Regional Lobbying: The Mediterranean Corridor

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Regional lobby: study case on transport infrastructures and the regional strategy deployed.

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Regional Lobbying: The Mediterranean Corridor

  1. 1. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE1Gustavo MartiniéTransport, Tourism, Culture & CommunicationValencian Regional Office in Brussels / Fundación Comunidad Valenciana - Región Europeaskype: gustavomartinie // twitter: gmartiniegmartinie@delcomval.beRegional lobby in the EU:The Mediterranean Corridor
  2. 2. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE2The region of ValenciaThe regional office in BrusselsThe Mediterranean Corridor
  3. 3. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE31. The region of Valencia(Comunitat Valenciana)
  4. 4. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE4ValenciaAlicanteCastellónThe Region of ValenciaCV % SpainSurface (km2) 23.255 4,6Population 5.111.706 9,2GDP (Mill.€) 102.064,3 9,7GDP/cápita(EU27=100)92% 102,6It is part of theMediterranean Arch,an axis which hasexperienced one ofthe fastest economicgrowth rates in theEU in the lastdecadesThe region has experienced a 20% increase in its population, sincebecoming main destination for immigration, with near 900.000foreign residents. (+50% UE MS)Sources: IMPIVA and INE: "Anuario Estadístico de España". "Extensión superficial por CC.AA. y provincias". “Cifras de población referidas a 1 de enero de2010. Resumen por Comunidades Autónomas". “Contabilidad Regional de España. PIB. 2010” “Producto Interior Bruto regional. Serie 2000-2010”.
  5. 5. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE5CV Spain CV/Spain (%)GDP (Mio €) 102.064,3 1.051.342,0 9,7%Agriculture 2.107,0 26.062,0 8,1%Industry 15.215,4 151.816,0 10,0%Construction 9.689,2 97.791,0 9,9%Services 66.390,5 696.734,0 9,5%SURFACE (km2) 23.255 505.990 4,6%POPULATION (km2) 5.111.706 47.021.031 9,2%Source: IMPIVAINE. "Anuario Estadístico de España". "Extensión superficial por CC.AA. y provincias". Web del INEINE. "Cifras de población referidas a 1 de enero de 2010. Real Decreto 2124/2008. Resumen por Comunidades Autónomas". Web INEINE. Contabilidad Regional de España. PIB. 2010. Web INEThe Region of ValenciaAn industry-based economy10,0%
  6. 6. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE6CV: 18,7 % - ES: 6,7%CV: 15,6% - ES 11,2%CV: 14,1% - ES: 7,9%CV: 11,7% - ES: 8,9 %CV: 8,1% - ES: 68,1%CV: 7,6% - ES: 17,7%CV: 5,1% - ES: 8,6%CV: 4,9% - ES: 12,1%CV: 4,6% - ES: 15,9%CV: 4,4% - ES: 52,4%CV: 2,7% – ES: 23,6%CV: 0,8% - ES:10,1%CV: 0,7% - ES: 50,0%CV: 1,0% - ES: 12,1%0 5 10 15 20 25 30Metal SectorTransport MaterialFood & BeveragesPlastic, chemicalTilingWood & FurniturePaper, GraphicConstruction materialTextileShoes & LeatherStoneGlassToysOther% Ingresos de explotaciónThe Region of ValenciaMain Sectors
  7. 7. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE7Micro-company(0 a 9employees)95,2%Small(10 a 49employees)4,1%Medium(50 a 199employees)0,6%Big company(200 ó +employees)0,1%99,3 % of all enterprises have less than 50 employees352.366 EnterprisesSize of Valencian Enterprises2010)% TotalThe Region of ValenciaA region of SMEs
  8. 8. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE86.70%0.80%1.00%3.10%3.10%3.50%3.50%4.70%5.00%6.10%6.90%8.00%11.40%14.80%21.20%0.00% 5.00% 10.00% 15.00% 20.00% 25.00%OtherToysStonePlasticAgrofoodTextileWood- FurnitureMetalShoe - LeatherMineral productsMachinery & electric productsChemicalTilingFruits & VegetablesTransport materialThe Region of ValenciaMain Exports (% - 2008)
  9. 9. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE9UE 68.2% UE 68.9%Europe 8.6% Europe 6.6%USA 3.1% USA 4.1%LATAM 4.2% LATAM 4.8%OPEP, 4.4% OPEP, 3.8%Other 11.5% Other 11.8%The Region of ValenciaMain Export destinations (% - 2008)CV Spain76,8% 75,5%
  10. 10. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE102. The regional office in Brussels(Fundación Comunidad Valenciana – Región Europea)
