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Grand Rounds  Comparison Format  Nursing Health Assessment   Fall 2007  Ellerson Pork
The Silent Disease
Hypertension  <ul><li>Primary </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary </li></ul><ul><li>Impact </li></ul>
Pathophysiology   <ul><li>Salt Sensitivity </li></ul><ul><li>Role of Renin </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep Apnea </li></ul><ul><li...
Pathogenesis   <ul><li>Heart </li></ul><ul><li>Kidneys </li></ul><ul><li>Brain </li></ul><ul><li>Eyes </li></ul>
<ul><li>Family History </li></ul>Risk Factors <ul><li>Advancing Age </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity </...
Hypertension Photo Courtesy: treelink.com Photo Courtesy: Bay Area Medical Information  Photo Courtesy: Physical Therapy.ca
Medications  –Hypertension  <ul><li>Drug Name:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clonodine (Catapres) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Classifi...
Medications  –Hypertension  <ul><li>Drug Name:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Captopril (Capoten) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Classific...
Hypotension <ul><li>Orthostatic Hypotension </li></ul><ul><li>Neurally Mediated Hypotension </li></ul><ul><li>Severe Hypot...
Pathophysiology  <ul><li>Sudden Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Dehydration </li></ul><ul><li>Response to Unpleasant Situation ...
Pathogenesis   <ul><li>Heart </li></ul><ul><li>Kidneys </li></ul><ul><li>Brain </li></ul><ul><li>Eyes </li></ul>
<ul><li>Age  </li></ul><ul><li>Drug and Alcohol Abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Medications  </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Conditions ...
Symptoms <ul><li>Dizziness and Nausea </li></ul><ul><li>Blurry Vision </li></ul><ul><li>Fainting </li></ul><ul><li>Weaknes...
Hypotension
Medications  –Hypotension  <ul><li>Drug Name:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ephedrine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Classification: </li...
Medications  –Hypotension  <ul><li>Drug Name:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fludrocortisone </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Classification...
Evidence Based  Research Articles  <ul><li>Christine Dryden. (2006). Treatment and management of hypertension: the  </li><...
Evidence Based Research Articles  <ul><li>Frances Lewis.(2006). Iatrogenic hypotension in an elderly man with diagnosed an...
Summary   <ul><li>Affect and scope of diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnosis </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment (meds & lifestyle) ...
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Nursing Presentation

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A presentation that I did for a friend of mine that is in Nursing school.

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Nursing Presentation

  1. 1. Grand Rounds Comparison Format Nursing Health Assessment Fall 2007 Ellerson Pork
  2. 2. The Silent Disease
  3. 3. Hypertension <ul><li>Primary </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary </li></ul><ul><li>Impact </li></ul>
  4. 4. Pathophysiology <ul><li>Salt Sensitivity </li></ul><ul><li>Role of Renin </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep Apnea </li></ul><ul><li>Spinal Misalignment </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pathogenesis <ul><li>Heart </li></ul><ul><li>Kidneys </li></ul><ul><li>Brain </li></ul><ul><li>Eyes </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Family History </li></ul>Risk Factors <ul><li>Advancing Age </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy Alcohol Consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Gender and Race </li></ul><ul><li>Diet </li></ul>
  7. 7. Hypertension Photo Courtesy: treelink.com Photo Courtesy: Bay Area Medical Information Photo Courtesy: Physical Therapy.ca
  8. 8. Medications –Hypertension <ul><li>Drug Name: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clonodine (Catapres) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Classification: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adrenergic receptor stimulator (agonist) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Action: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decreases blood pressure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Side Effects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Orthostatic hypotension, fatigue, dizziness </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Medications –Hypertension <ul><li>Drug Name: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Captopril (Capoten) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Classification: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ace inhibitor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Action: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decreases the workload of the heart & reduce glomular filtration pressure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Side Effects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fatigue, dizziness, rash, headaches, loss of taste and hypotension </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Hypotension <ul><li>Orthostatic Hypotension </li></ul><ul><li>Neurally Mediated Hypotension </li></ul><ul><li>Severe Hypotension </li></ul><ul><li>Associated with Shock </li></ul>
  11. 11. Pathophysiology <ul><li>Sudden Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Dehydration </li></ul><ul><li>Response to Unpleasant Situation </li></ul><ul><li>Shock </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of Blood </li></ul><ul><li>Medications </li></ul>
  12. 12. Pathogenesis <ul><li>Heart </li></ul><ul><li>Kidneys </li></ul><ul><li>Brain </li></ul><ul><li>Eyes </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Drug and Alcohol Abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Medications </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Conditions </li></ul>Risk Factors
  14. 14. Symptoms <ul><li>Dizziness and Nausea </li></ul><ul><li>Blurry Vision </li></ul><ul><li>Fainting </li></ul><ul><li>Weakness </li></ul><ul><li>Lowered Blood Pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Confusion </li></ul><ul><li>Sweating </li></ul><ul><li>Weak and Rapid Pulse </li></ul>
  15. 15. Hypotension
  16. 16. Medications –Hypotension <ul><li>Drug Name: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ephedrine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Classification: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>B-adrenergic agonist </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Action: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dilates airways, constricts blood vessels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Side Effects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nervousness, insomnia, anorexia </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Medications –Hypotension <ul><li>Drug Name: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fludrocortisone </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Classification: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Synthetic mineralocorticoid </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Action: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Retains water, elevates BP </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Side Effects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skinrash, peptic ulcer, glaucoma </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Evidence Based Research Articles <ul><li>Christine Dryden. (2006). Treatment and management of hypertension: the </li></ul><ul><li>path is becoming clearer. Nurse </li></ul><ul><li>Prescribing.Vol.4 No. 11.pp 460-463. </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Lifestyle intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Prescribe </li></ul>
  19. 19. Evidence Based Research Articles <ul><li>Frances Lewis.(2006). Iatrogenic hypotension in an elderly man with diagnosed angina. British Journal of Nursing. Vol 15 No. 13 pp.227. </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnosis </li></ul><ul><li>Measure </li></ul><ul><li>Accurate History </li></ul>
  20. 20. Summary <ul><li>Affect and scope of diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnosis </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment (meds & lifestyle) </li></ul>
  21. 21. Questions?

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