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Growing Herbs -From Anise to Yarrow
Kerry Seymour, MS, RDWestern Area   Nutrition Specialist
What would you liketo learn aboutgrowing herbs?
Overview   Why we grow herbs   Which ones to grow   Where to grow   How to grow and harvest   How to use and preserve...
Definition of Herb   Botanical:    An herb is a seed plant that does    not produce a woody stem   Culinary:    The arom...
Why Grow Herbs?
Landscaping/ornamental
Landscaping/ornamental
Landscaping/ornamental
Culinary
Culinary
Health Benefits: Nutrition Rich in key vitamins and minerals Antioxidant properties Anti-inflammatory effects Protecti...
Medicinal
Medicinal Effects Pharmacological activity Herb specific Dose and form dependent Science-based vs. folk   lore Exampl...
Be Aware of Health Risks Pharmacological activity Allergic reactions Interaction with medications Examples:
Cosmetic/Aromatic
Spiritual/Sacred/Mystical
Spiritual/Sacred/Mystical
Spiritual/Sacred/Mystical
Choosing Herbs to Grow Ornamental Culinary Aromatic Cosmetic Medicinal Spiritual/sacred/symbolic
Choosing Herbs to Grow (cont.)    Annual •   Perennial •   Biennial    Hardiness    Sun/shade tolerance
Annual herbs… Anise       Arugula Basil       Burnet Borage      Chervil Cilantro    Dill Summer savory Sweet cicely
Perennial herbs…   Bay laurel   Bee balm   Catnip       Chives   Fennel       Hyssop   Lavender     Lemon balm   Lova...
Perennial herbs…         (cont)   Mint          Rosemary*   Tarragon       Thyme   Winter savory   Sweet Woodruff   S...
Biennial herbs… Parsley Caraway
Site Considerations   Space available   Sunlight   Drainage   Soil fertility   pH
Shade tolerant   Chervil   Chives   Lemon balm   Parsley   Mint   St. John’s Wort   Sweet woodruff
Growing Herbs in Containers
Where to get your herbs? Start from seed Buy seedlings Make stem cuttings or root  divisions
Starting Seedlings…
Favorite seed sources Seed-saving and sharing Local nurseries Online sources:
Online seed sources:    Seed Savers.org    Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds    Nichols’ Garden Nursery    Territorial Seed C...
Start early from seeds…   Anise hyssop   Basil   Catnip         Chamomile   Chives         Feverfew   Lemon balm     M...
Sow directly in theground… Anise       Borage Caraway      Chervil Cilantro    Dill Fennel
Buy seedlings and plantafter last frost date… Germander Lavender Rosemary Santolina
Grow from stem cuttings   Chamomile Scented geraniums   Germander Horehound   Hyssop Lemon balm   Lemon verbena      M...
Grow from root division   Anise hyssop        Bee balm   Catnip         Chives   Echinacea      Feverfew   Germander  ...
Grow from root division (cont.)   Rosemary         Rue   Sage             Santolina   Sweet woodruff   Tansy   Tarrago...
Culture  Adequate water Tailor fertilizer:  Chervil, fennel, lovage, summer  savory Remove flower heads to prolong  lea...
Harvesting Start as soon as plant has enough  leaves Pick leaves before the heat of the  day Pick before flower  buds o...
Uses for Fresh Herbs   Garnish salads and hot foods   Fruit and fruit salads   Baked goods – sweet and savory   Add to...
Making herb sugar orsalt
Edible Flowers   Herb Flowers   Bachelor’s buttons   Calendulas   Carnations, dianthus   Daylily*   Marigold Nasturti...
How do I Preserve myherbs?  Wash in cool running water  Pat dry  Choose whether to freeze or dry  Do not preserve in oil
Preserve by Freezing
Preserve by Drying
Winter protection Over-winter tender herbs inside Mulch outdoor perennial herbs
Books The Complete Book of Herbs – L.  Bremness The Cook’s Herb Garden – J. Cox The Encyclopedia of Herbs and  Spices –...
Resources http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcro  p/med-aro/seedsources.html http://www. herbcompanion.com The Herb Quarterl...
Questions?
Contact Information  Kerry Seymour, MS, RDEmail: seymourk@unce.unr.edu Phone: (775) 784-4848
Thank You!
Grow Your Own, Nevada! Spring 2012: Growing herbs
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Grow Your Own, Nevada! Spring 2012: Growing herbs

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Grow Your Own, Nevada! Spring 2012: Growing herbs