  11. 11. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE11The model of the Region of ValenciaPublic-Private partnership (PPP)PUBLICRegional governmentMunicipalitiesUniversitiesResearch InstitutesPRIVATEIBERDROLA (energy)Saving banksChambers of commerceUniversitiesPro associationsBusiness andEntrepreneurialassociationsFCVREFundaciónComunidad ValencianaRegión Europea(created in 2003)
  12. 12. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE12 Before 2007 the Valencian Region was included in the former Objective 1. After January 2007 our Region was included in theObjective competitiveness and employment (formerly Obj. 2) Decrease of the 65% of ERDF Structural FundsThe model of the Region of ValenciaConvergence towards the competitiveness objective
  13. 13. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE13 The Valencian Regional Government created the Fundación Comunidad Valenciana -Región Europea in 2003 to tackle this transition: To be a broker of partnerships and to reinforce positioning at a European level To play an active role in the dynamisation of the main economic areas To contribute to go through this change by creating a strategy post Objective 1preparing civil society for the change To work for the internationalization of SMEs through EU ProgrammesThe model of the Region of ValenciaConvergence towards the competitiveness objective
  14. 14. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE14Number of approved projects108 projects + 7 initiativesValencian budget of approved projects87.2 mil €Total budget of approved projects209.3 mil €Projects under evaluation37 projects approx.EUROPEAN PROJECTS WITH THE FCVRE INVOLVEMENTValenciaAlicanteCastellónThe model of the Region of ValenciaPerformance indicators 2004-2011
  15. 15. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE15The model of the Region of ValenciaEvolution of the modelMain focus: Raise awareness in the EUopportunities Raise regional profile in the EUscenario Networking LobbyingResources:+ 30 people (own staff + trainees fromregional stakeholders)Main focus: Lobbying Networking Bring new opportunities to theregional actors Improve positioning in BrusselsResources:+ 10 people (own staff + trainees fromregional stakeholders)
  16. 16. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE16The model of the Region of ValenciaStructure2 offices: Valencia Brussels3 Europe direct info centres: Valencia Alicante CastellónDG European Affairs:Coordinates activities between FCVREand the 10 regional ministries
  17. 17. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE17To advocate, represent and promote the interests of the Region of Valencia,its institutions, its enterprises, its entities and its citizens in the EUGlobal StrategyMission
  18. 18. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE18To be the best regional office in Brussels and become an organization of referencefor the regional stakeholders and citizens and for the rest of regional offices inBrussels. An accessible, quality and effective tool for the promotion and advocacyof the regional interests to the EUGlobal StrategyVision
  19. 19. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE19• Professionalism• Commitment• Awareness of performing a public serviceGlobal StrategyValues
  20. 20. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE20Reorganization and rationalisation of expensesIncreasing the effectiveness and efficiency in dealing with EU affairsIncreasing level of service to trustees and regional entitiesLooking for new funding alternatives through the development of new projectsStrengthen our professional training platform and render it profitableKeep the positioning of the regional office at the EU levelReinforce the positioning of the FCVRE in at regional levelGlobal StrategyStrategic objectives 2012
  21. 21. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE21Projects andPartnershipsProfessionalTrainingPositioningLobby andAdvocacyGlobal StrategyStrategic action linesMain topics: Employment & labor market. Lobby in EU Policies & Programs and EuropeanTerritorial Cooperation SMEs, Entrepreneurs, Innovation, Technology, R&D. EU Funding & attraction of Investments
  22. 22. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE22The role of regions in the EU battlegroundWhat do regions do in Brussels?
