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Worlds aids days awareness message



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Worlds aids days awareness message

  2. 2. World AIDS Day  is observed each year on December 1 and is an opportunity for people worldwide to unite in the fight against HIV, show their support for people living with HIV, and remember those who are no more with us.
  3. 3. HIV/AIDS: The Basics What You Need to Do HIV, or Human Immunodeficiency Virus, weakens your immune system by destroying important cells that fight disease and infection. HIV can destroy so many of your T-cells or CD4 cells, a key part of your immune system, that your body can’t fight infections and disease anymore. When this happens, HIV infection can lead to AIDS. AIDS, or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, is a complex illness with a wide range of complications and symptoms. AIDS is the final stage of HIV. When individuals reach this stage, they are at high risk for opportunistic infections due to their badly damaged immune system.
  4. 4. Overview HIV TRANSMISSION HIV is found in specific human body fluids. You can be infected with HIV if any of the following fluids enter your body: Blood Semen  Pre-seminal fluid Breast milk Vaginal fluids Rectal (anal) mucous
  5. 5. Other body fluids and waste products—like feces, nasal fluids, saliva, sweat, tears, urine, or vomit—don’t contain enough HIV to infect you, unless they have blood mixed in them and you have significant and direct contact with them.
  6. 6. During sexual contact You can contract HIV through anal, oral, or vaginal sex. During sexual contact, you have contact with your partner’s body fluids, which can deliver the virus into your bloodstream through microscopic breaks or rips in the linings of the vagina, vulva, penis, rectum, or mouth. During pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding As a result of injection drug use Babies can contract HIV through the contact they have with their mother’s body fluids—including amniotic fluids and blood—through pregnancy and childbirth. Infants can also get HIV from drinking infected breast milk. Needles or drugs that are contaminated with HIV-infected blood can deliver the virus directly into your body. Ways how HIV can be transmitted through body fluids
  7. 7. As a result of occupational exposure Healthcare workers have the greatest risk for this type of HIV transmission because they may come in contact with infected blood or other fluids through needle sticks or cuts. Blood transfusion with infected blood or an organ transplant from an infected donor This method of transmission is extremely rare due to screening requirements. Ways how HIV can be transmitted through body fluids
  8. 8. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS HIV / AIDS Chills Rash Night sweats Fever Muscle aches Sore throat Fatigue Swollen lymph nodes
  9. 9. MYTHS HIV or AIDS can be cured FACTS There is no cure for HIV/AIDS. If I take birth control, I won’t get HIV Birth control does not protect you against HIV. Women who are HIV positive can’t — and shouldn’t have babies There are a number of options for women who are HIV positive to have perfectly normal and healthy babies. I can’t get HIV because I’m not gay/black/a drug user HIV affects people from all backgrounds regardless of age, race, ethnicity, gender, or sexual orientation. HIV MYTHS & FACTS
  10. 10. More Facts HIV cannot be spread through Saliva, such as through kissing or sharing eating utensils Hugging or shaking hands with someone who is HIV positive Sharing exercise equipment or playing sports with an HIV positive person Touching a toilet seat or doorknob handle after an HIV positive person Drinking from a public water fountain
  11. 11. HIV/AIDS Prevention Practicing abstinence Abstinence means different to different people, for some people, practicing abstinence means avoiding any kind of sexual activities, for others its avoiding vaginal sex. Practicing abstinence is the perfect way to prevent getting HIV infection. Practicing safer sex Safer sex means you are taking extra precautions to protect yourself and your partner from sexually transmitted infections (STIs), HIV, and unplanned pregnancy with Latex condoms and other precautions. Getting tested You should know your status—both for your health and the health of your partner. It is also imperative that you know your partners status prior to engaging in sexual activity. Being monogamous Being in a sexual relationship with only one person and you both are having sex only with each other. Having one sexual partner greatly reduces your risk of contracting HIV.
  12. 12. Contact us Greenview Medical Center - Multi Speciality Hospital Bangalore 20 & 21, 14th Main Road, Opp. Agara Lake, Sector V, HSR Layout, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560034 Phone: 08067927777