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Trust Building in International Relations  and the nuclear dilemma  Case study of the 2010 Brazil-Iran-Turkey agreement
The puzzle of trusting relationship in the NPT (J. Ruzicka and N. Wheeler) <ul><li>NPT as a barrier to nuclear proliferati...
Building Trusting Relationships in Nuclear Subjects Involves: <ul><li>Shared commitment to mutual security by the NWS </li...
Brazil-Iran-Turkey agreement <ul><li>Agreement signed on the exchange of low-enriched uranium to fuel Iran’s scientific re...
Criticisms to the agreement <ul><li>Israeli authorities claim that Iran manipulated Brazil and Turkey in order to avoid sa...
The Iran-Israel conflict <ul><li>Since Iranian Revolution (1979), the rhetoric anti-Israel has been growing in Iran. </li>...
The importance of the Agreement <ul><li>For years, Iran has kept its nuclear program hidden from international authorities...
The agreement and the Israel – Iran rivalry <ul><li>In spite of Israel’s suspicions, the agreement should help to improve ...
Conclusion <ul><li>The Brazil-Iran-Turkey agreement was the first step taken by Iran when trust building is concerned.  </...
Violence leads to more violence; development of nuclear weapons is completelly against peace maintanance
<ul><li>Thank you for watching! </li></ul>
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Trust building in international relations

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  • Well, I guess they said it all. But next time be more careful with the choice of colors: blue and white make reading difficult. also, try to use less text and more visual aids in order to make your presentation more attractive.

    cheers,
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  • Guilherme's presentation is awesome.
    He explains perfectly the idea of each topic, by giving definitions, examples and comparisons. The ideas are well divided, wich makes the presentation very organized as well. The presentation completely stands for itself.
    The background he chose is very appropriate, since the text talks about an international problem. The quatity of text in each slide is also good, since the text fits well and one can't get bored by reading it.
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  • Hi, Guilherme!!!
    I appreciate the way you putted the ideas of the text. You have organized the points and conceptualized the ideas in a way anyone is able to understand them easily and I really appreciate your capacity of turning easier to understand an abstract concept like the trust in international relations. Moreover, you were happy matching this abstract concept with the concrete case of Iran. Congrats!
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  • Guilherme,

    Your presentation is fantastic. You presented in an interesting way the integration between the concepts and developed them brilliantly defending your opinion and basing them in facts and realities. The aesthetic of your slides is genial and appropriate to this issue. The tenth one was my favorite. Some slides have a high quantity of text, but it does not make your job less excellent than it is. The presentation is very clear and auto-explainable.
    Congratulations.
    Elisa
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  • Guilherme’s presentation is very clear, since we can completely understand what he’s talking about without help form the original text. I found it very interesting that he explored Iranian-Israeli tensions, a key issue to nuclear non proliferation and the NPT. Besides, his critics to Israel were concise and sharp.
    I couldn’t help noticing that he said Iran was a non-signatory to the NPT. Actually, it is, and that’s what makes this whole confusion so interesting. But it’s ok, though. It’s an honest mistake.
    I believe there is the right amount of text in each slide; you don’t get bored reading it. I’d just recommend some images (but that’s not really for me to say, since I haven’t put any picture in mine either). The aesthetics pass the idea of a very formal presentation, what I think is correct in this task.
    I believe Guilherme did a very good job exploring the original theme and presenting adjacent issues to it, such as the Israeli government contradictory position. The presentation is clearly based on the text we read; Gulherme takes a step further and uses the text in order to present other related subjects. That’s very interesting and very smart.
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Trust building in international relations