  23. 23. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE23 European Institutions 300 Regional offices Representations to the EU Embassies Media UniversitiesEU TARGETING+1200accredited journalists+300regional officesThe role of regions in the EU battlegroundWhat do regions do in Brussels?
  24. 24. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE243. The Mediterranean Corridor
  25. 25. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE25What is a transeuropean network?The political economy of integrating Europe’s infrastructuresTreaty of Rome (1957) creation of an internal market and the reinforcement of economicand social cohesion and European transport policyTreaty of Maastricht (1993) TENs are given legal base No internal market without freedom of movements would be possible (forgoods, persons and services) without linking regional and national networks bymodern and efficient infrastructure. Key elements to articulate the Internal Market and reinforce Economic, Social andterritorial Cohesion (creation of economic growth + employment) Interconnection and interoperability and accessibility
  26. 26. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE26What is a transeuropean network?The political economy of integrating Europe’s infrastructures3 classes of network were defined by the treaty: Trans-European Transport networks (TEN-T) Trans-European Energy Network (TEN-E or TEN-Energy) Trans-European Telecommunications network (eTEN)The EC developed guidelines covering the objectives, priorities, identification of projects ofcommon interest and broad lines of measures.EU Financing instruments: TEN-budget line Structural Funds and Cohesion Fund The European Investment Bank
  27. 27. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE271990: Commission adopts first action plan on trans-European networks(transport, energy and telecommunications).1993: TENs given legal base in Maastricht Treaty.1994: Essen European Council endorses list of 14 TEN-T ‘specific’projects1995: Financial regulation for TEN-T support adopted.1996: Adoption of TEN-T guidelines.2001: Extension of TEN-T guidelines to port infrastructure (seaports, inland ports andintermodal terminals) adopted.2003: A group chaired by former Commission VP Karel Van Miert proposes new priorityprojects and calls for new means of funding.2004: Revised guidelines and financial regulation adopted, with a list of 30 priorityprojects (including the original 14) and a higher maximum funding rate of 20 %2005: Nomination of the first six European coordinators2005: A group chaired by former VP Loyola de Palacio proposes axes linking TEN-T toneighbouring countries outside the EU.TEN-T Timeline (1)
  28. 28. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE282006: The Trans-European Transport Network Executive Agency (TEN-T EA) is establishedfor the management of Community Action in the field of TEN-T. Its mandate coversprojects which have been financed from the 2000-2006 Financial Perspective and itslifetime is until 31 December 20082008: TEN-T EA becomes financially, legally and operationally autonomous2009: Revision process of the progress of 92 (2007) projects started2011: The results are officially published2011: White Paper Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area - Towards acompetitive and resource efficient transport system2011: Re-definition of TEN-T concept  REGULATION TEN-T GuidelinesTEN-T Timeline (2)
  29. 29. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE29TEN-T: Spain and the 30 Priority Projects3High-speedrailway axis ofSouth West Europe
  30. 30. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE30TEN-T: Spain and the 30 Priority Projects16Freight railway axisSines/Algeciras–Madrid-Paris
  31. 31. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE31TEN-T: Spain and the 30 Priority Projects8Multimodal AxisPortugal/Spain-rest of Europe
  32. 32. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE32TEN-T: Spain and the 30 Priority Projects8Multimodal AxisPortugal/Spain-rest of Europe
  33. 33. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE33TEN-T: Spain and the 30 Priority Projects19High-speed railinteroperability on theIberian peninsula
  34. 34. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE34TEN-T: Spain and the 30 Priority Projects21Motorways of the Sea
  35. 35. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE35TEN-T: Spain and the 30 Priority Projects
  36. 36. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE360.810.951.121.281.441.661.992.172.332.612.863.323.84 3.854.464,610.00.51.01.52.02.53.03.54.04.55.01996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011MillonsTEUsValencia Castellón Alicante CVRegional Ports: traffic growth2011 ( Millon TEUs)Algeciras: 3,6Barcelona: 2,1ValenciaportComunitat Valenciana
  37. 37. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE370.810.951.121.281.441.661.992.172.332.612.863.323.84 3.854.464.610.00.51.01.52.02.53.03.54.04.55.01996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011MillonsTEUsValencia Castellón Alicante CVRegional Ports: traffic growth1996TEN-TGuidelines2001Ext. Portinfrastructure200430 Priorityprojects2006TEN-T EA2009Revisionprocess2011RedefinitionREGULATION
  38. 38. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE38TEN-T in Spain (2011)
  39. 39. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE39Questions Where are the decisions are taken? How the decisions are taken? Who are taken the decisions? What is the decision-making timeline? What are the opportunities to intervene? Who has to say what to whom?
