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The Future of Japan

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Japan imports almost all its energy as fossil fuels and uranium, but global warming poses a huge threat. Can Japan move to a 100% renewable energy future? Presentation to Japanese language students at Vancouver island University, July 8, 2014

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The Future of Japan

  1. 1. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com The Future of Japan
  2. 2. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  3. 3. Guy Dauncey 2007Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com The Future of Our World
  4. 4. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey Dawn Sea
  5. 5. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey www.earthfuture.com
  6. 6. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com When you think about your personal future what do you feel?
  7. 7. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Excitement Hope Uncertainty Worry Fear
  8. 8. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com When you think about the future of our world, what do you feel?
  9. 9. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Excitement Hope Uncertainty Worry Fear
  10. 10. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey A Presentation to Students at Vancouver Island University, July 2014 Building a New Future
  11. 11. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com What is your vision of the future?
  12. 12. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  13. 13. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
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  25. 25. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  26. 26. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  27. 27. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
  28. 28. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  29. 29. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com XishuangbanNa Residence Sustainable Modern Bamboo High-Rise in China
  30. 30. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  31. 31. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Bird Island: Zero Energy Home in Kuala Lumpur
  32. 32. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
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  34. 34. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  35. 35. 1 What is our REALITY? Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com 実在
  36. 36. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com We’ve come a long way from this….
  37. 37. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com To this …
  38. 38. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com but…
  39. 39. Everyone wants to go shopping… Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  40. 40. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  41. 41. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  42. 42. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  43. 43. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com ©Smithore Dreamstime.com We’ve also come to this…
  44. 44. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  45. 45. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  46. 46. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  47. 47. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  48. 48. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com ?……
  49. 49. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  50. 50. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  51. 51. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  52. 52. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  53. 53. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  54. 54. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com If everyone lived like Canadians or Japanese, we'd need two more Earths to provide the resources.
  55. 55. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  56. 56. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  57. 57. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  58. 58. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  59. 59. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  60. 60. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  61. 61. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  62. 62. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Live Rainforest Dead Rainforest
  63. 63. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  64. 64. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  65. 65. What went wrong? How did this… Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  66. 66. Gross Domestic Product Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com 国内総生産
  67. 67. turn into this? … Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  68. 68. Gross Depletion of the Planet Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com 惑星のグロス枯渇
  69. 69. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  70. 70. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Do you think there are too many people on the Earth? YES NO ?
  71. 71. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Do you think we consume too much? YES NO ? 消費する
  72. 72. 2 GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com 地球規模の気候変動
  73. 73. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  74. 74. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  75. 75. Almost all our energy is Solar Energy Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  76. 76. Almost all energy is Solar Energy The Sun sends us solar energy The trees capture the energy through photosynthesis and convert it into CARBON In Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  77. 77. 359 million years ago The Carboniferous (Solar) Era
  78. 78. Almost all energy is Solar Energy When ancient forests died, they stored the carbon as COAL In Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  79. 79. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  80. 80. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  81. 81. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  82. 82. Almost all energy is Solar Energy When we burn the COAL it releases the ancient carbon and causes GLOBAL WARMING In Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  83. 83. Ancient Solar Energy Solar Coal Bye-bye, West VirginiaHello, Global Warming
