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Waste to Biofuel Presentation


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The presentation gives a brief idea of our waste to biofuel technology platform.

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Waste to Biofuel Presentation

  1. 1. Decentralized treatment of food waste, used cooking Oil, hotel/hospital waste and all types of organic wastes to produce Biofuels By Atul Saxena, Growdiesel Mission, New Delhi, India Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  2. 2. Growdiesel Mission Statement Growdiesel is committed to develop World's natural capital for Sustainable development, Energy independence & Carbon-sequestration that would act as a new engine of growth to evolve a green economy and put the world on road to prosperity again in a more sustainable way. Main Objective To develop a value chain for production of sustainable biofuels from non-food feedstocks like biomass, Jatropha, algae and waste. USP “ Triple Bottom Line Projects"; each Growdiesel project has strong inbuilt economic, social, and environmental benefits. Our motto … technology expands the “Art of the Possible” to predict the future, invent it! … today’s “unimaginable” is tomorrow’s “conventional wisdom” About Us Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  3. 3. Major Achievements <ul><li>Chosen as consultant to Indian Railways through a two stage global bidding process. Created a PPP business model to plant 40000 Ha of spare railway land with Jatropha & use the resultant biodiesel for running engines. </li></ul><ul><li>Chosen as sole Indian partner with in a global network of European, US & Asian institutions & companies to develop a technology for treating waste water with Algae & convert it to biofuels. </li></ul><ul><li>Discovered & demonstrated high yielding Jatropha variants in 100 acre plantation in wasteland near Mumbai. </li></ul><ul><li>Development of a catalyst free technology for Biodiesel manufacturing.-(patent pending) </li></ul><ul><li>Development of low cost enclosed Photobioreactor system to produce Algae for Biofuels. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Agro Waste to Energy Project”- supported by MNRE. </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Development Project “ To treat all types of solid waste (municipal, hazardous, industrial, hospital, slaughterhouse & e-waste), polluted water (sewer/industrial/hard) and polluted air (CO2) and produce Biofuels </li></ul>Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  4. 4. Growdiesel Jatropha Plantations Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  5. 5. Jatropha Nursery Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  6. 6. Jatropha Plantation by Mumbai Mayor Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  7. 7. Jatropha Fruits & Seeds Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  8. 8. Growdiesel Products Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  9. 9. Growdiesel Product Demo 8 Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  10. 10. Growdiesel Global Summits Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  11. 11. Delhi's First Waste To Biofuel Plant Established at Delhi Secretariat By Growdiesel Has Been Inaugurated By Mrs.Sheila Dixit Chief Minister Of Delhi Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  12. 12. Project Theme To treat food-waste, kitchen waste, hotel waste (including used cooking oil), leafy garden waste, used flowers and all types of organic waste with Growdiesel WTG1XG odourless process to produce Growdiesel Natural Gas (cooking gas) & Growdiesel Natural Manure Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  13. 13. Management of Food waste <ul><li>Restaurants, Hotels & Households contribute majority of food waste in a city. As per a study, food waste contributes to around 25-30% of the total waste generated in a city. </li></ul><ul><li>Waste comprises of two components – Biodegradable(wet) waste and Non biodegradable (Dry) waste. </li></ul><ul><li>The wet waste comprises of food, vegetable and non-veg waste whereas the dry waste comprises of plastic bottles, papers, plastic wrappers, HDPE, LLDPE bags etc. </li></ul><ul><li>The wet waste (mostly food waste) is a major cause of mosquito breeding leading to malaria & dengue. </li></ul><ul><li>As per our observations, around 70 to 75% of waste generated by households, hotels, restaurants, eateries etc is biodegradable and can be effectively converted to Bio-CNG and manure using “ Growdiesel WTG1XG ™ Waste to Biofuel odourless process ” . </li></ul>Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  14. 14. Sources of Food Waste Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project Sources Examples Residential Homes, town house, apartments, societies etc… Commercial Office cafeteria, shopping malls, hotels, airports, restaurants etc…. Institutional Gurdwara/Mandir, School, hospitals, prisons, hostels, etc…. Industrial Lunchroom, cafeteria, kitchen wastes etc…. (but not industrial process wastes)
