Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
e ac  hi ngT    is te ni ngL
Listening Skills• Listening is not a ‘passive” skill but a  “receptive” skill. It requires as much  attention and mental a...
• Debates concerning the development                of listening skills• Debates focusing on the nature of listening input...
What do we know about the listening                   process?• There are two types of listening processes   – Bottom-up p...
What learners need to be able to do in order to listen effectively• Bottom-up processes  – Retain input while it is being ...
Types of Listening• Participatory Listening   – Interactional (for the purpose of engaging in social     rituals)   – Tran...
What are the implications for the        English Language Classroom?• Creating reasons for listening (motivate students)  ...
What learners need to be able to do  in order to listen effectively            Which is more authentic?     Asking learner...
Designing listening activities for the                    classroom• The standard procedure used for listening  activities...
Pre-Listening stage• The purpose of the pre-listening stage is to• Prepare the learners for what they are going to hear  b...
• Activity types for the pre-                    listening stage• Predicting content from the title of a talk• Talking abo...
While-Listening Stage• Purpose of While-listening stage is:   – TO HELP learners understand the text   – While learners li...
While-Listening activities•   Ticking multiple-choice items•   Filling in a chart•   Complete a table, map or picture•   M...
Post-Listening Activities• The purpose of post-listening activities is to help  learners connect what they have heard with...
Post-listening Activities•   Give opinions•   Relate similar experiences•   Role-play a similar interaction•   Write a bri...
Post-Listening Activities• The purpose of post-listening activities is  to help learbners connect what they have  heard wi...
Post-listening Activities•   Give opinions•   Relate similar experiences•   Role-play a similar interaction•   Write a bri...
Ilo presentation 2013 ok
Ilo presentation 2013 ok
Ilo presentation 2013 ok
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Ilo presentation 2013 ok

601 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Ilo presentation 2013 ok

  1. 1. e ac hi ngT is te ni ngL
  2. 2. Listening Skills• Listening is not a ‘passive” skill but a “receptive” skill. It requires as much attention and mental activity as speaking.• That of the time an individual is engaged in communication, approximately 9 per cent is devoted to writing, 16 per cent to reading, 30 per cent to speaking, and 45 per cent to listening.
  3. 3. • Debates concerning the development of listening skills• Debates focusing on the nature of listening input – Whether or not listening should be made comprehensible for learners through simplification?• Debates focusing on the role of listening in the early ELT curriculum – Whether teachers should stress the importance of learners having a “silent period” in the early stages of learning and wait for “readiness” to produce the language
  4. 4. What do we know about the listening process?• There are two types of listening processes – Bottom-up process – Top-down process• Bottom-up: – We use our knowledge of language and our ability to process acoustic signals to make sense of the sounds that speech presents to us• Top-down – We infer meaning from contextual clues and from making links between the spoken message and various types of prior knowledge which we hold.
  5. 5. What learners need to be able to do in order to listen effectively• Bottom-up processes – Retain input while it is being processed – Recognize word divisions – Recognize key words in utterances – Recognize key transitions in a discourse • Another interesting development was… • One of theproblems was.. / In contrast… – Recognize grammatical relations between key elements in sentences – Recognize the function of word stress in sentences – Recognize the function of intonation in sentences
  6. 6. Types of Listening• Participatory Listening – Interactional (for the purpose of engaging in social rituals) – Transactional (for the purpose exchanging information) • İdentification of specific details• Non-Participatory – Listening to live conversations without taking part – Listening to announcements to extract info. – Listening to or watching films, plays, radio and songs where purpose is enjoyment – Following instructions in orderto carry out a talk efficiently – Attending a lecture or following a lesson – Listening to someone give a public address
  7. 7. What are the implications for the English Language Classroom?• Creating reasons for listening (motivate students) – Teachers need to ensure that learners experience a range of listening purposes, especially those that might be immediately relevant to their lives outside the classroom. • What purpose might there be for listening to this particular text? • Is that purpose similar to the purpose a listener might have in real life? • Does the task given to the learner encourage that listening purpose?
  8. 8. What learners need to be able to do in order to listen effectively Which is more authentic? Asking learners to listen to a short airport announcement to obtain information about a particular flight, as a passenger ? OR Asking learners to listen for the details of four different flights ? Skills that are practised Listening for key words Picking out relevant information Retaining significant details
  9. 9. Designing listening activities for the classroom• The standard procedure used for listening activities are – Pre-listening stage – While-Listening stage – Post-listening stage
  10. 10. Pre-Listening stage• The purpose of the pre-listening stage is to• Prepare the learners for what they are going to hear by – Activating existing prior knowledge – Introducing necessary schematic knowledge – Introducing the language which students will encounter• Objectives – Contextualize the text – Provide any information to help learners appreciate the setting and the role relationships between particiapnts
  11. 11. • Activity types for the pre- listening stage• Predicting content from the title of a talk• Talking about a picture which relates to the text• Discuss relevant experiences• Discussing the topic• Answering a set of questions about the topic• Agreeing or disagreeing with opinions about the topic• Associate vocabulary about the topic• Predict info. about the topic• Write questions about the topic
  12. 12. While-Listening Stage• Purpose of While-listening stage is: – TO HELP learners understand the text – While learners listen they need to be involved in an authentic purpose for listening and encouraged to attend to the text more intensively
  13. 13. While-Listening activities• Ticking multiple-choice items• Filling in a chart• Complete a table, map or picture• Matching pictures with the text• Making notes• Answer questions• Complete sentences
  14. 14. Post-Listening Activities• The purpose of post-listening activities is to help learners connect what they have heard with their own ideas and experienxe.• Helps learners to move easily from listening to another skill.
  15. 15. Post-listening Activities• Give opinions• Relate similar experiences• Role-play a similar interaction• Write a brief report• Write a similar text• Debate the topic
  16. 16. Post-Listening Activities• The purpose of post-listening activities is to help learbners connect what they have heard with their own ideas and experienxe.• Helps learners to move easily from listening to another skill.
  17. 17. Post-listening Activities• Give opinions• Relate similar experiences• Role-play a similar interaction• Write a brief report• Write a similar text• Debate the topic

×