BusEco HDR workshop:Writing the Confirmation reportJosephine HookResearch & Learning CoordinatorMonash University Library,...
Outline 1   Confirmation report – written & oral 2   Writing 3   Articulating research                        BusEco HDR W...
What does a successful PhD student looklike?What knowledge, understanding, skills, behaviours and attitudes are required t...
Researcher Development Framework                                www.vitae.ac.uk                                        4 d...
1 Confirmation report Title of research report/thesis Statement of the research problem(s)    i. introduction    ii. res...
1 Confirmation report cont. Timetable for completing research report/thesis &  detailed statement of progress to date Br...
Purpose of confirmation processFor faculty To assess whether you have a viable project                          BusEco HD...
Purpose of confirmation processFor you To create a pause in the doctoral process – to take stock, to  review and to conso...
2 Writing What writing have you already done? Developing a toolbox of skills – rather than waiting for an  „uprush of in...
Freewriting & generative writing Freewriting                            Generative writing Write for five minutes         ...
Brown’s eight questionsWho are the intended readers? (list 3-5 names)What did I do? (50 words)Why did I do it? (50 words)W...
What can you write about now?My research question is…(50 words)Researchers who have looked at this subject are…(50 words)T...
What constitutes scholarly writing? Students say: concise writing that follows a format; using  correct terminology Supe...
3 Articulating your research The research question/thesis/central argument Shape your thesis question to showcase your f...
Find the research questions in a thesis Hard copies in the library Online versions available through ARROW  (Monash) and...
Gap spotting vs problematisation Frame your thesis around an intellectual problem Finding the problem provides you with ...
Five components of the intellectualproblem (Nozick):1. A goal2. The existing literature3. Research methods to change the i...
Freewriting to develop research question/s Spend 5 minutes writing about the problem that you hope  to answer in your res...
What makes a good research question?It is CLEAR - easily understood and unambiguousIt is SPECIFIC - specified in such a wa...
Evaluate your research question Does the question deal with a topic or issue that interests me enough to  spark my own th...
References Patrick Dunleavy, Authoring a PhD: how to plan, draft, write, and finish a doctoral thesis  or dissertation, P...
Want to know more?                     BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report   27 September 2012   22
Language and Learning Online                    BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report   27 September 2012   23
Learning skillsLibrarians              advisers:• search for relevant   •   Academic reading  resources for your  assignme...
Visit a Learning Skills AdviserWhat do we do?                      Drop-in sessions• Academic language                 Mon...
COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA                          Copyright Regulations 1969                                 WARNINGThis ...
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BusEco HDR workshop: Writing the Confirmation report - Ms Josephine Hook

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As part of the HDR Development Seminar Series, Ms Josephine Hook conducted a workshop which addressed the following: What does a successful PhD student look like?; Confirmation report; Purpose of confirmation process; Writing; Freewriting & generative writing; Brown’s eight questions; What can you write about now?; What constitutes scholarly writing?; Articulating your research; Find the research questions in a thesis; Gap spotting vs problematisation; Five components of the intellectual problem (Nozick); Freewriting to develop research question/s; What makes a good research question?; Evaluate your research question.

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BusEco HDR workshop: Writing the Confirmation report - Ms Josephine Hook

