SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 34
Writing Thesis and
Dissertation Proposals
www.gulfwriting.com
About US
 One-on-one consultations
 All types of writing
 All stages of the writing process
 Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain,
Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain
Writing a Proposal:
Developing a Focused
Project
Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain
www.gulfwriting.com
Writing Thesis/Dissertation Proposals:
The Big Picture
Your proposal describes your proposed plan of work:
 What you intend to study (scope and research
questions).
 How you intend to study your topic (methodology).
 Why this topic needs to be studied (significance).
 When you will complete this work (timeline).
 (Occasionally) Where you will conduct this work.
Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain
www.gulfwriting.com
Writing Thesis/Dissertation Proposals
Purpose:
 Justify and plan (or contract for) a research project.
 Show how your project contributes to existing research.
 Demonstrate that you understand how to conduct
discipline-specific research in an acceptable time-frame.
Audience:
 your academic advisor and committee
Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain
www.gulfwriting.com
Proposal Writing and Anxiety:
General Advice
 Establish a writing schedule.
 Begin by free-writing.
 Keep a small notebook with you to write
down relevant thoughts.
 Say parts of your writing into a recording
device.
 Compose different parts in different
computer files or on different index cards.
 Start with more “clear cut” sections first.
Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain
www.gulfwriting.com
Parts of a Proposal
 Title
 Abstract
 Introduction/Backgrou
nd
 Problem Statement
 Purpose/Aims/Rational
e/Research Questions
 Review of Literature
 Methodology
 Significance/
Implications
 Overview of
Chapters
 Plan of Work
 Bibliography
Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain
www.gulfwriting.com
Tips on Titles, from “Piled Higher and
Deeper”
Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain
www.gulfwriting.com
Creating a Working Title
 Define the purpose of the writing task.
 Choose a writing verb:
review/evaluate/summarize.
 Define your audience.
 Define the scale and scope of your
writing.
 Decide on the number of words you will
write.
 Decide how long you will take to write it.
Abstract
 Provide a brief (100-350 word) overview of the
proposal
 Summarize important elements (Introduction,
Statement of the Problem, Background of the
Study, Research Questions or Hypotheses, and
Methods and Procedures).
Introduction/Background
 Establish the general territory (real world or
research).
 Describe the broad foundations of your
study—provide sufficient background for
readers.
 Indicate the general scope of your project.
 Provide an overview of the sections that will
appear in your proposal (optional).
 Engage the readers.
Statement of the Problem
 Answer the question: “What is the gap that
needs to be filled?” and/or “What is the
problem that needs to be solved?”
 State the problem clearly early in a
paragraph.
 Limit the variables you address in stating your
problem or question.
 Consider framing the problem as a question.
Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain
www.gulfwriting.com
Purpose/Aims/Rationale/Research
Questions
 Explain the goals and research objectives of
the study.
 Show the original contributions of your study.
 Provide a more detailed account of the
points summarized in the introduction.
 Include a rationale for the study.
 Be clear about what your study will not
address.
Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain
www.gulfwriting.com
Purpose/Aims/Rationale/Research
Questions
(cont’d)
In addition, this section may:
 Describe the research questions
and/or hypotheses of the study.
 Include a subsection defining
important terms.
 State limitations of the research.
 Provide a rationale for the
particular subjects of the study.
Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain
www.gulfwriting.com
Review of Literature
 How other scholars have written
about your topic.
 The range of theories used to
analyze materials or data
 How other scholars connect their
specific research topics to larger
issues, questions, or practices
within the field.
 The best methodologies and
research techniques for your
particular topic.
Writing the literature review allows you to understand:
Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain
www.gulfwriting.com
Review of Literature:
Rhetorical Functions
 Situates the current study within a wider disciplinary
conversation.
 Illustrates the uniqueness, importance of and need for your
particular project.
 Justifies methodological choices.
 Demonstrates familiarity with the topic and appropriate
approaches to studying it.
Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain
www.gulfwriting.com
An Effective Literature Review
should
 Flesh out the background of your study.
 Critically assess important research trends or areas of interest.
 Identify potential gaps in knowledge.
 Establish a need for current and/or future research projects.
Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain
www.gulfwriting.com
Tips on drafting a literature
review
 Categorize the literature into
recognizable topic clusters:
 stake out the various positions that are
relevant to your project,
 build on conclusions that lead to your
project, or
 demonstrate the places where the
literature is lacking.
 Avoid “Smith says X, Jones says Y”
literature reviews.
