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A Framework and
Taxonomy of Videogame
Playing Preferences
Gustavo F. Tondello, Rina R. Wehbe, Rita Orji,
Giovanni Ribeiro, Lennart E. Nacke
Goal
Investigate player preferences for different game design
elements and game playing styles
2
Game design elements
What players do in a game:
• resource harvesting
• unit production
• puzzles
• role-playing
• collection
• shooting
• exploration
• etc.
Game playing styles
How players interact with
a game:
• soloing
• raiding
• 1st / 3rd person view
• streaming
• watching
• casual play
• etc.
Methods
1. List of 66 game design elements and 20 game playing styles
Based on brainstorming and a survey of game design literature
2. Data collection
“Please rate how much the following elements
motivate you when you play a game”
(5-point Likert scale from “not at all” to “very much”)
3. Data analysis
Exploratory factor analysis (EFA)
Correlational analysis
3
196participants
aged 15-71
(M = 26.7,
SD = 9.7)
124 men,
53 women,
4 transgender,
3 non-binary
Groups of Game Design Elements
Strategic resource
management
•resource management,
construction, strategic play
Puzzle
•diverse types of puzzles
Artistic movement
•music, painting, drawing, and
body movement
Sports and cards
•sports, cards, and gambling
Role-playing
•fantasy, science fiction,
avatars, and exploration
Virtual goods
•acquisition, collection, and
use of virtual goods or
resources
Simulation
•simulation of scenarios
inspired by real life
Action
•shooting, detonation,
fighting, combat, racing, etc.
Progression
•skill trees, character
progression
4Icons are CC-BY 3.0 by Game-icons.net
Groups of Game Playing Styles
Multiplayer
•teams, raids, chatting, voice-over,
MOBAs, MMOs
Abstract Interaction
•top-down, isometric, and third-
person views
Solo play
•player vs environment (PvE), free
movement, third-person view
Competitive community
•eSports, streaming, watching, first-
person view, player vs player (PvP)
Casual play
•casual, occasional playing
5Icons are CC-BY 3.0 by Game-icons.net
The complete Framework
Multiplayer
Abstract
Interaction
Solo play
Competitive
community
Casual play
6Icons are CC-BY 3.0 by Game-icons.net
Puzzle
Strategic
resource
management
Sports and
cards
Artistic
movement
Virtual
goods
Role-playing
Simulation Action
Progression
.359
.360
–.318
.367
.349
.368
.301
.478
Correlation with Age
7
Role-playing
Action
Solo play
Competitive
community
Younger Older
Casual play
Preferences by Gender
8
Men Women
Strategic resource
management
Sports and
cards
Action
Puzzle
Artistic
movement
Virtual goods
Casual playMultiplayer
Competitive
community
Implications
9
Design
• Appealing to specific audiences
• Designers can choose elements with similar player preferences
• Personalizing the player experience
• Tailoring the game with the preferred elements for each player
Research
• Considering player preferences to better understand
player experience
• What is enjoyable to one player might not be so to others
Link to full paper:
A Framework and Taxonomy of
Videogame Playing Preferences
CONTACT
Gustavo F. Tondello
gustavo@tondello.com
@GustavoTondello
http://hcigames.com/
10

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A Framework and Taxonomy of Videogame Playing Preferences (CHI PLAY 17)

  • 1. A Framework and Taxonomy of Videogame Playing Preferences Gustavo F. Tondello, Rina R. Wehbe, Rita Orji, Giovanni Ribeiro, Lennart E. Nacke
  • 2. Goal Investigate player preferences for different game design elements and game playing styles 2 Game design elements What players do in a game: • resource harvesting • unit production • puzzles • role-playing • collection • shooting • exploration • etc. Game playing styles How players interact with a game: • soloing • raiding • 1st / 3rd person view • streaming • watching • casual play • etc.
  • 3. Methods 1. List of 66 game design elements and 20 game playing styles Based on brainstorming and a survey of game design literature 2. Data collection “Please rate how much the following elements motivate you when you play a game” (5-point Likert scale from “not at all” to “very much”) 3. Data analysis Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) Correlational analysis 3 196participants aged 15-71 (M = 26.7, SD = 9.7) 124 men, 53 women, 4 transgender, 3 non-binary
  • 4. Groups of Game Design Elements Strategic resource management •resource management, construction, strategic play Puzzle •diverse types of puzzles Artistic movement •music, painting, drawing, and body movement Sports and cards •sports, cards, and gambling Role-playing •fantasy, science fiction, avatars, and exploration Virtual goods •acquisition, collection, and use of virtual goods or resources Simulation •simulation of scenarios inspired by real life Action •shooting, detonation, fighting, combat, racing, etc. Progression •skill trees, character progression 4Icons are CC-BY 3.0 by Game-icons.net
  • 5. Groups of Game Playing Styles Multiplayer •teams, raids, chatting, voice-over, MOBAs, MMOs Abstract Interaction •top-down, isometric, and third- person views Solo play •player vs environment (PvE), free movement, third-person view Competitive community •eSports, streaming, watching, first- person view, player vs player (PvP) Casual play •casual, occasional playing 5Icons are CC-BY 3.0 by Game-icons.net
  • 6. The complete Framework Multiplayer Abstract Interaction Solo play Competitive community Casual play 6Icons are CC-BY 3.0 by Game-icons.net Puzzle Strategic resource management Sports and cards Artistic movement Virtual goods Role-playing Simulation Action Progression .359 .360 –.318 .367 .349 .368 .301 .478
  • 7. Correlation with Age 7 Role-playing Action Solo play Competitive community Younger Older Casual play
  • 8. Preferences by Gender 8 Men Women Strategic resource management Sports and cards Action Puzzle Artistic movement Virtual goods Casual playMultiplayer Competitive community
  • 9. Implications 9 Design • Appealing to specific audiences • Designers can choose elements with similar player preferences • Personalizing the player experience • Tailoring the game with the preferred elements for each player Research • Considering player preferences to better understand player experience • What is enjoyable to one player might not be so to others
  • 10. Link to full paper: A Framework and Taxonomy of Videogame Playing Preferences CONTACT Gustavo F. Tondello gustavo@tondello.com @GustavoTondello http://hcigames.com/ 10