Presentation grete rämmal


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Presentation grete rämmal

  1. 1. Electroacupuncture versus morphine for the postoperative control pain in dogs By Grete Rämmal December 2011
  2. 2. <ul><li>Outline </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the aim of this research? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why is this research important? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who are in the study group? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How do these three treatments differ? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the main result? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction What is the aim of this research? To compare the postoperative` analgesic`` effects of electroacupuncture, morhine and sham acupuncture in dogs undergoing mastectomy``` Electroacupuncture Morphine Sham acupuncture `Postoperative - the period following a surgical operation ``Analgesic - pain reliefing ``` Mastectomy – surgical removal of all or part of the breast
  4. 4. <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Why is this research important? </li></ul><ul><li>Mastectomy is a procedure that results pain after the surgery, which is usually treated with drugs and opiates`. </li></ul><ul><li>Most patients, who need mastectomy, are advanced in age, which can increase the adverse effects of conventional drugs used in analgesic therapy. </li></ul>`Opiate - a drug, which tending to induce sleep
  5. 5. <ul><li>Methods </li></ul><ul><li>Who are in the study group? </li></ul><ul><li>Thirty female cross-breed dogs, weight 11-16 kg. </li></ul><ul><li>Three treatment groups, with 10 dogs in each group. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Methods </li></ul><ul><li>How do these three treatments differ? </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-anesthetic medication for all dogs was intramuscular acepromazin`. </li></ul>`Acepromazin – drug, pre-anesthetic medication In “morphine” group, morphine was simultaneously administrated with acepromazine. In “electroacupuncture” group, electroacupuncture was applied 20 min before and was maintained throughout surgery. “ Sham-acupuncture” group received similar treatment to “electroacupuncture” group, but the needles were without electrical stimulation.
  7. 7. <ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><li>There were no significant differences in pain scores among the procedures. </li></ul><ul><li>The rescue analgesia was the lowest in the “electroacupuncture” treatment group (2 of 10 dogs), compared to “morphine” treatment group (6 of 10 dogs) and “sham-acupuncture” treatment group (6 of 10 dogs). </li></ul><ul><li>The stimulation of specific acupoints provides superior analgesia when compared to the preventive administration of morphine and the use of sham acupuncture points. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><li>What is the main result? </li></ul><ul><li>This research proved less of a demand for supplementary postoperative analgesics in animals treated with electroacupuncture. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Electroacupuncture reduces the postoperative analgesic requirements and promotes satisfactory analgesia in dogs undergoing mastectomy. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>References </li></ul><ul><li>Research performed at Veterinary Hospital, Department of Veterinary Surgery and Anestesiology, Scholl of Veterinary Medicine, Oeste Paulista University (UNOESTE), Presidente Prudente-SP, Brazil. </li></ul><ul><li>The research group: Hugo Higa Gakiya, Danielle Alves Silva, Juliano Gomes, Helaine Stevanin, Renata Navarro Cassu. </li></ul><ul><li>The journal: Acta Cirurgica Brasiliera – Vol 26 (5) 2011. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Thank You for the attention I kindly answer any question You may have, via e-mail