 Avoid including all the studies on the
subject.
 Avoid polemics, praise, and blame.
Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain
www.gulfwriting.com
Writing Literature Reviews: Key Point
 You are entering a scholarly
conversation already in progress.
The literature review shows that
you’ve been listening and that you
have something valuable to say.
 After assessing the literature in your
field, you should be able to answer
the following questions:
 Why should we study (further) this
research topic/problem?
 What contributions will my study make
to the existing literature?
Methodology
 Introduce the overall methodological approach.
 Indicate how the approach fits the overall
research design.
 Describe the specific methods of data collection.
 Explain how you intend to analyze and interpret
your results (i.e. statistical analysis, theoretical
framework).
 If necessary, provide background and rationale for
unfamiliar methodologies.
 Address potential limitations.
Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain
www.gulfwriting.com
Tips on Drafting
Methodology Break down your methodology into subsections.
 In the physical sciences, these sections may include subjects,
design, apparatus, instrumentation, process, analysis, etc.
 In the social sciences, these sections may include selection of
participants, interview process, profiles, interpretive and
analytic framework, methods of qualitative analysis, etc.
 In the humanities, these sections may include scholarly
research, archival research, theoretical orientation, etc.
 Remember that your methods section may also require
supporting literature.
 Anticipate and pre-empt the audience’s
methodological concerns.
 Acknowledge major problems.
 Justify your approach by showing how benefits outweigh
potential problems.
Significance/Implications
 Discuss the methodological,
substantive, and/or theoretical
contribution.
 State the practical and/or
theoretical importance of the
problem and/or objectives of your
study.
 Explain the usefulness or benefits of
the study to both the outside world
and the research community.
Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain
www.gulfwriting.com
Overview of Chapters
Timeline/Plan of Work
Some things to keep in mind:
 Consult your advisor.
 Be aware of important dates for submitting and
defending dissertations.
 Do not be overly ambitious.
 Remember that your proposed timeline
demonstrates your awareness of the various
elements of the study (IRB approval, travel;
design, testing, and length of experiments;
negotiation of entry into the study site; purchase
of necessary equipment; drafting; redrafting).
Bibliography &
Appendices
 Include a working bibliography of key texts that
inform your study and methodology.
 Your appendices may include Experiment
Diagrams, Permissions for Human Subject Testing,
etc.
 Both bibliographies and required appendices
tend to be discipline specific: know what the
requirements are.
More Proposal “Nuts and Bolts”
 Length
 Varies by field; most are roughly 20 pages, but they can be
much longer.
 Style Considerations
 Tone
 Coherence
 Voice
 Visual Aids
Style Considerations: Tone
 When conveying your attitude in
your writing:
 Try to strike a consistently confident
tone.
 Avoid an apologetic or arrogant
tone.
Style Considerations:
Coherence
 Move from “old” information to “new”
information.
 Put the most important information at the
end of the sentence (stress position).
 Keep the subject and verb together.
 Start sentences with short, easily understood
phrases.
 Use “stock” transitional phrases.
 Use pronouns and/or recycling.
Coherence: Example
Example: When rocks erode, they break down into
sediment—smaller pieces of rock and minerals. These
sediments may eventually travel in water to new sites
such as the sea or river beds. The water deposits the
sediments in layers that become buried and
compacted. In time, the sediment particles are
cemented together to form new rocks, known as
sedimentary rocks. The layers of sediment in these rocks
are often visible without microscopes. (Lay et al., 2000).
More “Nuts and Bolts”:
Voice and Visual Aids
Voice
 Active: I will conduct the bulk of the research
during the six-month fieldwork period.
 Passive: The bulk of the research will be
conducted during fieldwork.
Reasons to use Passive Voice:
 Your field may prefer its use, especially in
describing research design and experimental
activities.
 You need to preserve coherence from
sentence to sentence.
Voice: Example (using passive
voice to create coherence)
Some astonishing questions
about the nature of the universe
have been raised by scientists
studying black holes in space. A
Black Hole is created by the
collapse of a dead star into a
point perhaps no larger than a
marble. So much matter
compressed into so little volume
changes the fabric of space
around it in puzzling ways.
Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain
www.gulfwriting.com
Visual Aids
 Incorporate charts, graphs,
diagrams, illustrations, etc.,
wherever possible,
permissible, or practical.
Entering the Academic
Conversation
Creating a Research Space
 Move 1: Establishing a Territory
 Show centrality
 Review previous research
 Move 2: Creating a Niche
 Indicate a gap or extend previous knowledge
 Move 3: Occupying the Niche
 Outline purposes
 List Research Questions or Hypotheses
 Announce principle findings
 State value of research
 Preview structure of paper
Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain
www.gulfwriting.com
The End
•
Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain
www.gulfwriting.com

