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Green Buildings: The View from 2032

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What will our future buildings look like, if we adopt the best green, climate-friendly approaches?

Published in: Design, Business, Technology

Green Buildings: The View from 2032

  1. 1. Green Buildings The View from 2032 Guy Dauncey, November 2013 Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  2. 2. When you think about the future of our world, what do you feel? Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  3. 3. Excitement Hope Uncertainty Worry Fear Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  4. 4. How would YOU like to live? Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  5. 5. Is this your dream home of the future? Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  6. 6. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Or this?
  7. 7. This… Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  8. 8. Or this? Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  9. 9. This… Guy Dauncey 2013 Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.c www.earthfuture.com
  10. 10. Or this? Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  11. 11. This … Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  12. 12. Or this? Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  13. 13. This… Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  14. 14. Or this? Guy Dauncey 2013 Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.c www.earthfuture.com
  15. 15. We’ve come a long way from this…. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  16. 16. To this … Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  17. 17. but… Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  18. 18. We’ve also come to this… Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com ©Smithore Dreamstime.com
  19. 19. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  20. 20. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  21. 21. If everyone lived like North Americans, we'd need two more Earths to provide the resources Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  22. 22. CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 100 million tonnes a day 4 million tonnes an hour 67,000 tonnes a minute As we burn thetonnesfuels… 1,000 fossil a second Guy Dauncey 2013 2007 www.earthfuture.com
  23. 23. Monday Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  24. 24. OMG! Daddy, you’re going to die!!!! Monday Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  25. 25. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
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  32. 32. 25 metres 18 metres The last time the global temperature was 3°C warmer, the sea-level was 25 metres higher. 10 metres 2 metres Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  33. 33. Massbommel, Holland Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
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  37. 37. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Louisiana, USA
  38. 38. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
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  44. 44. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Global CO2 in 1750 (biogenic)
  45. 45. CO2 emissions since1750 (anthropogenic) Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  46. 46. Maximum extra CO2 to stay below 2°C of warming Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  47. 47. Potential CO2 in declared fossil fuel reserves Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  48. 48. WE HAVE TO LEAVE 80% OF THE FOSSIL FUELS IN THE GROUND Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  49. 49. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
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  51. 51. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  52. 52. So what is our vision of a beautiful, desirable future? Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  53. 53. Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.com
  54. 54. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  55. 55. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  56. 56. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  57. 57. OKAY, SO LET’S GET REAL Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  58. 58. The Best Green Building Policies Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  59. 59. The Best Green Building Policies 1. All existing Climate Action legislation strengthened Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  60. 60. The Best Green Building Policies 1. All existing Climate Action legislation strengthened 2. New Green Building Code: All new buildings e-labeled, zero-carbon, zero toxics, solar-ready, EV charging Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  61. 61. The Best Green Building Policies 1. All existing Climate Action legislation strengthened 2. New Green Building Code: All new buildings e-labeled, zero-carbon, zero toxics, solar-ready, EV charging 1. All existing buildings must meet 50% new Code at point of sale, and for retrofit above a certain value Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  62. 62. The Best Green Building Policies 1. All existing Climate Action legislation strengthened 2. New Green Building Code: All new buildings e-labeled, zero-carbon, zero toxics, solar-ready, EV charging 1. All existing buildings must meet 50% new Code at point of sale, and for retrofit above a certain value 2. All permitted improvement projects greater than 5,000 sq. ft. must upgrade to the new Green Building Code Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  63. 