An integrated approach to regional
development
Multi-level Governance, Subsidiarity, Civil Society, Transparent and
Compet...
An integratedapproachtoregional
development
What is Cohesion Policy?
An integratedapproachtoregional
development
Is economic development only economic?
Sociologist and economist admit the fac...
An integratedapproachtoregional
development
Who should drive?
The overall availability of networks of social relations spr...
An integratedapproachtoregional
development
Economic
GDP per capita Agriculture employment Weak urban structure
Underdevel...
An integratedapproachtoregional
development
• Subsidiarity- Political actions and
decisions should be taken as close
to ci...
An integratedapproachtoregional
development
How works multi-level governance?
An integratedapproachtoregional
development
Best practices- “Reinforcement of Local Democracy
LOD” UNDP & European Commiss...
An integratedapproachtoregional
development
“A proposal for open-mind mayors: a concept for local and regional development...
An integratedapproachtoregional
development
Best Practices Example – Steinbeis Europa Zentrum
The organization is building...
An integratedapproachtoregional
development
“Why Romania needs regional offices in Brussels?”
-second city after Washingto...
An integratedapproachtoregional
development
Best Practices- Valencian Regional Office in Brussels
Performers indicators (2...
An integratedapproachtoregional
development
An integratedapproachtoregional
development
Recommendations
For Public Administration
•Openness and Transparency
•Consulta...
Thank You for Your Attention
Gratian Mihailescu
Consultant & Expert
Academia: https://independent.academia.edu/MihailescuG...
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An integrated approach to regional development

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100 years Junior Chamber International Confernece in Cluj-Napoca

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An integrated approach to regional development

