Wind Power and Environmental Impact

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Wind Power and Environmental Impact

  1. 1. 风力发电—一种可再生能源Wind power – A renewable energy
  2. 2.  Introduction of Wind power 简介 Advantages of Wind power 风电的优势 Environmental impact of Wind power 风电的环境影响 Discussion and Suggestions 讨论建议
  3. 3. Introduction of Wind power 风能简介Wind power is the conversion of wind energy into auseful form of energy, such as using windturbines to make electricity风能是因空气流做功而提供给人类的一种可利用的能量,现代利用涡轮叶片将气流的机械能转为电能而成为发电机
  4. 4.  Wind power, as an alternative to fossil fuels, is plentiful, renewable, widely distributed, clean, produces no greenhouse gas emissions during operation, and uses little land.
  5. 5. Testing of wind speed测风塔
  6. 6. Wind farm 风电场A large wind farm may consist of severalhundred individual wind turbines which areconnected to the electric power transmissionnetwork. Offshore wind power can harness thebetter wind speeds that are available offshorecompared to on land, so offshore wind power’scontribution in terms of electricity supplied ishigher.
  7. 7. Top 10 countries by nameplate windpower capacity (2010) Country Windpower capacity (MW)China 44,733United States 40,180Germany 27,215Spain 20,676India 13,066Italy 5,797France 5,660United Kingdom 5,204Canada 4,008Denmark 3,734
  8. 8. Offshore wind power
  9. 9. Wind power in the Desert
  10. 10. Wind farmA large wind farm may consist of several hundred individual wind turbines
  11. 11. Wind turbine
  12. 12. Advantages of Wind power 风电的优势 Compared to the environmental impact of traditional energy sources , the environmental impact of wind power is relatively minor. Wind power consumes no fuel, and emits no air pollution. This is unlike fossil fuel power sources. 风能(风电)是丰富、近乎无尽、广泛分布、干 净与缓和温室效应
  13. 13. Wind turbines produce no carbon dioxide(CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), sulfurdioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2),radioactive waste, particulates, or any othertype of air pollution, unlike fossil fuel powersources.风机运行中没有二氧化碳,一氧化碳,二氧化硫,二氧化氮等空气污染物的排放
  14. 14.  Wind power, as an alternative to fossil fuels, is plentiful, renewable, widely distributed, clean, produces no greenhouse gas emissions during operation, and uses little land
  15. 15. Clean energyAir pollution
  16. 16. Environmental impact Wind turbine  Carbon dioxide emissions and pollution No  Ecology  Land use  Impact on wildlife  Birds  Bats  Climate change  Impacts on people  Safety  Aesthetics  Noise
  17. 17. 17
  18. 18.  Landscape and vegetation survey 植被考察报告 (包括景观) Vascular plant species list (especially Red List of Threatened Species )维管束植物名录(特别是保护 物种) Assessments 影响评价
  19. 19. Vascular plant species list(Ⅰ) 裸子植物 Gymnospermae松科 Pinaceae松属 Pinus L./93N temp.云南松 P.yunnanensis Franch./SW Chin红豆杉科Keteleeria云南红豆杉Taxus yunnanensis Cheng et L.K.Fu(Ⅱ) 被子植物 Angiospermae樟科 Lauraceae木姜于属 Litsea Lam.
  20. 20. 云南红豆杉Taxus yunnanensis
  21. 21. 八角Illicium verum
  22. 22. 岩白菜Bergenia purpurascens
  23. 23. 雪上一枝蒿Aconitum brachypodum
  24. 24. Assessments 影响评价 Land clearing
  25. 25. Grazing 放牧
  26. 26. Road to wind farm

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