63. The Best Green Building Policies 1. All existing Climate Action legislation strengthened 2. New Green Building Code: All new buildings e-labeled, zero-carbon, zero toxics, solar-ready, EV charging 1. All existing buildings must meet 50% new Code at point of sale, and for retrofit above a certain value 2. All permitted improvement projects greater than 5,000 sq. ft. must upgrade to the new Green Building Code 3. All buildings over 10,000 sq. ft. required to track and report energy use annually (San Francisco) Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  64. 64. The Best Green Building Policies 1. All existing Climate Action legislation strengthened 2. New Green Building Code: All new buildings e-labeled, zero-carbon, zero toxics, solar-ready, EV charging 1. All existing buildings must meet 50% new Code at point of sale, and for retrofit above a certain value 2. All permitted improvement projects greater than 5,000 sq. ft. must upgrade to the new Green Building Code 3. All buildings over 10,000 sq. ft. required to track and report energy use annually (San Francisco) 4. On-Bill Financing for energy efficiency upgrades Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  65. 65. The Best Green Building Policies 1. All existing Climate Action legislation strengthened 2. New Green Building Code: All new buildings e-labeled, zero-carbon, zero toxics, solar-ready, EV charging 1. All existing buildings must meet 50% new Code at point of sale, and for retrofit above a certain value 2. All permitted improvement projects greater than 5,000 sq. ft. must upgrade to the new Green Building Code 3. All buildings over 10,000 sq. ft. required to track and report energy use annually (San Francisco) 4. On-Bill Financing for energy efficiency upgrades 5. Sustainability Checklists for Developers Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  66. 66. The Best Green Building Policies 1. All existing Climate Action legislation strengthened 2. New Green Building Code: All new buildings e-labeled, zero-carbon, zero toxics, solar-ready, EV charging 1. All existing buildings must meet 50% new Code at point of sale, and for retrofit above a certain value 2. All permitted improvement projects greater than 5,000 sq. ft. must upgrade to the new Green Building Code 3. All buildings over 10,000 sq. ft. required to track and report energy use annually (San Francisco) 4. On-Bill Financing for energy efficiency upgrades 5. Sustainability Checklists for Developers 6. Green building grants, education and technical services Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  67. 67. Ten Green Future Building Themes 1: Energy Efficiency Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  68. 68. Good insulation Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com No insulation
  69. 69. Heat escaping Heat not escaping Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  70. 70. Heat not escaping Heat escaping Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com www.hotmapping.co.uk
  71. 71. Home Energy Retrofits Most of the 2032 housing stock will be today’s buildings Building envelope: Reduce leaks Heat: Switch oil/gas to solar heat pumps Power: Add solar PV and solar hot water Financing: Pay-As-You-Save Utility loan or Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) loan, that runs with the property Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  72. 72. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  73. 73. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  74. 74. Internal wall insulation Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  75. 75. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com External wall insulation
  76. 76. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  77. 77. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  78. 78. www.architecture2030.org Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  79. 79. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com www.rmi.org
  80. 80. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
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  85. 85. Empire State Building Sustainability Retrofit 38% reduced energy use Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  86. 86. Window refurbishment 6,514 windows = 4 x more efficient Insulated Radiative Barriers Chiller plant Variable speed drives 5% improvement Air handling units Variable air volume Wireless Control Network Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  87. 87. Daylighting Efficient plugs and lighting save 75% energy Tenant Energy Management Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  88. 88. WE CAN ACHIEVE 90% HEAT ENERGY REDUCTION IN NEW HOMES Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  89. 89. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Victoria, BC www.bernhardtpassive.com
  90. 90. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  91. 91. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  92. 92. 16" foam insulation under slab and outside foundation walls 8” studs, 24” OC with plywood and OSB EuroLine Windows fiberglass/UPVC triple-glazed U= 0.73 Air tightness 0.6 ACH at 50 pa. (1.6 for R2000; up to 10 older homes) Blown cellulose insulation Heat recovery ventilation: 90% exhaust heat transferred to incoming fresh air Natural gas hot water, space heat Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  93. 93. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com = 4.3% more
  94. 94. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
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  96. 96. Passivhaus Winter: -10 oC outside, no heat needed inside Summer: 35 oC outside, only 26 oC inside Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  97. 97. Passive House near St. Jacob in Frankfurt. “Factor 10” Petra Genz and Folkmer Rasch 25,000 Passive Houses In Europe Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  98. 98. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