  84. 84. Almost all energy is Solar Energy The Sun also sends solar energy into the ocean Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  85. 85. Almost all energy is Solar Energy It is captured by ocean plankton, who store it as CARBON Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  86. 86. Almost all energy is Solar Energy When they die, the ancient carbon becomes OIL and GAS Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  87. 87. Most of our energy comes from: COAL, OIL and GAS Ancient solar energy = ancient carbon Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  88. 88. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  89. 89. Ancient Marine Plankton Solar Oil & Gas Hello, Global Warming
  90. 90. Oil is also a cause of war and conflict Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  91. 91. They are all FOSSIL FUELS They all cause Global Warming Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  92. 92. The cars we drive all cause global warming Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  93. 93. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com 12.5 million tonnes of coal 10 million tonnes of oil 7.5 billion cubic meters of natural gas Every day, we burn this ancient carbon energy
  94. 94. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com This gives us lots of …… POWER! Guy Dauncey 2007Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  95. 95. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com 85% of all this energy comes from fossil fuels Guy Dauncey 2007Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  96. 96. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  97. 97. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  98. 98. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Earth has a very thin atmosphere which traps and holds the sun’s heat, using CO2, methane, & water vapour. Guy Dauncey 2007Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  99. 99. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  100. 100. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com As we burn the fossil fuels… Guy Dauncey 2010Guy Dauncey 2010 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com When we burn fossil fuels…
  101. 101. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com As we burn the fossil fuels… Guy Dauncey 2007Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2
  102. 102. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com As we burn the fossil fuels… Guy Dauncey 2007Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 100 million tonnes a day = 4 million tonnes an hour = 67,000 tonnes a minute = 1,000 tonnes a second
  103. 103. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com As we burn the fossil fuels… Guy Dauncey 2007Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  104. 104. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Carbon dioxide traps
  105. 105. Carbon dioxide, like the other greenhouse gases, traps HEAT in the troposphere
  106. 106. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  107. 107. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com The carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is rising
  108. 108. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  109. 109. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  110. 110. After 10,000 years of relative stability at 280 ppm, this is how dramatically CO2 is rising in the atmosphere.
  111. 111. Heat warms the air and the oceans Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  112. 112. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Glaciers are melting
  113. 113. Guy Dauncey 2007Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com The Arctic sea ice is melting Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  114. 114. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  115. 115. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Greenland is melting
  116. 116. Around parts of Greenland, ocean surface temperatures rose 1.8°-3.6°F between 1990-2011.
  117. 117. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  118. 118. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  119. 119. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com The last time the world was 3C warmer, the sea level was 25 metres higher
  120. 120. The last time the world was 3°C warmer, during the Pliocene, the sea level was up to 25 metres higher. We are currently on track for 4°C, 5°C or 6°C warmer
  121. 121. 2 metres 10 metres 18 metres 25 metres
  122. 122. If all Earth’s polar ice melted 70 metres sea-level rise 92 metres 70 metres
  123. 123. This is impacting all marine life that uses calcium carbonate to build its shells
  124. 124. The ocean is absorbing 26% of the CO2, making it more acidic.
  125. 125. If global warming exceeds 1.6°C up to 31% of Earth’s species will be committed to extinction, having nowhere to go to escape the rising heat
  126. 126. The View from Australia
  127. 127. 2°C of warming, Hansen’s team says, will have consequences that will be “disastrous,” and which will “cause major dislocations for civilization.” 2°C of warming, Hansen’s team says, will have consequences that will be “disastrous,” and which will “cause major dislocations for civilization.”
  128. 128. Which of us is going to raise a hand and say, “Yes, it’s worth it”?
  129. 129. Seoul, July 2011 Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  130. 130. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  131. 131. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  132. 132. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  133. 133. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com IPCC 2007
  134. 134. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com www.globalwarmingart.com + 2˚C rise
  135. 135. Climate Denial
  136. 136. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com is the Age of Fossil Fuels This 10,000 years past 10,000 years future
  137. 137. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com The Sun is rapidly setting on the Age of Fossil Fuels.