More Related Content

What's hot

Writing and Publishing a Research Paper
Writing and Publishing a Research PaperWriting and Publishing a Research Paper
Writing and Publishing a Research PaperPadmanabhan Krishnan
 
Understanding the Structure of PhD Thesis
Understanding the Structure of PhD ThesisUnderstanding the Structure of PhD Thesis
Understanding the Structure of PhD ThesisThesisclinic
 
How To Write Dissertations
How To Write Dissertations How To Write Dissertations
How To Write Dissertations Kuhu Pathak
 
Scientific report writing
Scientific report writingScientific report writing
Scientific report writingzyxabier
 
Medical Thesis Writing - Beginner Guide
Medical Thesis Writing - Beginner GuideMedical Thesis Writing - Beginner Guide
Medical Thesis Writing - Beginner GuideCognibrain Healthcare
 
M A Islam_Ch 5_Writing_Scientific_Paper (long form)
M A Islam_Ch 5_Writing_Scientific_Paper (long form)M A Islam_Ch 5_Writing_Scientific_Paper (long form)
M A Islam_Ch 5_Writing_Scientific_Paper (long form)Dr. Mohammad Aminul Islam
 
Writing A Research Paper Dr. Nguyen Thi Thuy Minh
Writing A Research Paper Dr. Nguyen Thi Thuy MinhWriting A Research Paper Dr. Nguyen Thi Thuy Minh
Writing A Research Paper Dr. Nguyen Thi Thuy Minhenglishonecfl
 
CHOOSING RESEARCH TOPICS AND WRITING RESEARCH PAPERS
CHOOSING RESEARCH TOPICS AND WRITING RESEARCH PAPERSCHOOSING RESEARCH TOPICS AND WRITING RESEARCH PAPERS
CHOOSING RESEARCH TOPICS AND WRITING RESEARCH PAPERSiwan_rg
 
Dissertation seminar report
Dissertation seminar reportDissertation seminar report
Dissertation seminar reportmerafe ebreo
 
THESIS WRITING BY DR SHASHWAT JANI
THESIS WRITING BY DR SHASHWAT JANITHESIS WRITING BY DR SHASHWAT JANI
THESIS WRITING BY DR SHASHWAT JANIDR SHASHWAT JANI
 

What's hot (18)

Writing and Publishing a Research Paper
Writing and Publishing a Research PaperWriting and Publishing a Research Paper
Writing and Publishing a Research Paper
 
Thesis Writing Guidelines
Thesis Writing Guidelines Thesis Writing Guidelines
Thesis Writing Guidelines
 