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  104. 104. Stabilized Insulated Rammed Earth SIREWALL R-50 Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  105. 105. SIREWALL insulates 13.5 times more than a concrete wall of the same thickness; 5.5 times more than a rammed earth wall. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  106. 106. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  107. 107. Straw Bale Construction Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  108. 108. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  109. 109. Solar heated cob house The Highlands, Victoria, BC Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
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  111. 111. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Ann & Gord Baird Eco-Sense, Highlands of Victoria www.eco-sense.ca
  112. 112. Energy Efficiency in Wall Assemblies Tent Earthship Mobile Home Basic stick-frame Hi-end stick frame ICF 9” Cob 18” Straw Bale 18” Passive House SIREWALL 24” R1 R5 R10 R14 R20 R20 R10-20 R17-55 R50 R50 Meror Krayenhoff, November 2013 Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  113. 113. Zero Net Energy Housing By 2020, every new home in California must be zero net energy - emit no carbon and give power back to the grid. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  114. 114. By 2016, every new home in Britain must be zero-carbon. www.zerocarbonhub.org Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  115. 115. Ten Green Future Building Themes 2: Renewable Heat Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  116. 116. Renewable Energy Heat Pumps Solar-Source Moisture-Source Ground-Source Water-Source Sewer-Source Ice-Source Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  117. 117. Solar (Air Source) Heat Pump Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  118. 118. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Ductless Mini-Split Solar Heat Pump
  119. 119. Solar Air Moisture Heat Pump Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com The Octopus Ice-Stick www.octopus.tm
  120. 120. Since 1991 In Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland, Estonia, Lithuania, Ukraine, Poland, Germany, Holland, Italy, Romania, Ireland. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
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  122. 122. The Ice-Stick pipes condense water vapor from the air, causing the refrigerant to warm and evaporate. As the evaporated gas moves to the compressor, pressurization raises its temperature. A pump sends the accumulated heat through the building’s water system. As the heat is dispersed the pressure falls, and the refrigerant travels back to the evaporator to repeat the cycle. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  123. 123. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com • Saves 50-75% on heating costs • Uses air moisture, quiet air collector • Operates down to -25o C
  124. 124. The cross is an Ice-Stick heat pump Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  125. 125. Ground Source Heat Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  126. 126. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  127. 127. Geothermal Radial Drilling Austrian geo-drilling technique http://geothermic.tracto-technik.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  128. 128. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  129. 129. Water Source Heat Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  130. 130. Ice Source Heat Richmond Olympic Skating Oval Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  131. 131. Greenwatt Way, Slough, UK Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com 63 kW solar PV 30 kW Biomass boiler 40 kW Air source heat pump 2 x 17 kW Ground source heat pumps Energy Centre on roof 20m2 solar thermal panels
  132. 132. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  133. 133. District Heat Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
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  135. 135. Pre-insulated piping used to heat most homes and commercial buildings in Scandinavia. Insulation allows the delivery of hot water at 200o C to customers up to 15 miles away, with a net loss of only a few degrees. Photo and text by Jayson Antonoff Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  136. 136. Vancouver False Creek Sewage-Based District Heat Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  137. 137. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  138. 138. In Sweden, Stockholm sends heat from treated sewage effluent to 80,000 apartments Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  139. 139. District Heating Plant, Vienna Heats 60,000 apartments using incineration Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Friedensreich Hundertwasser
  140. 140. BedZED Sutton, London, UK Super-efficient, smart metered CHP power and hot water from local tree wastes Space heat: 88% less Hot water: 57% less Electricity: 25% less Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  141. 141. Energy  Centre Beddington Zero Energy Housing (BedZED), Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Sutton, London, UK
  142. 142. Victoria - Dockside Green Plan: 100% heat from gasified wood-wastes Interim reality: Heat from natural gas Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  143. 143. Solar Thermal District Heating Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Drake Landing, Okotoks, Alberta.