  40. 40. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE402006: The Trans-European Transport Network Executive Agency (TEN-T EA) is establishedfor the management of Community Action in the field of TEN-T. Its mandate coversprojects which have been financed from the 2000-2006 Financial Perspective and itslifetime is until 31 December 20082008: TEN-T EA becomes financially, legally and operationally autonomous2009: Revision process of the progress of 92 (2007) projects started2011: The results are officially published2011: White Paper Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area - Towards acompetitive and resource efficient transport system2011: Re-definition of TEN-T concept  REGULATION TEN-T GuidelinesTEN-T Timeline (2)
  41. 41. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE41Where is the decision taken?EUMSNo one agrees on how much legislation andregulation stems from the EU.The House of Commons Library states the 9.1%but it is is too low, as it only covers StatutoryInstruments, not ALL laws;The higher figures of 84%, 75% and even 50%claimed by the likes of Hannan, Farrage andCameron (UK) are based onmiscalculations, misunderstandings, or sourcesunknown, and often derive from parts of the EU–and with no hard evidence to support themWhat percentage of laws come from the EU?http://www.jcm.org.uk/blog/2009/06/what-percentage-of-laws-come-from-the-eu/?
  42. 42. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE42EuropeanParliamentEuropeanCommissionCouncilEU Decision-making: ActorsCO-D
  43. 43. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE43Lobby Strategy 2003 - 2008 AWARENESS!!!!ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL RELEVANCE OF THIS INFRASTRUCTUREBRING THE KEY STAKEHOLDERS ON BOARD(CHAMBERS, PORTS, BUSINESS ASSOCIATIONS, LOCALAUTHORITIES) APPROACHTO THE EC WITH AIMS TO THE COMING REVISION (WHO’S WHO) EUROPEAN ALLIANCESLOBBY FERRMEDPreparatory years
  44. 44. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE44Lobby Strategy 2003-2008FERRMED great Axis EUROPEAN DIMENSIONThink of strategic alliancesand other actors that canshare our views or sum up toour approach broaden theEU perspective
  45. 45. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE45Lobby Strategy 2009 - 2010The key years REGIONAL PLATFORM FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN CORRIDOR(REGIONAL GOVERNMENT, CHAMBERS, PORTS, BUSINESSASSOCIATIONS, LOCAL AUTHORITIES) WITH OUR SUPPORT TEN-T REVISION PROCESS GREEN PAPER  WHITE PAPER ON FUTURE TRANSPORT POLICY
  46. 46. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE46EuropeanParliamentEuropeanCommissionCouncilAwareness campaign:The Mediterranean Corridor:2000 years articulating Europe
  47. 47. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE47EuropeanParliamentEuropeanCommissionCouncilEU Decision-making:The European Commission2005-2011 (7 years)69direct actions7working meetings with the EU TransportCommissioner
  48. 48. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE48EuropeanParliamentEuropeanCommissionCouncilOn the 19 October 2011,The European Commissionlaunched the proposal for REGULATIONon the Guidelines for the TEN-Tand the financial instrumentConnecting Europe including the MediterraneanCorridor as a part of the Core Network(2020)
  49. 49. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE49Map of the EC’s proposal
  50. 50. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE50TEN-T global network 2050
  51. 51. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE51And now what?
