A personal and topical introduction to be determined day prior to event…Volcanic ash cloud closing Irelands airspace is very topical as will the UK election. Remember only Northern Ireland is UK though.
The Energy challenges we see in Ireland are the same as those we se across the globe and a variety of geopolitical factors are driving change in our industry including: Global Energy Demand is expected to double by 2030 and triple by 2050… Most of this increase will be seen in the developing economies but western economies will also see significant growth. The island of Ireland has seen Peak demand grow by 150% between 1985-2005 and expects an additional 60% growth through 2025 we must find a way to do more, with less – to ensure economic stability and sustainability Electricity prices are on the rise. Prices have increased 42% in the US and an astounding 105% in the UK (2000-2007 )…and prices will continue to rise…leaving consumers wanting more control and choice over their energy usage and spend Add on an aging infrastructure and workforce… for example across the energy networks of the west approx 50% of transformer assets are reaching end of design life in the next 10 years whilst we place increasing demand upon those assets. Here in Ireland we have a company who’s skills and innovation and directly tackling this global problem. Electricity generation accounts for 40% of greenhouse gas emissions… ranking it as the top single source of pollution … As the international community coalesces around the need to mitigate climate change, countries must find ways to develop sustainable growth strategies to remain competitive in a carbon-constrained economy. RENEWABLES: Electricity generated from renewable energy accounted for approx 15% of gross electricity consumption . Studies indicate that in Ireland renewable penetration levels of up to 42% are technically feasible . Note all Ireland stats from “All-island Electricity Arrangements” report 2008 – copy available
Our electrical infrastructure is becoming more complex as a result of the influx of cleaner, more efficient energy sources Transmission lines will need to be constructed to carry power from off-shore wind farms to populated areas As wind is integrated, intermittent and fluctuating power will require more advanced systems to be managed Distributed generation will change grid dynamics from one-way to two-way power flow between utilities and customers PHEVs will present challenges, requiring smart metering to encourage consumers not to plug in during peak hours and technologies that will bill the appropriate consumers regardless of his location at the time of re-charging. This is all creating a more dynamic and integrated network and our power grid was not originally designed with this future in mind. The management and optimization of these elements will require a smarter power grid
So these Energy challenges and the resulting increase in grid complexity will require a smarter grid. Smart grid marries automation and information technologies with current electrical infrastructure to support our 21st Century society energy needs. Acting as an “energy internet,” the smart grid delivers real-time energy information and knowledge, empowering smarter energy choices. CLICK to transition slide: A smarter grid: enables integration of more clean, domestic energy sources (such as wind, solar, biogas) and plug-in electric vehicles increases energy and operational efficiencies and reliability to deliver greater productivity empowers consumers with information to manage their energy usage and save money without compromising their lifestyle The good news is that technology is not the barrier and many of these solutions exist today.
For the first time in the 100+ years of an electrified world, consumers can finally understand how their habits directly affect their energy consumption. And it makes a difference. studies show real-time smart grid pricing information changes consumer behaviour - reduce household electricity costs by up to 10%* and lower peak-time consumption by 15%. information from portals and in-home devices enable consumers can take control of their energy usage without sacrificing lifestyle. Louisville, Kentucky example GE smart appliances and GE Smart meters help consumers understand energy use and make decisions that save energy and money. Smart appliances are also lowering peak power demands by moving high-energy-consumption activities, such as freezer defrost cycles, to off-peak times. Appliances contribute to about 85% of the energy use in a home. Consumers in the Louisville pilot are saving up to 20% on their bill with time—of-use pricing; Consumers make lifestyle adjustments. They fix dinner before 6:00 p.m., Do laundry mainly on weekends Delay the dishwasher or refrigerator defrost cycle The point is that the technology exists to empower the consumer to make these choices.
Power Interruptions cost EU businesses €150 billion each year. US - $80 billion Impact for Utilities = Cost in penalties, repairs, overtime and customer service. Smart Grid can focus maintenance, control load and prevent outages. Monitoring and Diagnostic technologies developed right here in Northern Ireland can anticipate and prevent problems with Transformers before they happen by up to 80% . Transformers are aging and mortal: More than 50% of transformers in the grid are reaching the end of their design life. Failures are costly: -approximately $9,000 per MVA . Transformer replacement is costly: It could cost $1.5 to $5 million dollars to replace a transformer. Transformers take time to replace: global manufacturing capacity restraints When unplanned outages do occur, smart grid outage management systems can reroute power to minimize the outage, analyze needed repairs and dispatch crews more effectively to get the job done faster and more efficiently. Example - EDF™Energy leveraged it’s GE Distribution Management System (DMS) to create automatic fault isolation and rerouting schemes. The system resulted in a 20% reduction in customer interruptions and a 30% reduction in customer minutes lost in the first 18months of operation. The cash payoff? EDF received a regulatory performance reward of over £1million.  Bartley, William H. The Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection and Insurance Company. “Analysis of Transformer Failures.” 2003.
Smart grid technologies help reduce lost energy and wasted money. We have solutions that help lower delivery losses, anticipate and monitor demand to help you minimize overcapacity. The cost of generating a kilowatt-hour of electricity is 70 to 170 times the cost of “saving” a kWh through efficiency. American Electric Power is attacking waste and inefficiency AEP is dynamically controlling voltage and power factors on feeders to minimize losses and reduce customer energy consumption. By maintaining power factors near unity, AEP is lowering line losses, and reducing reactive power loading. They’re applying more real power and lowering reactive power waste – all while maintaining customer service voltage standards. The bottom line? AEP needs to generate less power to meet the same consumer demand.
