What is Mobile Learning?
The usage of MALL in Education.
Gulfem Sabanur Koca
Zirve University-ELT CALL
“Mobile Phones” in Todays World
• The use of mobile phones and other portable
devices is beginning to have an impact on how
learning takes place in many disciplines and
contexts, including language learning. Learners who
are not dependent on access to fixed computers can
engage in activities that relate more closely to their
current surroundings, sometimes crossing the
border between formal and informal learning.
What is MALL (Mobile assisted
language learning) ?
• describes an approach to language learning that is assisted or enhanced
through the use of a handheld mobile device.
• MALL supports students’ language learning with the increased
use of mobile technologies such as mobile phones (cellphones),
MP3 and MP4 players, PDAs and devices such as the iPhone or
• With MALL, students are able to access language learning
materials and to communicate with their teachers and peers at
any time, anywhere.
• Technology is transforming how we
communicate, socialise, play, shop and conduct
business. These profound changes place
increasing pressure on the traditional models of
language learning, such as teaching in a formal
• classroom setting.
• How can we use mobile-phones for teaching
• The answer is “in a number of ways” because mobile phones
come with ever-increasing functions that most students are
adept at using.
MOBILE (SMART) PHONES For learners
• 1) They are relatively cheap and increasingly
• 2) Learners are used to working with them, often
more so than with computers.
• 3) Learners prefer to use mobile phones for many
activities, from emailing to reading books.
• 4) Use of electronic Dictionaries for vocabulary
materials, EASY ACCESS.
• 5) Screen size limitations,make the amount of
content more manageable than the other
For Teaching: Pedagogical Reasons for
Using MP in second language teaching.
• Phones are social tools that facilitate authentic and relevant
• communication and collaboration among learners.
• Since mobile phones are part of students’ everyday routines, they
help minimize the separation between the classroom and the outside
• Any tool that can increase students’ access to the language will
contribute greatly to their progress.
• Tango or Skype , for the purposes of teaching through
• ONLINE Classes through these platforms.
• What mobile learning has to offer and to consider
whether it is likely to change how languages are
taught and learnt. Educational practice is not
determined by technology. Neither is technology
likely to be a determining factor in informal,
everyday learning. However, if we understand
technology to be a social and cultural
phenomenon, it ‘‘cannot but influence the ways
in which people learn, and therefore what makes
for effective learning and effective pedagogy’’.
• Use of these technologies turns out to be well
aligned with strategic educational goals such as
improving student retention and achievement,
supporting differentiation of learning needs, and
reaching learners who would not otherwise have
the opportunity to participate in education
(Kukulska-Hulme et al., 2005). A great deal of
effort has also been devoted to understanding
how mobile technologies relate to both
traditional and innovative ways of teaching and
learning, showing the applicability of mobile
• Widespread ownership of mobile phones and
the increasing availability of other portable
and wireless devices have been changing the
landscape of technology-sup- ported learning.