  1. 1. BusEco HDR workshop:Writing the Confirmation reportJosephine HookResearch & Learning CoordinatorMonash University Library, Caulfield Image source: http://freelance-writing.lovetoknow.com/Companies_Hiring_Freelance_Academic_Writers
  2. 2. Outline 1 Confirmation report – written & oral 2 Writing 3 Articulating research BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 2
  3. 3. What does a successful PhD student looklike?What knowledge, understanding, skills, behaviours and attitudes are required to carry out excellent research?Think about the attributes you need to demonstrate in your confirmation report… BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 3
  4. 4. Researcher Development Framework www.vitae.ac.uk 4 domains 12 sub-domains 63 descriptorsBusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 4
  5. 5. 1 Confirmation report Title of research report/thesis Statement of the research problem(s) i. introduction ii. research question or hypothesis iii. subsidiary questions iv. review of relevant research and theory The procedure i. theoretical and conceptual framework ii. analytical techniques and research design BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 5
  6. 6. 1 Confirmation report cont. Timetable for completing research report/thesis & detailed statement of progress to date Brief bibliography List of publications produced during probationary candidature (if applicable)http://www.monash.edu.au/migr/research-degrees/handbook/chapter- three/3-9.html BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 6
  7. 7. Purpose of confirmation processFor faculty To assess whether you have a viable project BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 7
  8. 8. Purpose of confirmation processFor you To create a pause in the doctoral process – to take stock, to review and to consolidate focus To signal the end of the first phase of your candidature – focus shifts from what you want to say to your readers‟ criteria – „exteriorising‟ To produce a structured piece of writing that articulates your argument – knowing what the confirmation report requires and adapting your thinking and writing accordingly To gain feedback on your research from a wider audience BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 8
  9. 9. 2 Writing What writing have you already done? Developing a toolbox of skills – rather than waiting for an „uprush of inspiration‟ What constitutes good writing practice and quality written product? – Learning through writing – Quality through revision – Regular writing develops fluency Source: Murray p. 7 BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 9
  10. 10. Freewriting & generative writing Freewriting Generative writing Write for five minutes Write for five minutes Without stopping Without stopping In sentences In sentences Topic – eg., “What is the „story‟ of Useful to revisit a topic from your thesis?” freewriting Private writing – no external Let someone else read it reader No structure needed More structured DISCUSS SHARE BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 10
  11. 11. Brown’s eight questionsWho are the intended readers? (list 3-5 names)What did I do? (50 words)Why did I do it? (50 words)What happened? (50 words)What do the results mean in theory? (50 words)What do the results mean in practice? (50 words)What is the key benefit for readers? (25 words)What remains unresolved? (no word limit)Source: http://www.literaticlub.co.uk/writing/articles/write.html BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 11
  12. 12. What can you write about now?My research question is…(50 words)Researchers who have looked at this subject are…(50 words)They argue that…(25 words) Smith argues that…(25 words) Brown argues that…(25 words)Debate centres on the issue of…(25 words)There is still work to be done on…(25 words)My research is closest to that of X in that…(50 words)My contribution will be…(50 words)Source: Murray, p. 98 BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 12
  13. 13. What constitutes scholarly writing? Students say: concise writing that follows a format; using correct terminology Supervisors say: making solid arguments supported by empirical evidence and theorySource: Murray p.3 “The synergy between hypothesis, theory and method is absolutely central to the thesis‟s success”Source: Lynne Pearce, How to Examine a Thesis, 2005, p. 74, in Murray p.14 The overall thrust of the thesis is the central research question: “You define the question: you deliver the answer”Source: Dunleavy p. 20 BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 13
  14. 14. 3 Articulating your research The research question/thesis/central argument Shape your thesis question to showcase your findings, to draw out their interest and significance – „guesstimating‟ your results and outcomes at the same time as formulating the topic Build in some „insurance‟ – what you can say and do if your research does not go to plan BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 14
  15. 15. Find the research questions in a thesis Hard copies in the library Online versions available through ARROW (Monash) and TROVE (NLA – all theses http://trove.nla.gov.au/) BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 15
  16. 16. Gap spotting vs problematisation Frame your thesis around an intellectual problem Finding the problem provides you with an intellectual focus – not enough to add to existing literature, or to fill gap The idea of the French une problematique – translates roughly to problematising your thesis question BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 16
  17. 17. Five components of the intellectualproblem (Nozick):1. A goal2. The existing literature3. Research methods to change the initial state4. Constraints5. Outcome= a problem has been solved if the initial state has been changed into an outcome that meets the goal without breaching the constraintsSource: Dunleavy p. 23 BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 17
  18. 18. Freewriting to develop research question/s Spend 5 minutes writing about the problem that you hope to answer in your research. Question what you already know. How do you know this? Are you sure about it? What other possibilities exist? What questions do you have? Other prompts for „freewriting‟: What do you want to write about next? How does the literature compare with your own views? What are the questions you currently have about your project? BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 18
  19. 19. What makes a good research question?It is CLEAR - easily understood and unambiguousIt is SPECIFIC - specified in such a way that it is clear what constitutes an answerIt is ANSWERABLE - data be needed to answer the question is clearIt is RELEVANT - worthwhile and non-trivial and worthy of the effort to be expended on answering itIt is APPROPRIATE - it relates to the problems or issues which interest the researcherAND where there is more than one research question: The questions are RELATED to each other in a meaningful way to ensure that the research is coherent BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 19
  20. 20. Evaluate your research question Does the question deal with a topic or issue that interests me enough to spark my own thoughts and opinions? Is the question easily and fully researchable? What type of information do I need to answer the research question? Is the scope of this information reasonable? Given the type and scope of the information that I need, is my question too broad, too narrow, or okay? What sources will have the type of information that I need to answer the research question (journals, books, Internet resources, government documents, people)? Can I access these sources? Given my answers to the above questions, do I have a good quality research question that I actually will be able to answer by doing research? BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 20
  21. 21. References Patrick Dunleavy, Authoring a PhD: how to plan, draft, write, and finish a doctoral thesis or dissertation, Palgrave Macmillan, UK, 2003 Rowena Murray, How to write a thesis, 2nd ed., Open University Press, Maidenhead, 2006 http://wms- soros.mngt.waikato.ac.nz/NR/ANZAM/docs/Neil_Paulsen_DevelopResearchQuestions.pd f BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 21
  22. 22. Want to know more? BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 22
  23. 23. Language and Learning Online BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 23
  24. 24. Learning skillsLibrarians advisers:• search for relevant • Academic reading resources for your assignment or • Academic writing research topic • Note-taking• evaluate and • Study skills manage your • Oral communication resources • Group work skills• citing and • Exam Preparation referencing. • Citing and Referencing 24
  25. 25. Visit a Learning Skills AdviserWhat do we do? Drop-in sessions• Academic language Monday - Friday• Study methods / exam tips 12 pm - 2 pm• Reading strategies Monday, Wednesday• Effective note-taking 5 pm - 7 pm• Critical thinking• Essay / report / thesis writing Email a learning skills adviser• Writing for research projects for an individual consultation• Oral presentation skills BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 25
  26. 26. COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA Copyright Regulations 1969 WARNINGThis material has been reproduced and communicated to you by or on behalf of Monash University pursuant to Part VB of the Copyright Act 1968 (the Act).The material in this communication may be subject to copyright under the Act. Any further reproduction or communication of this material by you may be the subject of copyright protection under the Act. Do not remove this notice. BusEco HDR Workshops – Confirmation report 27 September 2012 26

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