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Competence in Professional Ethics & Holistic
Technologies, Production Systems and
Management Models - Typical Case Studies
2
Slide 2 of 49
RECAP
• It is important to understand that the only effective way to ensure
professional ethics is through correct appraisal and systematic
development of ethical competence in the professional (the human
being).
• As the right understanding successively comes into our living through
self-exploration and practice, it manifests in terms of the following
competencies in the individual.
3
Slide 3 of 49
Human Values = Participation, Role of a Human Being in Existence
In the Self
Happiness, Peace, Satisfaction, Bliss ----------------------------------------------- 4
Participation In Human-Human Relationship – Justice
Established values (sthapit mulya)/Expressed values (shisht mulya)
Trust/ Complimentariness, Respect/Compliance , Affection/ Commitment,
Care/Generosity , Guidance/ Spontaneity, Reverence/ Obedience,
Glory/Ease , Gratitude/Self-restraint , Love/Unanimity ------------------------ 18
Participation In Human-Rest of Nature Relationship
Utility, Artistic value ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 2
Participation In Universal Human Order
Perseverence (Dheerta), Bravery (Veerta), Generosity (Udarta),
Kindness (Daya), Beneficience (Kripa), Compassion (Karuna) --------------- 6
30
4
Slide 4 of 49
Established , eternal values
(sthapit mulya)
Expressed, behavioral values
(sisht mulya)
Trust (vishwas) Complimentariness (sojanyata)
Respect (sammaan) Compliance (arahaysata)
Affection (sneh) Commitment (nishtha)
Care (mamta) Generosity (udarta)
Guidance (vatsalya) Spontaneity (sahajta)
Reverence (shraddha) Obidience (pujyata)
Glory (gaurav) Ease (saralta)
Gratitude (kratagyata) Self-restraint (somyata)
Love (prem) Unanimity (ananyata), kindness n;k ,
beneficience f—ik & compassion d#.kk
5
Slide 5 of 49
Harmony in the Society
Human Target
Human Order
Five Dimensions
1. Education – Sanskar
2. Health – Sanyam
3. Production – Work
4. Justice – Suraksha
5. Exchange – Storage
1 2 3 4
Right Understanding
& Right Feelings
In Every Individual
Prosperity
In Every Family
Fearlessness
(Trust)
In Society
Co-Existence
In Nature/
Existence
6
Slide 6 of 49
Harmony in the Society
Human Target
Human Order
Five Dimensions
1. Education – Sanskar
2. Health – Sanyam
3. Production – Work
4. Justice – Suraksha
5. Exchange – Storage
Right Understanding
& Right Feelings
In Every Individual
Prosperity
In Every Family
Fearlessness
(Trust)
In Society
Co-Existence
In Nature/
Existence
4
4
1
1
2
2
2 3
3
3
4
1 2 3 4
7
Slide 7 of 49
Harmony in Society – Universal Human Order
Human Target
Five Dimensions of Human Order
1. Education – Sanskar
2. Health – Sanyam
3. Production – Work
4. Justice – Suraksha
5. Exchange – Storage
Ten Steps – From Family Order to World Family Order
Family – Family cluster – Village – Village cluster ... Nation ... World Family
~101 ~102 ~1010
Right Understanding
& Right Feelings
In Every Individual
Prosperity
In Every Family
Fearlessness
(Trust)
In Society
Co-Existence
In Nature/
Existence
8
Slide 8 of 49
Profession
• 'Profession' is a significant domain of human activity targeted towards
participating in the larger order which includes the Society and nature
around.
• One important domain happens to be in the form of production and
production related activities. It also makes available the necessary
physical facilities (livelihood) for oneself and one's family.
• Through professional Education (like Engineering), one acquires the
specific skills and knowledge in order to make this contribution in the
larger order.
10
Slide 10 of 49
Profession – in the Light of Comprehensive Human Goal
• Any Profession is a channel for participation by human beings in the
larger order to achieve comprehensive Human Goal.
• In this process, one is able to contribute towards the livelihood of
one's family and participate in the larger order (society and Nature).
