SWANA – Keystone Chapter
Eleventh Annual Fall Conference

    Single Stream Recycling
Introduction:
         Greg Grudovich
Municipal Marketing Representative

           WM Recycle America
            4555 M...
About WM Recycle America
    Waste Management Recycle America is a wholly owned subsidiary of Waste
•
    Management.

   ...
Processing
WM processes nearly 5.5 million tons of
standard recyclables each year - more material
than any other company i...
Environmental Savings
Processing 5.5 million tons of material EQUALS:
       Green house gas reductions equivalent to taki...
Some Facts: York Material Recovery Facility (MRF)
MRF classification: Single Stream.
Number of Employees: 30.

Total tonna...
Single-Stream Recycling
The following materials are accepted and can be mixed together in your recycling bin!

•Aluminum f...
A Short List of What is Not Accepted:
•Wax coated paper or cardboard.
•Any material with food debris.
•Plastic Bags of any...
Where We Were v. Where We Are
What Is Single Stream Recycling?


                              Simply stated, all recyclables
                          ...
Single Stream Recycling

YES!
All in the
same
container!
The Mechanics of a Single Stream Facility


                           Material is conveyed through a
                    ...
The Mechanics of a Single Stream Facility


                   Commingle is moved to another area
               •
       ...
The Mechanics of a Single Stream Facility



                          Bales are created of various
                      ...
The Mechanics of a Single Stream MRF
   Separated Commodities are held in individual bunkers and
later made into bales for...
System Considerations
    Increased Diversion Efforts = Increasing the Complexity of
•
    Processing Systems.
    Fairly ...
Regional Approach                           Hub & Spoke
                                               Model
             ...
Advantages of Single Stream Recycling:
                      For the Resident
• Higher participation rates due to simplici...
Advantages of Single Stream Recycling:
                     For the MSW Hauler
• Reduced carbon footprint for the MSW haul...
Advantages of Single Stream Recycling:
                  For the MRF Employee
• Reduced MRF employee safety risks.

• Redu...
Advantages of Single Stream Recycling:
                       For the Municipality
• Greater residential participation.
  ...
Single Stream Recycling:
                              Stream Composition Test
                              LCSWA        ...
Recycling Benefits Everyone!




          Thank You
Q&A
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Swana 2008 Fall Conf

