Chile Earthquake Reconstruction

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  • House looks substantial, cosy and lovely - muy bueno - how about fitting a Chilean Amesti wood stove - we have just put one in in Mexico and it is super efficient and super clean burning ...
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Chile Earthquake Reconstruction

  1. 1. Chile Earthquake Reconstruction<br />Light Clay Straw<br />
  2. 2. Ecoescuela El Manzano<br />
  3. 3. Welcometo El Manzano, a small rural community in theBioBioregion of Chile.<br />
  4. 4. Santiago<br />Epicentre<br />El Manzano<br />
  5. 5. El Manzano has embarked on a mission to provide viable solutions for Chileno people;<br />
  6. 6. to show how they can build their own permanent, earthquake proof housing with local materials, local labour, and <br />at an affordable price.  <br />
  7. 7. This is an update on our progress to design and build three 35 square metre houses for around US$5000 each.<br />
  8. 8. We pick up the story at design time, with two young architects, Miguel our client and a bare site. <br />
  9. 9. Angel & Santiago, twoyoungChileanPermacultureDesigners<br />
  10. 10. AnemptysitewithEucalytptus round pole ready to go<br />
  11. 11. Onsitewith Miguel havingdesignconversations<br />
  12. 12. Sketching up thesite, taking GPS points<br />
  13. 13. 1. Bathroom<br />2. Kitchen<br />3. Living<br />4. Bedroom<br />3<br />2<br />1<br />4<br />A simple 35m2 design emerges<br />
  14. 14. Heavilybracedforearthquake<br />
  15. 15. North Elevationshowingfewwindows<br />
  16. 16. Angel explaingthedesign to Carlos, Juan…<br />
  17. 17. and Jose whomake up the local constructionteam<br />
  18. 18. Angel & Carlos translatingthedesignontotheground<br />
  19. 19. Putting in thefoundations<br />Reinforced concrete , chain of super adobe footing, compactedgravel and a cementflooron top<br />
  20. 20. Thefirstholesgo in<br />
  21. 21. Puttingthefoundations in place<br />
  22. 22. Gravelunderthe footing<br />
  23. 23. Makingthebracketsfortheposts<br />
  24. 24. Weldingthebracketsforposts<br />
  25. 25. Weldingthebracket to thesteel in cement footing<br />
  26. 26. Preparingthemold<br />
  27. 27. Mixforthefooting<br />
  28. 28. Pouringthe footing<br />
  29. 29. Finishingit off<br />
  30. 30. Cement footing withsteelbracketfor post<br />
  31. 31. Footingsready to go<br />
  32. 32. gravelgoes in and compacted<br />
  33. 33. Sand & 10% cementintothemixer<br />
  34. 34. Pouring mix intotherecycledsacks<br />
  35. 35. Jose sewingthesacksshut<br />
  36. 36.
  37. 37. Layingthefirstsacks<br />
  38. 38. Positioningthesack<br />
  39. 39. Compactingthesack<br />
  40. 40. Recycledbarbedwirebetweensacks<br />
  41. 41. Thelocalslend a fewhands<br />
  42. 42.
  43. 43.
  44. 44. Foundations 3 sacksthick<br />
  45. 45. Roundpole Post & Beam<br />Eucalyptuscutgreenfromtheforest, endspainted to reduce cracking, workedmostlybychainsaw<br />
  46. 46. Formingtheposts<br />
  47. 47. shapingthe base of the post<br />
  48. 48. Shapingthe base of the post<br />
  49. 49. Juan cleansit up withtheaxe<br />
  50. 50. Postsnumbered & ready to go<br />
  51. 51. Threadingboltintothe post<br />
  52. 52. Boltingthem up<br />
  53. 53. Alltheposts up<br />
  54. 54. Shapingthebeams<br />
  55. 55. Onebyone<br />
  56. 56. Thefirstbeamgoesontothe post<br />
  57. 57. Beamsgoing up quickly<br />
  58. 58. Teamwork<br />
  59. 59. Beamsjoinedon post<br />
  60. 60. Post fixings<br />
  61. 61. Posts in place withchain of footing visible <br />
  62. 62. Theraftersarrivefromtheforest<br />