  138. 138.  Past Future Age of Fossil Fuels We are HERE Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  139. 139. The Age of Firewood The Age of Fossil Fuels The Solar Age
  140. 140. The Age of Fossil Fuels has been the LAUNCH RAMP for the Solar Age 500,000 years Firewood 300 years Fossil Fuels Science Engineering Enlightenment Two billion years Solar Energy
  141. 141. Inertia via YouTube
  142. 142. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Comparison of Vegetation Zones Average vs Warmer (21st Century) Climate
  143. 143. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  144. 144. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Kyoto, December 23rd 2006
  145. 145. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Mount Fuji in Spring
  146. 146. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Mt. Fuji - no snow
  147. 147. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com All of Japan’s nuclear plants are at sea level
  148. 148. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  149. 149. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  150. 150. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2007Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Florida 17 feet (5-6 metres) sea level rise
  151. 151. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  152. 152. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  153. 153. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Hurricane Katrina, August 2005
  154. 154. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com New Orleans, August 2005
  155. 155. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Torrential downpours and floods
  156. 156. At the current predicted temperature rise, 33% of the Earth will be affected by extreme drought by 2100 Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research (UK), 2006 Guy Dauncey 2007Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  157. 157. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  158. 158. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Number of days over 100°F / 38°C 60 days a year 120+ days a year
  159. 159. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  160. 160. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com At the current predicted temperature rise, Up to 20% of the world’s economy could be lost That’s like the Great Depression and both World Wars combined +
  161. 161. Wake up! Call the media! Get on TV! Climate change is destroying our world! Guy Dauncey 2007Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  162. 162. There’s also a second problem The Global Oil SupplyGuy Dauncey 2007Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  163. 163. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  164. 164. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  165. 165. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  166. 166. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  167. 167. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  168. 168. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Do you sometimes feel that it’s all getting out of control?
  169. 169. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com So what shall we do?
  170. 170. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Do you think it is possible to stop burning fossil fuels? 化石燃料 YES NO ? 燃やす
  171. 171. 3 JAPAN’S ENERGY PROBLEM Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com エネルギー問題
  172. 172. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  173. 173. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  174. 174. Coal 21% Oil 46% Gas 15% Nuclear 15% = 1,000 Terawatt hours a year Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  175. 175. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Uranium Nuclear 15% Coal 21% Natural Gas 15% Oil 46% 97% of all Japan’s energy is imported $$ $$ $$ $$
  176. 176. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Uranium 15% Coal 21% Natural Gas 15% Oil 46% USA 75% France 11% Britain 10%
  177. 177. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  178. 178. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  179. 179. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  180. 180. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  181. 181. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  182. 182. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  183. 183. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  184. 184. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Uranium Nuclear 15% Coal 21% Natural Gas 15% Oil 46%
  185. 185. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Uranium Nuclear 15% Coal 21% Natural Gas 15% Oil 46%
  186. 186. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Uranium Nuclear 15% Coal 21% Natural Gas 15% Oil 46%
  187. 187. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Uranium Nuclear 15% Coal 21% Natural Gas 15% Oil 46%
  188. 188. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Uranium Nuclear 15% Coal 21% Natural Gas 15% Oil 46% ?
  189. 189. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com www.earthfuture.com/files/japangreenpath
  190. 190. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com www.earthfuture.com/files/japangreenpath/green_path_japanese.pdf
  191. 191. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com How serious 切実 is Japan’s Energy Problem? 1. Very serious 2. I don’t know 3. Not serious
  192. 192. 4 JAPAN’S ENERGY SOLUTIONS 解答Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  193. 193. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  194. 194. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com We need… A 100% Shift to Renewable Energy ©Martinedegraaf Dreamstime.com
  195. 195. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com We need… A Green Economy Harmony with Nature True Sustainability
  196. 196. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com How much energy does Japan need? 1,000 terawatt hours a year
  197. 197. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com 1,000 terawatt hours a year 千テラワット時間今 年
  198. 198. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Where will the green electricity come from?
  199. 199. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Efficient Appliances
  200. 200. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com LED lights only use 1 to 5 watts Guy Dauncey 2007Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  201. 201. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  202. 202. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  203. 203. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  204. 204. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  205. 205. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  206. 206. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com How much energy can Japan SAVE? 200 to 500 terawatt hours a year
  207. 207. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  208. 208. More solar energy reaches Earth in an hour than humans use in a year.
