Paragraph Frame<br />Concluding Sentence:  The lack of written language in early Africa, the eventual development and writ...
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Lesson 5 paragraph frame with student sample

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For use with "What's Your Story?" curriculum project written by A. Groves for the Fulbright Hays Seminars Abroad program.

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Lesson 5 paragraph frame with student sample

  1. 1. Paragraph Frame<br />Concluding Sentence: The lack of written language in early Africa, the eventual development and writing of stories, and the morals that folktales transmit to descendants of early Africans demonstrate the importance of written and oral tradition in Africa. EEs: Examples, Explanations, EvidenceFolktales can serve as a map to trace the ancestry of people because of the slight changes that have been made to original African folktales which reflect newer environments. EEs: Examples, Explanations, EvidenceWhile almost all cultures have their own folktales, the West African griot’s skillful telling, chanting, dancing, and singing of the tale makes the listening a truly pleasurable event.EEs: Examples, Explanations, EvidenceAs Africans were imported to the Indies, Europe, and the Americas, written stories and songs began to contain secret codes which helped many escape to freedom. EEs: Examples, Explanations, Evidence Due to unstable conditions such as wars and the industry of slavery, Africans depended on these written diaries, songs, letters, and histories to go with them as they moved from place to place. EEs: Examples, Explanations, Evidence Often accomplished musicians or dancers, griots were entertaining and involved their audience in the telling of the tale. EEs: Examples, Explanations, Evidence Descendants of early Africans spent evenings listening to griots, the keepers of stories, tell magnificent tales of older days. Topic Sentence:Written and oral tradition was important to the transmission of African history and culture for many reasons. RDF: Reason/Detail/Fact One chief reason that oral story-telling was critical to history’s preservation is that early Africa had no written language. RDF: Reason/Detail/FactAnother form of written and oral tradition that transmitted important history and culturally important morals was folktales. RDF: Reason/Detail/FactMoreover, once written language was developed, it became crucial that people who could write down stories must do so.<br />

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