PABLO PICASSOPresentation by:Gurmeher Juneja12BLS036
PABLO PICASSOPablo Ruiz y Picasso, known as Pablo Picasso was aSpanishpainter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, andstage designer. He is one of the most recognizedfigures in 20th-century art. He is best known forco-founding the Cubist movement and for thewide variety of styles embodied in his work. Bornon 25th October, 1881 in Malaga, Spain, he wasthe first child of Don José Ruiz y Blasco andMaría Picasso y López. Picasso’s family wasmiddle-class. His father was a painter, aprofessor of art at the School of Crafts and acurator of a local museum.
Picasso showed a passion and a skill fordrawing from an early age. According to hismother, his first words were "piz, piz", ashortening of "lápiz", the Spanish word for"pencil". From the age of seven, Picassoreceived formal artistic training from hisfather in figure drawing and oil painting.Ruiz was a traditional, academic artist andinstructor who believed that propertraining required disciplined copying of themasters, and drawing the human body fromplaster casts and live models. His sonbecame preoccupied with art to thedetriment of his class work.The family moved to A Coruña in 1891, where his father became aprofessor at the School of Fine Arts. and stayed there for fouryears. On one occasion, the father found his son painting over hisunfinished sketch of a pigeon. Observing the precision of his son’stechnique, an apocryphal story relates, Ruiz felt that the thirteen-year-old Picasso had surpassed him, and vowed to give up painting.
In 1895, Picasso wastraumatized when his 7year oldsister died of diphtheria.After her death, the familymoved to Barcelona. Ruiz tooka position at its School of FineArts. Picasso also applied tothis school but it only tookstudents elder to him. Ruizpersuaded the officials at theacademy to allow his son totake an entrance exam for theadvanced class.However, Picassosextraordinary performanceconvinced the professors andhe was admitted to the schooljust at the age of thirteen.
Picasso went to Paris and found a friendnamed Max Jacob. He helped him learnlanguage and literature and soon theyshared an apartment. Picasso’s fatherand uncle decided to send the youngartist to Madrid’s Royal Academy of SanFernando, the countrys foremost artschool. At the age of 16, Picasso set offfor the first time on his own for a newventure. In 1901, he and his anarchistfriend Francisco de Asís Soler foundedthe magazine Arte Joven (YoungArt), which published five issues inMadrid. The first issue was published on31 March 1901, by which time the artisthad started to sign his work simplyPicasso, while before he had signedPablo Ruiz y Picasso. It showed that heno more needed his fathers name toprove his identity. He had created hisown.
El Quatre Gats, BarcelonaPablo was a very goodstudent at school. But hebecame frustrated with hisschools singular focus onclassical subjects andtechniques. In 1899, Picassomoved back to Barcelona andfell in with a crowd ofartists and intellectuals whomade their headquarters ata café called El Quatre Gats("The Four Cats"). Inspiredby the anarchists andradicals he metthere, Picasso made hisdecisive break from theclassical methods in which hehad been trained, and beganwhat would become a lifelongprocess of experimentationand innovation.
Art critics andhistorians havedivided Picassoscareer into distinctperiods. The first ofthese, which lastedfrom 1901-1904, iscalled his Blue Periodafter the color thatdominated nearly all ofPicassos paintingsduring these years.
• Lasted from 1901-1904• The color Blue dominated nearly all of Picasso’spaintings• Felt lonely and deeply depressed over the death of hisclose friend, Carlos Casagemas• So he painted scenes of poverty, isolation andanguish, almost exclusively in shades of blue and green• His most famous paintings from the Blue Periodinclude "Blue Nude," "La Vie" and "The Old Guitarist,"all three of which were completed in 1903.THE BLUE PERIOD
The Old GuitaristLike it’s seen in allthese images, hispaintings belongingto the Blue Periodare depictingdepression andagony.
