BENEFITS OF INDIVIDUAL VS. GROUP COGNITIVE PSYCHOSTIMULATION IN DEMENTIAS USING THE HOFFMANN METHOD
BENEFITS OF INDIVIDUAL VS. GROUP COGNITIVE PSYCHOSTIMULATION IN DEMENTIAS USING THE HOFFMANN METHOD C. Hoffmann Muñoz-Seca, A. del Avellanal Calzadilla, I. Solanas Carcasés, T. Salinas de Ugarte, B. Montero Sánchez del Corral INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE Cognitive therapy is a type of psychotherapy which aims at reducing or slowing down cognitive and functional deterioration through systematic, structured training of the different cognitive areas that are still preserved, avoiding the disuse that may occur as a result of the tendency towards lack of activity in persons with dementia. Individual cognitive stimulation carried out by a neuropsychologist includes psychotherapeutic tools used toimprove cognitive and behavioral symptoms when treating patients with dementia. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the Hoffmann method’s therapy of Cognitive Psychostimulation on an individual basis brings greater benefits in the higher intellectual functions than group Cognitive Stimulation in patients with clinically diagnosed dementia. MATERIAL AND METHOD The prospective and observational study lasted for 12 months and was carried out with a sample of 50 persons diagnosed with dementia, who were treated in Vitalia Day Center Ferraz, using therapies established by the Hoffmann Method. The sample was randomly divided in two groups, group A: group stimulation, 30 persons, 5 weekly sessions, 2 hours in length. and group B: individual stimulation, 20 persons, 2 weekly sessions, 1 hour inlength. Following the evaluation protocol, the scores obtained by both groups in the Lobo Mini Mental State Exam prior to the start of therapy and upon concluding treatment were compared. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS The results obtained in the study show improvement in both groups but what stands out statistically is the benefit obtained in group B (individual psychostimulation). A: 24.93/25.33 B:23.6/26.45 This confirms the importance of personalizing cognitive psychostimulation interventions in persons with dementia.