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Supergrid<br />Joe Corbett, Head of Technical Services<br />10th May 2010<br />
Introduction to Mainstream<br />
An introduction to Mainstream <br /><ul><li>Founded in February 2008
Innovative, entrepreneurial and ambitious global renewable energy company
Owned by Eddie O’Connor and Staff/Management
100+ Employees
Management Team Includes:
Dr. Eddie O’Connor: 	Founder & Chief Executive Officer
Fintan Whelan:		Co-Founder & Corporate Finance Director
Andy Kinsella:		Executive Director and CEO, Offshore
Torben Andersen: 		Executive Director and CEO, Onshore
Board Members Include:
Fintan Drury: 		Chairman
Chuck Watson		Former Chairman and CEO of Dynegy Inc
Sir Roy Gardner		Former CEO of Centrica
Brendan Halligan		Chairman, Sustainable Energy Ireland
John Lavery		Co-Founder, Airtricity
Mark Brown		Barclays Capital</li></ul>3<br />
Jan ’10: UK: Mainstream and Siemens Project Ventures awarded a contract to develop 4GW as part of The Crown Estate’s Round...
Scotland (Offshore)<br /><ul><li>Secured pipeline to date: up to 450 MW</li></ul>UK (Offshore)<br /><ul><li>Secured pipeli...
The Supergrid<br />
Drivers<br />Single Market<br />Competition<br />Energy Security<br />Sustainability<br />Renewable Energy Targets<br />
Context<br />2050 Europe<br />Wind 50%<br />Solar 30%<br />Other 20%<br />1.5 TW of Offshore Wind!<br />
Generation Mix - 2050<br />
Recent Plans (example)<br />10<br />
Supergrid is defined as: <br />“an electricity transmission system, mainly based on direct current, designed to facilitate...
The Friends of the Supergrid: <br />“is a group of companies and organisations with a mutual interest in promoting the pol...
Other Initiatives<br />North Seas Countries Offshore Grid Initiative<br />Adamowitsch Group<br />Super Smart Grid<br />ENT...
Supergrid – phase 1<br />14<br />
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Joe corbett presentation

  1. 1. Supergrid<br />Joe Corbett, Head of Technical Services<br />10th May 2010<br />
  2. 2. Introduction to Mainstream<br />
  3. 3. An introduction to Mainstream <br /><ul><li>Founded in February 2008
  4. 4. Innovative, entrepreneurial and ambitious global renewable energy company
  5. 5. Owned by Eddie O’Connor and Staff/Management
  6. 6. 100+ Employees
  7. 7. Management Team Includes:
  8. 8. Dr. Eddie O’Connor: Founder & Chief Executive Officer
  9. 9. Fintan Whelan: Co-Founder & Corporate Finance Director
  10. 10. Andy Kinsella: Executive Director and CEO, Offshore
  11. 11. Torben Andersen: Executive Director and CEO, Onshore
  12. 12. Board Members Include:
  13. 13. Fintan Drury: Chairman
  14. 14. Chuck Watson Former Chairman and CEO of Dynegy Inc
  15. 15. Sir Roy Gardner Former CEO of Centrica
  16. 16. Brendan Halligan Chairman, Sustainable Energy Ireland
  17. 17. John Lavery Co-Founder, Airtricity
  18. 18. Mark Brown Barclays Capital</li></ul>3<br />
  19. 19. Jan ’10: UK: Mainstream and Siemens Project Ventures awarded a contract to develop 4GW as part of The Crown Estate’s Round 3 offshore wind farm programme<br />4<br />Jun ’09: US: Acquired from FPC Services, Illinois 787 MW<br />May ’09: Germany: Working towards securing exclusive license for 1,000 MW site<br />Mar ’09: South Africa: Signed JV with Genesis Eco-Energy for 500 MW<br />Mar ’09: Canada: Signed JV with AWEC for 400 MW<br />Feb ’09: Scotland: Awarded exclusive license for 450 MW offshore site<br />Milestones achieved to date <br />Dec ’08: Raised €26m non-bank mezzanine facility<br />Nov ’08: Chile: Signed JV with Andes Energy for initial 400 MW pipeline<br />Aug ’08: Raised €40m equity; €20m from Barclays Capital, €20m from the Board, management, staff and HNWI’s<br />Feb ’08: Seed equity of €32m from founders<br />February 2008<br />
  20. 20. Scotland (Offshore)<br /><ul><li>Secured pipeline to date: up to 450 MW</li></ul>UK (Offshore)<br /><ul><li>Secured pipeline to date: 4 GW</li></ul>Canada (Onshore)<br /><ul><li>Secured pipeline to date: 400 MW</li></ul>United States (Onshore)<br /><ul><li>Secured pipeline to date: 757 MW </li></ul>Chile (Onshore)<br /><ul><li>Secured pipeline to date: 400MW</li></ul>South Africa (Onshore)<br /><ul><li>Secured pipeline to date: 500 MW</li></ul>Germany (Offshore)<br /><ul><li>Secured pipeline to date: 1,000 MW</li></ul>Target markets<br />5<br />