  1. 1. Trust Building in International Relations and the nuclear dilemma Case study of the 2010 Brazil-Iran-Turkey agreement
  2. 2. The puzzle of trusting relationship in the NPT (J. Ruzicka and N. Wheeler) <ul><li>NPT as a barrier to nuclear proliferation. </li></ul><ul><li>Signatories (NWS and NNWS) X Non Signatories </li></ul><ul><li>Non signatories represent lack of trust </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction between signatories and non signatories involves: nuclear proliferation, civillar use of nuclear fuel-cycle, nuclear disarmament, universality of the treaty. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Building Trusting Relationships in Nuclear Subjects Involves: <ul><li>Shared commitment to mutual security by the NWS </li></ul><ul><li>Enhacing crisis stability and arms race stability </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of international control over the fuel-cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Willingness of all signatories to uphold the norms on which the treaty stands </li></ul><ul><li>Abandonment of the belief by The NWS that nuclear weapons are required for self-protection </li></ul>
  4. 4. Brazil-Iran-Turkey agreement <ul><li>Agreement signed on the exchange of low-enriched uranium to fuel Iran’s scientific research factor. </li></ul><ul><li>Tehran has agreed to swap in Turkey most of its 3.5% enriched uranium for 20% enriched fuel. </li></ul><ul><li>1,200 kilograms of Iran’s low-enriched uranium is expected to be swapped. </li></ul><ul><li>Agreement arbitrated by Brazil and Turkey to grow global’s trust on iranian nuclear program and avoid more economic sanctions. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Criticisms to the agreement <ul><li>Israeli authorities claim that Iran manipulated Brazil and Turkey in order to avoid sanctions and keep controversial nuclear program. </li></ul><ul><li>The director of Iranian Organization of Atomic Energy, Ali Akbar Saheli, reinforced mistrust when affirmed that Iran will enrich uranium for 20%, what is sufficient for building nuclear weapons. </li></ul><ul><li>NWS governments rejected the agreement and aproved a new round of sanctions. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Iran-Israel conflict <ul><li>Since Iranian Revolution (1979), the rhetoric anti-Israel has been growing in Iran. </li></ul><ul><li>Present iranian president reinforce this rhetoric. </li></ul><ul><li>Israel, claiming self-protection, refuses to sign the NPT and reportedly develop nuclear weapons. </li></ul><ul><li>Israeli forces commonly abuse of power, such as verified in last month’s attack to humanitarian fleet, harm the situation. </li></ul><ul><li>Abandon of dialogue, as well as abuse of power, declarations that make reference to war and intolerance contribute to mutual distrust that converges to the non-signing of the NPT by Israel and to international suspections that Iran may circumvent the TNP and develop nuclear power in order to acquire similar conditions to Israel, what would lead a more secure country in iranians point of view. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The importance of the Agreement <ul><li>For years, Iran has kept its nuclear program hidden from international authorities. </li></ul><ul><li>Owing to Brazilian and turkish mediation, Iran managed to put its nuclear program under international avaliation. </li></ul><ul><li>Agreement ‘crystals’ Iranian nuclear program and breaks Iran’s isolation. </li></ul><ul><li>It helps to demonstrate Iranian’s intentions and make it less likely that Iran develops nuclear weapons, since Brazil and Turkey, two emerging nations, will be charged as well if Iran acquire nuclear power, something not benefitial for them. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The agreement and the Israel – Iran rivalry <ul><li>In spite of Israel’s suspicions, the agreement should help to improve the relationship between the two countries since Iran finally demonstrated to the international community a disposition to cooperate. </li></ul><ul><li>Israel, on the other side, has to cooperate as well, signing the TNP and making its nuclear facilities under international inspection. </li></ul><ul><li>International community must intermediate a dialogue between the two countries in order to build a less distrustful relationship. </li></ul><ul><li>Moreover, the adherence to the NPT Israel will contribute to a more peaceful and confident Middle East. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Conclusion <ul><li>The Brazil-Iran-Turkey agreement was the first step taken by Iran when trust building is concerned. </li></ul><ul><li>On the other hand, Israel has to demonstrate commitment to trust building as well. </li></ul><ul><li>The subscription to the TNP by Israel and the ‘plenary’ adhesion by Iran is essential to reduce mutual distrust. </li></ul><ul><li>The palestinian drama, which accentuates the rivalries between iranians and israelis, must be solved. In this sense, efforts must be made by the international community in order to help peace and trust building. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Violence leads to more violence; development of nuclear weapons is completelly against peace maintanance
  11. 11. <ul><li>Thank you for watching! </li></ul>

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