By: Gutu E.
Leadership is the ability to
bring out the best in every
Personal leadership is the
ability and desire to crystallize
your thinking and to establish
a specific direction and
destination for your own life.
Is a process of human transformation.
Human Transformation: followers to
Leaders to change agents.
There is no substitute to learning more
about yourself, acquiring knowledge and
wisdom, practicing new skills, and
developing more your personal potential
Building personal leadership is
absolutely essential to your long term
achievement; success and happiness.
When you build personal leadership you
develop your own capacity to work
Work hard Vs Work Smart
Hard work can be simply defined
as putting strenuous hours for
doing a certain task or tasks.
Smart work refers to find effective
and efficient ways to complete
one or multiple tasks while
managing time and quality.
Basic elements in smart work
Quality Performance: high
Examples of Working Smart
How farmers locally protect their
crops from wild animals?
The shortest distance on a given
paper is when the paper is folded.
How do Psychologists think?!
How I chose to study psychology.
Innovations of flying cars, electric
cars and etc.
You improve your effectiveness and
productivity you develop a focus for
your life endeavors through
developing clear statements of vision,
purpose, mission and values.
1. Personal Vision
What is vision?
Answers the question “Where”.
Is the power of sense of sight.
Mental image of some thing imaginary.
A famous former American president J.F.
Kennedy said that our task is not fix blame of
the past, but fix the course for the future.
Vision acts as a motivator to action.
II.Understanding purpose and /or
Purpose refers to discovering the why
or the reason of your existence.
Answers the question “Why”?
Living with purpose
Living with purpose is the only way to
really live. Every thing else is just
Most people struggle with three basic
issues in life:
Identity: “Who am I?
Importance: “Do I matter?
Impale: “What is my place in life?”
Who am I ?
The question of who am I is all about a
What is a self concept?
Is how we perceive our behaviors,
abilities and unique characteristics.
This affects our motivation, attitudes
a.Identity_what sets a person aparts
from others.Example: Name,sex,
ethinicity,family status, occupations…
c.Self esteem_the judgment of personal
performance compared with the self
ideal.Here locus in performance
Locus of control
Locus of control: is a psychological
concept that refers to how strongly
people believe they have control over
the situations and experiences that
affect their life.
Internal Vs External Locus of control
A. People with Internal LC: people who
believe that they are responsible for
their own success or failure or
outcomes in general.
Locus of Control
B.People with external LC: believe that
external forces like luck/fate, determine
d.Role performance: expected bhrs
Answers the question “ What”?
Is what we do to realize our purpose
Is life assignment.
It involves changing seed into fruits.
It may involve going through a death
Mission accomplishment is using the
mission package we are here with to
live to our fullest potential.
Are a worth of that we give to
Refer to standard behavior like good
character, integrity, sincerity, loyalty,
persistence, consistence, sense of
duty, commitment, caring, and etc.
Answer the question “How”?_How
should we behave to achieve what we
Is enhancement of all aspects of a
Areas: Mental, Social, Spiritual,
Emotional and Physical
Growth is change: the poet Robert
Browning wrote, “Why we stay on the
earth except to grow?” Non-the less,
relatively few people dedicate
themselves to the process why?
Because it requires and most people
are reluctant to change but the truth is
that without change, growth is
Growth is a choice: a novelist has
Leo Tolstoy said,” Everyone thinks of
changing the world, but no one thinks
of changing himself”
growth is optional, you can choose to
grow or to fight it and people unwilling
to grow will never reach their potential.
Growth is a decision that can really
make a difference.
10 principles for personal growth
1.Choose a life of growth:
The only way to improve the quality of
your life is to improve yourself. The
people who reach their potential, no
matter what their profession or
background, think in terms of
improvement and the only way you will
grow is if you choose to grow.
2.Start growing to day: Napoleon Hill
said, It is not what you are going to do, but
it is what you are doing now counts.
3.Be teachable: the greatest obstacle
to growth is not ignorance. It’s
knowledge. The more you learn, the
greater the chance you will think you
know are no longer growing or
When you remain teachable, your
potential is almost limitless.
4.Focus on self development, not self
Self-fulfillment is about feeling good. But
self development is different. It is a
higher calling; it is the development of
your potential so that you can attain the
purpose for which you were created.
There are times when that is fulfilling, but
other times it is not.
Self development draws you towards
5.Never stay satisfied with current
Rick warren said, “The greatest
enemy of tomorrow’s focuses is
Don’t settle into a comfort zone and
don’t let success go to your head.
