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Preventing medication errors


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Preventing medication errors

  1. 1. PREVENTING MEDICATION ERRORS: A Vital Precaution From the book: How To Get The Best Medical Care By Dr.Aniruddha Malpani and Dr.Anjali Malpani
  2. 2. What is a Medication Error? <ul><li>A mistake made by a doctor, a nurse, a chemist, a caregiver, or a patient during the process of prescribing, administering, dispensing or using a medicine. </li></ul><ul><li>Most common causes are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar drug names; ( Benylin and Benadryl ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar packaging and labeling and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illegible prescriptions. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What can you do to help prevent medication errors? <ul><li>Learn to ask questions ! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Patients and caregivers’ right and responsibility to ask relevant questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Why you are taking them? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How to take them ? And </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What to expect ? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Points to remember <ul><li>Make sure you understand the answers clearly </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure that you can read you doctor’s prescription. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask your doctor, nurse and chemist: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How the medicines are supposed to work. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What side-effects could occur and how long they should last </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What to do if the medicine doesn’t seem to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>be working. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Points to remember <ul><li>Discuss your medication with your chemist. By law, every chemist’s shop must have a duly qualified and trained pharmacist. </li></ul><ul><li>While taking medicines you should strictly follow the doctor’s instructions. </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize your medicines. </li></ul><ul><li>Double check when doctor changes your prescription </li></ul>
  6. 6. Steps to reduce the risk of a medication error <ul><li>Patronize the same chemist </li></ul><ul><li>You and your doctor should keep a record of all the medicines you are taking – to avoid dangerous drug combinations </li></ul><ul><li>Your doctor needs to know about your past reactions to certain drugs. </li></ul><ul><li>Always keep medications in their original containers </li></ul>
  7. 7. Steps to reduce the risk of a medication error <ul><li>Never use another person’s medication and never experiment </li></ul><ul><li>Throw away all medications once they have reached expiry date </li></ul><ul><li>Make a habit of reading label every time you take your medication </li></ul><ul><li>Keep all medications in a locked cabinet where children can’t reach them </li></ul>
  8. 8. Drug Overdose – most serious medication error <ul><li>Symptoms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dizziness, shortness of breath, a slowdown in breathing, ringing in the ears, extreme sleepiness, nausea, clammy skin, difficulty in hearing, headache, sweating and even loss of consciousness. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. What to do then …. <ul><li>Contact your doctor or hospital emergency room immediately or ask of help from relative or friend. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>You are the one taking your medicines. Therefore, make sure you are well informed about them, so that you can take them safely! </li></ul>