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Mars - the new space race?

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Presentation at Oggcam.org 30 Oct 2015 in Liverpool.

Gurbir Singh (Astrotalkuk.org)

Published in: Science
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Mars - the new space race?

  1. 1. The New Space Race Gurbir Singh www.astrotalkuk.org Oggcamp October 2015
  2. 2. Gurbir Singh www.astrotalkuk.org Who am I? Writer and blogger astrotalkuk.org @gurbirsingh
  3. 3. The plan Who Am I? Space Race A bit about Mars Matt The Martian Human Missions to Mars New Kids on the Space block Economics of Space No Race - No Mars Mission International Collaboration Gurbir Singh www.astrotalkuk.org October 2015
  4. 4. The Space Race Gurbir Singh www.astrotalkuk.org October 2015
  5. 5. 7.30pm, November 12th Randolph Hotel Oxford, UK Apollo 15 Command Module Pilot, Al Worden Talk by Al Worden followed by Q&A Autograph signing (items to buy or bring your own Moon memorabilia) Photo opportunities Al Worden will be signing autographs, standing for photographs and be available for a ‘meet and greet’
  6. 6. Science or Science Fiction? Gurbir Singh www.astrotalkuk.org Optical observations 1877 – Giovani Schiaparelli 1894 – Percival Lowell 1899 – Nikola Tesla “He has received communication, he asserts, from out the great void of space: a call from the inhabitants of Mars, or Venus, or some other sister planet! nd, furthermore, noted scientists like Sir Norman Lockyer are disposed to agree with Mr. Tesla in his startling deductions” http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/tesla/esp_tesla_12.htm Fiction HG Wells, Ray Bradbury, Edgar Rice Burroughs, CS Lewis and Robert Heinlein. Erice Burgess, Harry Turner, Arthur C Clarke
  7. 7. Mars is really Small Gurbir Singh www.astrotalkuk.org October 2015
  8. 8. Mars Compared to Earth Gurbir Singh www.astrotalkuk.org Distance from Sun – 1.5 Diameter - 0.5 Tilt of axis & Length of day – about the same Length of year – about twice Gravity – just under 0.5 Mass – 0.1 Atmosphere - 0.01 % - LDSD test Temperature?
  9. 9. Martian Temperature Gurbir Singh www.astrotalkuk.org
  10. 10. From Earth to Mars
  11. 11. First Visits from Earth Gurbir Singh www.astrotalkuk.org Flyby/Orbiter 1960-2 – Five Soviet attempts. All failed (Sputnik 25 – lander) 1964 – Mariner 4 returned 22 images. Next Mariner 6 in 1969 1999 - Deep Space 2 – Penetrators – failed. 2004 – Rosetta – flyby Landers/Rovers 1971 - USSR Mars 3 1975 - Viking 1&2 1996 – Pathfinder 2003 – Beagle, Spirt & opportunity 2008 – Mars Phoenix 2012 – MSL(Curiosity) 2014 - Maven and MOM Status - today?
  12. 12. Successful Landers
  13. 13. Martian Ice
  14. 14. How Mars Kills High Radiation - Sun and Cosmos. Low Temperature - Average Temperature on Earth 14C, Mars - 63C Low Pressure - Only 1% the density of Earth Low Gravity - Muscle and Bone weaken. Oxygen - Not freely available Water - Subsrface and higher latitudes, recycled urine Food - Sterile Martian soil. Power - Solar energy
  15. 15. Matt the Martian High Radiation - ? Temperature Low Pressure - Only 1% the density of Earth Low Gravity - Muscle and Bone weaken. Oxygen - Not freely available Water - Subsurface and higher latitudes, recycled urine Food - Sterile Martian soil. Power - Solar energy + RTG Communicate with Earth - Ares 4 site Schaperalli Crater 300km
  16. 16. Mission to Mars - Mars One International Oneway Reality Show funded Humans on Mars by 2027
  17. 17. Mission to Mars - Inspiration Mars Dennis Tito Announcement - 27 February 2013 Flyby 2018 or 2021 (via Venus) Privately funded. Will cost $2billion $100m of his own money. Plans not mature yet.
  18. 18. NASA NASAOrion Spacecraft & Space Launch System
  19. 19. New kids on the Space block • Brazil - Astronaut training, building and operating satellites • South Korea - Launched its own satellite from its own launcher in 2013 • Iran - Placed a rat, turtle and worms into orbit in 2010. Claims of suborbital launch using a monkey. • Israel - Build, launch and operate own satellites • India - Own launcher, Remote Sensing, a version of GPS, Communication Satellites, Space exploration and Science
  20. 20. Nasa & SpaceX
  21. 21. ISRO : MOM Gurbir Singh www.astrotalkuk.org
  22. 22. Space Exploration & Poverty Gurbir Singh www.astrotalkuk.org http://www.census.gov/how/infographics/poverty_measure-how.html
  23. 23. Global Space Budget Gurbir Singh www.astrotalkuk.org The global space economy grew by 4% in 2013 and 9% in 2015 The UK space industry grew strongly even during recession. Dean increasing - Space based Services (GPS, Mobile communication, Satellite TV, Space tourism..? increasing number of countries developing space programs - national
  24. 24. Global Space Budget Gurbir Singh www.astrotalkuk.org
  25. 25. No Race - No Mars Mission Motivation • Cold War / World War II • Commercial • Extraterrestrial threat? Paradigm Shift - New technology • Space elevator • Non chemical propulsion • Single stage to orbit
  26. 26. Comming Up 2016 - Insight - ESA 2016 - Exo Mars program - A series of program
  27. 27. International Collaboration Social Economic Development End to Poverty? Peace on Earth? Spacefaring civilisation?

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