Life cycle thinking aalto uni


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Esitetty Aalto Yliopiston Creative Sustainability opiskelijoiden Finlandia Trophy työryhmälle 6.6.2012.

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Life cycle thinking aalto uni

  1. 1. Environmental aspects andlife cycle of eventElina LevulaProject PlannerGreening Events – projectCity of Helsinki Environment Centre
  2. 2. Greening events -project EU-project (2012-2014) developing environmental management in event industry in Helsinki Metropolitan area. Consulting and developing Certificated Environmental management system EcoCompass Events ◦ Pilot events: Flow, Design market, Madonna. Bruce Springsteen, Reaktori, Tall Ship Races (and more) Communicating to the public Developing network within event industry 2
  3. 3. How to minimize environmental effects?Controlling life cycle of event Life cycle thinking – Event from cradle to grave Helps to identify the activities of the events their environmental effects Sustainability thinking also effects internal activities of the organization-structure of the organization, management, communications, training etc. Provides time to act and minimizes the negative enviornmental effects and enchances the positive effects in an early stage Leadership and management is important inder to achieve eco- efficiency – identifying values and strategies and creating practical implementation plan Because the timeline of the an event is short, should the targets be linked the long term goals. 3
  4. 4. Timeline of event production 4
  5. 5. Most significant environmentalimpacts of events Waste – waste streams (event location and surrounding areas) & tidyness CO2 - transport, energy, food & paper Noise – event program, sound system & visitors Location - event location & natural values 5
  6. 6. Approximately 0,3tonnes/citizen of waste is produced in Finland! Provinssirock: Total waste equals annual waste 190 people World Championship in Athletics 2005: Total waste equals annual waste 2350 peopleWasteMaterial streams of events1. Municipal waste  Provinssirock 2009: 55 t – 85% landfill waste  Yleisurheilun MM2005: 189t – 52% landfill waste  Ilosaarirock 2010 – 17% recycled  Flow 2011 – 86% recycled2. Constraction waste  World Championship in Athletics 2005 :  Temporary constraction materials were (does not include rented materials etc.) 452tonnes – only 10% ended in landfill 6
  7. 7. Overall Waste management and minimizing waste It is easier to recycle clean, dry and unbroken waste than smashed waste. Overall waste management – Reduce – Reuse – Recycle  Waste prevention - reusable vs. single use cutlery, fingerfood, enough but too much food  Efficient waste sorting – the waste types that are created are collected.  Reuse – What materials could be reused Important in all sectors – constraction, catering etc. In Provinssirock 2010 started using biodegradable cutlery- amount of biowaste increased from 100 kg  2,5 t! Sanctions for not using biodegradable cutlery is efficient control method! 7
  8. 8. Provinssirock 2011: During the festival 1,1kg of landfill waste per visitor was produced  Less material you produce  less waste you produce  less costs you have  waste/visitor 5-110g Amount of participants Amount of waste (kg) 100 5 - 11 1 000 50 - 110 10 000 500 - 1 100 50 000 2 500 - 5 500 10 0000 5 000 - 11 000 Source: Helsinki 200653 % biowaste – leftover food, napkins36 % energy/mixed waste – plastic, cigaret butts11 % card board – card cups and plates, packaging materials. 8
  9. 9. Typical wastetypes 9
  10. 10. Effects of onsite recyclingguidance 10
  11. 11. Cost savings of recycling 11
  12. 12. Construction waste- comprehensiveplanning Analysing long term needs for construction: ◦ Permanent or temporary building? ◦ Complete or only partial unbuilding? Waste streams of construction are significant and often recycleable (potential needs to be considered ahead). Parts of construction material could be recycled, rented or sold. Recycling and reuse minimizes costs of waste treatment 12