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Swana 2008 Fall Conf

  1. 1. SWANA – Keystone Chapter Eleventh Annual Fall Conference Single Stream Recycling
  2. 2. Introduction: Greg Grudovich Municipal Marketing Representative WM Recycle America 4555 Mt Pisgah Rd. York, PA 17402 (717) 246-2980 GGrudovi@wm.com
  3. 3. About WM Recycle America Waste Management Recycle America is a wholly owned subsidiary of Waste • Management. WMRA operates approximately 100 Recycling facilities in the United States, • of those, 33 do Single Stream processing. We currently handle more than 8 million tons of commodities annually • through our nation-wide network of MRFs and material sales services. A large percentage of our residential recycling customers are serviced with • single stream collection.
  4. 4. Processing WM processes nearly 5.5 million tons of standard recyclables each year - more material than any other company in North America.
  5. 5. Environmental Savings Processing 5.5 million tons of material EQUALS: Green house gas reductions equivalent to taking more than 2.5 million cars off of the road each year The energy used by more than 800,000 households each year – more than all of the households in most cities Saving more than 41million trees
  6. 6. Some Facts: York Material Recovery Facility (MRF) MRF classification: Single Stream. Number of Employees: 30. Total tonnage processed: 65,000 tons annually. • 250 tons per day. • 23 tons per hour. • Approximately 17 acres. Age of facility: 19 years. The year the site became a true single-stream facility. 2002. Servicing both commercial and municipal clients. Number of municipalities served: 63. .
  7. 7. Single-Stream Recycling The following materials are accepted and can be mixed together in your recycling bin! •Aluminum food and beverage containers with food debris removed. Labels do not need to be removed. •Glass food and beverage containers with lids and food debris removed: Clear, Brown Green. Labels do not have to be removed. •Natural and pigmented plastic narrow-neck containers with symbols 1-7 Lids and food debris removed. Labels do not have to be removed. •Ferrous Metals (Iron, steel, tin) cans with food debris removed. •Newsprint – black and white or pigmented. Not bound or placed in bags. •Construction paper, Kraft paper, cereal Boxes, shoe boxes, or similar. •Printer paper, computer paper, copy paper, junk mail, magazines, catalogs, phone books. •Corrugated cardboard that is small enough to fit into the bin/toter and not bound.
  8. 8. A Short List of What is Not Accepted: •Wax coated paper or cardboard. •Any material with food debris. •Plastic Bags of any kind. •Batteries of any kind. •Styrofoam of any kind. •Light bulbs. •Mirrors, window or auto glass, porcelain, ceramics, glass cookware/bake ware, microwave oven trays, drinking glasses, perfume/cologne bottles. •Wood or Yard Waste. •Unnumbered plastics. •Coat hangers, Wire. •Household items such as toasters, cookware, bake ware, electronics, appliances, etc. •Hazardous or toxic substances, aerosol cans. •Items containing or having debris and residue containing hazardous or toxic substances such as paint cans with wet paint, motor oil containers, gasoline cans, glue, petroleum products, etc.
  9. 9. Where We Were v. Where We Are
  10. 10. What Is Single Stream Recycling? Simply stated, all recyclables are placed in a single container for collection (business & residential). The recyclables are later sorted at the MRF for separation, baling, and direct shipping to the mills.
  11. 11. Single Stream Recycling YES! All in the same container!
  12. 12. The Mechanics of a Single Stream Facility Material is conveyed through a • series of screens (stars) to first remove fibers. “Human hands” then remove • cardboard and provide Quality Control.
  13. 13. The Mechanics of a Single Stream Facility Commingle is moved to another area • of plant where magnets, optical sorting and additional screens further separate aluminum, tin, glass and plastic containers.
  14. 14. The Mechanics of a Single Stream Facility Bales are created of various • commodities (finished goods) and moved to shipping.
  15. 15. The Mechanics of a Single Stream MRF Separated Commodities are held in individual bunkers and later made into bales for shipping: Baler Shipping Material is separated and removed from the stream by commodity: 1st Paper is removed using paper screens. 2nd Ferrous Metals are removed with magnets. 3rd Glass is removed by crushing and gravity. Tip Floor 4th Plastics are removed utilizing optical sorters / air jets. 5th Aluminum is removed with an eddie-current magnet. 6th Residue is re-circulated and ultimately land-filled.
  16. 16. System Considerations Increased Diversion Efforts = Increasing the Complexity of • Processing Systems. Fairly Rapid Pace of Technology Innovation in Processing • Equipment Future Changes in Composition. • Multi-Stream Blend Capabilities. • End Market Flexibility. • Volume Growth. • Flexibility: Sorting, Expansion, Technology. •
  17. 17. Regional Approach Hub & Spoke Model Curbside Collection Transfer Stations Baling Systems Single Stream MRF Landfill Operations
  18. 18. Advantages of Single Stream Recycling: For the Resident • Higher participation rates due to simplicity and convenience afforded the customer (10% - 30%). (One bin is easier than two) • Improved aesthetics and convenience. • Making recycling economical and sustainable. • Allows for larger containers and toters/carts: • Provides for even greater participation. • Rolling container adds convenience. • Container lid keeps materials dry. • Enhances processing - Increases value to end markets. • Carts allow for bulkier materials to be collected such as OCC. • Possible to go to every other week collection. • Deters scavenging.
  19. 19. Advantages of Single Stream Recycling: For the MSW Hauler • Reduced carbon footprint for the MSW hauler. • Reduced hauler unit costs: • Number of stops. • Number of trucks on the street. • Trips to the MRF. • Average Savings of 10-30% • Reduced safety risks for collection employees. • Common Trucks for Garbage and Recycling. • Better control over expenditures such as Spare part stocking. • Reduced Training Requirements for Drivers and Mechanics. • Increased Route Productivity (No sorting, improved labor rhythm.
  20. 20. Advantages of Single Stream Recycling: For the MRF Employee • Reduced MRF employee safety risks. • Reduced total recordable incidence and accidence rates. • Reduced employee turnover. • Reduced worker compensation rates.
  21. 21. Advantages of Single Stream Recycling: For the Municipality • Greater residential participation. • 10-30%. • Higher material recovery rates (20-30%). • Lower Facility Residue Disposal Rate: 6% or less in York. • More potential for PADEP Grant Money.
  22. 22. Single Stream Recycling: Stream Composition Test LCSWA 50 Supplier: tk# 1/1706 Date Rec'd Date Tested 1/18 & 1/19/2007 56,760 Gross Wt. 45,400 Tare Wt. 11,360 Net Wt. 11,340 Total Weight Sampled Total Product Weight 2340.0 lbs PET / HDPE YIELD %: 20.63% Total Product Weight 503.8 lbs Bi-Metal YIELD %: 4.44% Total Product Weight 89.8 lbs ONP YIELD %: 0.79% Total Product Weight 90.5 lbs Aluminum YIELD %: 0.80% Total Product Weight 7960.0 lbs 3-mix glass YIELD %: 70.19% Total Residue Weight 356.0 lbs Trash- Out throws YIELD %: 3.14% Weight Reconciliation Commodity Weight 3024.0 26.67% 70.19% -$$$ 3-mix glass Weight 7960.0 3.14% -$$$ Residue Weight 356 Total 11340.0 100.00% Comments: Res idue - siding/door extrusion/electric appliance (fan, house radios ,) /s hoes /rope/burlap/toys/pipe/plastic bags Some OCC mixed in Note: Weight discrepancy due to handling and sort
  23. 23. Recycling Benefits Everyone! Thank You
  24. 24. Q&A

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