Energy Conservation in Offices
	
BUREAU VERITAS: Green Building & Sustainability
Li Shenhao (Gary Li)
2014-2-27 @ Green Dr...
Bureau Veritas Industy & Facilities Division Presentation

22
主题 Topic
►  Policy & Trends of 1st tier Cities in China

政策及一线城市动向
►  Energy Efficiency (Behavior) Psychology

节能(行为)心理
► ...
Topic 1- Policy and Trends of 1st tier cities
1-政策及一线城市动向
动向-北京 Trends-Beijing

Energy Consumption Quota and,
Differential utility price	

Bureau Veritas Industy & Facilities Divis...
动向-上海 Trends-Shanghai

Initial meter charge, item 2	

Double charge
if quota exceed	

Only 105% above is allowed double ch...
政策 Policy
►  National Development & Reform Commission Official Documents

国家发改委红头文件

《国家发展改革委关于印发电价改革实施办法的通知》(发改价格【2005】51...
Topic 2- Energy (Behavior) Efficiency Psychology
2-节能(行为)心理
节能(行为)心理 Energy (Behavior) Efficiency Psychology
►  Energy Saving Education 节能宣传

Manpower cost of each industry Summary	
...
Topic 3- Energy Conservation Strategy in Office
3-办公室节能策略
典型办公建筑用电分配 Typical Office Elec. Consumption Distribution

Bureau Veritas Industy & Facilities Division Presentation

31
主要挑战 Major Chanllenge
►  Less motivation from developer if not owned property 非持有型物业在设计
前期为节省资金,不肯投入并落实节能方案;

►  Stuck in ...
办公室节能策略 Conservation Strategies in Office
►  Energy Audit 能源审计

Analysis energy bills/ rental contracts/
efficiency of bui...
能源审计 Energy Audit/Diagnosis
• 
• 
• 

Project Identification
项目识
Owner s Energy
Saving Target
业主节能目标	

Target
目标	

Technic...
能源审计-案例 Energy Audit/Diagnosis-Case
Findings& Recommendations	

Pictures	

One of air diffusers was removed in the 1F_AHU ...
设备及插座负荷 Equipment and Plug
►  Shape office equipment/plug load

management 加强办公电气设备待机管理

Computer, printer, air conditione...
其他策略 Other Strategies
Monitoring Platform for Energy Consumption	

Bureau Veritas Industy & Facilities Division Presentati...
其他策略 Other Strategies
Monitoring Platform for Energy Consumption	

Bureau Veritas Industy & Facilities Division Presentati...
资源 Resources
►  EMSD HONGKONG 香港环境和能源署

http://www.emsd.gov.hk/emsd/e_download/pee/
Energy_Saving_Tips_for_Office.pdf
►  E...
Bureau Veritas Industy & Facilities Division Presentation

40
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Energy Conservation in Offices

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Li Shenhao, LEED AP BD+C, ND, Energy Rater, CYGBC member, GBPP founding member, works as Operation Manager for Bureau Veritas. He has years of experience in sustainable design, city-level sustainability consultancy, environmental impact assessment and project management. Mr. Li Shenhao is an expert at assessment of life cycle of green building, carbon footprint assessment, single and low-rise residential energy rating and latest environmental technologies and energy efficiencies. He possesses in-depth knowledge about the green building rating system and its relevant standards, including new construction building, commercial interiors, core & shell, neighbourhood development and existing building and very familiar with related technologies, including building integrate sustainable design, envelope, plumbing, lighting, HVAC, etc. He has served as a sustainability consultant/project manager for more than 50 green building projects.