• All these activities do require a certain degree of skill and are
expected to be performed in consonance with the comprehensive
Human Goal.
• The Profession is not only a means of earning one's livelihood but a
means of one's evolution by participation in larger order.
• Thus, Profession is a 'Service'.
11
Slide 11 of 49
Competence in Professional Ethics
• 1. Clarity about the comprehensive human goal:
Samadhana-Samriddhi-Abhaya-Sah-astitva and its fulfilment
through universal human order from family to world family.
• 2. Confidence in oneself as well as confidence in the Harmony, co-
existence and self-regulation prevailing in entire existence based on
the Right Understanding of oneself and the rest of existence.
• 3. Competence of mutually fulfilling behaviour, clarity and
confidence in ethical human conduct and its correlation with
sustainable personal as well as collective Happiness and Prosperity.
12
Slide 12 of 49
Competence in Professional Ethics
• 4. Competence of mutually enriching interation with Nature, ability
to assess the needs for physical facilities for the family and their
fulfilment through production systems ensuring harmony in the nature.
• 5. Competence of actualizing one's understanding in real life.
14
Slide 14 of 49
Unethical Practices in the Profession at Present
• Corruption in multiple forms at various levels
• Tax evasion, misappropriation and misuse of public funds
• Misleading propaganda, unethical advertisements and sales
promotion
• Cut-throat competition
• Exploiting the weakness of consumers through various enticements
• Adulteration and spurious production
15
Slide 15 of 49
Unethical Practices in the Profession at Present
• Endangering the health and safety of public at large.
• Hoarding and over-charging etc.
• Any other issues students want to share?
16
Slide 16 of 49
Unethical Practices in the Profession at Present
• Why is all this happening?
• Who is contributing to the aggravation of this situation?
• What is its impact on our Happiness and Prosperity?
• Discussion….on these problems/issues through real life examples.
• What is the root cause of these Problems. Find out?
17
Slide 17 of 49
Contradictions and Dilemmas
• In today's society, the present ethos guiding all our activities is
primarily profit-maximization; wealth maximization, comfort
maximization and all the systems and efforts are influenced by it.
• Examples….
• Monsoon failure….Profit-maximization by business man selling at
higher prices instead of lower prices.
• Pan Masala, Smoking….Glamorized advertisements showing one
side……..other side printing Warning: Injurious to Health.
• Medical Profession….Profit maximization during epidemic breakout
instead of doing service to people.
18
Slide 18 of 49
• For each Profession the motivations of profit maximization eventually
lead to unethical practices.
• With all these unethical process a continuous contradiction persists in
the mind of such people as these unethical practices are not naturally
acceptable to anyone.
• They create tension and anxiety at the personal level and one is
tempted to adopt dual personality in terms of trying to appear to be
ethical and in reality act indifferently.
19
Slide 19 of 49
Resolution
• The resolution of all these contradictions and dilemmas can only come
through Right Understanding.
• The crux of all this Discussion is that….sincere effort towards building
up the ethical competence of human beings in general and
professionals in particular through proper Value Education is the only
effective way to safeguard Professional Ethics.
20
Slide 20 of 49
RECAP
• In this course, so far, we have tried to understand the methodology to
develop Ethical Competence among Human Beings and to evolve
systems which will help promotion of Ethical Competence in Society.
• One significant aspect of the competence in Professional Ethics is the
ability to visualize and develop appropriate (holistic) technologies,
production systems and management models.
• Let us now look at these models.
26
Slide 26 of 49
The Holistic Criteria for Evaluation
• Three broad criteria to guide the development of such technologies
and systems:
• (a) Catering to appropriate needs and lifestyles
• (b) People-friendly
• (c) Eco-friendly
• In addition, these have to promote local self-sufficiency and optimal
utilization of local resources and expertise.
37
Slide 37 of 49
Holistic Technologies and Systems – Typical Case Studies
• Renewable and Decentralized Energy Technologies:-
• (a) Bio Mass based Energy Conversion Systems such as:
• Systems for generation and utilization of Biogas obtainable from all
kinds of moist biomass such as animal and human excreta, kitchen
waste, moist agro-waste, sweage effluents etc.