Understanding the Structure of PhD Thesis
Understanding the Structure of PhD ThesisUnderstanding the Structure of PhD Thesis
Understanding the Structure of PhD Thesis
 
How To Write Dissertations
How To Write Dissertations How To Write Dissertations
How To Write Dissertations
 
How to plan a Dissertation
How to plan a DissertationHow to plan a Dissertation
How to plan a Dissertation
 
Guidelines to scientific writing thesis (1)
Guidelines to scientific writing   thesis (1)Guidelines to scientific writing   thesis (1)
Guidelines to scientific writing thesis (1)
 
Thesis writing
Thesis writingThesis writing
Thesis writing
 
Scientific report writing
Scientific report writingScientific report writing
Scientific report writing
 
برنامج مهارات البحث العلمي (10)- محاضره 1
برنامج مهارات البحث العلمي (10)- محاضره 1برنامج مهارات البحث العلمي (10)- محاضره 1
برنامج مهارات البحث العلمي (10)- محاضره 1
 
Medical Thesis Writing - Beginner Guide
Medical Thesis Writing - Beginner GuideMedical Thesis Writing - Beginner Guide
Medical Thesis Writing - Beginner Guide
 
محاضرة كيفية كتابة المسح الادبي د.منال خضرجي
محاضرة كيفية كتابة المسح الادبي د.منال خضرجيمحاضرة كيفية كتابة المسح الادبي د.منال خضرجي
محاضرة كيفية كتابة المسح الادبي د.منال خضرجي
 
M A Islam_Ch 5_Writing_Scientific_Paper (long form)
M A Islam_Ch 5_Writing_Scientific_Paper (long form)M A Islam_Ch 5_Writing_Scientific_Paper (long form)
M A Islam_Ch 5_Writing_Scientific_Paper (long form)
 
Writing A Research Paper Dr. Nguyen Thi Thuy Minh
Writing A Research Paper Dr. Nguyen Thi Thuy MinhWriting A Research Paper Dr. Nguyen Thi Thuy Minh
Writing A Research Paper Dr. Nguyen Thi Thuy Minh
 
CHOOSING RESEARCH TOPICS AND WRITING RESEARCH PAPERS
CHOOSING RESEARCH TOPICS AND WRITING RESEARCH PAPERSCHOOSING RESEARCH TOPICS AND WRITING RESEARCH PAPERS
CHOOSING RESEARCH TOPICS AND WRITING RESEARCH PAPERS
 
Dissertation seminar report
Dissertation seminar reportDissertation seminar report
Dissertation seminar report
 
What is Thesis
What is ThesisWhat is Thesis
What is Thesis
 
Research & theses writing
Research & theses writingResearch & theses writing
Research & theses writing
 
THESIS WRITING BY DR SHASHWAT JANI
THESIS WRITING BY DR SHASHWAT JANITHESIS WRITING BY DR SHASHWAT JANI
THESIS WRITING BY DR SHASHWAT JANI
 

Similar to Thesis Writing in Qatar: Thesis Writing in Bahrain: Thesis Writing in Saudi

How to write a research proposal for ph d
How to write a research proposal for ph dHow to write a research proposal for ph d
How to write a research proposal for ph dDr. Sapna Dadwal
 
Research writting rules
Research writting rulesResearch writting rules
Research writting rulesSyed Ayaz
 
Research methodology
Research methodologyResearch methodology
Research methodologyRushdi Shams
 
Kingdom of Saudi ArabiaMinistry of EducationUniversity of Ha
Kingdom of Saudi ArabiaMinistry of EducationUniversity of HaKingdom of Saudi ArabiaMinistry of EducationUniversity of Ha
Kingdom of Saudi ArabiaMinistry of EducationUniversity of HaJospehStull43
 
Research Proposal writing and Methodology Webinar.pptx
Research Proposal writing and Methodology Webinar.pptxResearch Proposal writing and Methodology Webinar.pptx
Research Proposal writing and Methodology Webinar.pptxFerdsilinks
 