  15. 15. Growdiesel WTG1XG ™ Waste to Biofuel odourless process <ul><li>Growdiesel Mission has pioneered a process platform (titled WTG1XG) to build small compact systems for decentralized treatment of all types of organic waste and converts it into useful biofuel products that shall replace fossil based products. </li></ul><ul><li>WTG1XG is capable to recover the intrinsic energy content from all kinds of waste materials and capture the hydrocarbons contained in them for conversion to biofuel. </li></ul><ul><li>Growdiesel WTG1XG process is set to change the dynamics of the waste management by making waste a resource to generate cooking gas (alternate to LPG), transportation fuel (alternate to petrol/diesel), DG set fuel (alternate to diesel) & rich garden manure using an odourless commercially proven process. </li></ul>Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  16. 16. Enriched Methane Food Waste 1 st Stage Reactor 2 nd Stage Reactor Bio CNG Bio PNG Biomanure for Gardening purpose Duel Fuel DG Sets WTG1XG project based on BARC Technology Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  17. 17. Key stages of Growdiesel WTG1XG Waste to Biofuel Multi-Phase Process Carbohydrates Fats Proteins Sugars Fatty acids Amino acids Carbonic acids and alcohols Hydrogen Carbon dioxide Ammonia Hydrogen Acetic acid Carbon dioxide Methane Carbon dioxide Hydrolysis Acidogenesis Acetogenesis Methanogenesis Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  18. 18. Type of wastes that can be treated by Growdiesel WTG1XG ™ Waste to Biofuel odourless process <ul><li>Solid Wastes: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Pre and post cooking food scraps, </li></ul><ul><li>biodegradable straws, paper towels, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Kitchen waste, stale/spoiled food, leftover food </li></ul><ul><li>All kind of biological waste oils including used cooking oil </li></ul><ul><li>Extracted tea powder, waste milk and milk products </li></ul><ul><li>Used flowers, leafs etc </li></ul><ul><li>Gardening waste including farm waste </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetable leftover & mandi waste </li></ul><ul><li>Non-vegetarian food/Slaughterhouse waste </li></ul><ul><li>All types of organic solid waste </li></ul>Liquid Wastes: (can be used as process input water for blending/diluting the solid waste)   Kitchen/hotel waste water Sewage, municipal & all types of waste water Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  19. 19. Who should install Growdiesel WTG1XG ™ Waste to Biofuel odourless process <ul><li>Hotels, resorts & restaurants with minimum 100 kg or more waste generation per day </li></ul><ul><li>Temples, gurdwara & religious institutions with large kitchen & flower offerings </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional & industrial canteens & kitchens </li></ul><ul><li>Hostel & hospital kitchens </li></ul><ul><li>Residential colonies, apartments, housing complexes </li></ul><ul><li>Any other location where organic waste is generated on regular basis </li></ul>Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  20. 20. Valuable Products from Growdiesel WTG1XG ™ Waste to Biofuel odourless process <ul><li>Growdiesel Natural Manure-GNM – is a premium soil </li></ul><ul><li>conditioner consisting of up to 30% stable & solid carbon. </li></ul><ul><li>Growdiesel Natural Gas- GNG – is a premium gaseous </li></ul><ul><li>biofuel consisting of up to 85% enriched & pure methane. </li></ul><ul><li>Growdiesel Emission Reduction certificate-GER – GNM </li></ul><ul><li>shall be used in the soil to replace fossil based fertilizers. </li></ul><ul><li>Hence there is a potential to generate very high carbon </li></ul><ul><li>credits known as GER from the project. </li></ul>Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  21. 