• This bio-conversion also results in production of valuable bio-manure
in the form of slurry. A study of slurry handling systems is also required
• Systems for generation and utilization of Producer gas obtainable from
partial combustion of all kinds of dry biomass such as wood, charcoal,
rice-husk, sawdust, dry agro-waste etc.
• Systems for decentralized production of Biodiesel obtainable from
esterification of various vegetable oils.
38
Slide 38 of 49
Holistic Technologies and Systems – Typical Case Studies
• Renewable and Decentralized Energy Technologies:-
• (a) Bio Mass based Energy Conversion Systems such as:
• Decentralizdd systems for production of ethanol as a liquid fuel for
engines obtainable from agro-waste.
• Technologies for Briquetting to obtain a compact/smokeless solid fuel
from all kinds of loose biomass.
• Technologies for smokeless and energy efficient cook stoves.
39
Slide 39 of 49
Holistic Technologies and Systems – Typical Case Studies
• Renewable and Decentralized Energy Technologies:-
• (b) Gadgets and Implements to facilitate efficient utilization of Human
muscle power and Animal draught power such as:
• Human operated agriculture tools and domestic appliances
• Animal (bullock) operated irrigation pumps, tractors and other
agricultural equipments
• Improvised designs of animal driven carts
40
Slide 40 of 49
Holistic Technologies and Systems – Typical Case Studies
• Renewable and Decentralized Energy Technologies:-
• (c) Devices for efficient utilization of Solar energy such as:
• Solar Water Heaters, Solar cookers, Solar driers etc.
• Solar Photo-voltaic Systems
• Decentralized Solar power generation and refrigeration systems.
41
Slide 41 of 49
Holistic Technologies and Systems – Typical Case Studies
• Renewable and Decentralized Energy Technologies:-
• (d) Decentralized Wind power devices for water pumping, electricity
generation etc.
• (e) Microhydel electro-mechanical power generation systems utilizing
the hydro-energy of waterfalls, check-dams and flowing water in
streams and rivers in a decentralized manner.
• Systems for Water conservation and water shed management for
efficient utilization of rain water and for eco-restoration.
42
Slide 42 of 49
Holistic Technologies and Systems – Typical Case Studies
• Technologies and architecture promoting green building
materials and energy conservation such as:-
• Construction with compressed/stabilized mud-blocks and terracotta
tiles
• Bamboo architecture
• Lawry-Baker low-cost brick work construction etc.
• Solar artchitecture with energy conservation and passive
heating/cooling of buildings.
43
Slide 43 of 49
Holistic Technologies and Systems – Typical Case Studies
• Organic/natural farming techniques including technologies for
vermi-composting, production of bio-manures and bio-pesticides
• Eco-sanitation techniques for small scale decentralized sewage
disposal and waste water recycling.
44
Slide 44 of 49
Holistic Technologies and Systems – Typical Case Studies
• Low cost and energy efficient technologies for small scale
production systems such as:-
• Systems for food processing.
• Systems for production of herbal, forest-based and animal-based
products
• Systems for facilitating mutiple crafts and artisanal work
45
Slide 45 of 49
Holistic Technologies and Systems – Typical Case Studies
• Humanistic organizational/management models:
• The work on the discussed technologies and systems is being carried
out in:
• Several Technical Institutions, agricultural universities, government
agencies and
• a large number of NGO's, and socio-spiritual organizations as well as
by some motivated individuals.
46
Slide 46 of 49
Holistic Technologies and Systems – Typical Case Studies
• Humanistic organizational/management models:
• Case Studies of Management Models:
• Gramin Bank
• Lizzat Cooperative
• Auroville
• Ralegaon sidhi
• Brahma Kumaris
48
Slide 48 of 49
Summary
• The real method to promote Professional Ethics is to develop
adequate Ethical Competence among Human Beings (Professionals).
• The prevailing contradiction and dilemmas can only be resolved with
the Right Understanding.
49
Slide 49 of 49
Summary
• The Right Understanding provides a Holistic Vision for Technologies,
Production systems and management models.