  209. 209. Solar energy travels at the speed of light 1,000 million kilometres an hour
  210. 210. Sun to Earth in 8 minutes 19 seconds
  211. 211. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  212. 212. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Rolf Disch Solar Architecture Solar Power
  213. 213. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Ota Solar City, Japan
  214. 214. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Solar-powered homes Yoshikawa, near Tokyo
  215. 215. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  216. 216. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Solar Stadium, Taiwan
  217. 217. Kennedy Bridge over the Rhine, Germany
  218. 218. Kurilpa Bridge, Australia
  219. 219. Blackfriars Bridge, London, UK
  220. 220. Solar railway Paris to Amsterdam 16,000 panels 3.4 kilometres 3,300 MWh a year
  221. 221. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Dow’s Solar Shingles
  222. 222. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Thin film solar
  223. 223. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Thin film solar production
  224. 224. Thin film solar
  225. 225. Thin Film: average module efficiencies 13.9% US $0.49 per watt (First Solar) Conventional multi-crystalline PV: $0.43 per watt average conversion efficiency 15% - 19%
  226. 226. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com The Falling Price of Solar PV
  227. 227. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Price of Solar Cells 1977: $76 1981: $24 1991: $9 2001: $6 2011: $1.25 2013: $0.74
  228. 228. Solar Economics in BC, 2020 4 kW PV system 15.5 cents kwh, 3% per year increase Cash down Cost per kW $1,600 4 kW + 5% tax $6,720 kWh per year 4,400 25 year savings $25,600 Profit +$19,000
  229. 229. Solar Economics in Japan, 2020 4 kW PV system 35 cents kwh, 0% per year increase Cash down Cost per kW $1,600 4 kW + 0% tax $6,400 kWh per year 4,400 25 year savings $38,500 25 year profit +$32,000
  230. 230. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Price of Installed Solar Power Germany: $2.50 a watt US & Canada: $4 a watt Japan: $4 a watt
  231. 231. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  232. 232. The Solar Tsunami
  233. 233. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  234. 234. Guy Dauncey 2011 www.earthfuture.com A billion years The Sun will not begin to turn into a Red Giant for more than a billion years. That’s 100,000 periods of 10,000 years
  235. 235. Guy Dauncey 2011 www.earthfuture.com A billion years The Sun will not begin to turn into a Red Giant for more than a billion years. And with every passing year, solar technology will improve and fall in price.
  236. 236. By 2020, every south-facing roof without 4 kW will lose up to $1,000 a year
  237. 237. Victoria: Solar Rooftop Potential Everywhere
  238. 238. Vancouver: Solar Rooftop Potential Everywhere
  239. 239. Every commercial roof could look like this, and earn $10,000 a year
  240. 240. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com How much SOLAR energy could Japan produce? 72 to 300 terawatt hours a year
  241. 241. Kagoshima Nanatsujima 70 MW Solar, Japan
  242. 242. Concentrating Solar Thermal Energy
  243. 243. Solar Millennium AG The Sun radiates almost 1000 times more energy onto Earth’s deserts than humans use.
