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The Iroquois

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The Iroquois

  1. 1. The Iroquois By: Adamadia Pagonis
  2. 2. “Iroquois”? What does it mean? Iroquois is pronounced "eer-uh-kwoy" in English. It's an Algonkian word meaning "real snakes." This may have been an insulting nickname .The Algonkian and Iroquois were known to be enemies.) They are also called Haudenosaunee which means "people of the longhouse."
  3. 3. The Iroquois tribes There were five original tribes in the Iroquois Confederacy: 1)Mohawk 2) Seneca 3) Oneida 4) Onondaga 5) Cayuga A sixth nation named the Tuscarora tribe, joined the confederation
  4. 4. Where did the Iroquois live? • The Iroquois tribes lived in what is now New York State
  5. 5. Longhouses • Long rectangular buildings made with wood frames and covered with bark. • They were sometimes over 100 meters long. • They didn't have any windows. • They had 2 doors. One on each end. • They had smoke holes in the roof to let smoke out from cooking. • Many families would live in a single long house. These families were part of the same extended family • Each family had its own compartment
  6. 6. Clothing • Iroquois clothing was made from deerskin. • The men wore leggings and long breechcloths • The women wore long skirts. • Both men and women wore deerskin shirts or blouses and soft shoes made of leather called moccasins.
  7. 7. Food • The Iroquois men fished and hunted for food. • The crops they ate were beans, corn and squash • These three crops were called the “three sisters” They had this name because the people consider the gifts of the gods to them. • The 'three sisters' grown in a unique combination. • They also ate berries, greens and nuts. • They hunted deer, wild turkey, musk rat, beaver and some migratory birds. • The Iroquois ate salmon, trout, perch and bass.

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