Yoga - a brief introduction.ppt

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Yoga - a brief introduction.ppt

  1. 1. YOGAa Brief Introduction by Gudrun Dreher
  2. 2. Yogathe Old-New Way to World Peace
  3. 3. According to Yoga Philosophy reality
is
unchanging
and
unmoving the
world
as
we
perceive
it
‐
with
its
perpetual flux
‐
is
therefore
an
illusion
(maya) originally,
there
was
only
one
SELF: undifferentiated
energy,
infinite,
unchanging, formless then:
process
of
differentiation
occurs: 
‐>split
between
subject
&
object
or 



individual
self
and
universal
SELF
  4. 4. The Aim of Yoga to
see
though
the
illusion
(maya)
and
perceive the
true
reality
‐

the
reality
that
is
unchanging and
unmoving
‐ to
re‐establish
the
original
union
between
the individual
and
the
universal
SELF => this
can
be
achieved
in
a
state
of enlightenment it
will
bring
liberation
from
all
pain
and suffering and
therefore
lead
to
lasting
happiness
  5. 5. The 4 Paths of YogaKarma
Yoga Bhakti
Yoga Jnana
Yoga Raja
YogaYoga
of Yoga
of Yoga
of Yoga
ofAction Devotion Wisdom Physical
& Mental Control
  6. 6. The 8 Limbs of Yoga Yama:
ethical
conduct
towards
others Niyama:
ethical
conduct
towards
self Asanas:
Yoga
poses ‐>
aim:
to
control
the
body Pranayama:
breathing
exercises ‐>
aim:
to
control
the
mind Pratyahara:
withdrawing
one’s
attention
from
the
body and
its
senses Dharana:
concentration
of
the
mind Dhyana:
meditation Samadhi:
uninterrupted
contemplation
of
reality
  7. 7. Anatomy of the Human Bodyin Yoga Philosophy
  8. 8. The 3 Bodies Physical
body: food
sheath Astral
body: ‐
pranic
sheath
‐>
sensations ‐
mental
sheath
‐>
thoughts
&
emotions ‐
intellectual
sheath
‐>
decision
making






=
residence
of
the
ego Causal
body:
 bliss
sheath
‐>
seed
body
  9. 9. The System of Chakras & Nadis 7
chakras 72,000
nadis 3
main
nadis: *
ida *
pingala *
shushuma
  10. 10. Health Benefits of Yoga good
health
requires
the
free
flow
of prana
(‘life
force’)
in
the
nadis
and the
proper
balance
of
all
7
chakras regular
practice
of
meditation, pranayama
(‘breathing
exercises’)
and asanas

(Yoga
‘poses’)
helps
to
balance, re‐align
and
cleanse
the
chakras
as
well as
the
nadis
  11. 11. Health Benefits of Yoga - cont. the
practice
of
yoga
has
shown
to
decrease
stress levels,
to
lower
blood
pressure,
and
to
slow
down
the rate
of
aging the
various
Yoga
asanas
exercise
the
entire
body Yoga
asanas
and
pranayama
help
to
remove
physical and
cellular
waste,
to
improve
muscle
tone,
and
to protect,
strengthen
and
repair
joints
and
ligaments the
regular
practice
of
Yoga
(asanas,
pranayama, meditation)
increases
mental,
emotional,
and
spiritual clarity
and
well‐being
and
improves
focus,
discipline, balance,
intuition,
imagination,
creativity,
and understanding
  12. 12. The Om Sign
  13. 13. A Typical YOGA Session Includes* 1. 
Pranayama

=

Breathing
Exercises 2. 
Meditation 3. 
Asanas

=

Poses 4. 
Pranayama

=

Breathing
Exercises 5. 
Relaxation 6. 
Meditation*
Please
Note:the
following
session
was
inspired
by
the
classes
andseminars
that
my
Yoga
Teacher,
Sensei
William
Daniel,taught
on
Haida
Gwaii
between
2005
and
2007
  14. 14. Pranayama - Breathing Exercises Slow
Breathing: ‐
in:out
=
1:2 ‐
in:hold:out
=
1:4:2 Kapalabhathi
(‘makes‐the‐head‐shine’
breathing) cleansing
breath:
part
of
kriyas
(=
purification
exercises) Anuloma
Viloma
Pranayama
(alternate
nostril
breathing) right
‐
pingala:
‘sun
breath’ left
‐
ida:
‘moon
breath’
  15. 15. Meditation -> “Ways In” Focus
on
Breath Concentration Visualization Guided
Meditation Movement Mantra: repetition
of
sounds,
often
seed
syllables,
to
focus
and
relax
the mind Yantra: visual
tools
that
are
either
used
as
centering devices
or
as
symbolic
compositions
of
energy patterns
  16. 16. Examples of Mantras Soham Om
Namah
Shivayah Om I
am Chakra
Seed
Syllables: Om,
Sham,
Ham,
Yam,
Ram,
Vam,
Lam e.g.
Om
Yam
Namaha
  17. 17. Examples of Yantras
  18. 18. Sequence of Asanas - Part 1 Surya
Namaskar
=
Sun
Salutation