  244. 244. Odeillo solar furnace, France. Built 1970 10,000 mirrors, 3000°C
  245. 245. Solana, Arizona 280 MW Solar Thermal + 6 hours storage
  246. 246. 254 sq km Global electricity use 110 sq km European Union www.desertec.org High-voltage DC can transmit electricity up to 3000 km. 90% of the world’s people live within 3000 km of the world’s deserts and arid regions
  247. 247. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Solar One, Nevada, 64 MW Earth’s total known fossil energy reserves are equivalent to 47 days of solar energy reaching the Earth’s deserts
  248. 248. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  249. 249. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  250. 250. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com How much SOLAR THERMAL energy could Japan produce? Unknown
  251. 251. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Geothermal Energy
  252. 252. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Geothermal Energy: 13% growth pa 2-12 cents kWh 39 countries could get 100% power = 17% of the world’s people Guy Dauncey 2007Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  253. 253. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  254. 254. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  255. 255. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  256. 256. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Geothermal power Nesjavellir Geothermal Plant, Iceland
  257. 257. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  258. 258. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  259. 259. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com How much GEOTHERMAL energy could Japan produce? 98 to 500 terawatt hours a year Hatchobaru Geothermal Power Plant, Kokonoe, Oita
  260. 260. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Kappel Wind Farm, Lolland, Denmark Wind Energy Guy Dauncey 2007Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  261. 261. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Kamisu Wind Farm, Ibaraki, Japan
  262. 262. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Siemens AG
  263. 263. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  264. 264. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Wind Power in Japan
  265. 265. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com How much WIND energy could Japan produce? 570 to 5,000 terawatt hours a year
  266. 266. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com How much HYDRO energy could Japan produce? 79 - 140 terawatt hours a year
  267. 267. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com How much TIDAL energy could Japan produce? Guy Dauncey 2011Guy Dauncey 2011 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com 20-70 terawatt hours a year
  268. 268. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com South Korea’s 1 MW Jindo Uldolmok tidal power plant
  269. 269. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com The Cost is Falling 1990 2013 2020 Wind 30 8-10 8 cents kWh Solar 200 30 15 cents kWh
  270. 270. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com THE RESULT Japan needs 1,000 TWh a year Low High Efficiency 200 500 Solar 72 300 Geothermal 30 500 Wind 570 5000 Hydro 79 140 Tidal 20 70 TOTAL 971 6510
  271. 271. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Do you think it is possible for Japan stop burning fossil fuel 化石燃料 for electricity? YES NO ?
  272. 272. 5 TRANSPORTATION 輸送 SOLUTIONS 解答Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  273. 273. Guy Dauncey 2011Guy Dauncey 2011 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com As we burn the fossil fuels… Guy Dauncey 2007Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 100 million tonnes a day = 4 million tonnes an hour = 67,000 tonnes a minute = 1,000 tonnes a second
  274. 274. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  275. 275. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  276. 276. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Copenhagen 36% of all work trips by bike.
  277. 277. Vancouver, Howe Street
  278. 278. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Electric Bicycle
  279. 279. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  280. 280. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  281. 281. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  282. 282. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  283. 283. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  284. 284. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Moto Electra World Record Across US in 3 Days
  285. 285. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Electric Motorbike
  286. 286. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  287. 287. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  288. 288. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Solar electric bicycles in Tokyo
  289. 289. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Electric train, running on green electricity = no climate impact
  290. 290. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Public Transit
  291. 291. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Christoph Groneck, Trams-in-France.net
  292. 292. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Electric bus, running on green electricity = no climate impact
  293. 293. OLEV On-Line Electric Vehicle, South Korea
  294. 294. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Japan’s Future Electric Bus
  295. 295. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Chevy Volt 1,400 km on one tank of gas
  296. 296. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Nissan Leaf Electric - 120 km range
  297. 297. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Smart Electric – 135 km range
  298. 298. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Mitsubishi MiEV 160 km range
  299. 299. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  300. 300. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Toyota RAV4 EV 148 km range
  301. 301. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Tesla Roadster 393 km range
  302. 302. Top The KIA Pop: yet to be released
  303. 303. STELLA
  304. 304. Made by Dutch students, Eindhoven University Family size, 4-seater Roadworthy, legal in Holland Weight: 380 kg (1120 kg for normal EV) Range: 400 km no sunshine, 600 km full sunshine Solar PV cost $4,000 10 months a year it produces more energy than it uses Excess power back into the grid
  305. 305. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Electric cars, running on green electricity = no climate impact
  306. 306. 1.5 kW of solar PV = 1,500 kWh a year Electric car: 15 kWh = 100 km 10,000 km = 1,500 kWh PV for EV
  307. 307. 1.5 kW solar PV $7,500 3.5% 25 year mortgage on $7.5k = $37/month Gas @ $1.30 litre = $80/month
  308. 308. Solar Roadways In US, 3 x total electricity demand www.solarroadways.com
  309. 309. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Honda solar electric car charging
  310. 310. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Electric car fast charging
  311. 311. Mercedes Biome – made from bioplastic Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  312. 312. Solar Sailor www.solarsailor.com
  313. 313. 9 MW of solar panels Retractable sails between each cargo bay Self-unloading cargo bays Superconducting power link Modular LNG hydrogen fuel cells Sleek, low wind resistance design
  314. 314. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  315. 315. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  316. 316. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Future Boing Liquid Hydrogen Plane
  317. 317. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Telemeetings = no climate impact
  318. 318. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Do you think it is possible for Japan to have transportation without oil? YES NO ?