  13. 13. Temporary building Most significant wastes of termporary building are steel, wood and plastic. Identifying materials helps to identify recycling methods and reuse potentials.. Remember that renting materials is also possible! Mass mattress is usually single used. MM2005 matto oli uudelleen käytettävää (10 -30 kertaa) ja tapahtuman jälkeen se joko uudelleen käytettiin tai kierrätettiin! Puujätelavan lisääminen purkuun Provinssirockiin 2010 vähensi rakennusjätettä 5 tonnista  1 tonniin, puuta kerättiin 2 tonnia. 13
  14. 14. Carbon dioxide emissionsCO2
  15. 15. Most significantCO2- emission sources of event Transportation Energy use Paper/Materials Food 15
  16. 16. Emissions of transport Sources of emissions:  Transport of the visitors: public and private transportation  Transport of the production: building, supplies, waste management, other production travelling• All transportation, except cycling and walking, create emissions  CO2 is the most significant greenhouse gas Other negative environmental impacts of transport: noise, air pollution 16
  17. 17. CO2 – emissions of transport modes  Train 24 kgCO2 / 1,000-kilometres  Bus 50 kgCO2 / 1,000-kilometres  Car 92 kgCO2 / 1,000-kilometres  Airplane 163 kgCO2 / 1,000-kilometres  Ship 318 kgCO2 / 1,000-kilometres 17
  18. 18. Public transportation Decreases emissions Decreases traffic Increases functionality of the event How to get people to use public transport? ◦ Include ticket to entrance fee! ◦ High parking fee! ◦ Car Pooling! ◦ ”Meeting point” to increase car pooling ◦ Guarded bike park! 18
  19. 19. LogisticsEnvironmental effects can be decreased by minimizing trips and weight.Consider the whole life cycle of the purchase!  Environmental benign, recycleable, high quality product is more ok to be delivered from long dictanceCO2 emissions of the transport needs to be considered when choosing the subcontractors  New vehicles use less fuel, create less emissions to air and create cost savings  Check that the subcontractor have a certificated environmental management system (ISO 14001, EMAS) in place or energy saving plans. 19
  20. 20. Energy useHow to save energy?1. Investing in energy saving equipments at the event venue2. Using renewable/green energy3. Using low emission vehicles and public transportation4. Compensating emissions 20
  21. 21. Energy consumption  Venue energy saving potential can be cleared out through an energy audit.  Analysis of energy and water use as well as heating, piping, air conditioning operation and the potential for savings.  The goal is to find potential energy savings and to make venue energy saving permanent.  In general, part of the venues environmental program. 21
  22. 22. Green Energy Green energy is produced from renewable energy sources: Solar energy, hydropower, wind power, biomass, biofuel and geothermal energy. If the access to buy green energy with your current provider is limited, you may buy green certificates. Green certificates can be bought to cover the whole need or just partly. One certificate covers1,000 kWh green energy. The idea is to produce green effectively and to minimize transport losses. In the long term green certificates have an impact to the energy production structure. 99% of the consumed energy in Ilosaarirock is green. Local company Pohjois-Karjalan Sähkö Oy offers green energy produced by hydropower, wood energy and wind power. 22
  23. 23. Paperconsumption CO2- emissions are produced in different steps of papers lifecycle: logging, pulp production, transportation, use and recycling. Printing causes additional emissions. The main communication tool of Ilosaarirock is Internet. Additional brochures and other paper printouts have been cut off. Ilosaari: Producing the printing material consumed less than 4 tons of paper. MM2005: Paper consumption was118 tons. 23
  24. 24. Other materialsRemember environmental labels, sustainability and fair trade.Buy locally produced products and services. T-shirts sold in Ilosaarirock are made from organic cotton and only green energy has been used in the manufacturing. 24
  25. 25. Food25% of individual´s CO2 load comes from food manufacturing and production. Therefore you should favor:OrganicVegetarianSeasonal(Fair Trade)  Remember also manufacturing (energy consumption) and serving (package, cutlery) 25