(4
x) 1
salutation
pose:
exhale 2
raised‐arms
pose:
inhale 3
hands‐to‐feet
pose:
exhale 4
equestrian
pose
(one
leg
back):
inhale 5
plank:
hold
breath 6
eight
limbs
pose:
exhale 7
cobra
pose:
inhale 8
downward
dog
pose:
exhale 9
equestrian
pose
(one
leg
forward):
inhale 10
hands‐to‐feet
pose:
exhale 11
raised‐arms
pose:
inhale 12
mountain
pose
(arms
down):
exhale
  19. 19. Sequence of Asanas - Part 2 Bhujangasan

=

Cobra
Pose



(3
x) ‐>
relax
in
Crocodile
Pose Salabhasan


=

Locust
Pose




(4
x) ‐>
relax
in
Crocodile
Pose Dhanurasan

=

Bow
Pose




(3
x) ‐>
relax
in
Savasana

=
Corpse
Pose Pavanamuktasan

=

Head‐to‐Knee
Pose



(4
x) ‐>
relax
in
Savasana
=
Corpse
Pose Paschimottanasan

=

Sitting
Forward
Bend
Pose


(4
x) ‐>
relax
in
Savasana
=
Corpse
Pose Parivrtta
Trikonasan


=

Reverse
Rriangle
Pose


(6
x) ‐>
relax
in
Tadasana

=
Mountain
Pose Vrikshaasan

=

Tree
Pose



(2
x) ‐>
relax
in
Tadasana

=
Mountain
Pose
  20. 20. Sequence of Asanas - Part 3 Udyanabhanda

=

Stomach‐Pull‐In


(3
x) Sarvangasan

=
Shoulder
Stand

[‘all‐parts
pose’]



(1
x) ‐>
relax
in
Savasana

=
Corpse
Pose Halasan

=

Plough
Pose




(1
x) ‐>
relax
in
Savasana
=
Corpse
Pose Matsyasan

=

Fish
Pose




(1
x) ‐>
relax
in
Savasana
=
Corpse
Pose Chakrasan

=

Half‐Wheel
Pose



(1
x) ‐>
relax
in
Savasana
=
Corpse
Pose Matsyendrasana

=
Spinal
Twist
Pose


(
2
x) ‐>
relax
in
Staff
ose Ushtrasan

=

Camel
Pose



(1
x) ‐>
relax
in
Balasana

=
Child’s
Pose Savasana

=

Corpse
Pose



(1
x)
  21. 21. Yoga Asanas - Images
  22. 22. THE BEST WAY TO UNDERSTND WHAT YOGA IS: TRY IT OUT YOURSEFL! Thank You! © Gudrun Dreher - 2006/2012 Thousand Thanks to my Yoga Teacher -Sensei William Daniel - for Teaching me!
  23. 23. Images Used in this Presentationp.
1:
Image
of
Lotus
Flower
from:http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sacred_lotus_Nelumbo_nucifera.jpg 
p.
2:
Images
of
Peace:Image
Top
from:
http://www.flickr.com/photos/snapies/3934856469/Image
Right
from:http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/images/Teamwork_g404‐Multiracial_Kids_Holding_Hands_p43355.htmlp.
8:
Image
of
Human
Body
with
Chakras
from:http://www.rickrichards.com/Chakras.htmp.
10:
Image
of
Human
Body
with
Chakras
&
Nadis
from:http://mysticrebels.com/kundalini.htmp.
13:
Image
of
Om
Symbol
from:http://wiki.white‐wolf.com/camwiki/images/1/11/Om_symbol.jpgp.
18:
Images
of
Yantras:Image
Left
from:
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Madhubani_Mahavidyas.jpgImage
Middle
from:
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dhumavati_yantra_color.jpgImage
Right
from:
http://www.flickr.com/photos/arjuna/267145206/p.
21:
Image
of
Yoga
Asanas
from:http://www.mat‐yoga.com/wp‐content/uploads/2011/09/Yoga‐Postures‐Asanas.jpg
  24. 24. For Further Information Yoga
‐
Introduction:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1e77exc7ukI  http://www.sivananda.eu/en/sivananda‐yoga.html Yoga
‐
Anatomy:  http://www.rickrichards.com/Chakras.htm  http://ramakrishnanandayoga.com/1003/astral‐body‐nadis‐koshas/ Yoga
‐
Asanas:  http://www.yoga‐age.com/modern/asanas.html  http://www.sivananda.eu/en/yoga‐postures.html Yoga
‐Pranayama:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zjB‐gg32xjA Meditation:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gx_lOv_9ijE  http://www.deepakchopra.com/video/view/69/live_meditation_with_deepak_chopra  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e0rSmxsVHPE&feature=related  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4TP2c0gLHH0  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fNruveUaeRg&feature=related  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bd‐Pslr4GIw&feature=related  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RlCakXzJjOo&feature=related

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