This presentation is owned by
ABUL KALAM AZAD PATWARY
Assistant teacher of Lakshmipur govt girls
“for class 9-10”
Victory day is a national holiday in Bangladesh
celebrated on December 16 to commemorate the
victory of the Allied forces High Command over
the Pakistani forces in the Bangladesh Liberation
War in 1971. The Commanding officer of the
Pakistani Forces General AAK Niazi surrendered
his forces to the Allied forces commander Lt.
Gen. Jagjit Singh Aurora, which marked ending
the 9 month-long Bangladesh Liberation War and
1971 Bangladesh genocide and officially
secession of East Pakistan into Bangladesh.
The 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War was a
war of independence, which resulted in the
secession of East Pakistan from the
Islamic Republic of Pakistanand
established the sovereign nation of
Bangladesh. The war pitted East Pakistan
and India against West Pakistan, and lasted
over a duration of nine months. One of the
most violent wars of the 20th century, it
witnessed large-scale atrocities, the
exodus of 10 million refugees and the
Killing of 3 million people.
On 16 December 1971, Lieutenant General
Amir Khan Niazi, CO of Pakistan Armed
Forces located in East Pakistan signed the
Instrument of Surrender. The Instrument of
Surrender was a written agreement that
enabled the surrender of the Pakistan
Eastern Command in the Bangladesh
Liberation War, and marked the end of the
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 in the Eastern
The surrender took place at the Ramna Race Course in
Dacca on December 16, 1971. Lieutenant General Amir
Khan Niazi and Lieutenant General Jagjit Singh Aurora,
Joint Commander of Indian and Bangladesh Forces, signed
the instrument amid thousands of cheering crowds at the
race course. Air Commodore A. K. Khandker, Deputy
Commander-in-Chief of the Bangladesh Armed Forces, and
Lieutenant General J F R Jacob of the Indian Eastern
Command, acted as witnesses to the surrender. Also
present were Vice-Admiral Mohammad Shariff, commander
of the Pakistani Naval Eastern Command and Air Vice-
Marshal Patrick D. Callaghan of the Pakistan Air Force's
Eastern Air Force Command, who signed the agreement.
On behalf of Bangladesh, Air Commodore A. K.
Khandker acted as witness to the surrender.
Lieutenant General Jacob Rafael Jacob, Chief of
Staff of the Indian Eastern Command, along with
the other commanders of Indian naval and air
forces, acted as witnesses on behalf of India.
Aurora accepted the surrender without a word,
while the crowd on the race course started
shouting anti-Niazi and anti-Pakistan slogans.
The celebration of Victory Day has taken place since 1972.
The Bangladesh Liberation War became a topic of great
importance in cinema, literature, history lessons at school,
the mass media, and the arts in Bangladesh. The ritual of
the celebration gradually obtained a distinctive character
with a number of similar elements: Military Parade by
Bangladesh Armed Forces at the National Parade Ground,
ceremonial meetings, speeches, lectures, receptions and
fireworks. Victory Day in Bangladesh is a joyous
celebration in which popular culture plays a great role. TV
and radio stations broadcast special programs and
patriotic songs. The main streets are decorated with
national flags. Different political parties and socioeconomic
organizations undertake programs to mark the day in a
befitting manner, including the paying of respects at Jatiyo
Smriti Soudho, the national memorial at Savar near Dhaka.
Victory Day Parade, National Parade ground,
Kids come with their parents in Savar to give
respect to the martyrs
Jatiyo Smriti Soudho at
Savar, a tribute to the
martyrs of the
Universities and other organizations
come out with rallies in Victory Day..
Shakib Victory day Celebration of
Autistic Children in Bangladesh