  26. 26. How to calculate venuesCO2 emissions? Find the most reliable and comperable data. Present each event by unit: mileage, gallons of gasoline consumed. Find appropriate emission factors Emission factor - gasoline 2,350 gCO2/l. Calsulate and report emissions by using formula: Data gasoline littre X emission factor = CO2 emissions. Introduce the method used (references and uncertainties) Also, include any compensations! 26
  27. 27. CO2 neutral Event?Compensating emissions AllCO2 emissions can not be prevented –rest can be compensated. Compensating is possible by buying CO2 approved emission reductions. Emission reductions are approvedactions (eg CO2 emissions of new technology, green energy, energy efficiency, planting trees). 27
  28. 28. In Finland approximately12 tonnes of CO2 per person is produced annually!Examples of CO2 Ilosaarirock total emissions in 2010 were 624 tonnes of CO2 equivalent. Flights 85 % of the total number. ◦ 20 000 ticket buyers. World Athletics Championships MM2005 36 000 tonnes.  97% of the traffic.  3 000 athletes from 200 countries, 3 500 media representatives, 3 000 volunteers and 200 000 viewers in nine days. 28
  29. 29. Information and communications Image building has become an important part of the managing of the event. The strategy should be considered in advance:  Web-pages. Social media, TV, Radio, PressThe importance of internal communication. A good and forward-looking information is important for the media! Some customers demand events to be green but not necessarily act green themselves!Ilosaarirock: Instructions about green festival behaviour given beforehand: Web- pages, promoting materials Reminders in the stage screens during the event. Employees management ment have an important role in achieving the set environmental objectives. 29
  30. 30. Creative products - Founded 2009 Glastonbury 2011 Green Traders GOLD Award About Turning unloved forgotten tents in to beautiful fun showerproof bags, jackets, capes and bunting Mission WiTHiNTENT helps to minimise the landfill waste from festivals, by giving a second chance to the unloved tents that a left behind. We use the fabric to create lovely unique items of clothing and accessories. Company Overview WiTHiNTENT uses fabric from the tonnes of broken and damaged tents that are left behind at the end of music festivals, to create clothing and accessories...HOORAY! 30
  31. 31. The philippine community fund – recycling for charity PCFs mission is to improve the quality of life for impoverished Filipino communities, to bring stability and realisable potential through sustainable education, nutrition, health and community advocacy programmes, as well as livelihood training 31
  32. 32. Big Chill – Leave No Trace 6.6.2012 32
  33. 33. Barona arena/info Maximum Capasities on events: Concerts: 8 414 (1 600 people on the arena) Hockey games: 7017 Suites: Total 52 suites on the Arena Eight normal suites and two suites with sauna for rent Parking: Maximum for 1600 cars Arena: Dimensions for cleared Arena: 60m x 30m Ice/floor covered with dark blue ice covering plates Stage (SICO VENUE MARKER): Maximum stage size: 19,52m x 14,64m Size of one module: 1,22m x 2,44m Stage height: 1m-1,8m, 10 cm korotuksin /increments MediaCube: /Eight sides : four score boards and four video/data displays Sound system: Arena covered with PA for announcements Other services and facilities: (Wlan) / wireless internet, sandler -concerts chairs: 1900 kpl, Tables: 244 cm x 76 cm /Coat-rack 2000 hooks 33
  34. 34. Barona – Site Arena ◦ Increase public transportation  Marketing & communications  Signs  Guarded bike park ◦ Waste management  Temporary recycling units if needed  Recycling guidance ◦ Decorations  From recycled materials  Communication – Green message 34
  35. 35. Barona – Materials Materials  Handouts, program, posters etc.  Environmental labels: EU-flower and Nordic swan  Outfits and accessories  Organic cotton  Fairtrade  Sales 35
  36. 36. Green communications ’What we do, what you can (or should) do’ What: ◦ Environmental policy ◦ Environmental management system – What you do ◦ Guidance:  Transport – How to get there  Recycling manners  What to shop and where Where: ◦ Screens! ◦ Website ◦ Program ◦ Venue decorations ◦ Signs ◦ Campaigns ◦ Mobile/Ipad 36
  37. 37. Example Latitude