•The proportion of the UK’s total annual research output that was available through open access in 2012 was about 40%, compared to a worldwide average of 20%.
•The latest data from the UK Open Access Implementation Group shows that 35% of the UK’s total research outputs are freely provided through Green, through an existing network of more than 200 active institutional and disciplinary repositories
•All agree that it is needed but….funding!
Serials expenditures have been rising at approximately triple the rate of the consumer price index over this time
Current business model in the scholarly publishing
•Currently, public funds are used three times in the research process
–to pay the academics who conduct the research
–to pay the salaries of the academics who conduct the peer review process
–to pay for access to this research through institutional journal subscriptions
•UK HE libraries
–More than £150m subscriptions annually
–Yet cannot afford to access all the research that is needed
•Are we being charged more or less than another – No idea
–The power to negotiate is driven down
•There is mounting concern that the financial benefits from the Government’s substantial investment in research are being diverted to an excessive degree into the pockets of publishers’ shareholders.
Hole in the wall
Self-Organized Learning Environments (SOLEs)
Learning and education
–On the job or apprenticeship
–Self-study and Reading
–Watching, seeing and trying
–Institutes / schools / industries / employers
–Libraries and laboratories
Why go beyond formal methods?
•The 95 Percent Solution: School is not where most Americans learn most of their science by John H. Falk and Lynn D. Dierking
•Recent findings challenge the longstanding belief that the place for science knowledge acquisition is the classroom.
•International comparisons of trends in science knowledge over lifetimes suggests that much if not most science knowledge is acquired outside of school.
American Scientist: v. 98 (Nov-Dec), 2010
•The prison industry needs to plan its future growth –
how many cells are they going to need?
How many prisoners are there going to be, 15 years from now?
•And they found they could predict it very easily, using a pretty simple algorithm, based on asking what percentage of 10 and 11-year-olds couldn't read. And certainly couldn't read for pleasure.
•Well-meaning adults can easily destroy a child's love of reading: stop them reading what they enjoy, or give them worthy-but-dull books that you like, the 21st-century equivalents of Victorian "improving" literature. You'll wind up with a generation convinced that reading is uncool and worse, unpleasant.
•China in 2007, at the first party-approved science fiction and fantasy convention in Chinese history.
•It's simple, he told me. The Chinese were brilliant at making things if other people brought them the plans. But they did not innovate and they did not invent. They did not imagine. So they sent a delegation to the US, to Apple, to Microsoft, to Google, and they asked the people there who were inventing the future about themselves.
•And they found that all of them had read science fiction when they were boys or girls.
Universities, ours and theirs Krishna Kumar (in The Hindu, August 9, 2012)
•Recruitment of faculty
•Concept of teaching (periods)
•Concept of knowledge – research
•The fourth critical difference lies in the library. In the West, even in the most ordinary universities, the library forms the centre of life, both for teachers and students. Librarians enjoy a high status as their contribution to academic life cuts across academic disciplines…..
New Age Librarianship
–reference queries would be multidisciplinary – move beyond traditional subject boundaries
–Research in the Indian context
•IRs will become extremely useful
•ILL has to be redesigned
–Safe – secure – social – learning space
–Collection - Technology – Users
–Traditional work is important - Move towards the Actual Tradition of – ‘Helping to Discover’
–Market the library professionals
–Beyond traditional boundaries and formats
–Print vs Digital
–Closed / proprietary Vs Open
–ROI and Advocacy
–Content – Talent – Technology
–Individual Vs Team – Leadership
–Space is of prime importance
–On the Cloud
–Mobile - remote
–Open and Integrated
–Drives customised solutions / services
–Collection Owning to Content Access
–Focus from Collection to User
–Customisation is demanded
–Time is of essence - Delivery speed is faster now
–Organising to Discovery OR Managing to Connecting
•Single search – interface - Integrated approach
•Central index - Subscribed content - Connectors
•Open Access Resources
•Enhanced refinements like facets, topics, geographies, formats, etc
•Display of integrated results – relevancy, date, etc
•Fast response time
•EBSCO’s Discovery Service (EDS)
•Ex Libris Ltd.’s Primo Central Index (PCI)
•Serials Solutions’ Summon (SSS)
•OCLC’s WorldCat Local (WCL)