  63. 63. Markingtherafters<br />
  64. 64. markingthebottomcutonrafter<br />
  65. 65. firstraftersgo up<br />
  66. 66. oops…in thewrong place<br />
  67. 67. rafterontheend of thebeam<br />
  68. 68. thehorsesleave<br />
  69. 69. Juan fixingrafters<br />
  70. 70. rafterson central beam<br />
  71. 71. readyforthepurlins & roof<br />
  72. 72. starting to look like a house<br />
  73. 73. fixingthebracing<br />
  74. 74. bracingbetweenposts<br />
  75. 75. view of the diagonal bracing<br />
  76. 76. quakeproof? Juan givesit a shake…<br />
  77. 77. The Roof<br />3 x 2 purlinontherafters, plywoodceiling to brace, sheets of zinc, experimental light claystrawinsulationcompactedintocavity<br />
  78. 78. thefirstpurlingoes up<br />
  79. 79. eachraftershapedindividually to takethepurlin<br />
  80. 80. theceilinggoes up<br />
  81. 81. readyforinsulation<br />
  82. 82. mixingstraw and clay<br />
  83. 83. mixitwell, gettingitjustright<br />
  84. 84. perfect<br />
  85. 85. up on to theroof, compactedintothecavity – a bit lowonthe r-value<br />
  86. 86. onwiththe zinc, and vertical builderspaper…<br />
  87. 87. thelastsheetgoes up beforenightfall<br />
  88. 88. stoked at theend of theday<br />
  89. 89. Walls<br />Local smalldiameterpinus radiata, rough sawn 2x2 framing 25 cm wall<br />
  90. 90. Miguel surveystheprogress a happy client<br />
  91. 91. Finishedroof<br />housereadyforthewalls, Oskararrives<br />
  92. 92. Juan & Carlos putting up thewalls<br />
  93. 93. ithappens in a flash<br />
  94. 94. Oscar getsintoit<br />
  95. 95. internalwallframing<br />
  96. 96. finishingtouches to theframing<br />
  97. 97. almostreadyfortheclaystraw<br />
  98. 98. Oskarputtingthewindowframes in<br />
  99. 99. final touches<br />
  100. 100. Santiago reflectingonprogress<br />
  101. 101. framingisready to go<br />
  102. 102. Insulation<br />Light claystraw. Straw cutfromthefarm, clayfromcollapsedhouses in Cabrero, non-load supporting<br />
  103. 103. firstmoldsgoonreadyforthestraw<br />
  104. 104. Oskarsetting up forthevolunteers<br />
  105. 105. theteamarrives, allhandsondeck<br />
  106. 106. mixingclay and straw, a slightsoaking<br />
  107. 107. thecommunity pitches in<br />
  108. 108. compactingstrawintothemolds<br />
  109. 109. everybodygetsinvolved<br />
  110. 110. …progressisrapid<br />
  111. 111. satisfyingwork, gettingourhandsdirty<br />
  112. 112. thesecondmoldgoeson<br />
  113. 113. a handmadehouse<br />
  114. 114. the rain startscoming, withtheroofonwe can workinside<br />
  115. 115. secondhalf of Julyanother group of volunteers<br />
  116. 116. this time more organised<br />
  117. 117. with a bigteam & more experiencethingsgosmoothly<br />
  118. 118. carefullyplacinghandfulls of straw and compacting<br />
  119. 119. Santiago onquality control<br />
  120. 120. Miguel getsinvolved<br />
  121. 121. thenorthwallgoes up<br />
  122. 122. theend of theday & rain startsagain<br />
  123. 123. and thenprogressisslow<br />
  124. 124. thesun comes out<br />
  125. 125. The molds come off<br />
  126. 126. thestrawbegins to dry<br />
  127. 127. notclosed, butwarminside<br />
  128. 128. easternwall<br />
  129. 129. northwallwithwindowsintothekitchen<br />
  130. 130. readyforthewindows and doors, and a fewcoats of stucco<br />
  131. 131. Now at the final stages, the doors and windows are going in, and the first coats of stucco starting soon.<br />
  132. 132. You can join us this summer of 2011 for a practical experience in bioconstructionand regenerative design.<br />
  133. 133. www.ecoescuela.cl<br />

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