  319. 319. 6 BUILDING SOLUTIONS Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  320. 320. We can live and work in green buildings Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  321. 321. What is your vision of a future green world? Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  322. 322. Is this your dream home of the future? Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  323. 323. Or this?Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  324. 324. This… Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  325. 325. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Or this?
  326. 326. This … Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  327. 327. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Or this?
  328. 328. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Heating 加熱 without Fossil Fuels
  329. 329. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Solar Heat + Storage Austria
  330. 330. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Okotoks, Alberta – Solar Heating
  331. 331. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Okotoks, Alberta – Solar Heating
  332. 332. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Solar Heating from the Air
  333. 333. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  334. 334. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Ground Source Heat 2 million installations in 30 countries $20,000 to $30,000
  335. 335. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  336. 336. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Water Source Heat
  337. 337. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Ice-Source Heat Richmond Olympic Skating Oval
  338. 338. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Solar Heat Solar hot water on a restaurant in Sweden Photo by Hamilton Hazlehurst/Vulcan
  339. 339. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  340. 340. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com www.solarbc.ca A project of the BCSEA
  341. 341. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Lindau Hospital, Germany Guy Dauncey 2007Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  342. 342. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Rizhao, China
  343. 343. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com 99% of city centre households use solar hot water. 60,000 greenhouses, all solar powered. Whole city plans to become carbon neutral. Rizhao, China Population 3 million
  344. 344. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com CSIRO
  345. 345. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  346. 346. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Solar Wall Heating Guy Dauncey 2007Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  347. 347. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  348. 348. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Welsh Development Agency Technology Center, St. Asaph, Wales
  349. 349. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  350. 350. Drake Landing, Okotoks, Alberta Year-Round Solar Heating
  351. 351. Energy Centre Community solar heat panels Solar hot water panels
  352. 352. 800 solar hot water panels on the garages 90% of residential space heating (40-50o C) Reduction - 5 tonnes of GHGs per home per year.
  353. 353. No groundwater intrusion, so the heat accumulates over the summer.
  354. 354. SOLAR THERMAL STORAGE
  355. 355. Molten Salt: 7.5 hours after dark
  356. 356. Slab and Earth Heat Storage
  357. 357. Saturated sand
  358. 358. • Heat storage in an underground aquifer
  359. 359. 100% solar heated house, Emmental, Switzerland www.jenni.ch
  360. 360. Austria
  361. 361. Collective solar thermal system on a residential building, Germanywww.wagner-solar.com
  362. 362. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Pearl River Tower Guangzhou, China
  363. 363. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  364. 364. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  365. 365. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Bahrain World Trade Centre
  366. 366. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Virgo Road, Oakland Hills, San Francisco Robert Nebolon architect
  367. 367. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Toyko, Japan
  368. 368. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com 8,000 sq ft zero carbon home designed for Manchester United soccer player Gary Neville
  369. 369. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  370. 370. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com ACROS Fukuoka building in Fukuoka, Japan. 35,000 plants, 76 species
  371. 371. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  372. 372. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Osaka
  373. 373. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  374. 374. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Ogimachi – Shirakawa Farm Village
  375. 375. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Tono Furusato Restored Farm Village
  376. 376. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  377. 377. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  378. 378. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Madrid, Spain
  379. 379. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Gangnam district, Seoul
  380. 380. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  381. 381. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  382. 382. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com ACROS Fukuoka building Fukuoka, Japan
  383. 383. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Do you think it is possible to heat Japan’s buildings without fossil fuels? YES NO ?