  144. 144. 800 solar hot water panels on the garages 90% of residential space heating needs met by solar thermal energy (40-50o C) Reduction - 5 tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions per home per year. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  145. 145. Solar Thermal Heating 12 months a year The Energy Centre Solar hot water panels Guy Dauncey 2013 2007 www.earthfuture.com Community solar heat panels
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  147. 147. Sorce: Solvis Solar Thermal Housing, Rostock, Germany Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  148. 148. Collective solar thermal system on a residential building, Germany Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com www.wagner-solar.com
  149. 149. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Olivier Drucke, 2009
  150. 150. Ten Green Future Building Themes 3: Solar Energy Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  151. 151. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Rolf Disch Solar Architecture
  152. 152. Guy Dauncey 2013 Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.c www.earthfuture.com
  153. 153. Taiwan Solar Stadium, 2013 Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.com
  154. 154. Data from Stephen O'Rourke, senior analyst for semiconductor equipment and materials, Deutsche Bank Securities, via www.energyandcapital.com, February 2008 Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  155. 155. Solar PV 7000% increase since 2000 100,000 GW in 2012 Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  156. 156. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Business Insider, Oct 3, 2013
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  158. 158. 3 kW $15,000 in Victoria $9,000 at IKEA, UK 3,300 kWh year Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  159. 159. Solar Economics in Victoria, BC (No Feed-in Tariff) 3 kW, 3% financing, 3% pa BC Hydro inflation 2013 Cost per kW $5,000 Cost of 3 kW system $15,000 $25 yr 3% mortgage $21,300 2020 $3,000 $9,000 $12,780 kWh per year 25 years + 3% pa 3,300 kWh $12,009 3,300 kWh $14,768 Profit (Loss) (-$9,291) $1,988 Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  160. 160. Tubular hybrid solar photovoltaic panels www.nakedenergy.co.uk Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  161. 161. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Thin-film Solar PV
  162. 162. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
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  164. 164. Solar Hot Water Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
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  166. 166. Solar hot water on a restaurant in Sweden Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Photo by Hamilton Hazlehurst/Vulcan
  167. 167. Rizhao, China Population 3 million 99% of city centre households use solar hot water. 60,000 greenhouses, all solar powered. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  168. 168. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Rizhao, China CSIRO
  169. 169. The Human Journey 5,000,000 years past 5,000,000 years future This tiny slither of time is the Age of Fossil FuelsGuy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.c
  170. 170. If we act as wisely, two hundred Carbon Years become the launch ramp for a billion Solar Years… Firewood Solar 500,000 years Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  171. 171. If we act as wisely, two hundred Carbon Years become the launch ramp for a billion Solar Years… Firewood Solar 500,000 years Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Fossil Solar 200 years
  172. 172. If we act as wisely, two hundred Carbon Years become the launch ramp for a billion Solar Years… Renewable Solar 1.75 billion years Firewood Solar 500,000 years Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Fossil Solar 200 years
  173. 173. Ten Green Future Building Themes Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com 4: Smart Electronics
  174. 174. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com “House off”
  175. 175. LED Lighting Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  176. 176. LED Chandeliers Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
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  180. 180. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Li-fi instead of Wi-fi
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  183. 183. Smart Thermostats: NEST Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
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  186. 186. Coming soon, Digital Art…. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
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  190. 190. Ten Green Future Building Themes 5: Water Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
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  192. 192. Dual Flush Toilets Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  193. 193. Composting Toilets Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  194. 194. Rainwater Storage Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
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  197. 197. Bioswale to capture rainwater SEA Street, Seattle Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  198. 198. SEA Street, Seattle Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  199. 199. Porous Pavement Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  200. 200. Water Conservation Credits 1. Builder in 2032 wants a building permit for a new house 2. Water conserving actions in existing houses earn conservation credits 3. Water conserving companies retrofit existing houses, collect credits. 4. Builder must buy credits from existing owners to qualify for building permit for new house 5. Net increase in water-use from new house = ZERO Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  201. 201. Ten Green Future Building Themes 6: Green Roofs & Walls Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
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  203. 203. 8,000 sq ft zero carbon home designed for Manchester United soccer player Gary Neville Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  204. 204. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Toyko, Japan
  205. 205. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  206. 206. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Musee du quai Branly in Paris designed by Patrick Blanc Le Mur Vegetal