• There are a number of inspiring experiments going on in this direction
which can provide us good learning and confidence in the alternative.

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Professional ethics & ht, ps, mm case studies

  • 1. Competence in Professional Ethics & Holistic Technologies, Production Systems and Management Models - Typical Case Studies
  • 2. 2 Slide 2 of 49 RECAP • It is important to understand that the only effective way to ensure professional ethics is through correct appraisal and systematic development of ethical competence in the professional (the human being). • As the right understanding successively comes into our living through self-exploration and practice, it manifests in terms of the following competencies in the individual.
  • 3. 3 Slide 3 of 49 Human Values = Participation, Role of a Human Being in Existence In the Self Happiness, Peace, Satisfaction, Bliss ----------------------------------------------- 4 Participation In Human-Human Relationship – Justice Established values (sthapit mulya)/Expressed values (shisht mulya) Trust/ Complimentariness, Respect/Compliance , Affection/ Commitment, Care/Generosity , Guidance/ Spontaneity, Reverence/ Obedience, Glory/Ease , Gratitude/Self-restraint , Love/Unanimity ------------------------ 18 Participation In Human-Rest of Nature Relationship Utility, Artistic value ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 2 Participation In Universal Human Order Perseverence (Dheerta), Bravery (Veerta), Generosity (Udarta), Kindness (Daya), Beneficience (Kripa), Compassion (Karuna) --------------- 6 30
  • 4. 4 Slide 4 of 49 Established , eternal values (sthapit mulya) Expressed, behavioral values (sisht mulya) Trust (vishwas) Complimentariness (sojanyata) Respect (sammaan) Compliance (arahaysata) Affection (sneh) Commitment (nishtha) Care (mamta) Generosity (udarta) Guidance (vatsalya) Spontaneity (sahajta) Reverence (shraddha) Obidience (pujyata) Glory (gaurav) Ease (saralta) Gratitude (kratagyata) Self-restraint (somyata) Love (prem) Unanimity (ananyata), kindness n;k , beneficience f—ik & compassion d#.kk
  • 5. 5 Slide 5 of 49 Harmony in the Society Human Target Human Order Five Dimensions 1. Education – Sanskar 2. Health – Sanyam 3. Production – Work 4. Justice – Suraksha 5. Exchange – Storage 1 2 3 4 Right Understanding & Right Feelings In Every Individual Prosperity In Every Family Fearlessness (Trust) In Society Co-Existence In Nature/ Existence
  • 6. 6 Slide 6 of 49 Harmony in the Society Human Target Human Order Five Dimensions 1. Education – Sanskar 2. Health – Sanyam 3. Production – Work 4. Justice – Suraksha 5. Exchange – Storage Right Understanding & Right Feelings In Every Individual Prosperity In Every Family Fearlessness (Trust) In Society Co-Existence In Nature/ Existence 4 4 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 1 2 3 4
  • 7. 7 Slide 7 of 49 Harmony in Society – Universal Human Order Human Target Five Dimensions of Human Order 1. Education – Sanskar 2. Health – Sanyam 3. Production – Work 4. Justice – Suraksha 5. Exchange – Storage Ten Steps – From Family Order to World Family Order Family – Family cluster – Village – Village cluster ... Nation ... World Family ~101 ~102 ~1010 Right Understanding & Right Feelings In Every Individual Prosperity In Every Family Fearlessness (Trust) In Society Co-Existence In Nature/ Existence
  • 8. 8 Slide 8 of 49 Profession • 'Profession' is a significant domain of human activity targeted towards participating in the larger order which includes the Society and nature around. • One important domain happens to be in the form of production and production related activities. It also makes available the necessary physical facilities (livelihood) for oneself and one's family. • Through professional Education (like Engineering), one acquires the specific skills and knowledge in order to make this contribution in the larger order.
  • 9. 10 Slide 10 of 49 Profession – in the Light of Comprehensive Human Goal • Any Profession is a channel for participation by human beings in the larger order to achieve comprehensive Human Goal. • In this process, one is able to contribute towards the livelihood of one's family and participate in the larger order (society and Nature). • All these activities do require a certain degree of skill and are expected to be performed in consonance with the comprehensive Human Goal. • The Profession is not only a means of earning one's livelihood but a means of one's evolution by participation in larger order. • Thus, Profession is a 'Service'.
