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• best mix of educational knowledge and practical
experience
• Fuel Cell Design, Fuel Cell Reliability and Failure
Modes, ...
• Design a fuelling station for light-duty hydrogen
FCVs for integration into a single residential
building
• Production, ...
• High rise condominium building
• Located in Waterloo Research and Technology Park
• Hydrogenics HySTAT 15 electrolyzer
• 15 Nm3/hr produced
• 32.4 kg/day
• 10 bar discharge
• built-in water purification
•...
Two-stage
Diaphragm
Compressor
Booster Compressor
Cascade Mass of H2 (Full) Tank Volume
Low Pressure 14 kg 0.60 m3
Medium ...
• located upon entrance to parking garage for
ease of access
• three-line charging system (priority controls)
• electronic...
Key Features:
• blast-proof walls (2 hour fire resistance)
• blast-proof windows with thermoplastic glaze
• holds all majo...
• FMEA revealed significant hazards associated with
human error, deliberate vandalism / terrorism, external
fires, floodin...
• Heat recovery for water and
space heating
• Electrolyzer energy consumed
• 683,280 kWh/year
• 290 solar photovoltaic (PV...
0.000
50.000
100.000
150.000
200.000
250.000
300.000
350.000
Gasoline (Low S) 2010 Gasoline (Low S) 2050 CH2 Fuel Cell 201...
• Savings of $404.8/year
• Cost to produce 1 kg of H2 is $3.90
• Refueling stations available in Torrance, California for
...
Key strategies:
• viral marketing campaign
• local newspaper feature
• bus shelter and exterior
advertising
• branding of ...
University of Waterloo Presentation (2011)
University of Waterloo Presentation (2011)
University of Waterloo Presentation (2011)
University of Waterloo Presentation (2011)
University of Waterloo Presentation (2011)
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University of Waterloo Presentation (2011)

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University of Waterloo Presentation at the 2011 Hydrogen Student Design Contest

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University of Waterloo Presentation (2011)

  1. 1. • best mix of educational knowledge and practical experience • Fuel Cell Design, Fuel Cell Reliability and Failure Modes, Accelerated Testing, Conductive Polymer Blends, Hydrogen Production and Distribution, Greener Energy System, Life Cycle Analysis
  2. 2. • Design a fuelling station for light-duty hydrogen FCVs for integration into a single residential building • Production, compression, potential storage, and dispensing elements to be included • Service a minimum daily capacity of 0.8 kg hydrogen/day/car • based upon a 35 mile/day commute • 44 mile/kg fuel economy light-duty fuel cell vehicles • hydrogen must be compressed to 35 MPa (5000 psig)
  3. 3. • High rise condominium building • Located in Waterloo Research and Technology Park
  4. 4. • Hydrogenics HySTAT 15 electrolyzer • 15 Nm3/hr produced • 32.4 kg/day • 10 bar discharge • built-in water purification • municipal water input • produces FCV-pure H2 • 99.999% pure • Capable of fuelling 40 cars per day according to design requirements
  5. 5. Two-stage Diaphragm Compressor Booster Compressor Cascade Mass of H2 (Full) Tank Volume Low Pressure 14 kg 0.60 m3 Medium Pressure 10 kg 0.43 m3 High Pressure 10 kg 0.43 m3
  6. 6. • located upon entrance to parking garage for ease of access • three-line charging system (priority controls) • electronic compensation for temperature and pressure effects • SAE J2600 compliant nozzles with SAE J2601 compliant dispenser-vehicle communications • maximum fill time: 5 minutes
  7. 7. Key Features: • blast-proof walls (2 hour fire resistance) • blast-proof windows with thermoplastic glaze • holds all major equipment (electrolyzer, primary and booster compression, storage cascade) • pressure relief system with inert purging gas • outside ventilation • limited access (maintenance staff only)
  8. 8. • FMEA revealed significant hazards associated with human error, deliberate vandalism / terrorism, external fires, flooding and weather conditions, and potential valve failures, blockages or leaks along the lines • Main potential consequences of these hazards include fire, explosion and suffocation • Equipment placed in a secure special room designed to BNQ Hydrogen Installation Code. Dispenser on outdoor island protected by concrete-filled pipes • Process control system shuts down equipment if fire, leak, or elevated temperatures or pressures detected • Individual system components designed to relevant codes and standards
  9. 9. • Heat recovery for water and space heating • Electrolyzer energy consumed • 683,280 kWh/year • 290 solar photovoltaic (PV) panels • 60,030 kWh/year • 4 Wind turbines • 7000+ kWh/year • 20 Human Powered Bicycles (fitness room) • 10,676 kWh/year Leadership in Environmental and Energy Design (LEED®) Gold Certification Credits include: • Being close to public transit • Low Emitting Materials (paint) • Light Pollution Reduction TOTAL OFFSET = 11.3%
  10. 10. 0.000 50.000 100.000 150.000 200.000 250.000 300.000 350.000 Gasoline (Low S) 2010 Gasoline (Low S) 2050 CH2 Fuel Cell 2010 CH2 Fuel Cell 2050 CO2Equiv(g/km) Type of Fuel and Year Carbon Equivalent Emissions – Conventional Gasoline vs FCVs Vehicle Operation Upstream Vehicle Material & Assembly
  11. 11. • Savings of $404.8/year • Cost to produce 1 kg of H2 is $3.90 • Refueling stations available in Torrance, California for the Honda FCX Clarity • Hydrogenics and ITM Power have built electrolysis units especially for residential use • Technologies improving, will be more common in the future Vehicle Type Cost ($/year) Conventional ICE $1532.58 Fuel Cell Vehicle $1127.78
  12. 12. Key strategies: • viral marketing campaign • local newspaper feature • bus shelter and exterior advertising • branding of UW’s FCV • info sessions @ UW • open-door cafe in building • comprehensive info station at condominium

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