Enjoy your successes briefly, and then
move at to greater growth.
6.Concentrate on a few major
themes: give your time and energy only
to the themes at the heart of your life.
7.Develop of plan for growth: the key
to life of continual learning and
improvement lies in developing a
specific plan for growth and following
through with it.
8.Pay the price: self fulfillment focuses a
making a person happy, where as self
development purposes to help a person
reach potential. This development costs
times, money, have risks so that many
people stop growing when the price gets
President Theodore Roosevelt stated,
“There has not yet been a person in
our history who led a life of ease
whose name is a worth remembering.
9.Find away to apply what you learn :
Jin Rohn urged, “Don’t let your
learning lead to knowledge, Let your
learning lead to action.”.
4 Pillars of Education
a.Learning to know:Knowledge
b.Learning to do:Skills
c.Learning to be: Values(Integrity)
d.Learning to live together: Social Life
10.Live for others: in life, there are
The Dubai resource facts: the 3 S
Is to build cohesive and
productive work teams in
order to achieve the required
Examples: a group of
tants,Dept Heads, Spiritual
Leaders, and etc.
Who is a team leader?
Is a person who provides
guidance, instruction, direction
and leadership to a group of
individuals for the purpose of
achieving a key result.
Team Leadrship: What is a
Team is a group of
organizational members who
are interdependent, share
common goals, and coordinate
activities to accomplish those
A group of people organized to
work together to meet the needs
of their customers by
accomplishing their purpose or
Team Work: is the collaborative
effort of a group to achieve a
(in the most effective & efficient
Outcome of effective teams
More effective use of resource
Better decision and problem solving
Better quality products and services.
Greater innovation and creativity.
Types of Teams
Formal / Informal
Inter team: existing between / Intra team:
The same discipline / Different
User involved: user voice heard/
User led: people who use
Team Building: is the action or process
of making a group of people to work
together effectively as a team esp. by
means of activities and events
designed to increase motivation and
Is the process of turning individual
employees into a cohesive team.
Elements of Team Building
Commitment to the organization
Team Building Strategies
Developing team work
Connect with team members
Practice feedback and
Providing them good working
Types of team building
1. Activity-based team building: to
present to the team members
challenges that they have to complete
together. The challenges could be
physical or intellectual.
2. Skill-based team building : skills like
conflict management, negotiation, and
3. Value-based team building: consists in
all team members participating
together in a charitable activities.
Inputs of Team Building
Organizational Setting: resources,
technology, structures, atmosphere
Nature of the task: clarity and
Group size: number of members
Membership characteristics: abilities,
values and personalities
User participation: primary vs
Defining the task
Making a plan
Controlling work quality
Checking performance against the
Adjusting the plan
o Setting standards
o Maintaining discipline
o Building team spirit
o Encouraging, motivating, giving a
sense of purpose
o Ensuring communication with the
o Training the group as group
Information and opinion giver
Information and opinion seeker
Synergy of teams
What is synergy?
The creation of the whole greater than
the sum of its parts.
Is a process in which individuals or
companies combine their resources
and efforts to achieve more
productivity, efficacy, and performance
than they could alone.
Examples: mergers and acquisitions
Ways to promote team synergy are
understand the talents and strengths
each individual brings, assign role and
accountabilities that maximize
Task Activities of a team
Attending to personal problems
Recognizing and using individual
Training the individual
Maintenance activities of a team
Obstacles to team work
Personality conflicts: ind’l d/ces
Task ambiguity: unclear agendas,ill-
Free riding: diffusion of ind’l efforts
Poor readiness to work: wasting of
time in unprepared meetings
Xtics of high performing teams
A clear and elevating goal
Competent and committed members
A collaborative climate
External support, recognition and
Strong, principled, and yet democratic
Team Cohesiveness Vs Performance
Low productivity: strong commitment
to harmful norms
Low to moderate productivity: weak
commitments to harmful norms
Moderate productivity: weak
commitments to supportive norms
High productivity: strong commitments
to supportive norms
Team think/Groupthink: is the
tendency for highly cohesive groups to
lose their critical evaluative
capabilities for undermining their
weaknesses and promoting their
strengths. Because of undesirable
competition and disruption between
teams, alienation will be resulted
How to handle groupthink
Encourage sharing of view points
Assign one member to play a ‘Devil’s
advocate’ role at each group meeting
Create subgroups to work on the
same problem and then share their
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