STORM WATER RUNOFF &PHILADELPHIA PARKING
Planning SessionOctober 25, 2012
Agenda• Welcome / Aging Infrastructure and TransformativeOpportunityPaul Wessel, Green Parking Council• Introductions• The...
RachelYokaTimothy Haahs &Associates
Green GarageCertificationProgram UpdateRachel Yoka
Certification & the GPCVision• Create a new rating system thatwill transform the parkingindustry• Address a critical void ...
Current Framework• Organized for both new and existing structuredfacilities– LEED/GG may apply to new– Addressing existing...
Overarching strategiesIncrease:1. Committed & educatedleadership2. Transportation alternatives3. Energy efficiency4. Use o...
Structure and OrganizationLife CycleAssessmentTransportationManagementAssociationParking PricingShared ParkingPlacemakingR...
Today’s Opportunity• Application of certification strategies toPhiladelphia’s parking industry – both surfaceand structure...
Unique Philly Opportunity• Parking is part of the solution, rather than the problem• Focus on voluntary efforts to improve...
AlisaValderramaNRDC
Drawing Private Capital to Green InfrastructureOctober 2012Presented by:Alisa ValderramaNatural Resources Defense Council
Overview• Deploying green infrastructure at a citywide or regional scale can help meetClean Water Act goals for stormwater...
16Philadelphia’s Green City Clean Waters Plan• Relies on green infrastructure for a majority of the required reductions in...
Philadelphia’s parcel-based stormwater ratestructure• Previous stormwater fee based on water usage (measured by water mete...
The new fee structure may also improve the“financeability” of green infrastructure retrofits:• Substantial discount on fee...
Many parcel owners lack the cash to pay the upfrontcosts of retrofits and will likely seek financing• Traditional financin...
NatLab: Innovative Financing for Stormwater Retrofits s20The Natural Infrastructure FinancingLab (NatLab) is a partnership...
Looking Ahead…Large scale potential for private investment in green infrastructure retrofits• Nationwide:o About 1,000 com...
22Report Links and ContactsContacts:Alisa Valderrama | Senior Project Finance Attorney, Center for Market InnovationOffice...
MarkGanderAECOM
Stormwater RetrofitsEmbedding Sustainability Principlesinto PracticeMark Gander, Director
What is an AECOM?
• Work in 130 countries at the moment• 45,000 employees of which  35% are US based• 356 in the Forbes 500•  $8.1 B reven...
27
• An operating philosophy• A point of view• A service we provide our clients• Something for which we advocateHow we think ...
Why it matters so much to us…
It is About the Soil …
Why Green Infrastructure?Natural WatershedTypical Urban WatershedEVAPORATION40%INFILTRATION50%RUNOFF10%percentages vary by...
Pump Stations Outfall Retrofit/ReplacementTransport/StorageStructuresPipe Upsizing/ReplacementTunnelsConstructedWetlandsCr...
Pump Stations Outfall Retrofit/ReplacementTransport/StorageStructuresPipe Upsizing/ReplacementTunnelsConstructedWetlandsCr...
Pump Stations Outfall Retrofit/ReplacementTransport/StorageStructuresPipe Upsizing/ReplacementTunnelsConstructedWetlandsCr...
PhiladelphiaDecision Support Tool
Decision Support Tool ArcGIS Based Developed withMicrosoft VisualBasic .NET 27 indicatorsconsidered User-definedanalys...
Prioritization ProcessNFIP ClaimsRisk DecilesHAZUS AALSedimentLoadingPhosphorousLoadingNitrogenLoadingPercentStream MilesI...
Results
San FranciscoUrban Watershed Approach
Urban Watershed Assessment ProcessWatershedChallenges &OpportunitiesDevelopProjectAlternativesEvaluateProjectAlternativesR...
Triple Bottom Line (TBL) Working GroupSan Francisco Public Utilities CommissionWastewater EnterpriseApril 30, 2012
Financial(LCA)SocialEnvironmentalTRIPLE BOTTOM LINE (TBL) Evaluation Criteria Categories
Financial (LCA)Capital CostsOperating, Maintenance,Replacement, and AvoidedCostsEnvironmentalClimateHabitatWater UseWater ...
Operations andmaintenanceReplacement andrenewalDecommissioningUse of alternateenergyAvoided watertreatmentAvoided combined...
TBL Model Framework
SMART Platforms for Monitoring and Measurement47Data modeling andanalytics to createinsights from data tofeed decision sup...
