Sentence is a group of words which has at least one subject and one verb. There are four sentence structures:
- Simple sentence,
- Compound sentence,
- Complex sentence, and
- Compound- complex sentence.
What is Sentence?
• Sentence is a group of words which has at least one subject
and one verb. It starts with a capital letter and finishes with
an ending punctuation. It expresses a complete thoughts.
– He is a news reporter.
– What do you like?
– What a lovely day!
• But the groups of words below are not sentences:
– At school (Prepositional phrase)
– A handsome man (Noun phrase)
– Who lives next to my house (Clause)
• There are four sentence structures:
– Simple sentence,
– Compound sentence,
– Complex sentence, and
– Compound- complex sentence.
• There are two types of clauses:
– Independent clause – is also called main clause, or principal clause.
– Dependent clause – is also called sub-clause.
 Simple sentences
• Simple sentence has one independent clause.
– The boy is reading.
– He loves teaching.
– My father told me a story.
– Kolab is an experienced speaker.
– The car looks nice.
– We elected him team leader.
– He painted his house red.
– The children laughed happily.
– The boy writes with left hand.
 Compound sentences
• Compound sentence has one or more independent clauses
joined by a semi-colon, a coordinating conjunction, or a
– I arrived late; I missed the first class.
– The students want to pass the course; they study hard.
– It rained heavily last night, so the road was flooded.
– I went to bed early last night, for I was too tired.
– You have to get up early; otherwise, you will be late for
– The officials denied the report; moreover, they refused to
 Complex sentences
• Complex sentence has one independent clause and one or
more dependent clauses.
– I will change my laptop when I have enough money.
– If you are drunk, don't drive.
– I will call you after I get home.
– We have to get thing ready before our boss arrives.
– If you fail your exam which is arranged only twice a year,
you have to wait another six months.
 Compound-complex sentences
• Compound-complex sentence has two or more independent
clauses and at least one dependent clause.
– I don't know the solution that best solve the situation, and
nobody else can give advice.
– Some students do not study hard, but when they fail, they
always make complaints about the school.
– We have got many problems which is related to our supply
chain, and our customers have made a lot of complaints.
– While Tom reads novels, Jack reads comics, but Sam only
• Simple Sentence
• Compound Sentence
• Complex Sentence
• Compound-complex Sentence
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Grammar & Composition:
Parts of Speech in English
English Grammar: The Verb Tenses
Phrases and Clauses in English
He Deserves! Sympathy and Love