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  1. 1. Personal to Organizational Leadership By: Gutu E. Dinka
  2. 2. Personal Leadership Leadership is the ability to bring out the best in every one. Personal leadership is the ability and desire to crystallize your thinking and to establish a specific direction and destination for your own life.
  3. 3. Personal Leadership  Is a process of human transformation. Human Transformation: followers to leaders, Leaders to change agents.
  4. 4. Personal Leadership  There is no substitute to learning more about yourself, acquiring knowledge and wisdom, practicing new skills, and developing more your personal potential for greatness.  Building personal leadership is absolutely essential to your long term achievement; success and happiness.  When you build personal leadership you develop your own capacity to work smarter.
  5. 5. Work hard Vs Work Smart Hard work can be simply defined as putting strenuous hours for doing a certain task or tasks. Smart work refers to find effective and efficient ways to complete one or multiple tasks while managing time and quality.
  6. 6. Basic elements in smart work Creativity/Innovation: intelligent way Time: faster Quality Performance: high Satisfaction: Maximum
  7. 7. Examples of Working Smart How farmers locally protect their crops from wild animals? The shortest distance on a given paper is when the paper is folded.  How do Psychologists think?! How I chose to study psychology. Innovations of flying cars, electric cars and etc.
  8. 8. Personal Leadership  You improve your effectiveness and productivity you develop a focus for your life endeavors through developing clear statements of vision, purpose, mission and values.
  9. 9. Core Ideologies Core Ideaologies 1. Personal Vision What is vision?  Answers the question “Where”.  Is the power of sense of sight.  Is imagination.  Mental image of some thing imaginary.  A famous former American president J.F. Kennedy said that our task is not fix blame of the past, but fix the course for the future.  Vision acts as a motivator to action.
  10. 10. Personal Leadership II.Understanding purpose and /or mission  Purpose refers to discovering the why or the reason of your existence.  Answers the question “Why”? Living with purpose  Living with purpose is the only way to really live. Every thing else is just existing.
  11. 11. Personal Leadership  Most people struggle with three basic issues in life: Identity: “Who am I? Importance: “Do I matter? Impale: “What is my place in life?”
  12. 12. Who am I ?  The question of who am I is all about a self concept. What is a self concept?  Is how we perceive our behaviors, abilities and unique characteristics.  This affects our motivation, attitudes and behaviors.
  13. 13. Self Concept  Components: a.Identity_what sets a person aparts from others.Example: Name,sex, ethinicity,family status, occupations… b.Body Image_physical attribute,appearance c.Self esteem_the judgment of personal performance compared with the self ideal.Here locus in performance matters.
  14. 14. Locus of control Locus of control: is a psychological concept that refers to how strongly people believe they have control over the situations and experiences that affect their life. Internal Vs External Locus of control A. People with Internal LC: people who believe that they are responsible for their own success or failure or outcomes in general.
  15. 15. Locus of Control B.People with external LC: believe that external forces like luck/fate, determine their outcomes. d.Role performance: expected bhrs
  16. 16. Core Idealogies_Mission III. Mission  Answers the question “ What”?  Is what we do to realize our purpose of living.  Is life assignment.  It involves changing seed into fruits.  It may involve going through a death row.  Mission accomplishment is using the mission package we are here with to live to our fullest potential.
  17. 17. Personal Leadership Values  Are a worth of that we give to something.  Refer to standard behavior like good character, integrity, sincerity, loyalty, persistence, consistence, sense of duty, commitment, caring, and etc.  Answer the question “How”?_How should we behave to achieve what we have to.
  18. 18. Personal Growth/Development  Is enhancement of all aspects of a person.  Areas: Mental, Social, Spiritual, Emotional and Physical Growth is change: the poet Robert Browning wrote, “Why we stay on the earth except to grow?” Non-the less, relatively few people dedicate themselves to the process why? Because it requires and most people are reluctant to change but the truth is that without change, growth is impossible.
  19. 19. Personal Growth  Growth is a choice: a novelist has Leo Tolstoy said,” Everyone thinks of changing the world, but no one thinks of changing himself”  growth is optional, you can choose to grow or to fight it and people unwilling to grow will never reach their potential.  Growth is a decision that can really make a difference.
  20. 20. Personal Growth  10 principles for personal growth 1.Choose a life of growth:  The only way to improve the quality of your life is to improve yourself. The people who reach their potential, no matter what their profession or background, think in terms of improvement and the only way you will grow is if you choose to grow. 2.Start growing to day: Napoleon Hill said, It is not what you are going to do, but it is what you are doing now counts.
  21. 21. Personal Growth 3.Be teachable: the greatest obstacle to growth is not ignorance. It’s knowledge. The more you learn, the greater the chance you will think you know are no longer growing or improving.  When you remain teachable, your potential is almost limitless.
  22. 22. Personal Growth 4.Focus on self development, not self fulfillment:  Self-fulfillment is about feeling good. But self development is different. It is a higher calling; it is the development of your potential so that you can attain the purpose for which you were created. There are times when that is fulfilling, but other times it is not.  Self development draws you towards your destiny.
  23. 23. Personal Growth 5.Never stay satisfied with current accomplishment:  Rick warren said, “The greatest enemy of tomorrow’s focuses is today’s success.”  Don’t settle into a comfort zone and don’t let success go to your head. Enjoy your successes briefly, and then move at to greater growth.
  24. 24. Personal Growth 6.Concentrate on a few major themes: give your time and energy only to the themes at the heart of your life. 7.Develop of plan for growth: the key to life of continual learning and improvement lies in developing a specific plan for growth and following through with it.
