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The respiratory system


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The respiratory system

  1. 1. RespiratoryRespiratoryRespiratory SystemSystemSystem
  2. 2. Respiratory System • This human organ system is responsible for exchange of gases. • The respiratory system (or ventilatory system) is the biological system that introduces respiratory gases to the interior and performs gas exchange.
  3. 3. • Nose-The nose is responsible in smelling something. • Pharynx-The pharynx is located at the back of the throat. • Larynx- The Larynx or voice box is located between the pharynx and the trachea. Humans use the larynx to breathe, talk, and swallow. Parts of the Respiratory System
  4. 4. Parts of the Respiratory System • Trachea-The trachea, or windpipe, is a bony tube portion of the respiratory tract that connects the larynx with the bronchial parts of the lungs that about 13 centimeters long. • Bronchus-(plural-bronchi) A bronchus is a passage of airway in the respiratory tract that conducts air into the lungs.
  5. 5. Parts of the Respiratory System • Bronchioles-The bronchioles or bronchioli are the first passageways by which the air passes through the nose or mouth to the air sacs of the lungs in which branches no longer contain cartilage or glands in their submucosa. • Lungs-The Lungs are the organs of respiration.
  6. 6. Parts of the Respiratory System • Alveoli-The alveoli is the part of the respiratory system that is responsible for gas exchange. • Diaphragm-The diaphragm is the major muscle of respiration.
  7. 7. NOSE
  8. 8. Pharynx
  9. 9. Larynx
  10. 10. Trachea
  11. 11. Bronchus
  12. 12. Lungs
  13. 13. Bronchioles
  14. 14. Alveoli
  15. 15. Diaphragm
  16. 16. Diseases in the Respiratory System • Colds-In the case of a cold, the mucous membrane is fighting any one of over 200 viruses. If the immune system is unsuccessful in warding off such a virus, the nasal passages and other parts of the upper respiratory tract become inflamed, swollen, and congested, thus interfering with the breathing process.
  17. 17. Diseases in the Respiratory System • Pharyngitis-inflammation of the pharynx, commonly known as the sore throat.
  18. 18. Diseases in the Respiratory System • Laryngitis-inflammation of the larynx, usually accompanied by hoarseness and coughing.
  19. 19. Diseases in the Respiratory System • Asthma- Asthma is the common chronic inflammatory disease of the airways characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, reversible airflow obstruction, and bronchospasm.
  20. 20. Diseases in the Respiratory System • Acute bronchitis-is characterized by the development of a cough, with or without the production of sputum, mucus that is expectorated (coughed up) from the respiratory tract.
  21. 21. Diseases in the Respiratory System • Chronic bronchitis- a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It is characterized by the presence of a productive cough that lasts for three months or more per year for at least two years.
  22. 22. Diseases in the Respiratory System • Obstructive lung disease-is a category of respiratory disease characterized by airway obstruction.
  23. 23. Diseases in the Respiratory System Pneumonia - is an inflammatory condition of the lung, affecting primarily the microscopic air sacs known as alveoli. It is usually caused by infection with viruses or bacteria and less commonly other microorganisms, certain drugs and other conditions such as autoimmune diseases.
  24. 24. Diseases in the Respiratory System • Emphysema-Emphysema is a long-term, progressive disease of the lungs that primarily causes shortness of breath. Subcutaneous emphysema is a condition when gas or air is present in the subcutaneous layer of the skin.
  25. 25. Diseases in the Respiratory System Lung Cancer- Lung Cancer is a disease characterized by uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung.
  26. 26. Treatments • Pulmonology involves the study and treatment of respiratory diseases and disorders. A pulmonary physician, or pulmonologist, treats diseases of the lungs, airways, and all other respiratory organs.
  27. 27. Treatments • Antihistamines are used to block the body's production of histamines that cause allergy symptoms. Cold medicines usually contain antihistamines, decongestants, and non- narcotic analgesics like aspirin.
  28. 28. Treatments • Halotherapy is the use of salt vapor to treat respiratory ailments, skin irritations, and combat mental lethargy.
  29. 29. Treatments • Lung transplant. A transplant usually is considered only in people whose life expectancy is felt to be less than two to three years.
  30. 30. Pulmonology
  31. 31. Antihistamines
  32. 32. Halotherapy
  33. 33. Lung Transplant
  34. 34. Reported by: Greg Aeron Q. Del MundoGreg Aeron Q. Del MundoGreg Aeron Q. Del Mundo Camille Joy G. BuizonCamille Joy G. BuizonCamille Joy G. Buizon Angel MangaranAngel MangaranAngel Mangaran