Assessment Information Subject Code BUS606 Subje
 Assessment Information Subject Code BUS606   Subje Assessment Information Subject Code BUS606   Subje
Assessment Information Subject Code BUS606 SubjeMargaritoWhitt221
 
Step by step guide to write a good project proposal
Step by step guide to write a good project proposalStep by step guide to write a good project proposal
Step by step guide to write a good project proposalEtieneIma123
 
How To Write A Successful PhD Research Proposal
How To Write A Successful PhD Research ProposalHow To Write A Successful PhD Research Proposal
How To Write A Successful PhD Research ProposalTutors India
 
09 heike online_how_towriteresearchproposal_october
09 heike online_how_towriteresearchproposal_october09 heike online_how_towriteresearchproposal_october
09 heike online_how_towriteresearchproposal_octoberCAA Sudan
 
How to write a research proposal UP.ppt
How to write a research proposal UP.pptHow to write a research proposal UP.ppt
How to write a research proposal UP.pptally Truong
 
Study Tips Report writing 1 June 2012 REPORT WRITING P.docx
Study Tips Report writing 1 June 2012 REPORT WRITING P.docxStudy Tips Report writing 1 June 2012 REPORT WRITING P.docx
Study Tips Report writing 1 June 2012 REPORT WRITING P.docxhanneloremccaffery
 
Research_Methodology_1_Writing_Research.ppt
Research_Methodology_1_Writing_Research.pptResearch_Methodology_1_Writing_Research.ppt
Research_Methodology_1_Writing_Research.pptssuser52a2951
 
Chapter Three.pptx
Chapter Three.pptxChapter Three.pptx
Chapter Three.pptxBAHARD4
 
02 proposal report_preparation_2nd_sem
02 proposal report_preparation_2nd_sem02 proposal report_preparation_2nd_sem
02 proposal report_preparation_2nd_semjenrefamonte
 
Assessment information subject code bus606 subje
 Assessment information subject code bus606   subje Assessment information subject code bus606   subje
Assessment information subject code bus606 subjeUMAR48665
 
How to write Writing Proposal.ppt
How to write Writing Proposal.pptHow to write Writing Proposal.ppt
How to write Writing Proposal.pptSajadin Sembiring
 
Developing a research proposal
Developing a research proposalDeveloping a research proposal
Developing a research proposalMuqaddas zaka
 

Similar to Thesis Writing in Qatar: Thesis Writing in Bahrain: Thesis Writing in Saudi (20)

How to write a research proposal for ph d
How to write a research proposal for ph dHow to write a research proposal for ph d
How to write a research proposal for ph d
 
Research writting rules
Research writting rulesResearch writting rules
Research writting rules
 
Research methodology
Research methodologyResearch methodology
Research methodology
 
Kingdom of Saudi ArabiaMinistry of EducationUniversity of Ha
Kingdom of Saudi ArabiaMinistry of EducationUniversity of HaKingdom of Saudi ArabiaMinistry of EducationUniversity of Ha
Kingdom of Saudi ArabiaMinistry of EducationUniversity of Ha
 
Writing a dissertation
Writing a dissertationWriting a dissertation
Writing a dissertation
 
Research Proposal writing and Methodology Webinar.pptx
Research Proposal writing and Methodology Webinar.pptxResearch Proposal writing and Methodology Webinar.pptx
Research Proposal writing and Methodology Webinar.pptx
 
Assessment Information Subject Code BUS606 Subje
 Assessment Information Subject Code BUS606   Subje Assessment Information Subject Code BUS606   Subje
Assessment Information Subject Code BUS606 Subje
 
Research Proposal
Research ProposalResearch Proposal
Research Proposal
 
Step by step guide to write a good project proposal
Step by step guide to write a good project proposalStep by step guide to write a good project proposal
Step by step guide to write a good project proposal
 