Water Quality Monitoring48
Green Infrastructure Philosophy
ConstructibleNJDOT Route 9,Manalapan, NewJersey
DurableSanta Monica StreetscapeRetrofit, Santa Monica,California
MaintainableNorth Side Piers,Brooklyn, NewYork
CompatibleMullaly Park,Bronx, NewYork
ReproducibleGempale Foshan,Foshan, China
Artful
VisibleSouthport BroadwaterParklands, Southport,Australia
Integrated Solutions
1. Concentration and typology aligned with appropriateintervention2. Focus on Lower Schuylkill District EcoDistrict and I...
Questions & Discussion
Philadelphia Stormwater GPC presentation 10.25
Philadelphia Stormwater GPC presentation 10.25
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Philadelphia Stormwater GPC presentation 10.25

  1. 1. STORM WATER RUNOFF &PHILADELPHIA PARKING
  2. 2. Planning SessionOctober 25, 2012
  3. 3. Agenda• Welcome / Aging Infrastructure and TransformativeOpportunityPaul Wessel, Green Parking Council• Introductions• The Green Parking Council & the Philadelphia OpportunityRachel Yoka, Timothy Haahs & Associates• Philadelphias new parcel-based stormwater fee and third-party investment in stormwater retrofitsAlisa Valderrama, Natural Resources Defense Council• Collaborative OpportunitiesMark Gander, AECOM• Discussion• Moving forward?
  4. 4. RachelYokaTimothy Haahs &Associates
  5. 5. Green GarageCertificationProgram UpdateRachel Yoka
  6. 6. Certification & the GPCVision• Create a new rating system thatwill transform the parkingindustry• Address a critical void in thegreen building marketplaceOperating Philosophy• Collaborative• Volunteer driven• Open source• Ready for challenge, revision,adaptation, growth,transformation
  7. 7. Current Framework• Organized for both new and existing structuredfacilities– LEED/GG may apply to new– Addressing existing critical to success• Meaningful, with enough “teeth”, yetachievable with commitment– “Excessive burden” of LEED
  8. 8. Overarching strategiesIncrease:1. Committed & educatedleadership2. Transportation alternatives3. Energy efficiency4. Use of renewable energy5. Support for rating systems6. Community & vitalityDecrease:1. Carbon emissions &pollution2. Waste generation3. Harmful chemical use4. Potable water use5. Cost
  9. 9. Structure and OrganizationLife CycleAssessmentTransportationManagementAssociationParking PricingShared ParkingPlacemakingRideshareAlternative FuelVehiclesCarshareTraffic Flow PlanBicycle ParkingEnergy EfficientLightingLighting ControlsParking GuidanceSystemsEV ChargingStationsIndoor WaterEfficiencyRainwaterHarvestingWater EfficientLandscapingGreywater Reuse
  10. 10. Today’s Opportunity• Application of certification strategies toPhiladelphia’s parking industry – both surfaceand structured assets• Generate business opportunities, decreaseoperational costs, and do the right thing• Lead the market in innovation and creativity
  11. 11. Unique Philly Opportunity• Parking is part of the solution, rather than the problem• Focus on voluntary efforts to improve facilities• Support &• Collaboration opportunity versus adversarial relationship• Recasting of relationship as private AND public parkingfacilities
  12. 12. AlisaValderramaNRDC
  13. 13. Drawing Private Capital to Green InfrastructureOctober 2012Presented by:Alisa ValderramaNatural Resources Defense Council
  14. 14. Overview• Deploying green infrastructure at a citywide or regional scale can help meetClean Water Act goals for stormwater (MS4) and sewage overflows (CSOs).• Major, long-term investment is required to green the existing built environmentin our cities.• Need to take advantage of both public and private funding sources.• Cities can leverage private investment through policies that:(i) Establish design/performance standards for redevelopment projects;(ii) Drive private property owners to retrofit existing developed parcels; and(iii) Create or enhance opportunities for private capital to underwrite up-frontcosts of retrofits.• With appropriate public policy and financial toolkits, private capital investmentcan enable and accelerate green infrastructure retrofits.• Philadelphia provides an excellent test case!14