THE ROSE PERIOD• Had overcome the depression that haddebilitated him• Fell newly in love with a model named FernandeOlivier• The artistic manifestation of Picassos improvedspirits was the introduction of warmer colors—including beiges, pinks and reds—in what is knownas his "Rose Period"• From 1904-06• Most famous paintings from these years include: Family at Saltimbanques (1905) Gertrude Stein (1905-06) Two Nudes (1906)
CUBISMCUBISM:• In 1907, Pablo Picasso produced a painting unlikeanything he or anyone else had ever painted before, awork that would profoundly influence the direction ofart in the 20th century: "Les Demoiselles dAvignon,"a chilling depiction of five nudeprostitutes, abstracted and distorted with sharpgeometric features and stark blotches ofblues, greens and grays. Today, "Les DemoisellesdAvignon" is considered the precursor andinspiration of Cubism, an artistic style pioneered byPicasso and his friend and fellow painter, GeorgesBraque.
In Cubist paintings, objects arebroken apart and reassembled in anabstracted form, highlighting theircomposite geometric shapes anddepicting them frommultiple, simultaneous viewpoints inorder to create physics-defying, collage-like effects.Picassos early Cubistpaintings, known as his "AnalyticCubist" works, include "ThreeWomen", "Bread and Fruit Dish on aTable" and "Girl with Mandolin". Hislater Cubist works are distinguishedas "Synthetic Cubism" for movingeven further away from artistictypicalities of the time, creating vastcollages out of a great number oftiny, individual fragments. Thesepaintings include "Still Life withChair Caning" and "Three Musicians“.Bread and Fruit Dish ona Table
CLASSICAL PERIODThe outbreak of World War I ushered in the nextgreat change in Picassos art. He grew moresomber and, once again, became preoccupied withthe depiction of reality. His works between 1918and 1927 are categorized as part of his "ClassicalPeriod," a brief return to Realism in a careerotherwise dominated by experimentation. Hismost interesting and important works from thisperiod include "Three Women at the Spring"(1921), "Two Women Running on the Beach/TheRace" (1922) and "The Pipes of Pan" (1923).
SURREALISMFrom 1927 onward, Picasso became caught up in a newphilosophical and cultural movement known asSurrealism, the artistic manifestation of which was aproduct of his own Cubism. Picassos most well-knownSurrealist painting, deemed one of the greatest paintingsof all time, was completed in 1937, during the Spanish CivilWar. After German bombers supporting FranciscoFrancos Nationalist forces carried out a devastatingaerial attack on the Basque town of Guernica on April26, 1937, Picasso, outraged by the bombing and theinhumanity of war, painted "Guernica." Painted inblack, white and grays, the work is a Surrealist testamentto the horrors of war, and features a minotaur and severalhuman-like figures in various states of anguish and terror."Guernica" remains one of the most moving and powerfulanti-war paintings in history.
Picasso drew his "SelfPortrait Facing Death,"using pencil andcrayon, a year beforehis death. Theautobiographicalsubject, drawn withcrude technique, appearsas something between ahuman and an ape, with agreen face and pink hair.Yet the expression in hiseyes, capturing alifetime of wisdom, fearand uncertainty, is theunmistakable work of amaster at the height ofSelf PortraitFacing Death
Pablo Picasso continued to create art and maintainan ambitious schedule in his lateryears, superstitiously believing that work would keephim alive. He died on April 8, 1973, at the age of91, in Mougins, France. His legacy, however, has longendured. Inarguably one of the most celebrated andinfluential painters of the 20th century, Picassocontinues to garner reverence for his technicalmastery, visionary creativity and profoundempathy, and, together, these qualities havedistinguished him as a revolutionary artist. Picassoalso remains renowned for endlessly reinventinghimself, switching between styles so radicallydifferent that his lifes work seems to be theproduct of five or six great artists rather than justone. EVERGREEN!
My mother said to me, If you are asoldier, you will become a general.If you are a monk, you will becomethe Pope. Instead, I was apainter, and became Picasso.-Pablo Picasso.