  1. 1. Growing Herbs -From Anise to Yarrow
  2. 2. Kerry Seymour, MS, RDWestern Area Nutrition Specialist
  3. 3. What would you liketo learn aboutgrowing herbs?
  4. 4. Overview Why we grow herbs Which ones to grow Where to grow How to grow and harvest How to use and preserve Resources
  5. 5. Definition of Herb Botanical: An herb is a seed plant that does not produce a woody stem Culinary: The aromatic leaf, stem or flower of low-growing shrubs
  6. 6. Why Grow Herbs?
  7. 7. Landscaping/ornamental
  8. 8. Landscaping/ornamental
  9. 9. Landscaping/ornamental
  10. 10. Culinary
  11. 11. Culinary
  12. 12. Health Benefits: Nutrition Rich in key vitamins and minerals Antioxidant properties Anti-inflammatory effects Protective pigments: lutein, zeaxanthin Examples:
  13. 13. Medicinal
  14. 14. Medicinal Effects Pharmacological activity Herb specific Dose and form dependent Science-based vs. folk lore Examples:
  15. 15. Be Aware of Health Risks Pharmacological activity Allergic reactions Interaction with medications Examples:
  16. 16. Cosmetic/Aromatic
  17. 17. Spiritual/Sacred/Mystical
  18. 18. Spiritual/Sacred/Mystical
  19. 19. Spiritual/Sacred/Mystical
  20. 20. Choosing Herbs to Grow Ornamental Culinary Aromatic Cosmetic Medicinal Spiritual/sacred/symbolic
  21. 21. Choosing Herbs to Grow (cont.)  Annual • Perennial • Biennial  Hardiness  Sun/shade tolerance
  22. 22. Annual herbs… Anise Arugula Basil Burnet Borage Chervil Cilantro Dill Summer savory Sweet cicely
  23. 23. Perennial herbs… Bay laurel Bee balm Catnip Chives Fennel Hyssop Lavender Lemon balm Lovage Marjoram/oregano
  24. 24. Perennial herbs… (cont) Mint Rosemary* Tarragon Thyme Winter savory Sweet Woodruff Scented geranium* Yarrow
  25. 25. Biennial herbs… Parsley Caraway
  26. 26. Site Considerations Space available Sunlight Drainage Soil fertility pH
  27. 27. Shade tolerant Chervil Chives Lemon balm Parsley Mint St. John’s Wort Sweet woodruff
  28. 28. Growing Herbs in Containers
  29. 29. Where to get your herbs? Start from seed Buy seedlings Make stem cuttings or root divisions
  30. 30. Starting Seedlings…
  31. 31. Favorite seed sources Seed-saving and sharing Local nurseries Online sources:
  32. 32. Online seed sources: Seed Savers.org Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds Nichols’ Garden Nursery Territorial Seed Company Johnny’s Selected Seeds John Scheeper’s Kitchen Garden Seeds
  33. 33. Start early from seeds… Anise hyssop Basil Catnip Chamomile Chives Feverfew Lemon balm Marjoram Sorrel Thyme Parsley Savory – summer and winter
  34. 34. Sow directly in theground… Anise Borage Caraway Chervil Cilantro Dill Fennel
  35. 35. Buy seedlings and plantafter last frost date… Germander Lavender Rosemary Santolina
  36. 36. Grow from stem cuttings Chamomile Scented geraniums Germander Horehound Hyssop Lemon balm Lemon verbena Marjoram Oregano Mint Rue Sage Santolina Winter savory
  37. 37. Grow from root division Anise hyssop Bee balm Catnip Chives Echinacea Feverfew Germander Horehound Hyssop Lemon balm Lovage Marjoram/oregano
  38. 38. Grow from root division (cont.) Rosemary Rue Sage Santolina Sweet woodruff Tansy Tarragon Thyme Valerian Yarrow
  39. 39. Culture Adequate water Tailor fertilizer: Chervil, fennel, lovage, summer savory Remove flower heads to prolong leaf use
  40. 40. Harvesting Start as soon as plant has enough leaves Pick leaves before the heat of the day Pick before flower buds open
  41. 41. Uses for Fresh Herbs Garnish salads and hot foods Fruit and fruit salads Baked goods – sweet and savory Add to simmered foods prior to serving Flavored vinegars, sugar or salt, liqueurs, jellies and jams In flower arrangements
  42. 42. Making herb sugar orsalt
  43. 43. Edible Flowers Herb Flowers Bachelor’s buttons Calendulas Carnations, dianthus Daylily* Marigold Nasturtiums Rose petals Squash blossoms Stock Pansies/violas
  44. 44. How do I Preserve myherbs?  Wash in cool running water  Pat dry  Choose whether to freeze or dry  Do not preserve in oil
  45. 45. Preserve by Freezing
  46. 46. Preserve by Drying
  47. 47. Winter protection Over-winter tender herbs inside Mulch outdoor perennial herbs
  48. 48. Books The Complete Book of Herbs – L. Bremness The Cook’s Herb Garden – J. Cox The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Spices – A. Clevely, et al Homegrown Herbs – T. Hartung
  49. 49. Resources http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcro p/med-aro/seedsources.html http://www. herbcompanion.com The Herb Quarterly magazine http://herbgardeningguru.com http://homecooking.about.com/libra ry/weekly/blflowers.htm
  50. 50. Questions?
  51. 51. Contact Information Kerry Seymour, MS, RDEmail: seymourk@unce.unr.edu Phone: (775) 784-4848
  52. 52. Thank You!

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