  15. 15. 16Philadelphia’s Green City Clean Waters Plan• Relies on green infrastructure for a majority of the required reductions in sewageoverflows• City can claim credit for “greened acres” on private property:• Greened acres through redevelopment standards• Greened acres through voluntary retrofits on existing developments• Stormwater fees and credits incentivize private property owners to retrofitexisting development
  16. 16. Philadelphia’s parcel-based stormwater ratestructure• Previous stormwater fee based on water usage (measured by water meter)• New fee based on: impervious surface area + gross area + min. parcel charge:For fiscal year 2014 (proposed): Impervious area= $4.50 per 500 sf Gross area rate= $0.56 per 500 sf17
  17. 17. The new fee structure may also improve the“financeability” of green infrastructure retrofits:• Substantial discount on fee available for owners who manage first inch ofstormwater on their parcel.• Parcel owners need to re-apply for the credit every four years.• Over time, retrofits will pay for themselves through avoided stormwater fees.Example: Under Philadelphia’s current rate and fee, for example, project costsshould fall below $36,000 per acre ($0.82 per square foot) if the project is to payback within 10 years. Limited data to generalize about retrofit costs Value of credit will go up over time as stormwater rates increase18
  18. 18. Many parcel owners lack the cash to pay the upfrontcosts of retrofits and will likely seek financing• Traditional financing mechanisms are likely unavailable because of: Existing leverage on assets and lack of collateral No track record of repayment for such loans• As a result, many property owners are unable to respond to the incentives createdby the credit and fee structure19
  19. 19. NatLab: Innovative Financing for Stormwater Retrofits s20The Natural Infrastructure FinancingLab (NatLab) is a partnershipbetween the NRDC, EKO AssetManagement, and The NatureConservancySponsorshipGoalPilot ProjectDevelop innovative strategies forfinancing conservation and greeninfrastructureFocus on deployment of greeninfrastructure (“GI”) solutions forstorm-water management inPhiladelphia
  20. 20. Looking Ahead…Large scale potential for private investment in green infrastructure retrofits• Nationwide:o About 1,000 communities already have impervious area-based stormwater fees;*many of those offer credits for property retrofits that reduce runoffo 770 CSO communities, over 7,000 MS4 communities• Philadelphia is an incubator for green infrastructure financing ideaso Philadelphia has one of the most enticing stormwater fee reductions availableo NatLab (Natural Infrastructure Financing Laboratory) NRDC, TNC, & EKO Asset Management Partners Working with the City to develop and implement financing strategies*http://www.wku.edu/engineering/civil/fpm/swusurvey/21
  21. 21. 22Report Links and ContactsContacts:Alisa Valderrama | Senior Project Finance Attorney, Center for Market InnovationOffice: 212-727-4438 | 40 West 20th Street, New York, NY 10011avalderrama@nrdc.org | www.nrdc.orgLawrence Levine | Senior Attorney, Water ProgramOffice: 212-727-4548 | 40 West 20th Street, New York, NY 10011llevine@nrdc.org | www.nrdc.orgReport Links:Financing Stormwater Retrofits in Philadelphia and Beyondhttp://www.nrdc.org/water/files/StormwaterFinancing-report.pdfRooftops to Rivers II: Green Strategies for Controlling Stormwater and Combined SewerOverflowshttp://www.nrdc.org/water/pollution/rooftopsii/files/rooftopstoriversII.pdf
  22. 22. MarkGanderAECOM
  23. 23. Stormwater RetrofitsEmbedding Sustainability Principlesinto PracticeMark Gander, Director
  24. 24. What is an AECOM?
  25. 25. • Work in 130 countries at the moment• 45,000 employees of which  35% are US based• 356 in the Forbes 500•  $8.1 B revenue in last fiscal year• Architecture, planning, economics, engineering, constructionmanagement, transportation, energy, water, government services,etc.The Numbers
  26. 26. 27
  27. 27. • An operating philosophy• A point of view• A service we provide our clients• Something for which we advocateHow we think about sustainabilitySustainability is about managingcomplexity in ways that increase valueand reduce risk.