  25. 25. Personal Growth 8.Pay the price: self fulfillment focuses a making a person happy, where as self development purposes to help a person reach potential. This development costs times, money, have risks so that many people stop growing when the price gets high.  President Theodore Roosevelt stated, “There has not yet been a person in our history who led a life of ease whose name is a worth remembering.
  26. 26. Personal Growth 9.Find away to apply what you learn :  Jin Rohn urged, “Don’t let your learning lead to knowledge, Let your learning lead to action.”.  4 Pillars of Education a.Learning to know:Knowledge b.Learning to do:Skills c.Learning to be: Values(Integrity) d.Learning to live together: Social Life
  27. 27. Personal Growth 10.Live for others: in life, there are a.Dependence b.Independence & c.Interdependence The Dubai resource facts: the 3 S i.Sun ii.Sand & iii.Sea
  28. 28. Team Leadership
  29. 29. Team Leadership Is to build cohesive and productive work teams in order to achieve the required outputs. Examples: a group of Engineers,Accountants,Consul tants,Dept Heads, Spiritual Leaders, and etc.
  30. 30. Team Leadership  Who is a team leader? Is a person who provides guidance, instruction, direction and leadership to a group of individuals for the purpose of achieving a key result.
  31. 31. Team Leadrship: What is a team?  Team is a group of organizational members who are interdependent, share common goals, and coordinate activities to accomplish those goals.  A group of people organized to work together to meet the needs of their customers by accomplishing their purpose or goals.
  32. 32. Team Leadership  Team Work: is the collaborative effort of a group to achieve a common goal. (in the most effective & efficient way)  Outcome of effective teams Greater productivity More effective use of resource
  33. 33. Team Leadership Better decision and problem solving Better quality products and services. Greater innovation and creativity. Types of Teams Formal / Informal Mechanical: homogeneity, similarity/Organic: professional dependence(interdependence) Inter team: existing between / Intra team: within
  34. 34. TEAM Leadership The same discipline / Different disciplines User involved: user voice heard/ User led: people who use
  35. 35. Team Leadership  Team Building: is the action or process of making a group of people to work together effectively as a team esp. by means of activities and events designed to increase motivation and promote cooperation.  Is the process of turning individual employees into a cohesive team.
  36. 36. Team Leadership Elements of Team Building Role clarity Trust Job satisfaction Commitment to the organization Motivation and Empowerment
  37. 37. Team Leadership  Team Building Strategies Developing team work Communicating well Establishing trust Connect with team members Encourage Contributions Practice feedback and Providing them good working environment
  38. 38. Team Leadership  Types of team building 1. Activity-based team building: to present to the team members challenges that they have to complete together. The challenges could be physical or intellectual. 2. Skill-based team building : skills like conflict management, negotiation, and etc. 3. Value-based team building: consists in all team members participating together in a charitable activities.
  39. 39. Team Leadership Inputs of Team Building Organizational Setting: resources, technology, structures, atmosphere Nature of the task: clarity and complexity Group size: number of members Membership characteristics: abilities, values and personalities User participation: primary vs secondary users
  40. 40. Team Laedership Task Need Defining the task Making a plan Allocating work Controlling work quality Checking performance against the plan Adjusting the plan
  41. 41. Team Leadership Maintenance Needs o Setting standards o Maintaining discipline o Building team spirit o Encouraging, motivating, giving a sense of purpose o Ensuring communication with the group o Training the group as group
  42. 42. Team Leadership Task Functions Information and opinion giver Information and opinion seeker Starter Direction giver Summarizer Coordinator  Diagnoser Energiser Evaluater
  43. 43. Team Leadership  Synergy of teams What is synergy? The creation of the whole greater than the sum of its parts. Is a process in which individuals or companies combine their resources and efforts to achieve more productivity, efficacy, and performance than they could alone. Examples: mergers and acquisitions
  44. 44. Team Leadership Ways to promote team synergy are understand the talents and strengths each individual brings, assign role and accountabilities that maximize personal strength.
  45. 45. Team Leadership Task Activities of a team Initiating Information sharing Summarizing Elaborating Opinion giving Distributed leadership
  46. 46. Team Leadership Self-oriented Behavior Dominating Recognition seeking Withdrawing Playboying: pleasure-oriented
  47. 47. Team Leadership Individual Needs Attending to personal problems Encouraging individuals Giving status Recognizing and using individual abilities Training the individual
  48. 48. Team Leadership  Maintenance activities of a team Gatekeeping Encouraging Harmonizing Reducing tension Norming Self managing
  49. 49. Team Laedership  Obstacles to team work Personality conflicts: ind’l d/ces Task ambiguity: unclear agendas,ill- defined problems Free riding: diffusion of ind’l efforts and responsibilities Poor readiness to work: wasting of time in unprepared meetings
  50. 50. Team Leadership  Xtics of high performing teams A clear and elevating goal A task-driven Result oriented-structure Competent and committed members A collaborative climate
  51. 51. Team Leadership External support, recognition and delegation Strong, principled, and yet democratic leadership
  52. 52. Team Leadership  Team Cohesiveness Vs Performance Norms Low productivity: strong commitment to harmful norms Low to moderate productivity: weak commitments to harmful norms Moderate productivity: weak commitments to supportive norms High productivity: strong commitments to supportive norms
  53. 53. Team Leadership  Team think/Groupthink: is the tendency for highly cohesive groups to lose their critical evaluative capabilities for undermining their weaknesses and promoting their strengths. Because of undesirable competition and disruption between teams, alienation will be resulted accordingly.
  54. 54. Team Leadership  How to handle groupthink Encourage sharing of view points Assign one member to play a ‘Devil’s advocate’ role at each group meeting Create subgroups to work on the same problem and then share their proposed solutions.