How To Write A Successful PhD Research Proposal
How To Write A Successful PhD Research ProposalHow To Write A Successful PhD Research Proposal
How To Write A Successful PhD Research Proposal
 
09 heike online_how_towriteresearchproposal_october
09 heike online_how_towriteresearchproposal_october09 heike online_how_towriteresearchproposal_october
09 heike online_how_towriteresearchproposal_october
 
How to write a research proposal UP.ppt
How to write a research proposal UP.pptHow to write a research proposal UP.ppt
How to write a research proposal UP.ppt
 
Study Tips Report writing 1 June 2012 REPORT WRITING P.docx
Study Tips Report writing 1 June 2012 REPORT WRITING P.docxStudy Tips Report writing 1 June 2012 REPORT WRITING P.docx
Study Tips Report writing 1 June 2012 REPORT WRITING P.docx
 
Research_Methodology_1_Writing_Research.ppt
Research_Methodology_1_Writing_Research.pptResearch_Methodology_1_Writing_Research.ppt
Research_Methodology_1_Writing_Research.ppt
 
Chapter Three.pptx
Chapter Three.pptxChapter Three.pptx
Chapter Three.pptx
 
02 proposal report_preparation_2nd_sem
02 proposal report_preparation_2nd_sem02 proposal report_preparation_2nd_sem
02 proposal report_preparation_2nd_sem
 
Research proposal
Research proposalResearch proposal
Research proposal
 
Assessment information subject code bus606 subje
 Assessment information subject code bus606   subje Assessment information subject code bus606   subje
Assessment information subject code bus606 subje
 
How to write Writing Proposal.ppt
How to write Writing Proposal.pptHow to write Writing Proposal.ppt
How to write Writing Proposal.ppt
 
Developing a research proposal
Developing a research proposalDeveloping a research proposal
Developing a research proposal
 

Recently uploaded

AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptxAUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptxiammrhaywood
 
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptxmary850239
 
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptxmary850239
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemChristalin Nelson
 
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17Celine George
 
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)lakshayb543
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfVanessa Camilleri
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxlancelewisportillo
 
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4MiaBumagat1
 
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemChristalin Nelson
 
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1GloryAnnCastre1
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfPrerana Jadhav
 
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseHow to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseCeline George
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Projectjordimapav
 
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP ModuleMulti Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP ModuleCeline George
 
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea DevelopmentUsing Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Developmentchesterberbo7
 

Recently uploaded (20)

AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptxAUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
 
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
 
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management System
 
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
 
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
 
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
 
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
 
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
 
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseHow to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTAParadigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
 
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
 
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP ModuleMulti Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
 
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
 
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea DevelopmentUsing Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
 