Climate change is going to lead to economic change. 40% of the planet’s. CO2 emissions come from power generation. 2020 EU = CO2 emissions reduced by 20 percent, 20 percent of energy from renewable sources and 20 percent increase in grid efficiency. Smart grid technology helps us add more clean wind, solar and biomass in the generation mix. greater energy independence and security. Hawaii Islands = 80%-fossil-fuel-dependent energy generation GE working with U.S. Department of Energy, Hawaii Natural Energy Institute,Maui Electric Company and Hawaiian Electric Company Deliver 40% of Hawaii’s electricity coming from clean renewable energy sources by 2030. And this example should not be lost here in Ireland – the climate may be different but the ambitions for integration wind generation are similar. Large wind farms are being constructed in coastal counties such as Donegal, Mayo and Antrim. One of the world's largest offshore wind farm is currently being developed at the Arklow Bank Wind Park off the coast of County Wicklow and is expected to generate 10% of Ireland's power needs when it is complete. Ireland is also hindered by an ageing network not designed to handle the varying availability of power that comes from wind farms. Ireland needs a smarter grid.
So clearly technology is not the barrier to moving “cleaner” power through the grid more reliably and efficiently. We should acknowledge at this point that some network automation has already taken place but what are the next steps to a smarter grid? This is how I see it… Aligning new market, commercial, regulatory and technical structures is critical. There is no silver bullet to these challenges and no single company can provide all the answers. Collaboration is critical – for example with the utilisation and integration of new technology – there is a need for common standards. Investment support from Government schemes. I know for example that the UK has Financial support for renewables ~UK£30BN and a Low Carbon Network fund of £500M but schemes also need to encourage real investment by rewarding Energy service providers for efficient networks as well as reliable networks. We must ensure the Government mandated roll-out of smart meters is not an opportunity missed. Smart Meters can empower the utility company as well as consumer if the technology is aligned with grid optimisation solutions. The result is that as well as reducing demand you can increase grid efficiency and reliability. Lets be clear, this is potentially more expensive and so in a difficult financial climate we must ensure that Ireland does not take the short-term view with smart meter investment. Start now. As I have shown you Real. Smart Solutions. exist and are ready for deployment today. Finally we need the consumer with us on this journey. Customer engagement and acceptance is key if we are to deliver clean energy, efficiently and reliably through the grid in the 21st century. Thank You.
Bob gilligan presentation
Moving Power through the Grid Real. Smart. Solutions. Bob Gilligan Vice President, Digital Energy GE May 2010 @ 2010 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved.
Real. Energy. Challenges. On the island of Ireland … <ul><li>Energy demand is rising: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>150% from 1985-2005 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expecting additional 60% to 2025 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Renewable Energy Generation Increasing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>42% renewable penetration levels technically feasible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2010 operational wind capacity is 1570.10 Megawatts (MW) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wind contributes to 31% of load </li></ul></ul>* Above statistics from “All-island Electricity Arrangements” report 2008
Real. Smart. Solutions. DATA & COMMUNICATIONS Power Generation Transmission & Distribution Residential & Community Industrial & Commercial Diagnostics & visualization Substation digitization Mobile applications Reliability & demand forecasting Smart appliances Home energy use monitoring Backup power mgmt & control TOU reporting Energy management Generation optimization Renewables Microgrids Protection & control Advanced metering infrastructure Distributed generation infrastructure Asset monitoring & diagnostics Embracing renewables Increasing Reliability Empowering consumers Increasing efficiency
Real. Consumer. Solutions <ul><li>Consumers want to be empowered and make choices. </li></ul><ul><li>With information portals and in-home devices, GE’s smart grid shows consumers how they can take control of their energy usage. </li></ul><ul><li>In Louisville, consumers are empowered by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart appliances and smart meters that explain and control energy use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Utility benefits from: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced peak power demands by moving high-energy-consumption activities to off-peak times. </li></ul></ul>
Power interruptions cost EU businesses €150 Billion each year and U.S. economy $80 Billion each year. GE’s smart grid technologies deliver dramatic reliability gains. <ul><li>EDF Energy customers are benefiting from. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less outages - 20% fewer supply interruptions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30% fewer customer minutes lost in the first 18 months of operation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Utility benefits from: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A regulatory performance reward of more than £1million. </li></ul></ul>Real. Reliable. Solutions
The cost of generating a kilowatt-hour of electricity is 70 to 170 times the cost of “saving” a kWh through efficiency. GE’s smart grid technologies help reduce the flow of lost energy and wasted money. <ul><li>Coordinated Volt-VAR-Control (CVVC) system minimizes losses. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced reactive power loading by maintaining power factors near unity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generate less power to meet the same consumer demand. </li></ul></ul>Real. Efficient. Solutions.
Real. Clean. Solutions. <ul><li>As carbon legislation becomes reality, we must optimize the integration of renewable distributed generation. </li></ul><ul><li>Less reliance on imported fuels means greater energy independence and security. </li></ul><ul><li>Hawaii moving from fossil-fuel-dependence to renewable, carbon-free solutions. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>40% of their energy from clean renewable sources by 2030. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demand Response systems and VOLT/VAR technologies help manage peak load </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grid management software can optimize the integration of wind and solar power. </li></ul></ul>
Moving power through the grid The next steps ... <ul><li>Energy Policy </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Innovative and open, common technology standards </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Incentives for renewable generation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reward efficiency as well as reliability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Align smart meter initiative with grid optimisation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Smart city deployments to catalyze change. </li></ul><ul><li>Build consumer awareness and support. </li></ul>
Learn more at www.itsyoursmartgrid.com Smart grid is an economic engine. For everyone.