Major blood vessels connected to the heart <3• Aorta• vena cavae• pulmunary vein• Artery
Aorta• the largest artery in the body originating from the left ventricle of the heart and extending down to the abdomen, where it splits into two smaller arteries. The aorta distributes oxygenated blood to all parts of the body through the systemic circulation.
venae cavae• veins that return deoxygenated blood from the body, into the heart. They both empty into the right atrium.
Pulmonary vein• large blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart. In humans there are four pulmonary veins, two from each lung. Its unusual since almost all other veins carry deoxygenated blood.
Artery :3• blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart.
What capillaries do• In the lungs, carbon dioxide is exchanged for oxygen• In the tissues, oxygen and carbon dioxide and nutrients and wastes are exchanged• In the kidneys, wastes are released to be eliminated from the body• In the intestine, nutrients are picked up, and wastes released
Components of blood! • Platelets• Plasma• FUNCTIONS• Blood transports gases, nutrients, water, wastes to and from all the cells of the body.