Ruw green i-troadmap

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Ruw green i-troadmap

  1. 1. Roadmap for ‘green’ IT
  2. 2. Roadmap for Green ITDr ClaireCosgrove“Greener &Smarter ICT”RoyalUniversity forWomen16 May 2012
  3. 3. Roadmaps are a navigation tool to help us findour way. how to navigate how to get from A  B 3
  4. 4. This presentation will be a roadmap for a sustainableInformation & Communication Technology (ICT) service Eco-Efficiency Eco-Innovation 4
  5. 5. What do we understand by this term: eco-efficiency?• The concept of eco-efficiency is about finding ways to deliver competitively priced goods and services that satisfy human needs and enhance quality of life while progressively reducing the ecological impacts and resource intensity of products and services to levels that are in line with the earth’s estimated carrying capacity (WCSBD 1992).5
  6. 6. Or more simply . . .• Improving eco-efficiency - achieving the same or better levels of economic value with the same or better levels of environmental performance
  7. 7. And eco-innovation• either improving the performance of existing technologies, or creating new technologies
  8. 8. All 21st century organizations need to manage theeco- impact of their IT services. Need innovative solutions To drive sustainable solutions 8
  9. 9. A team of professionals striving to achieve a competitive advantage via sustainable practice & innovative technology. Sustainability OfficersIT Managers Facility Managers Purchasing & Tech Industry Professionals Procurement 9
  10. 10. How these roles are interrelated?• IT Managers – turn their • Facility Management – knowledge in action plans design & manage sustainable buildings with• Sustainability / CSR high tech equipment Officers – understand ICT role & development of • P&P – cost-saving sustainable organisation sustainable strategies for purchasing & supply-chain &• Tech Professionals lead EPP organisation with sustainable operations
  11. 11. Why Green IT?Our appetite for electronics and energy is outpacing our supplyof renewable and non-renewable resourcesBecause the world population is increasing rapidly,exponentiallyBecause we are generating GHG at an exhaustive rateBecause we generate excessive e-wasteBecause we are producing lethal toxic & hazardous wastes …….. Require socially responsible action Smart resource usage Savey technological innovations
  12. 12. IT is part of the problem while at thesame time IT is part of the solution 12
  13. 13. Green IT has significant bottom-line benefits for anyorganisation 13
  14. 14. There is a need to establish the baseline of progresstowards sustainable best practice in various areas. Management Energy Usage & Processes climate change Materials / Health & Safety Resources Waste IT Innovation production 14
  15. 15. We cannot measure our improvements if we do nothave a baseline of energy consumption and carbonemissions Green IT Strategy requires a Green IT Index 15
  16. 16. We need to calculate, track and account for IT energyconsumption & carbon emissions for every IT service Profile the IT services of your organization Create an IT roadmap of green initiatives Reduce energy usage & carbon emissions & save BDs 16
  17. 17. we keep addressing carbon emissions & energy usage . . .CARBON EMISSIONS
  18. 18. ICT fastest growing energy consuming sectorICT global carbon emissions – est 2 -2.5% worldtotal carbon emissionsSame as airline industryDeveloped nations ICT carbon emissions 5-6%ICT sector’s carbon footprint expected to triple from 2002figures in 2020
  19. 19. ICT & Office EnergyOffice energy consumption – min 20% used byICT systems max 70%ICT energy expenses – presently 10% overall budget2006 Gartner Report predicts that this will increase to 50%e.g. Google already spends more on energy consumption than onserver expenses
  20. 20. The IT strategy needs to focus not just on reductionof carbon emissions but be more inclusive in otherareas also. Life cycle environmental impact From supply chain to operational use Retirement & Disposal 20
  21. 21. Even goldfish have a strategy
  22. 22. Starting an IT Sustainability Plan is a challenge for anumber of reasons. The IT Infrastructure has grown incrementally may be spread out across an organisation Asset lists - differentRedesign Baseline naming conventions Organisational barriers – not endorse sustainability initiatives Evaluate 22
  23. 23. Initial step is to create a snapshot of all yournetworked equipment Produce a summary of energy demands and waste Define priorities patterns Baselining current energy consumption and waste production /carbon footprint provides the necessary data for setting goalsDefine short term action DEVISE LONG TERM SUSTAINABILITY PLAN 23
  24. 24. Aspects that need to be evaluated in terms ofenergy, time, cost, savings factors. Power Replace CRTs management Printer Extend life consolidation Virtualisation Cloud computing 24
  25. 25. Green IT roadmap should include• Summary of usage • Differentiate between patterns high potential• Evaluate systems for measures and low- potential savings yield efforts• Estimate time to •  prioritize execute plan •  timeline• Calculate present costs and potential savings• Determine difficulty of implementing