  28. 28. Why it matters so much to us…
  29. 29. It is About the Soil …
  30. 30. Why Green Infrastructure?Natural WatershedTypical Urban WatershedEVAPORATION40%INFILTRATION50%RUNOFF10%percentages vary by watershed depending on local conditions: climate, soils, vegetation, topRUNOFF75%EVAPORATION15%INFILTRATION10%
  31. 31. Pump Stations Outfall Retrofit/ReplacementTransport/StorageStructuresPipe Upsizing/ReplacementTunnelsConstructedWetlandsCreekDaylightingVegetatedRoofBioretentionPlanterRainwaterHarvestingPermeablePavingTypical Grey InfrastructureSolutions
  32. 32. Pump Stations Outfall Retrofit/ReplacementTransport/StorageStructuresPipe Upsizing/ReplacementTunnelsConstructedWetlandsCreekDaylightingVegetatedRoofBioretentionRainwaterHarvestingPermeablePavingPotential GreenInfrastructure Solutions
  33. 33. Pump Stations Outfall Retrofit/ReplacementTransport/StorageStructuresPipe Upsizing/ReplacementTunnelsConstructedWetlandsCreekDaylightingVegetatedRoofBioretentionRainwaterHarvestingPermeablePavingCombined Gray and Green Infrastructure Solutions
  34. 34. PhiladelphiaDecision Support Tool
  35. 35. Decision Support Tool ArcGIS Based Developed withMicrosoft VisualBasic .NET 27 indicatorsconsidered User-definedanalysis areas User-definedweighting factors All data includedin Geodatabase
  36. 36. Prioritization ProcessNFIP ClaimsRisk DecilesHAZUS AALSedimentLoadingPhosphorousLoadingNitrogenLoadingPercentStream MilesImpairedPercentStream Milesw/ TMDLPrioritizationFLOODINGPrioritizationWATERQUALITY%%%%%%%%% %ErosionPotential%Comprehensive PrioritizationExample WaterQuality Input DataExample FloodingInput data100%100%UserInputWeightUserInputWeightUserInputWeightUserInputWeightPercentImperviousPopulationDensityPercentWetlandsPercent TreeCoverCritical HabitatQualityPrioritizationWATERSHEDHEALTH%%%%%Example WatershedHealth Input Data100%UserInputWeight%UserInputWeightPopulation inFloodplain%Site SpecificIssues%Site SpecificIssues%Site SpecificIssues%
  37. 37. Results
  38. 38. San FranciscoUrban Watershed Approach
  39. 39. Urban Watershed Assessment ProcessWatershedChallenges &OpportunitiesDevelopProjectAlternativesEvaluateProjectAlternativesRecommendedImplementation StrategyProjectRecommendationsStakeholder EngagementBalancing Grey and Green Infrastructure
  40. 40. Triple Bottom Line (TBL) Working GroupSan Francisco Public Utilities CommissionWastewater EnterpriseApril 30, 2012
  41. 41. Financial(LCA)SocialEnvironmentalTRIPLE BOTTOM LINE (TBL) Evaluation Criteria Categories
  42. 42. Financial (LCA)Capital CostsOperating, Maintenance,Replacement, and AvoidedCostsEnvironmentalClimateHabitatWater UseWater QualityAir QualityNatural Resource Inputs forConstruction MaterialsSocialSystem ResilienceRatepayer Affordability/CostsBicycle and PedestrianEnvironmentOdorNoiseRecreation / Open SpaceEmployment/JobsCultural /Historic ResourcesConstruction ImpactsTBL Evaluation Criteria (Key Performance Indicators)
  43. 43. Operations andmaintenanceReplacement andrenewalDecommissioningUse of alternateenergyAvoided watertreatmentAvoided combinedsewer dischargeDesign andplanningCapital equipmentInstallation andconstructionOperatingcostAvoided costCapitalcostLIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS (LCA)
  44. 44. TBL Model Framework
  45. 45. SMART Platforms for Monitoring and Measurement47Data modeling andanalytics to createinsights from data tofeed decision supportand actionsComparisonof historical data,with newly….collected data…DataCollectionDataIntegrationPHYSICAL DOMAINInspections & SurveysDIGITAL DOMAINRemote Electronic MonitoringMeteringSensingReal TimeData IntegrationReal Timeand HistoricalDataData Modelingand AnalyticsVisualization andDecision Support(Network Response,prolong asset life,optimize O&M, etc.)The intersection of the ‘physical’ with the ‘digital’ creates SMARTer opportunities
  46. 46. Water Quality Monitoring48
  47. 47. Green Infrastructure Philosophy
  48. 48. ConstructibleNJDOT Route 9,Manalapan, NewJersey
  49. 49. DurableSanta Monica StreetscapeRetrofit, Santa Monica,California
  50. 50. MaintainableNorth Side Piers,Brooklyn, NewYork
  51. 51. CompatibleMullaly Park,Bronx, NewYork
  52. 52. ReproducibleGempale Foshan,Foshan, China
  53. 53. Artful
  54. 54. VisibleSouthport BroadwaterParklands, Southport,Australia
  55. 55. Integrated Solutions
  56. 56. 1. Concentration and typology aligned with appropriateintervention2. Focus on Lower Schuylkill District EcoDistrict and Innovation District Sunoco/Carlyle Group Synergies and leverage with Navy Yard/Sports Complex3. City just passed new zoning code4. #1 issue in Central District is parking (type, location, quantity)5. Strategic collaborations and opportunitiesConsiderations
  57. 57. Questions & Discussion

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