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Team Members:
Rob Enouy
Andrea Murphy
Adrienne Nelson
Tim Pasche
Chris Rea
Ankit Sharma
Neal Tanaka
Faculty Supervisor:
Dr. Michael Fowler
1
Introduction
 To design a student centre for Farmingdale Campus of
SUNY
 Goal was to be as energy efficient as possible
 Powered by Renewable energy sources
 Budget of $28MM
 45,000 square feet
2
Overview
 Hydrogen Systems
 Biomass System
 Photovoltaic Cells
 Wind Turbine
 Geothermal
3
4
Hydrogen Process Diagram
SOLAR Wind
Stirling Engine
(Bio Gas)
GRID
SUFFICIENT
POWER
Scenarios:
INSUFFICIENT
POWER
ELECTROLYSER
EXCESS
ELECTRICITY
?
CENTER
(LOAD)
YES
NO
H2 COMPRESSION
H2 STORAGE
PEMFC
Design Intent
Second Floor Plan
Ground Floor PlanBasement PlanSite Aerial Perspective
Main Entrance
Environmental Design• Site Considerations
• Solar Orientation
• Maintaining Open
Space
• Water Use
Reduction
• Recycled or Locally
Sourced Building
Materials
• Providing for Interior
Air Quality
• Constructability
• Power Consumption
vs. Generation
Geothermal Energy
7
 Provides clean renewable
energy
 Proves a steady and reliable
source of energy 24 hours a
day, everyday
 EPA has identified over
750,000 geothermal
systems in USA
Geothermal Energy - Design
 Can provide 70% of max heating load (75kW)
 Supplemental heat supplied by high efficiency furnace
 Closed loop system with 5 heat pumps (15 kW each)
 Vertical arrangement, drilling depth – 30 m
 Combined geothermal system with reinforced
insulation – increasing our savings
 Government grant available - up to 10% of total cost for
new geothermal installations
8
Solar Power
Total active area installed: 2,185 m2
kWpeak installed: 219.9 kW
Total installed cost of solar
modules: $1,475,394.80
Angle of solar cells to horizon: ~41°
Wind Power
Selected windmill model:
WTIC 31-20
Total number of windmills
installed: 10
Total installed cost of windmills:
$339,000
Biogas Generation
 Releases CO2 but considered neutral
 Reduces landfill tipping fees
 Calculations based on industrial case
studies
 30 kW produced from 430 kg/day
Stirling Engine
12
http://www.animatedengines.com/vstirling.shtml
 Advantages
 Flexible in terms of fuel
 Waste heat recycled
 Less maintenance required
 Relatively quiet
 Disadvantages
 Longer start-up time
 Higher capital cost
Total Monthly Power Production
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
PowerProduction(kW)
Biomass Solar Wind
Hydrogen Systems
 Hydrogen Storage
 Compressed Gas (Volume = 3.75m3 @ Pmax = 44.8 MPa)
 Electrolyser
• Flow rate =24 - 60 Nm³/h @ P=1.0 kPa
 Fuel Cell
• Polymer Electrolytic Membrane (130 kW)
Hydrogen Production
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000
12000
January February March April May June July August September October November December
Moles
Month
Costs
16
Marketing and Education
 Key Messages
1. Hydrogen Technologies are Safe
2. Environmental Benefits
 Implementation Strategy
 First Wave
 Newspaper advertisements
 Posters and Information Brochures on campus
 Second Wave
 Compost Cards
Poster/Newspaper Ad
Conclusion
 Energy savings
 730 MWh/year
 CO2 emissions
 37% reduction in CO2
 Overall costs
 $20 Million
19
20

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University of Waterloo Presentation (2009)

  • 1. Team Members: Rob Enouy Andrea Murphy Adrienne Nelson Tim Pasche Chris Rea Ankit Sharma Neal Tanaka Faculty Supervisor: Dr. Michael Fowler 1
  • 2. Introduction  To design a student centre for Farmingdale Campus of SUNY  Goal was to be as energy efficient as possible  Powered by Renewable energy sources  Budget of $28MM  45,000 square feet 2
  • 3. Overview  Hydrogen Systems  Biomass System  Photovoltaic Cells  Wind Turbine  Geothermal 3
  • 4. 4 Hydrogen Process Diagram SOLAR Wind Stirling Engine (Bio Gas) GRID SUFFICIENT POWER Scenarios: INSUFFICIENT POWER ELECTROLYSER EXCESS ELECTRICITY ? CENTER (LOAD) YES NO H2 COMPRESSION H2 STORAGE PEMFC
  • 5. Design Intent Second Floor Plan Ground Floor PlanBasement PlanSite Aerial Perspective Main Entrance
  • 6. Environmental Design• Site Considerations • Solar Orientation • Maintaining Open Space • Water Use Reduction • Recycled or Locally Sourced Building Materials • Providing for Interior Air Quality • Constructability • Power Consumption vs. Generation
  • 7. Geothermal Energy 7  Provides clean renewable energy  Proves a steady and reliable source of energy 24 hours a day, everyday  EPA has identified over 750,000 geothermal systems in USA
  • 8. Geothermal Energy - Design  Can provide 70% of max heating load (75kW)  Supplemental heat supplied by high efficiency furnace  Closed loop system with 5 heat pumps (15 kW each)  Vertical arrangement, drilling depth – 30 m  Combined geothermal system with reinforced insulation – increasing our savings  Government grant available - up to 10% of total cost for new geothermal installations 8
  • 9. Solar Power Total active area installed: 2,185 m2 kWpeak installed: 219.9 kW Total installed cost of solar modules: $1,475,394.80 Angle of solar cells to horizon: ~41°
  • 10. Wind Power Selected windmill model: WTIC 31-20 Total number of windmills installed: 10 Total installed cost of windmills: $339,000
  • 11. Biogas Generation  Releases CO2 but considered neutral  Reduces landfill tipping fees  Calculations based on industrial case studies  30 kW produced from 430 kg/day
  • 12. Stirling Engine 12 http://www.animatedengines.com/vstirling.shtml  Advantages  Flexible in terms of fuel  Waste heat recycled  Less maintenance required  Relatively quiet  Disadvantages  Longer start-up time  Higher capital cost
  • 13. Total Monthly Power Production 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec PowerProduction(kW) Biomass Solar Wind
  • 14. Hydrogen Systems  Hydrogen Storage  Compressed Gas (Volume = 3.75m3 @ Pmax = 44.8 MPa)  Electrolyser • Flow rate =24 - 60 Nm³/h @ P=1.0 kPa  Fuel Cell • Polymer Electrolytic Membrane (130 kW)
  • 15. Hydrogen Production 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 January February March April May June July August September October November December Moles Month
  • 17. Marketing and Education  Key Messages 1. Hydrogen Technologies are Safe 2. Environmental Benefits  Implementation Strategy  First Wave  Newspaper advertisements  Posters and Information Brochures on campus  Second Wave  Compost Cards
  • 19. Conclusion  Energy savings  730 MWh/year  CO2 emissions  37% reduction in CO2  Overall costs  $20 Million 19
  • 20. 20