Learning from Nature, Beyond Carbon Zero


Published on

1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Learning from Nature, Beyond Carbon Zero

  1. 1. Learning from Nature Beyond Carbon Zero 从大自然中学习 不止于零碳排放Francesca GaleazziArup AssociatesGreen DrinksShanghai11 October 2012
  2. 2. ARUP and Arup AssociatesArup was founded in 1946 in London by the Danish engineerand philosopher Sir Ove Arup. Today, we have over 10,000people, operating in more than 90 offices.We have operated in China for more than 30 years
  3. 3. across all sectorsacross all sizes across geographies
  4. 4. Learning from NatureBeyond Carbon Zero从大自然中学习不止于零碳排放Can we imagine a self sufficient building in terms ofenergy, water and resources, that does not producewaste and that replenishes the resources used duringits lifetime?想象一下如果建筑也可以在能源及资源利用上自给自足?既不会产生废物,又可以源源不断地自我补充。Yes!这是有可能的!
  5. 5. Humans arepioneers – butwhere else can wego on this planet?人类是科技上的先驱,但我们将引领着地球的未来走向何方?No longer possibleto work to acolonising strategy(using withoutreplenishing)长期以来单纯的殖民型资源策略(光消耗而不补充)已不可行。
  6. 6. Need to move fromweeds to forests.需从“杂草模式”转为“森林模式”We need to closesome loops. Weneed to emulatethe naturalcommunities thatthrive withoutconsuming theirecological capital.我们需要形成一些循环,模拟自然界某些生态群体的生息方式——欣欣向荣,且不消耗生态资本
  7. 7. Everything in nature is recycled自然界的一切都处于循环中Everything ispowered by oneenvironmentallyfriendly andinfinitely renewableenergy source: thesun.太阳能是一切能源之源,它既环保又可无限再生。
  8. 8. Buildings today are like weeds现代建筑能源模式:杂草模式,单向消耗,排放过程 Industry Buildings 33% 40% Transport Energy, Heating, Cooling, 27% Ventilation, Water, Waste, Materials, Transport, Interiors, Decoration, Maintenance…
  9. 9. Buildings today are like weeds现代建筑能源模式:杂草模式,单向消耗,排放过程 Energy 能源 CO2 & pollution 二氧化碳及污染 Water 水 Waste water 废水 Materials 材料 Solid waste Resources 资源 固体废物
  10. 10. How can buildings behave like forests?如何让建筑能源像森林般自我循环? Waste as fuel Energy source 废物作为 能源 燃料来源 Emissions as Ecology fuel source 生态 排放作为燃料 来源 Materials Water 水 材料
  11. 11. Druk White Lotus School, Indian Himalayas
  12. 12. Ladakh – a high altitude desert community
  13. 13. Climate– a desert at 3500 m
  14. 14. Context - Stone and brick architecture
  15. 15. Traditional use of timber
  16. 16. Rich cultural heritage
  17. 17. A school for the communityPhase 1 opening ceremony, 2002
  18. 18. Masterplan inspired to the Mandala
  19. 19. Use of local natural materials
  20. 20. Nurturing traditional skills
  21. 21. Sophisticated seismic analysis, simple construction
  22. 22. School Buildings for 800 students • High Thermal Mass • Direct passive solar heating • Natural ventilation • Natural daylighting • Appropriate for learning needs • Comfortable, warm, inclusive • Inspirational
  23. 23. Protected internal courtyards
  24. 24. Residences for 250 boarding students • High Thermal Mass • Indirect passive solar heating • Natural ventilation • Natural daylighting • Comfortable, inclusive, safe • A new home for each child
  25. 25. Trombe Wall SUMMER SHADINGSOLARRADIATION SOUTH FACING GLAZING AIR CAPTION HIGH THERMAL CAVITY WALL MASS External view with dark-painted wall and glazed facade
  26. 26. Modern interpretation of traditional dry latrine • Use of traditional dry latrine • Improvement via solar flue • Fast composting toilet • No waste, produces fertiliser • Healthy and safe for users • Part of education and hygiene • Does not need water
  27. 27. Water SupplyBuried 3-day domestic waterstorage tankAdditional irrigation boreholewith solar pumpIrrigation networkPumped rising mainEnergy centre with solarwater pumpGravity domestic waterdistribution networkCourtyard water tap
  28. 28. The library at the heart of the masterplanBuilding the library
  29. 29. Enabling the students to fulfill their potential
  30. 30. How can we designers help to close the cycle?作为设计师,我们如何帮助形成这一循环? Work with many different professionals, not only designers, as a sustainable solution is always the fruit of a true multidisciplinary approach: material experts, ecologists, sociologists, engineers, etc. 与各行各业的专业人士合作,例如材料专家、生态专家、社会学家和工程师等,而不仅 仅是和设计师;可持续性解决方案终将是多学科共同研究得出的成果。 Seek for flexible solutions that can be changed or adapted to future changes. 寻求灵活的解决方案,可适应未来的变化。 Look for win-win solutions, where a by-product of one process becomes the source for another process. 寻求双赢的解决方案,其中某个过程的副产物可成为另一个过程的能源。 Incorporate many different strategies; one strategy only will give you only a partial benefit but will not achieve a sustainable building alone. 混合采用多种不同的策略;单一的策略只能带来有局限性的利益,而无法实现可持续性 建筑的目标。 Don’t forget that architects and designers have a huge responsibility towards society. 别忘记建筑师和设计师对社会应负有的重要责任感。
  31. 31. Thank you!Questions?