21. Benefits of Growdiesel WTG1XG ™ Waste to Biofuel odourless process <ul><li>100% odourless-ZERO % foul smell </li></ul><ul><li>100% recycling-ZERO% pollution </li></ul><ul><li>100% continuous & easy automatic operation </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralized treatment of waste and recovery of energy </li></ul><ul><li>Think BIG, begin small-can be started with 1-2 pilots before large scale adoption </li></ul><ul><li>Energy positive </li></ul><ul><li>100% Market Ready- proven technology ZERO% R&D Risk </li></ul>Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  22. 22. Benefits of Growdiesel WTG1XG ™ Waste to Biofuel odourless process <ul><li>Safe investment & low payback period (3-5 years) </li></ul><ul><li>100% Environment friendly, no solid, liquid, gaseous discharge </li></ul><ul><li>100% safe waste disposal-ZERO% health risks </li></ul><ul><li>100% aesthetic-ZERO% waste dumping yards </li></ul><ul><li>100% Energy Independence-ZERO% crude imports </li></ul><ul><li>Help Govt. to combat rising menace of urban waste, global warming & earn carbon credits too. </li></ul><ul><li>Towards sustainable energy sources, Project with a purpose </li></ul>Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  23. 23. GHG Abatement strategy for Food waste <ul><li>Methane is the primary GHG considered in food waste degradation. </li></ul><ul><li>The methane so generated is let off into the atmosphere. </li></ul><ul><li>Methane is over 20 times more harmful to earth’s climate than CO2 </li></ul><ul><li>The abatement strategy for food waste methane generation is to either capture the methane generated in the landfill and burn or use it OR Avoid such waste reaching the landfill through an alternative processing strategy could generate substantial carbon credits . </li></ul>Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  24. 24. Actual performance of Delhi Secretariat Project- (As assessed by BARC) Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project Parameter Quantization Quantity of resource processed 2904 Kg Gas utilized in the kitchen 275 m 3 Approximate quantity of gas generated 110 Kg Utilizable gas generation per MT of resource 94.7 m 3 No. of burner hours 87.59 Equivalent LPG cost by commercial rate (Rs. 50/Kg) Rs. 5500 Equivalent LPG cost by domestic rate (Rs. 25/Kg) Rs. 2750 Manure generated 278 Kg Manure per tonne of resource 95.73 Kg Manure notional cost (Rs. 5/Kg) Rs. 1390 Total Value recovered (By considering gas sale at commercial rate) Rs. 6890 Value recovered per KG resource processed (gas – commercial rate) Rs. 2.37 Expenditure of transportation if resource was not processed ** Rs. 4500 Value recovered considering saving on transportation Rs. 11390 Value recovered per Kg of resource processed (gas @commercial) Rs. 3.92
  25. 25. Techno-economic-feasibility of the Project <ul><li>Approx. Investment : Rs.35 lacs per ton of waste eliminated </li></ul><ul><li>Daily Gas generation: 90 to 100 m3 per ton of waste (94.7m3 in current project at Delhi Sec.) </li></ul><ul><li>Daily High quality Bio-manure production: 90-100 kgs per ton (95.7kgs in current project at Delhi Sec.) </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon credit generation: 460 per year </li></ul><ul><li>Realization from saving in LPG/PNG @Rs.20 per scm: Rs.7.30 L/yr </li></ul><ul><li>Realization from saving in garden manure @Rs.5/kg: Rs.1.82 L/yr </li></ul><ul><li>Income from sale of carbon credits @Rs.500/CER: Rs.2.30 L/yr </li></ul><ul><li>Total savings/income per year: Rs.11.42 lacs per year </li></ul><ul><li>Less O&M costs: Rs.3.5 L/yr per ton of waste eliminated </li></ul><ul><li>Return on investment: 25% </li></ul>Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  26. 26. Other Possible Applications of Technology <ul><li>Integrated treatment of solid waste and waste water to generate clean water besides biofuels </li></ul><ul><li>Elimination of sewage sludge and its conversion to biofuels </li></ul><ul><li>Elimination of trap grease and its conversion to biofuels </li></ul><ul><li>Elimination of algae from ponds/lakes/resorts and its conversion to biofuels </li></ul>Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  27. 27. Biofuel Production, only one step on the path. The real message is not about fuel… Let us build a community that is concerned about mother earth. The problems of today will not be fixed by few people doing big things…they will be fixed by you and us doing small things with a new vision. Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project
  28. 28. Thank You Atul Saxena, [email_address] Growdiesel Waste to Biofuel Project Join us at Forthcoming Global Event Presents The Future of Biofuels NextGen Fuels 2010 30 th Nov.,1 st Dec. & 2 nd Dec. 2010, Delhi,NCR, India