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Energy Conservation in Offices

  1. 1. Energy Conservation in Offices BUREAU VERITAS: Green Building & Sustainability Li Shenhao (Gary Li) 2014-2-27 @ Green Drinks Shanghai 公共平台:必维建筑工程服务 BureauVeritasCTC-IVS
  2. 2. Bureau Veritas Industy & Facilities Division Presentation 22
  3. 3. 主题 Topic ►  Policy & Trends of 1st tier Cities in China 政策及一线城市动向 ►  Energy Efficiency (Behavior) Psychology 节能(行为)心理 ►  Energy Conservation Strategy 办公室节能策略 Bureau Veritas Industy & Facilities Division Presentation 23
  4. 4. Topic 1- Policy and Trends of 1st tier cities 1-政策及一线城市动向
  5. 5. 动向-北京 Trends-Beijing Energy Consumption Quota and, Differential utility price Bureau Veritas Industy & Facilities Division Presentation 25
  6. 6. 动向-上海 Trends-Shanghai Initial meter charge, item 2 Double charge if quota exceed Only 105% above is allowed double charge Bureau Veritas Industy & Facilities Division Presentation 26
  7. 7. 政策 Policy ►  National Development & Reform Commission Official Documents 国家发改委红头文件 《国家发展改革委关于印发电价改革实施办法的通知》(发改价格【2005】51 4号),《销售电价管理暂行办法》 ►  Internal Documents of Electric Power Companies 电力公司内部文件 《供电营业细则》、《国家电网公司营销部关于认真做好2012年供电检查整 改工作的通知》(营销客户(2013)37号)、 ►  Notification for rectifying & improving from State Electric Regulatory Commission (SERC) 电监会整改通知 国家电力监管委员会,《2012年供电监管报告》 ►  Report of complementation for rectifying & improving 电力公司 整改完成 报告 Bureau Veritas Industy & Facilities Division Presentation 27
  8. 8. Topic 2- Energy (Behavior) Efficiency Psychology 2-节能(行为)心理
  9. 9. 节能(行为)心理 Energy (Behavior) Efficiency Psychology ►  Energy Saving Education 节能宣传 Manpower cost of each industry Summary Psychological disorder 心理有障碍 ►  How will energy saving and cost saving impact our psychological 节能和节钱 如何影响人的心理和行为 Alex Laskey: How behavioral science can lower your energy consumption ►  Free view 免费的代价看能源 Central heating in north 北方集中采暖 ►  Energy saving and Moral 节能和道德 Is it immoral if not energy saving节约是美德 ►  Discussion 讨论 Government, Boss, Manager, Staff and Energy Service Provider 政府、老板、经理、基础员工 、节能公司 Bureau Veritas Industy & Facilities Division Presentation 29
  10. 10. Topic 3- Energy Conservation Strategy in Office 3-办公室节能策略
  11. 11. 典型办公建筑用电分配 Typical Office Elec. Consumption Distribution Bureau Veritas Industy & Facilities Division Presentation 31
  12. 12. 主要挑战 Major Chanllenge ►  Less motivation from developer if not owned property 非持有型物业在设计 前期为节省资金,不肯投入并落实节能方案; ►  Stuck in behavior energy saving and early stage education 停留在行为 节能, 学前教育 阶段; ►  Tenant metering implement superficial 表象 分租户计量难以显现节能成就; ►  Unclear energy metering boundary, we may pay for others’ bill 用能单位 之间的界限不明确,能源的进出特 是电力往往很难摸排清楚,有时候为 人付钱也说不定; ►  Unclear of the range of rental fee, not sure who will benefit from energy conservation 有些办公室的租金包括的范围不确定,节能为了谁说不准; ►  Finance response for payment and number review only, no profesional people to review the bill 财务部 只管付钱,没有能力和技能核准具体数字。理解用能情况; ►  Impossible to manage only by one main meter 总表计量没办法区分出细枝末节,难以管理; ►  Challenge/problems is always behind 看得见的往往管理的都没有问题,看不见的往往 都是大难题; ►  Less motivation from property management company 由独立物业公司管理的 租赁客户的情况更加糟糕,因为物业公司没有动力为你节能省钱; ►  Less people care plug load energy consumption 插座电器的能耗往往被忽视; Bureau Veritas Industy & Facilities Division Presentation 32