  207. 207. Patrick Blanc Madrid’s vertical garden is made up of more than 15,000 plants, from 250 different species. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  208. 208. Children’s Library, San Vicente del Raspeig, Spain Architect Jose Maria Chofre Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  209. 209. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Athenaeum Hotel, London Patrick Blanc
  210. 210. Vancouver Public Library Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  211. 211. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com ACROS building, Fukuoka, Japan 35,000 plants, 76 species
  212. 212. United Bank of Switzerland Basel Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  213. 213. Rogner Spa and Hotel Hot Springs Friedensreich Hundertwasser Bad Blumau, Styria, Austria Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  214. 214. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Hundertwasserhaus, Vienna
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  217. 217. Before… Semiahmoo Transit Station Surrey, BC, Canada Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  218. 218. After… Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com www.greenovergrey.com
  219. 219. The Gherkin, London Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  220. 220. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
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  222. 222. Vincent Callebaut Agora tower project Xinyin, Taipei, Taiwan High-performance Suspended orchards Organic vegetable gardens No industrial waste Central circular light Solar PV Rainwater filtration Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  223. 223. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  224. 224. Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.com
  225. 225. Singapore, Editt Tower Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  226. 226. Vincent Callebaut Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  227. 227. Vincent Callebaut: Asian Cairns, Sustainable Megaliths for Guy Dauncey 2007 Rural Urbanity, Shenzhen, China, 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  228. 228. Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.com
  229. 229. Ten Green Future Building Themes Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com 7: Food
  230. 230. www.talkgreentous.ca Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
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  232. 232. Guy Dauncey 2013 Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.c www.earthfuture.com
  233. 233. Guy Dauncey 2013 Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.c www.earthfuture.com
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  241. 241. Ten Green Future Building Themes Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com 8: The Market Response
  242. 242. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  243. 243. Green Homes Outselling the Market In 2009, Certified green homes in Seattle made up 33% of the new home market, sold for a 37% premium per sq ft and were on the market for 22% less time. In July 2009, almost 50% of new homes were sold with a green certification. Over 50%, and appraisers will need to discount a home that is not green, since green will have become the new market norm. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  244. 244. Ten Green Future Building Themes Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com 9: Green Streets and Neighbourhoods
  245. 245. Redesign, Remodel, Reclaim Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
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  248. 248. Portland, Oregon Guy Dauncey 2013 Guy Dauncey 2007 www.earthfuture.c www.earthfuture.com www.CityRepair.org
  249. 249. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  250. 250. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  251. 251. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  252. 252. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  253. 253. EarthSong Eco-Neigbourhood, Auckland, New Zealand Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  254. 254. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  255. 255. Namba Parks Osaka, Japan Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  256. 256. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Hundertwasser's Waldspirale, Darmstadt, Germany
  257. 257. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  258. 258. Ten Green Future Building Themes Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com 10: Affordable Housing
  259. 259. Vancouver Average House Prices, July 2013 Two-storey house: $1,151,250 Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  260. 260. Vancouver Average House Prices, July 2013 Detached bungalow: $1,052,500 Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  261. 261. Vancouver Average House Prices, July 2013 Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com Condo: $490,475
  262. 262. Communal Living 8-Bedroom house in North Van: $1.5 million = $250k each for 8 owners Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  263. 263. Laneway Housing Ideally no parking permit, rainwater collection, zero-net energy Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  264. 264. Rooftop Housing www.loftcube.net Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  265. 265. Shipping Container Homes 502 Alexander St Vancouver 280 sq ft 12 units, base cost $85,000 each Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  266. 266. Community Land Trusts Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  267. 267. Affordable Housing Financing Progressively increasing tax on real estate sales over $1 million 15% sales tax on properties bought through offshore companies Annual levy on expensive properties registered offshore Escalating land tax on empty properties Money to a city Affordable Housing Authority Community Housing Circles, to buy land owned by a Community Land Trust and build housing. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  268. 268. REMEMBER… Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  269. 269. Boras, Sweden Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  270. 270. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  271. 271. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  272. 272. A Green, Sustainable Future is not an Option It is an Absolute Necessity in which we must all become engaged Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  273. 273. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  274. 274. Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  275. 275. www.slideshare.net/GuyDauncey/ green-buildings-view-from-2032 Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com
  276. 276. Guy Dauncey www.earthfuture.com Guy Dauncey 2013 www.earthfuture.com

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