  • 10. 11 Slide 11 of 49 Competence in Professional Ethics • 1. Clarity about the comprehensive human goal: Samadhana-Samriddhi-Abhaya-Sah-astitva and its fulfilment through universal human order from family to world family. • 2. Confidence in oneself as well as confidence in the Harmony, co- existence and self-regulation prevailing in entire existence based on the Right Understanding of oneself and the rest of existence. • 3. Competence of mutually fulfilling behaviour, clarity and confidence in ethical human conduct and its correlation with sustainable personal as well as collective Happiness and Prosperity.
  • 11. 12 Slide 12 of 49 Competence in Professional Ethics • 4. Competence of mutually enriching interation with Nature, ability to assess the needs for physical facilities for the family and their fulfilment through production systems ensuring harmony in the nature. • 5. Competence of actualizing one's understanding in real life.
  • 12. 14 Slide 14 of 49 Unethical Practices in the Profession at Present • Corruption in multiple forms at various levels • Tax evasion, misappropriation and misuse of public funds • Misleading propaganda, unethical advertisements and sales promotion • Cut-throat competition • Exploiting the weakness of consumers through various enticements • Adulteration and spurious production
  • 13. 15 Slide 15 of 49 Unethical Practices in the Profession at Present • Endangering the health and safety of public at large. • Hoarding and over-charging etc. • Any other issues students want to share?
  • 14. 16 Slide 16 of 49 Unethical Practices in the Profession at Present • Why is all this happening? • Who is contributing to the aggravation of this situation? • What is its impact on our Happiness and Prosperity? • Discussion….on these problems/issues through real life examples. • What is the root cause of these Problems. Find out?
  • 15. 17 Slide 17 of 49 Contradictions and Dilemmas • In today's society, the present ethos guiding all our activities is primarily profit-maximization; wealth maximization, comfort maximization and all the systems and efforts are influenced by it. • Examples…. • Monsoon failure….Profit-maximization by business man selling at higher prices instead of lower prices. • Pan Masala, Smoking….Glamorized advertisements showing one side……..other side printing Warning: Injurious to Health. • Medical Profession….Profit maximization during epidemic breakout instead of doing service to people.
  • 16. 18 Slide 18 of 49 • For each Profession the motivations of profit maximization eventually lead to unethical practices. • With all these unethical process a continuous contradiction persists in the mind of such people as these unethical practices are not naturally acceptable to anyone. • They create tension and anxiety at the personal level and one is tempted to adopt dual personality in terms of trying to appear to be ethical and in reality act indifferently.
  • 17. 19 Slide 19 of 49 Resolution • The resolution of all these contradictions and dilemmas can only come through Right Understanding. • The crux of all this Discussion is that….sincere effort towards building up the ethical competence of human beings in general and professionals in particular through proper Value Education is the only effective way to safeguard Professional Ethics.
  • 18. 20 Slide 20 of 49 RECAP • In this course, so far, we have tried to understand the methodology to develop Ethical Competence among Human Beings and to evolve systems which will help promotion of Ethical Competence in Society. • One significant aspect of the competence in Professional Ethics is the ability to visualize and develop appropriate (holistic) technologies, production systems and management models. • Let us now look at these models.
  • 19. 26 Slide 26 of 49 The Holistic Criteria for Evaluation • Three broad criteria to guide the development of such technologies and systems: • (a) Catering to appropriate needs and lifestyles • (b) People-friendly • (c) Eco-friendly • In addition, these have to promote local self-sufficiency and optimal utilization of local resources and expertise.
  • 20. 37 Slide 37 of 49 Holistic Technologies and Systems – Typical Case Studies • Renewable and Decentralized Energy Technologies:- • (a) Bio Mass based Energy Conversion Systems such as: • Systems for generation and utilization of Biogas obtainable from all kinds of moist biomass such as animal and human excreta, kitchen waste, moist agro-waste, sweage effluents etc. • This bio-conversion also results in production of valuable bio-manure in the form of slurry. A study of slurry handling systems is also required • Systems for generation and utilization of Producer gas obtainable from partial combustion of all kinds of dry biomass such as wood, charcoal, rice-husk, sawdust, dry agro-waste etc. • Systems for decentralized production of Biodiesel obtainable from esterification of various vegetable oils.