  13. 13. 办公室节能策略 Conservation Strategies in Office ►  Energy Audit 能源审计 Analysis energy bills/ rental contracts/ efficiency of building systems 审核 电费账单、审核租赁合同、审核设备 运行效率。盘查用电边界,如易混淆 的一楼、二楼、地下室、独立咖啡厅、 超市等。 ►  Dedicated person response for energy bill 专人负责电费账单的用 能量、对应单元(管理对象)和价 格等。 ►  Establish a procedure to manage energy bill, energy consumption and expenditures 建立电费单和电耗、 能耗、费用的管理办法。核算不同 部 费用,定期发布,建立能耗资 产清单,行成激励机制。 ►  Standard Operation Procedure 建 立标准操作流程(SOP) Interface, responsibility and energy management Bureau Veritas Industy & Facilities Division should be specific and clear管理对象清晰、人员培训 Presentation 33
  14. 14. 能源审计 Energy Audit/Diagnosis •  •  •  Project Identification 项目识 Owner s Energy Saving Target 业主节能目标 Target 目标 Technical Documents Scanning 技术资料审查 •  •  Site Inspection 现场检查 •  Final Energy Audit Report 最终能源审计报告 Energy Audit 能源审计 •  Measurement & Verification Plan 节能量测量与验证 Monitor of key performance index of energy system on a regular basis Implementation Energy 定期监视能源系统的关 Conservation Measure 键参数 执行节能措施 Implement 实施 •  •  Monitoring 监测 Bureau Veritas Industy & Facilities Division Presentation Final Result of Energy & Cost Saving 最终节能量 Analysis 分析 •  Further Optimization 进一步优化 Improvement 优化 34
  15. 15. 能源审计-案例 Energy Audit/Diagnosis-Case Findings& Recommendations Pictures One of air diffusers was removed in the 1F_AHU which servers the Kaina area. 在1楼空调箱,其中一个散流器被拆除 Recommendation: Put the air diffuser back to the air outlet. 建议:把散流器放回到出风口 The AHUs controls are all in the manual mode. 空调箱的控制模式都处在手动模式 Recommendation: Optimize the AHU control schedule based on the store business hours and then put the AHU control in the auto mode. 建议:按照实际营运时间优化空气处理箱的控制时间,然后 把控制放到自控模式下 The chilled water pump is equipped with Variable Frequency Driver (VFD), but there is no control on it. The frequence is at 50HZ all time. No energ saving. 冷冻水泵配备了变频器,但是没有任何控制,频率一直在 50hz.没有节能. Recommendation: Use the existing control system to control the VFD based on the conditions of the cooling load 建议: 用现有的控制系统对变频进行控制 Bureau Veritas Industy & Facilities Division Presentation 35
  16. 16. 设备及插座负荷 Equipment and Plug ►  Shape office equipment/plug load management 加强办公电气设备待机管理 Computer, printer, air conditioner, air cleane r电脑及其显示器、复印机、打印机、空气净 化器、小电器插座、空调温度设定等 ►  Use Timer 善用定时器 Shut down of drinking fountain with timer after working hour will save 240KW/H以饮 水机加装定时器为例,下班关机,每年可省24 0度电。一台饮水机年约节省250度电。 ►  ON/OFF Energy Saving 开关机节能 Shut down of computer after working hours/ in holidays, will each save 375 KW/H annually; in the case of printers, will each save 1,476 KW/H annually电脑下班与假日 关机,每台每年节375度电;复印机下班及假 日关机,每台每年节1,476度电; Bureau Veritas Industy & Facilities Division Presentation 36
  17. 17. 其他策略 Other Strategies Monitoring Platform for Energy Consumption Bureau Veritas Industy & Facilities Division Presentation 37
  18. 18. 其他策略 Other Strategies Monitoring Platform for Energy Consumption Bureau Veritas Industy & Facilities Division Presentation 38
  19. 19. 资源 Resources ►  EMSD HONGKONG 香港环境和能源署 http://www.emsd.gov.hk/emsd/e_download/pee/ Energy_Saving_Tips_for_Office.pdf ►  Energy Consultancy Taiwan 台湾能源教育咨询网 http://energy.ie.ntnu.edu.tw ►  Energy Label 节能标章全球咨询网 http://www.energylabel.org.tw Bureau Veritas Industy & Facilities Division Presentation 39
  20. 20. Bureau Veritas Industy & Facilities Division Presentation 40

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