  21. 21. The Supergrid<br />
  22. 22. Drivers<br />Single Market<br />Competition<br />Energy Security<br />Sustainability<br />Renewable Energy Targets<br />
  23. 23. Context<br />2050 Europe<br />Wind 50%<br />Solar 30%<br />Other 20%<br />1.5 TW of Offshore Wind!<br />
  24. 24. Generation Mix - 2050<br />
  25. 25. Recent Plans (example)<br />10<br />
  26. 26. Supergrid is defined as: <br />“an electricity transmission system, mainly based on direct current, designed to facilitate large-scale sustainable power generation in remote areas for transmission to centres of consumption, one of whose fundamental attributes will be the enhancement of the market in electricity.”<br />
  27. 27. The Friends of the Supergrid: <br />“is a group of companies and organisations with a mutual interest in promoting the policy agenda for a European Supergrid.”<br />Visit www.friendsofthesupergrid.eu<br />
  28. 28. Other Initiatives<br />North Seas Countries Offshore Grid Initiative<br />Adamowitsch Group<br />Super Smart Grid<br />ENTSO-E<br />ERGEG/CEER<br />
  29. 29. Supergrid – phase 1<br />14<br />
  30. 30. Power Transfer CapabilityAC versus HVDC transmission<br />400 kV AC line<br />Overhead lines<br />320 kV DC line<br />Three 400 kV AC cables<br />Cables<br />Two 320 kVDC cables<br />
  31. 31. What is HVDC transmission?<br />Sending<br />End<br />Receiving<br />End<br />DC Line<br />Inverter<br />Rectifier<br />R<br />Convertor/ transformer<br />Vdc<br />F<br />F<br />Idc<br />Capacitor/Filter<br />i<br />i<br />Idc<br />i<br />Iac<br />Iac<br />t<br />t<br />t<br />
  32. 32. Submarine Cable Transmission<br />AC<br />AC<br />AC<br />AC<br />AC<br />AC<br />DC Cable<br />Back-to-Back Interconnection<br />Long Distance OHL Transmission<br />DC Line<br />HVDC Uses<br />
  33. 33. Station<br />Cost<br />Lines & Stations<br />Comparable costs: <br />AC vs DC<br />DC<br />Break Even<br />Distance<br />DC<br />Convertor<br />Stations<br />AC<br />800km<br />Overhead<br />Line<br />50km<br />Submarine<br />Cable<br />AC Sub-<br />stations<br />Transmission<br />Distance<br />7341200<br />When does HVDC make Sense?<br />
  34. 34. Technology<br />Bulk Power Transfers over Long Distance between SuperNodes<br />HVDC<br />Voltage Source Converter<br />Superconducting Pipes<br />Minimum Losses<br />Demand Side Management<br />Smart Grid<br />Pricing Response<br />Transport Fleet<br />
  35. 35. Compare 765kV AC with Superconductor Pipe<br />Source: American Superconductor<br />20<br />
  36. 36. Source: American Superconductor<br />
  37. 37. SuperNode Concept<br />SUPERNODE CONCEPT<br />2.4GW<br />2 x 500MW<br />2 x 500MW<br />400kV<br />2.4GW<br />±320kV<br />Converter Station<br />±320kV<br />2.4GW<br />2.4GW<br />2 x 500MW<br />2 x 500MW<br />
  38. 38. Cost: Supergrid – phase 1<br />23<br />
  39. 39. How much will it Cost?<br />
  40. 40. What do we Need?<br />EU Regulator<br />Common Regulatory Framework<br />Super System Operator<br />Single Grid Code<br />Master-plan for 2050<br />
  41. 41. What do we Need?<br />Converter Development<br />Lower Costs<br />Lower Losses<br />Higher Current<br />DC Cables<br />Higher Voltage<br />DC Switchgear<br />Super-Conducting Pipes<br />Control & Protection<br />Multi-terminal HVDC Links<br />Inertia?<br />
  42. 42. Moving from aCarbon Intense Reality to a Low Carbon Future<br />2030 U.S. Low Carbon Scenario – (LCS)<br /><ul><li>Consumption Estimate**
  43. 43. 4,800 TWh
  44. 44. >50% Generation from Renewables
  45. 45. Proposed Generation Mix:
  46. 46. Wind: 43%
  47. 47. Solar: 7%
  48. 48. Conventional Hydro: 13%
  49. 49. Other Renewables (Biomass, Geothermal, etc.): 3%
  50. 50. Nuclear: 16%
  51. 51. Natural Gas: 18%</li></ul>**Assumes a 40% increase in <br /> energy consumption on 2008 values<br />Current U.S. Generation Mix*<br /><ul><li>Consumption†
  52. 52. 3,440 TWh
  53. 53. >98% of U.S. generation is derived from non-renewable sources
  54. 54. Generation Mix:
  55. 55. Coal: 48%
  56. 56. Natural Gas: 21%
  57. 57. Nuclear: 20%
  58. 58. Conventional Hydro: 6%
  59. 59. Wind: 1%
  60. 60. Other: 4%</li></ul>*2008 Data, DOE/EIA<br />† Consumption in Bundled Total Sales<br />
  61. 61. US Supergrid<br />
  62. 62. European Supergrid<br />

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