Thesis Writing in Qatar: Thesis Writing in Bahrain: Thesis Writing in Saudi

  • 1. Writing Thesis and Dissertation Proposals www.gulfwriting.com
  • 2. About US  One-on-one consultations  All types of writing  All stages of the writing process  Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain
  • 3. Writing a Proposal: Developing a Focused Project Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain www.gulfwriting.com
  • 4. Writing Thesis/Dissertation Proposals: The Big Picture Your proposal describes your proposed plan of work:  What you intend to study (scope and research questions).  How you intend to study your topic (methodology).  Why this topic needs to be studied (significance).  When you will complete this work (timeline).  (Occasionally) Where you will conduct this work. Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain www.gulfwriting.com
  • 5. Writing Thesis/Dissertation Proposals Purpose:  Justify and plan (or contract for) a research project.  Show how your project contributes to existing research.  Demonstrate that you understand how to conduct discipline-specific research in an acceptable time-frame. Audience:  your academic advisor and committee Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain www.gulfwriting.com
  • 6. Proposal Writing and Anxiety: General Advice  Establish a writing schedule.  Begin by free-writing.  Keep a small notebook with you to write down relevant thoughts.  Say parts of your writing into a recording device.  Compose different parts in different computer files or on different index cards.  Start with more “clear cut” sections first. Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain www.gulfwriting.com
  • 7. Parts of a Proposal  Title  Abstract  Introduction/Backgrou nd  Problem Statement  Purpose/Aims/Rational e/Research Questions  Review of Literature  Methodology  Significance/ Implications  Overview of Chapters  Plan of Work  Bibliography Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain www.gulfwriting.com
  • 8. Tips on Titles, from “Piled Higher and Deeper” Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain www.gulfwriting.com
  • 9. Creating a Working Title  Define the purpose of the writing task.  Choose a writing verb: review/evaluate/summarize.  Define your audience.  Define the scale and scope of your writing.  Decide on the number of words you will write.  Decide how long you will take to write it.
  • 10. Abstract  Provide a brief (100-350 word) overview of the proposal  Summarize important elements (Introduction, Statement of the Problem, Background of the Study, Research Questions or Hypotheses, and Methods and Procedures).
  • 11. Introduction/Background  Establish the general territory (real world or research).  Describe the broad foundations of your study—provide sufficient background for readers.  Indicate the general scope of your project.  Provide an overview of the sections that will appear in your proposal (optional).  Engage the readers.
  • 12. Statement of the Problem  Answer the question: “What is the gap that needs to be filled?” and/or “What is the problem that needs to be solved?”  State the problem clearly early in a paragraph.  Limit the variables you address in stating your problem or question.  Consider framing the problem as a question. Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain www.gulfwriting.com
  • 13. Purpose/Aims/Rationale/Research Questions  Explain the goals and research objectives of the study.  Show the original contributions of your study.  Provide a more detailed account of the points summarized in the introduction.  Include a rationale for the study.  Be clear about what your study will not address. Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain www.gulfwriting.com
  • 14. Purpose/Aims/Rationale/Research Questions (cont’d) In addition, this section may:  Describe the research questions and/or hypotheses of the study.  Include a subsection defining important terms.  State limitations of the research.  Provide a rationale for the particular subjects of the study. Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain www.gulfwriting.com
  • 15. Review of Literature  How other scholars have written about your topic.  The range of theories used to analyze materials or data  How other scholars connect their specific research topics to larger issues, questions, or practices within the field.  The best methodologies and research techniques for your particular topic. Writing the literature review allows you to understand: Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain www.gulfwriting.com
  • 16. Review of Literature: Rhetorical Functions  Situates the current study within a wider disciplinary conversation.  Illustrates the uniqueness, importance of and need for your particular project.  Justifies methodological choices.  Demonstrates familiarity with the topic and appropriate approaches to studying it. Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain www.gulfwriting.com
  • 17. An Effective Literature Review should  Flesh out the background of your study.  Critically assess important research trends or areas of interest.  Identify potential gaps in knowledge.  Establish a need for current and/or future research projects. Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain www.gulfwriting.com
  • 18. Tips on drafting a literature review  Categorize the literature into recognizable topic clusters:  stake out the various positions that are relevant to your project,  build on conclusions that lead to your project, or  demonstrate the places where the literature is lacking.  Avoid “Smith says X, Jones says Y” literature reviews.  Avoid including all the studies on the subject.  Avoid polemics, praise, and blame. Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain www.gulfwriting.com