  1. 1. An integrated approach to regional development Multi-level Governance, Subsidiarity, Civil Society, Transparent and Competitive Public Administration, Lobby & Networking in Brussels, EU funds, Partnership, Grass-Roots Projects, Partnership, Networking & Communication, Strategies, Development
  2. 2. An integratedapproachtoregional development What is Cohesion Policy?
  3. 3. An integratedapproachtoregional development Is economic development only economic? Sociologist and economist admit the fact that society and social capital (SC) has an impact on economy and implicit on development and economic growth. Types of SC have a strong impact on economic development at regional or local level. Other factors that influence regional development • location of a specific region • level of trust between different public or private actors involved in the process, • cultural heritage and customs rooted in the specific community, • probably the most important the institutional and political support The market economy is always already embedded in larger society. In other words, a market economy can only function if it relates to, and is sustained by society.
  4. 4. An integratedapproachtoregional development Who should drive? The overall availability of networks of social relations spread between individual subjects (firms, workers) and collective actors (interest organizations, public institutions) can’t be the condition which drives the paths of development. The role of politics in mediating the relationship between networks and the market is crucial. Politics involves the mechanisms of consensus-building and the selection of political and bureaucratic élites. The modernization of politics constitutes, therefore, an essential requirement for development. Improving the efficiency and effectiveness of bureaucracy, human capital rethinking the role of the state in the development policies for backward areas. Public institutions at a non-local level should help “from above” the local actors to mobilize “from below”; they should help them to produce and use social capital efficiently as an instrument to increase specialized knowledge, infrastructures, services and forms of integration between firms, thereby strenghtening competitiveness.
  5. 5. An integratedapproachtoregional development Economic GDP per capita Agriculture employment Weak urban structure Underdevelopment of industrial and services base Negative dynamic of the population growth Social Culture and Customs Civil Society Involvement Institutional Corruption, Nepotism Lack of Human Resource Excessive beaurocracy Lack of transparency and communication Political Stability Reform of Public Administration Administrative division
  6. 6. An integratedapproachtoregional development • Subsidiarity- Political actions and decisions should be taken as close to citizen level as possible. • Bottom up approach • Grassroots policies and projects • Collective decision making processes • Authority and Influence are shared between stakeholders • Different stakeholders are involved at different moments Why is important multi-level governance?
  7. 7. An integratedapproachtoregional development How works multi-level governance?
  8. 8. An integratedapproachtoregional development Best practices- “Reinforcement of Local Democracy LOD” UNDP & European Commission •More than 200 CSO involved and supported •Almost 250 CSO small scale projects implemented •Over 60.000 people - direct beneficiaries. •Ensured transparency in disbursement of funds helps the civil sector to professionalize and specialize in service providing •CSO participate in decision making Step 1: Analysis of current issues and determining the priorities Step 2: Preparation and announcement of public call Step 3: Evaluation of project proposals Step 4: Disbursement of funds and project implementation Step 5: Project Monitoring and Evaluation of results
  9. 9. An integratedapproachtoregional development “A proposal for open-mind mayors: a concept for local and regional development” The main output: establishing an NGO representing the community interests managed by specialists from city hall, university, representatives of the civil sector and entrepreneurs which could develop ideas and implement projects for the community in the following areas: tourism, research, innovation and entrepreneurship, human resource development, culture, civil society and democracy, environment and sustainable development. March 2014 on Contributors: http://www.contributors.ro/administratie/o-propunere-pentru-primarii- deschi%C8%99i-la-minte-un-concept-de-dezvoltare-regionala-%C8%99i-locala
  10. 10. An integratedapproachtoregional development Best Practices Example – Steinbeis Europa Zentrum The organization is building the bridge to Europe for enterprises, universities, research organizations and regional authorities in Baden-Württemberg. It offers consultancy regarding: • European Funding and Research Programmes • Technology Cooperation • Regional Strategies and Innovation • Participation at and organisation of Brokerage Events, Company Missions and Information Days as well as Trainings. More data: https://www.steinbeis-europa.de
  11. 11. An integratedapproachtoregional development “Why Romania needs regional offices in Brussels?” -second city after Washington regarding diplomatic relations (20.000 lobbyists, 2.000 lobby offices, more than 300 regional offices representing regions) Several actions of regional office: -To provide data and information on the Community funds provided directly by the European Commission, programs funded by the European Territorial Cooperation Instrument; - Develop an effective network through partnerships with other organizations in Europe; - Promote regional activities, of a city or organizations at European level in order to ensure greater visibility; - Attract and provide information to potential investors; July 2012: Europuls, Contributors, HotNews http://www.contributors.ro/administratie/de-ce-are-romania-nevoie-de-reprezentante-regionale-la-bruxelles
  12. 12. An integratedapproachtoregional development Best Practices- Valencian Regional Office in Brussels Performers indicators (2003-2012) Strategy Model Approved projects 108 projects + 7 initiatives Public & Private Partnership Valencian budget of Approved projects 87.2 mil € Regional Government Total budget of approved projects 209.3 mil € Municipalities Projects under evaluation 37 projects approx. Universities Main Goals Research Institutes •Employment & labor market. Energy (IBERDROLA) •Lobby in EU Policies & Programs and Chamber of Commerce European Territorial Cooperation Business and Entrepreneurial Assoc. •SMEs, Entrepreneurs, Innovation, Technology,R&D. •EU Funding & attraction of Investments
  13. 13. An integratedapproachtoregional development
  14. 14. An integratedapproachtoregional development Recommendations For Public Administration •Openness and Transparency •Consultation & Project Development with other stakeholders (academia, NGO’s, business sector) •Use Public Private Partnership •Development Strategy for cities/regions which should be implemented according to the needs •Local-Regional strategy for accessing funds •Every administration must have people well trained in EU sector, which can help in project management or grant writing •Networking and lobby for the local and regional interests in Brussels •Local and Regional administration should be strong connected with MP, EMP For NGO’s •Be active! Be focused! Build partnership! •Make lobby and advocacy for the cause and for the project you want to implement! •Try to convince local and regional stakeholders of the importance of your project! Convince local administration and local politicians and MP’s. Sell them your project!
  15. 15. Thank You for Your Attention Gratian Mihailescu Consultant & Expert Academia: https://independent.academia.edu/MihailescuGratianMihai Linkedin: https://ro.linkedin.com/in/gratianmihailescu Personal Blog: http://gratieluimihailescu.ro/

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