  52. 52. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE52EuropeanParliamentEuropeanCommissionCouncilThe Committeeof the RegionsOrganized in 6 CommissionsOur region participates inCOTER (Territorial Cohesion) andENVE (Environment, Climate Change and Energy)CoR is the political assembly that provides the regional and local levels with a voice in EU policydevelopment and EU legislation. The Treaties oblige the Commission, Parliament and Council toconsult the Committee of the Regions whenever new proposals are made in areas that affect theregional or local level. The CoR has 344 members from the 27 EU countries. They examineproposals, debate and discuss in order to write official opinions on key issues.
  53. 53. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE53EuropeanParliamentEuropeanCommissionCouncilThe Committeeof the RegionsTEN-T  COTERCEF  COTERPublic HearingsAmendmentsFirst approval of COTER commissionFinal adoption in Plenary session
  54. 54. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE54EuropeanParliamentEuropeanCommissionCouncilThe European Economicand Social CommitteeThe members of the 3 Groups areorganized in 7 sections/commissionsOne of them is TEN, dealing with Transport andEnergy issuesThe EESC is a consultative body of the European Union. It has 344 members drawn from economic andsocial interest groups across Europe. It is organized in 3 groups: Employers, Employees and VariousInterests (e.g. farmers, consumer groups)
  55. 55. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE55EuropeanParliamentEuropeanCommissionCouncilTEN-T  TENCEF  TENPublic HearingsAmendmentsFirst approval of TEN sectionFinal adoption in Plenary sessionThe European Economicand Social Committee
  56. 56. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE56EuropeanParliamentEuropeanCommissionCouncilEU Decision-making processCO-D
  57. 57. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE57EuropeanParliamentEuropeanCommissionCouncilIs the only directly-elected European Union institution (every 5 years), members of the EuropeanParliament (MEPs) represent the people. Parliament is one of the EU’s main law-makinginstitutions, along with the Council of the European Union (the Council).The European Parliament hasthree main roles: debating and passing European laws, scrutinising other EU institutions, particularlythe Commission, to make sure they are working democratically debating and adopting the EUsbudget.The EP has 20 Committees.They meet twice a month in public to drawup, amend to adopt legislative proposals andreports to be presented to the plenary.The rapporteurs for a committee are supposedto present the view of the committeeThe EuropeanParliament
  58. 58. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE58EuropeanParliamentEuropeanCommissionCouncilTEN-T  TRAN, Transport and TourismCEF  BUDG, BudgetMeetingsPublic HearingsAmendmentsFirst approval in working commissionFinal adoption in Plenary sessionThe EuropeanParliament
  59. 59. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE59EuropeanParliamentEuropeanCommissionCouncilAlso informally known as the EU Council, this is where national ministers from each EU country meetto adopt laws and coordinate policiesSince the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbonthere are 10 configurations.Council decisions are prepared by a structure ofmore than 150 working parties and committeescomprising delegates from the Member States.They resolve technical issues and forward thedossier to the Permanent RepresentativesCommittee (Coreper)Council of theEuropean Union
  60. 60. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE60EU Council- Transport22 March 2012On 22nd March the EUCouncil Transport agreed ona general approach on newguidelines defining a long-term strategy for thedevelopment of a completetrans-European transportnetwork (TEN-T).The general approach will bethe basis for the discussionsbetween the Council and theEuropean Parliament.
  61. 61. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE61309.5 9.523.75.1105101520253035Transport Energy Telecomm.CommissionCouncilCouncil: CEF – in the MFF7-8 February 2013As a reference - MFF 2007-2013:EC proposed 20.000 million euros and the Council approved 8.000of which, there were still 1.000 millions available in 2013 Last call TEN-T!!!
  62. 62. www.uegva.infoTen-TGustavo Martinié, FCVRE63Thank you

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