  • 19. Writing Literature Reviews: Key Point  You are entering a scholarly conversation already in progress. The literature review shows that you’ve been listening and that you have something valuable to say.  After assessing the literature in your field, you should be able to answer the following questions:  Why should we study (further) this research topic/problem?  What contributions will my study make to the existing literature?
  • 20. Methodology  Introduce the overall methodological approach.  Indicate how the approach fits the overall research design.  Describe the specific methods of data collection.  Explain how you intend to analyze and interpret your results (i.e. statistical analysis, theoretical framework).  If necessary, provide background and rationale for unfamiliar methodologies.  Address potential limitations. Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain www.gulfwriting.com
  • 21. Tips on Drafting Methodology Break down your methodology into subsections.  In the physical sciences, these sections may include subjects, design, apparatus, instrumentation, process, analysis, etc.  In the social sciences, these sections may include selection of participants, interview process, profiles, interpretive and analytic framework, methods of qualitative analysis, etc.  In the humanities, these sections may include scholarly research, archival research, theoretical orientation, etc.  Remember that your methods section may also require supporting literature.  Anticipate and pre-empt the audience’s methodological concerns.  Acknowledge major problems.  Justify your approach by showing how benefits outweigh potential problems.
  • 22. Significance/Implications  Discuss the methodological, substantive, and/or theoretical contribution.  State the practical and/or theoretical importance of the problem and/or objectives of your study.  Explain the usefulness or benefits of the study to both the outside world and the research community. Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain www.gulfwriting.com
  • 24. Timeline/Plan of Work Some things to keep in mind:  Consult your advisor.  Be aware of important dates for submitting and defending dissertations.  Do not be overly ambitious.  Remember that your proposed timeline demonstrates your awareness of the various elements of the study (IRB approval, travel; design, testing, and length of experiments; negotiation of entry into the study site; purchase of necessary equipment; drafting; redrafting).
  • 25. Bibliography & Appendices  Include a working bibliography of key texts that inform your study and methodology.  Your appendices may include Experiment Diagrams, Permissions for Human Subject Testing, etc.  Both bibliographies and required appendices tend to be discipline specific: know what the requirements are.
  • 26. More Proposal “Nuts and Bolts”  Length  Varies by field; most are roughly 20 pages, but they can be much longer.  Style Considerations  Tone  Coherence  Voice  Visual Aids
  • 27. Style Considerations: Tone  When conveying your attitude in your writing:  Try to strike a consistently confident tone.  Avoid an apologetic or arrogant tone.
  • 28. Style Considerations: Coherence  Move from “old” information to “new” information.  Put the most important information at the end of the sentence (stress position).  Keep the subject and verb together.  Start sentences with short, easily understood phrases.  Use “stock” transitional phrases.  Use pronouns and/or recycling.
  • 29. Coherence: Example Example: When rocks erode, they break down into sediment—smaller pieces of rock and minerals. These sediments may eventually travel in water to new sites such as the sea or river beds. The water deposits the sediments in layers that become buried and compacted. In time, the sediment particles are cemented together to form new rocks, known as sedimentary rocks. The layers of sediment in these rocks are often visible without microscopes. (Lay et al., 2000).
  • 30. More “Nuts and Bolts”: Voice and Visual Aids Voice  Active: I will conduct the bulk of the research during the six-month fieldwork period.  Passive: The bulk of the research will be conducted during fieldwork. Reasons to use Passive Voice:  Your field may prefer its use, especially in describing research design and experimental activities.  You need to preserve coherence from sentence to sentence.
  • 31. Voice: Example (using passive voice to create coherence) Some astonishing questions about the nature of the universe have been raised by scientists studying black holes in space. A Black Hole is created by the collapse of a dead star into a point perhaps no larger than a marble. So much matter compressed into so little volume changes the fabric of space around it in puzzling ways. Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain www.gulfwriting.com
  • 32. Visual Aids  Incorporate charts, graphs, diagrams, illustrations, etc., wherever possible, permissible, or practical.
  • 33. Entering the Academic Conversation Creating a Research Space  Move 1: Establishing a Territory  Show centrality  Review previous research  Move 2: Creating a Niche  Indicate a gap or extend previous knowledge  Move 3: Occupying the Niche  Outline purposes  List Research Questions or Hypotheses  Announce principle findings  State value of research  Preview structure of paper Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain www.gulfwriting.com
  • 34. The End • Contact for: Thesis Writing in Qatar, Thesis Writing In Bahrain, Thesis Writing Saudi, Thesis writing in Bahrain www.gulfwriting.com

Editor's Notes

  1. These points are variations on the journalist’s basic questions: who, what, when, where, how, and why.