  384. 384. 7 OUR PAST AND OUR FUTURE Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  385. 385. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com We have been developing intelligence for millions of years
  386. 386. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  387. 387. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  388. 388. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  389. 389. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  390. 390. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  391. 391. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  392. 392. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  393. 393. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  394. 394. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  395. 395. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  396. 396. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  397. 397. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  398. 398. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Our technology is the expression of our cumulative 累積の shared シェアード intelligence 知性
  399. 399. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Where are we going?
  400. 400. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com We have made our full evolutionary journey over 13.8 billion years
  401. 401. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com We have made our recent evolutionary journey over ten million years
  402. 402. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com There will be a billion years before the Sun runs out of fuel and begins to die
  403. 403. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com A billion years 10 億年 We are here Past 過去 Future 将来
  404. 404. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Firewood 1.5 million years Cumulative Intelligence The Carbon Years…
  405. 405. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com The Carbon Years could be the launch-ramp… Firewood 1.5 million years Cumulative Intelligence Fossil Fuels 200 years
  406. 406. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com The Carbon Years could be the launch-ramp for the solar years Firewood Solar 1.5 million years Cumulative Intelligence Fossil Solar 200 years True Solar 1 billion years
  407. 407. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com THE CLIMATE EMERGENCY IS VERY REAL What is stopping us from making faster progress? 1. Laziness 休怠 and apathy 無関心 2. Political corruption 政治腐敗 3. Ignorance 不知 4. Confusion 錯乱 and no leadership 指導
  408. 408. 8 FINAL THOUGHTS Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  409. 409. A Thousand PossibilitiesGuy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  410. 410. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  411. 411. What will you do with your life? Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  412. 412. We Day, Canada www.weday.comGuy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  413. 413. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  414. 414. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  415. 415. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  416. 416. It’s Our World – Let’s Change ItGuy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  417. 417. www.metowe.comGuy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  418. 418. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  419. 419. Guy Dauncey 2007Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.c
  420. 420. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  421. 421. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com By Nattanicha Kongsathitporn, age 14, Thailand We need to roll up the past.
  422. 422. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com By Iskren Rumenov Petrov, age 14, from Bulgaria We need to sail away from our old, polluting ways and build a green, sustainable world.
  423. 423. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com This is about you, your children, and your future.
  424. 424. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com 決意
  425. 425. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  426. 426. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Number of stars in the Universe 1024 : 1 trillion trillion
  427. 427. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com The Universe has taken 13 billion years to create us
  428. 428. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Number of atoms in your body: 1027 : 1000 trillion trillion All self-organized into one amazing whole
  429. 429. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Every atom in your body was either made in the Big Bang or in a later Supernova explosion
  430. 430. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Number of stars in our galaxy 100 trillion
  431. 431. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Number of synapses in your brain 100 trillion All self-organized into one amazing whole
  432. 432. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com 100 trillion synapses 100 trillion stars
  433. 433. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com We are all conscious
  434. 434. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Do you have free will to choose your future? Or is everything predetermined?
  435. 435. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com You have free will We can make a difference
  436. 436. It’s Our World – Let’s Change ItGuy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  437. 437. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com This is about us, our planet, and our future.
  438. 438. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com There are 7 billion of us humans…
  439. 439. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Can we self-organize ourselves into one peaceful whole, living in harmony with Nature?
  440. 440. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Our Home
  441. 441. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com
  442. 442. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com When you think about the future of our world, what do you feel?
  443. 443. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Excitement Hope Uncertainty Worry Fear
  444. 444. Guy Dauncey 2007Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.c Fall 2014
  445. 445. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.c www.slideshare.net/GuyDauncey
  446. 446. Guy Dauncey 2013Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.comwww.earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey www.earthfuture.com

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