Nouns

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Nouns

  1. 1. Parts of Speech Nouns Sam An Teng July 2013
  2. 2. DEFINITION • A noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea. For examples, teacher, tiger, school, car, health, happines s…
  3. 3. TYPES OF NOUNS: Common vs. Proper Nouns • Nouns can be classified into two big groups: common nouns and proper nouns. • [1] Common nouns: A common noun is a general or class name. It refers to a person, place, or thing in a general; as, woman, city, dog, shoe, sea, village, mountain… • [2] Proper nouns: A proper noun is a noun that names some particular or special place, person, people, or thing. A proper noun should always begin with a capital letter; as, Bopha, Phnom Penh, the World Bank, Samsung, the Red Sea, Cambodia, …
  4. 4. TYPES OF NOUNS: Concrete vs. Abstract Nouns • Common nouns are also classified into smaller groups: Concrete and abstract nouns. • Concrete nouns: These name something that you can perceive with your five senses – something that physically exists; as, table, school, car, horse, ship… • Abstract nouns: These are the opposite of concrete. They name something that you cannot perceive with your five senses – something that does not physically exist; as, education, kindness, health, happiness, ...
  5. 5. TYPES OF NOUNS: Count vs. Non-count Nouns • Nouns can be classified into two big groups: common count and non-count nouns. • Count Nouns (Countable nouns): Count nouns are nouns that we can count. It has a singular and a plural form. To make it plural, we need to add –s / -es to the singular noun. For examples, one book, three books; a leg, two legs; an apple, six apples… • Non-count nouns (mass or uncountable nouns): Mass nouns are nouns that we cannot count. It has no plural form (always in singular form, and takes singular verb). For examples, fruit, some fruit; bread, a slice of bread; homework…
  6. 6. TYPES OF NOUNS: Collective & Compound Nouns • Collective Nouns: A collective noun is a noun naming a group of things, animals, or persons. We can count the individual members of the group, but you usually think of the group as a whole is generally as one unit; as, army, company, firm, public, audience, corporation, group, school, board, council, jury, senate, cabinet, department, majo rity, society, class, faculty, minority, team, committee, family, n avy, troupe,… • Compound Nouns: Compound noun is a combination of two nouns. The two nouns form a new word. Normally, the first noun modifies the second one; as, policeman, boyfriend, water tank, dining-table, bedroom…
  7. 7. FUNCTION OF NOUNS (1) • Nouns, in sentences, can function as: [1] subject: Subject tells whom or what the sentence is about; as, – Samnang works in a bank. – Economics is an interesting subject. [2] direct object: direct object receives the action of the verb; as, – He eats ice cream. – They play tennis.
  8. 8. FUNCTION OF NOUNS (2) • Nouns, in sentences, can function as: [3] indirect object: Indirect object receives the direct object; as, – He bought his friend a pen. – The company offers Thavy a new position. [4] object of preposition: Object of the preposition is the noun or pronoun after a preposition; as, – The boy was hurt in the accident. – The driver filled the fuel tank of the bus.
  9. 9. FUNCTION OF NOUNS (3) • Nouns, in sentences, can function as: [5] subject complement: Predicate nominative renames the subject, always after a linking verb; as, – I am a candidate. – I am the owner of that Café. [6] object complement: Object complement completes the direct object; as, – I considered him brother. – They elected Bunna President.
  10. 10. FUNCTION OF NOUNS (4) • Nouns, in sentences, can function as: [7] appositive: An appositive is a noun or pronoun placed near another noun or pronoun. The appositive enhances our understanding of the original noun or pronoun; as, – Ravy, our class monitor, studies very hard. – Her sister, Anna, was an intelligent student. [8] adjective: Noun functions as adjective when it modifies another noun functions as adjective; as, – The water pump is broken. – She wore sport clothes.
  11. 11. AVAILABLE BOOKS This lesson is available in Kindle Store: Parts of Speech in English Related publications: English Grammar: The Verb Tenses Phrases and Clauses in English
  12. 12. FREE LESSONS ONLINE • If you wish to read free lessons, please click the links below: • http://grammarkit.blogspot.com • http://thewindlike.blogspot.com

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