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Dealing with Depression


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The talk will be about Dealing with Depression through cognitive behavior perspective. Signs and Symptoms of Depression and CBT model of depression will be discussed. At the end Different techniques to deal with depression.

For info log on to By Ms. Jai Bapat.

Published in: Health & Medicine

Dealing with Depression

  1. 1. DEALING WITH DEPRESSION Miss Jai Bapat Counseling Psychologist CBT/REBT & AAT Therapist
  2. 2.  jiah khan  marlyn monroe  Silk Smita  Jumanji actor Robin williams  what was the reason for them giving up on life?  Everyone of them was undergoing treatment for depression  They gave up on life because they thought now this is the end of world.
  3. 3. WHAT IS
  4. 4. “DEPRESSION”  It means a mood or state of sadness, pessimistic ideation with loss of interest or pleasure in normally enjoyable activities. Accompanied by consequent weight loss feelings of worthlessness and diminished ability to think or concentrate.  Everyone feels low from time to time which is pretty normal.  For some people low mood persists for weeks months and years with very little relief.  A lot of time people make themselves depressed we call it as Rumination
  5. 5. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF DEPRESSION  Prolonged depressed mood  Thoughts of hopelessness  Change in Appetite  Change in Sleep Pattern  Tired and fatigue  restlessness  Difficulty Concentration and memory attention  Thoughts of Self Harm or Suicide (immediate medical attention required)
  6. 6. CAUSE OF DEPRESSION  No single cause for depression early negative experiences.  Some talk about chemical imbalances in brain and research shows certain brain chemical imbalances change in people in a depressed mood.  Cbt suggests that certain early experiences and life events such as trauma in childhood early losses bereavement and bullying.  Such experiences lead us to develops unhealthy negative beliefs about ourselves, other people and the way world works.
  7. 7. FIVE ASPECT MODEL OF CBT Cognitive Behavior Therapy can be explained in the below format. Trigger i.e. Event/ Situation Thoughts Feelings Behavior Physiological Response Thoughts Feelings Behavior Physiological Response
  8. 8. TRIGGER : LOSS OF JOB I will never find another job. They got rid of me because I am completely useless Sad, Depressed, Ashamed Stay in Bed, Avoid Social Outings, Avoiding Telephone Crying, Lack of Energy, Tired
  9. 9. COGNITIVE TRIAD OF DEPRESSION  Depression comes in three different flavors.  Negative view of self : I am a no good and worthless person.
  10. 10. CBT MODEL OF DEPRESSION  Negative view of World: The world is unfair.
  11. 11. CBT MODEL OF DEPRESSION  Negative view of Future: The future is hopeless.
  12. 12. COGNITIVE DISTORTIONS  There are number of ways in which our thinking style may become distorted when in low mood.  Mental Filter My boss said that I haven't done my report correctly. I am a useless person. You pick out a single negative detail and dwell on it exclusively so that your vision of all reality becomes darkened, like the drop of ink that discolors the entire beaker of water.
  13. 13. COGNITIVE DISTORTION  Over generalizing: I can never do anything right No one will ever love me You see a single negative event as a never-ending pattern of defeat. “My life is useless, the whole world is bad, I will NEVER succeed.”
  14. 14. COGNITIVE DISTORTION  All and Nothing Thinking : You see things in black and white categories. If your performance falls short of perfect, you see yourself as a total failure.“ I failed this test, I’m a failure!”
  15. 15. COGNITIVE DISTORTION  Mind Reading : You arbitrarily conclude that someone is reacting negatively to you, and you don't bother to check this out.“ The audience is certainly getting bored.”
  16. 16. COGNITIVE DISTORTION  Emotional Reasoning : You assume that your negative emotions necessarily reflect the way things really are: "I feel it, therefore it must be true." “I feel he does not love me.”
  17. 17. COGNITIVE DISTORTION  Catastrophizing: You exaggerate the importance of things (such as your goof-up or someone else's achievement) or you inappropriately shrink things until they appear tiny (your own desirable qualities or the other fellow's imperfections). This is also called the "binocular trick." “I got ONLY 80% marks” “ I am not even 1% of what you are.” “ He has everything”
  18. 18. DO’S AND DON'TS OF BEING IN A DEPRESSED MOOD Do’s Don’ts Tell someone how you feel Beat yourself Up Get moving- do something active for 5 minutes Stay in Bed Treat yourself as you would a friend Expect too much from yourself Examine your thoughts for biases Listen to the parrot. Remember your thoughts are not fact
  19. 19. RESEARCH  Studies suggest that one in five us will experience depression at some point in our lives.  CBT is one of the most frequently used therapy with considerable research supporting its effectiveness and adaptability.  First research done by Dr. Aaron Beck was on Depression and it was very effective.
  20. 20. TECHNIQUES TO DEAL WITH DEPRESSION o Get Active/Behavioral Activation. o Five Minute Rule. o Challenge Negative Thinking. o Balanced Alternatives to negative thoughts. o Allow yourself to be sad : let yourself experience and accept the whole array of feelings. Acceptance. o Cut down on Self Criticism o Write it down on sheet of paper
  21. 21. HOW COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR THERAPY IS HELPFUL IN TACKLING WITH DEPRESSION  Ask for help if things are too much to manage.  It helps in making the client understand about his biased thinking.  Thoughts are thoughts not facts.  Thinking leads to feeling if we think differently then we feel differently the main concept of CBT.  CBT views thoughts as to re evaluate them rather than think in a positive way. Finding a more realistic balanced way of viewing and interpreting events.
  22. 22. BLACK DOG
  23. 23. Thank you