  26. 26. • Calculate energy and wasteData • Determine costs • Short term action / savingsShort • Prioritize action planterm • Efficiency planMerge • Measure results / reassessLong • Stakeholder buy-interm • IT savingsGreen • Strategic direction IT • Involve all stakeholders
  27. 27. Let’s look at electronic production . . .130M newPC’s / year1B cellphones /year 27
  28. 28. E-wasteFASTEST GROWING WASTESTREAM GLOBALLY
  29. 29. This brings us to the concept of e-Waste (aka WEEE) 500M obsolete computers in USA / past 10 years ONLY 12% obsolete computers and discarded mobiles are recycled per year 29
  30. 30. Now compare electronic waste with other wasteitems (USA statistics – Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)) Solid waste items are recycled at rate closer to 42% Household appliance recycled at a rate of 70% E-Waste only 2% MSW by weight 30
  31. 31. BUT there is always a ‘but’ E-Waste accounts for 70% heavy metals in landfill E-waste accounts for 40% lead in landfill 31
  32. 32. And what happens to e-waste that does not go to thelandfill? Exported to developing nations Disassembled by hand – or burned in open air EVEN Dumped at seas 32
  33. 33. And what happens to e-waste that does not go to thelandfill? Stockpiled locally – USA 70% obsolete systems Waiting for disposal solutions 33
  34. 34. Practical example• Use power • e.g. average management to computer and monitor reduce energy waste combination• Switch from free consumes 2000 kWh running to power electricity per year managed • Use power management and save 500-1000 kWh per year
  35. 35. Practical example• Use power • e.g. replace desktop management to computers with reduce energy waste laptops with LCD monitors • power usage ~ 570 kWh per year
  36. 36. What kind of financial savings is this?• USA figures – energy • SAVINGS!!! costs of 0.15c per • US$100,000 per year kWh (2007)• organisation with 500 computers• Switch to power management
  37. 37. Practical examples• Printer default • Reprogramme users’ settings mindset – e.g. double sided – Preview – Select relevant page ONLY – Margins – # pages per sheet
  38. 38. Requires systematic planning, buy-in acrossorganisation, staffing and funding baseline measurement evaluation planning – short term and long term execution re-assessmentACT ON ECO-RESPONSIBILITY
  39. 39. OTHER OPTIONS
  40. 40. Green IT InitiativesTeleworking – reduce transportation emissionsSmart energy applications – adjust energyconsumption to real time needs and climateconditionsVirtualization – eliminate wasteful networkequipment, reduce energy consumption , reducefloor space requirements
  41. 41. Energy Management SystemsServer rooms currently consume excessive energy and actually waste 30-60%Integrated planning – use of modern technology – use bestenergy management systems - could reduce powerconsumption 50-80%Also reduce the floor space allocated will also reduceenergy consumption – up to 65% How can this be done? High-efficiency technology for cooling power sourcing virtualization techniques
  42. 42. Green supply chainsProcurement Departments seeking EPP – environmentallypreferred purchasingIT sector needs to work with Sustainability Officer andPurchasing Dept to secure the most desirable providersThe need to evaluate life cycle environmental footprint ofsuppliers and buyersRequires communicating & educating suppliers of the greenneeds and expectationsThis is an approach to sustainable supply-chain initiatives
  43. 43. Environmentally preferred purchasing - EPPLook for Energy Star compliance or EPEAT guidelines
  44. 44. Universities campuses• Capitalize on training • EXTEND LIFE IT opportunities hardware• Awareness of waste • REFURBISH cycle hardware• Value of 3R’s • RESELL REBUILT• Build up IT technical PC’s skills• Prepare for workplace readiness
  45. 45. Other IT / E-waste initiatives• Recycle mobiles• Partner with RecycleIT• Awareness campaigns
  46. 46. Unregulated energy waste are fast becoming a thing of the pastGovernments around the globe are implementingcarbon emission capping measuresImplementing environmental regulations to apply toIT sector
  47. 47. Responsible Recycling R2 is a standard using downstream auditing to ensure that electronics recyclers are operating to the highest international environmental, health, safety and security standards. There are systems to track materials as they move down the supply chain, providing a fully auditable chain of custody.
  48. 48. E-waste programmesAction plans from producers to suppliers to end user back tosuppliers and on to producersEducational awareness programmes – schools,communities, organisations, nation-wideGovernment impose a fee on purchase items for recyclingexpenses downstreamPurchase recycled policyBuy-back policy of suppliers
  49. 49. General SummationPlan and strategize Green IT riadmapEnergy management systemsPurchase greener electronic productsReduce /reuse minimise impact of products beingusedDispose of obsolete products in environmentallysafe way

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