  • 21. 38 Slide 38 of 49 Holistic Technologies and Systems – Typical Case Studies • Renewable and Decentralized Energy Technologies:- • (a) Bio Mass based Energy Conversion Systems such as: • Decentralizdd systems for production of ethanol as a liquid fuel for engines obtainable from agro-waste. • Technologies for Briquetting to obtain a compact/smokeless solid fuel from all kinds of loose biomass. • Technologies for smokeless and energy efficient cook stoves.
  • 22. 39 Slide 39 of 49 Holistic Technologies and Systems – Typical Case Studies • Renewable and Decentralized Energy Technologies:- • (b) Gadgets and Implements to facilitate efficient utilization of Human muscle power and Animal draught power such as: • Human operated agriculture tools and domestic appliances • Animal (bullock) operated irrigation pumps, tractors and other agricultural equipments • Improvised designs of animal driven carts
  • 23. 40 Slide 40 of 49 Holistic Technologies and Systems – Typical Case Studies • Renewable and Decentralized Energy Technologies:- • (c) Devices for efficient utilization of Solar energy such as: • Solar Water Heaters, Solar cookers, Solar driers etc. • Solar Photo-voltaic Systems • Decentralized Solar power generation and refrigeration systems.
  • 24. 41 Slide 41 of 49 Holistic Technologies and Systems – Typical Case Studies • Renewable and Decentralized Energy Technologies:- • (d) Decentralized Wind power devices for water pumping, electricity generation etc. • (e) Microhydel electro-mechanical power generation systems utilizing the hydro-energy of waterfalls, check-dams and flowing water in streams and rivers in a decentralized manner. • Systems for Water conservation and water shed management for efficient utilization of rain water and for eco-restoration.
  • 25. 42 Slide 42 of 49 Holistic Technologies and Systems – Typical Case Studies • Technologies and architecture promoting green building materials and energy conservation such as:- • Construction with compressed/stabilized mud-blocks and terracotta tiles • Bamboo architecture • Lawry-Baker low-cost brick work construction etc. • Solar artchitecture with energy conservation and passive heating/cooling of buildings.
  • 26. 43 Slide 43 of 49 Holistic Technologies and Systems – Typical Case Studies • Organic/natural farming techniques including technologies for vermi-composting, production of bio-manures and bio-pesticides • Eco-sanitation techniques for small scale decentralized sewage disposal and waste water recycling.
  • 27. 44 Slide 44 of 49 Holistic Technologies and Systems – Typical Case Studies • Low cost and energy efficient technologies for small scale production systems such as:- • Systems for food processing. • Systems for production of herbal, forest-based and animal-based products • Systems for facilitating mutiple crafts and artisanal work
  • 28. 45 Slide 45 of 49 Holistic Technologies and Systems – Typical Case Studies • Humanistic organizational/management models: • The work on the discussed technologies and systems is being carried out in: • Several Technical Institutions, agricultural universities, government agencies and • a large number of NGO's, and socio-spiritual organizations as well as by some motivated individuals.
  • 29. 46 Slide 46 of 49 Holistic Technologies and Systems – Typical Case Studies • Humanistic organizational/management models: • Case Studies of Management Models: • Gramin Bank • Lizzat Cooperative • Auroville • Ralegaon sidhi • Brahma Kumaris
  • 30. 48 Slide 48 of 49 Summary • The real method to promote Professional Ethics is to develop adequate Ethical Competence among Human Beings (Professionals). • The prevailing contradiction and dilemmas can only be resolved with the Right Understanding.
  • 31. 49 Slide 49 of 49 Summary • The Right Understanding provides a Holistic Vision for Technologies, Production systems and management models. • There are a number of inspiring experiments going on in this direction which can provide us good learning and confidence in the alternative.