Developing the curriculum chapter 14

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Developing the curriculum chapter 14

  1. 1. CHAPTER 14:DIGITAL CURRICULUMDeveloping the CurriculumEighth EditionPeter F. OlivaWilliam R. Gordon II
  2. 2. Oliva/Gordon Developing the Curriculum, 8e.© 2012, 2009, 2005, 2001, 1997 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved14-2AFTER STUDYING THIS CHAPTER YOUSHOULD BE ABLE TO:• Define literacies and state their impact on the educationenvironment.• Define online learning and state the components ofsuccessful online learning environments.• Define blended learning and state the components ofsuccessful blended learning programs.• Explain how computer-based assessments differentiateinstruction and will be used to assess the Common CoreState Standards.• Elucidate in what ways open education resources canenhance the educational environment.• Describe aspects and resources of safe Internet use.
  3. 3. Oliva/Gordon Developing the Curriculum, 8e.© 2012, 2009, 2005, 2001, 1997 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved14-3CHANGING WORLD• All of us have experienced how technology hasinfluenced our lives in recent years.• Consider the cell phone:○ Fifteen short years ago large cellular phones in abag were in vogue and only owned by a few elitepeople.○ Now, due to micro-technology, cell phones arehand-held electronic gateways to the world,available for people from all walks of life.
  4. 4. Oliva/Gordon Developing the Curriculum, 8e.© 2012, 2009, 2005, 2001, 1997 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved14-4GLOBAL COMPETITION• As our world continues to shrink and globalcompetiveness dominates the workplace,curriculum planners need to consider the changingenvironment that technology creates.• With competition comes opportunity. Schools willhave to make the most out of their limitedresources to provide strong educationalopportunities that include the use of newtechnologies in classrooms.
  5. 5. Oliva/Gordon Developing the Curriculum, 8e.© 2012, 2009, 2005, 2001, 1997 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved14-5LITERACIES• The workplace is changing and so is the classroom.Using the same digital tools as businesses, teachersare reaching out to students in nontraditional ways.• Teacher and student use of websites, social media,blogs, email and other means of electroniccommunication are becoming the norm in today’sclassrooms.
  6. 6. Oliva/Gordon Developing the Curriculum, 8e.© 2012, 2009, 2005, 2001, 1997 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved14-6LITERACIES• In defining new literacies the content deliveredonline is very different from what is presented inprint.• Due to the multiple means of accessing informationvia the Internet, today’s students need to becritical consumers of information and must be ableto scrutinize the content and make appropriatedecisions about the “worth” of the material theyare reading.
  7. 7. Oliva/Gordon Developing the Curriculum, 8e.© 2012, 2009, 2005, 2001, 1997 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved14-7CURRENT TRENDS• Emerging technologies such as online classes,blended learning, and mobile learning are a fewways in which teachers and administrators canmeet the vision of the 21stcentury classroom.
  8. 8. Oliva/Gordon Developing the Curriculum, 8e.© 2012, 2009, 2005, 2001, 1997 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved14-8ONLINE LEARNING• Online learning, classes or learning opportunitiesoffered via the Internet, broaden access to curriculumand learning for a variety of stakeholders.• The instructor’s role in the online environment is inmany ways similar to the traditional classroomteacher. As with any classroom, providing supportand building relationships with the student are criticalaspects for student success.
  9. 9. Oliva/Gordon Developing the Curriculum, 8e.© 2012, 2009, 2005, 2001, 1997 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved14-9ONLINE LEARNING• Consideration should be given by institutions as towhat curriculum offerings will be provided. Thetechnical abilities of the instructor and of studentsshould be well thought-out.• The curriculum matters because it is the mainvehicle that creates student engagement and is atthe core of student learning.
  10. 10. Oliva/Gordon Developing the Curriculum, 8e.© 2012, 2009, 2005, 2001, 1997 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved14-10BLENDED LEARNING• The practice of combining online instruction withtraditional classroom instruction (BlendedLearning) is increasing in school districts across thecountry.• Blended learning increases flexibility of access tothe curriculum but challenges exist. The teachermust have strong pedagogy in both traditionalclassroom and the online classroom to provide astrong learning environment.
  11. 11. Oliva/Gordon Developing the Curriculum, 8e.© 2012, 2009, 2005, 2001, 1997 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved14-11MOBILE LEARNING• Hand-held digital tools (wireless mobile devices)that can access the Internet 24/7 are now openingnew avenues for learning. With greater wirelessaccess and faster broadband speeds, mobilelearning is on its way to becoming omnipresent.• Consequently, as demand grows from students andparents to implement mobile technology intoclassrooms, administrators and teachers are taxedwith finding ways to incorporate them in a safe andmeaningful manner.
  12. 12. Oliva/Gordon Developing the Curriculum, 8e.© 2012, 2009, 2005, 2001, 1997 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved14-12COMPUTER-BASED ASSESSMENTS• In the era of electronic learning, computer-basedassessments play an important role in providingeducators with new ways to gather studentperformance data to drive instructional practices.• By using technology as a means to conductformative and summative assessments, educatorsare better positioned to provide meaningfulinstruction.
  13. 13. Oliva/Gordon Developing the Curriculum, 8e.© 2012, 2009, 2005, 2001, 1997 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved14-13COMPUTER-BASED ASSESSMENTS• Online assessments can be used to help driveinstruction.• In classrooms, computer-based programs withembedded algorithms that adjust content deliveryare used as a means to differentiate theinstruction.• In the near future we may look to state-standardized tests administered via the Internet.
  14. 14. Oliva/Gordon Developing the Curriculum, 8e.© 2012, 2009, 2005, 2001, 1997 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved14-14OPEN EDUCATION RESOURCES (OER).• OER provides educators and students free, legalresources while increasing equity in access to lessonplans, tools, and content to users across the world.• Challenges are present and the teacher needs to bediscriminating for not all content can be consideredaccurate based on face value.• It does provide a gateway for increased networkingand improvement in educational practices and it isgaining momentum.
  15. 15. Oliva/Gordon Developing the Curriculum, 8e.© 2012, 2009, 2005, 2001, 1997 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved14-15DIGITAL CITIZENSHIP• Providing opportunities for students to learn how tofunction both ethically and safely so they can becomepositive digital citizens is an important considerationfor today’s educators.• Using available resources, in both the private andpublic sector on topics related to Internet safety, canprovide assistance to educators in their quest to usetechnology in the school setting.
  16. 16. Oliva/Gordon Developing the Curriculum, 8e.© 2012, 2009, 2005, 2001, 1997 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved14-16A FINAL THOUGHT:• It is widely recognized that access to technology inthe education environment has increasedexponentially in recent years. The increased roleof technology in the workplace, schoolenvironment, and society makes it imperative thatpeople be able to function in a variety of medialiteracies.

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