eat according to your agni. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eat hot and fresh food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eat leisurely chewing and enjoying the food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eat only after the previous meal is digested </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fill 1/3rd of the stomach with solids, 1/3rd with liquids, leave 1/3rd. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eat at least 3 hours before sleep at night. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not eat when angry, sad, tense. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid constipation </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Appetisers-digestives  <ul><ul><li>Pippali –long pepper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sunthi-dry ginger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maricham-pepper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ajamoda- ajwain hingu-Asa foetida </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dhanyakam-coriander seeds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jeerakam—cumin seeds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lavangam—cloves </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. One formula  <ul><ul><li>Equal quantities of dry ginger, saunf, coriander seeds, black pepper, cumin seeds, ajwain, long pepper (pippali)—powder and preserve- take 2 gms powder before food. </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Antacids  <ul><ul><li>Amla –Indian goose berry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Satavari- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turmeric </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yashtimadhu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dried banana </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tender coconut water </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. One formula  <ul><ul><li>Amla+yashtimadhu+satavari  powder, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  with honey or butter milk good antacid  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dried banana powder with milk </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Laxatives  <ul><ul><li>Draksha—grapes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eranda— castor oil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harithaki- harda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Katukarohini—kutki </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yashtimadhu- </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Formula  <ul><ul><li>Haritaki powder—3-4 gms with warm water –bed time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trifala churnam-3-5 gms bed time with warm water </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Antiflatulents  <ul><ul><li>Avoid constipation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All the appetizers and digestives act as anti flatulent </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. Formula   <ul><ul><li>Fried Ajwain powder  3 gms before food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3-4 gms cumin powder before food </li></ul></ul>