An integrated approach to regional
Multi-level Governance, Subsidiarity, Civil Society, Transparent and
Competitive Public Administration, Lobby & Networking in Brussels, EU
funds, Partnership, Grass-Roots Projects, Partnership, Networking &
Communication, Strategies, Development
What is Cohesion Policy?
Is economic development only economic?
Sociologist and economist admit the fact that society and social capital (SC) has an impact on
economy and implicit on development and economic growth. Types of SC have a strong
impact on economic development at regional or local level.
Other factors that influence regional development
• location of a specific region
• level of trust between different public or private actors involved in the process,
• cultural heritage and customs rooted in the specific community,
• probably the most important the institutional and political support
The market economy is always already embedded in larger society. In other words, a market
economy can only function if it relates to, and is sustained by society.
Who should drive?
The overall availability of networks of social relations spread between individual subjects
(firms, workers) and collective actors (interest organizations, public institutions) can’t be
the condition which drives the paths of development. The role of politics in mediating
the relationship between networks and the market is crucial. Politics involves the
mechanisms of consensus-building and the selection of political and bureaucratic élites.
The modernization of politics constitutes, therefore, an essential requirement for
development. Improving the efficiency and effectiveness of bureaucracy, human capital
rethinking the role of the state in the development policies for backward areas. Public
institutions at a non-local level should help “from above” the local actors to mobilize
“from below”; they should help them to produce and use social capital efficiently as an
instrument to increase specialized knowledge, infrastructures, services and forms of
integration between firms, thereby strenghtening competitiveness.
GDP per capita Agriculture employment Weak urban structure
industrial and services base
Negative dynamic of the
Culture and Customs Civil Society Involvement
Corruption, Nepotism Lack of Human Resource Excessive beaurocracy
Lack of transparency and
Stability Reform of Public Administration Administrative division
• Subsidiarity- Political actions and
decisions should be taken as close
to citizen level as possible.
• Bottom up approach
• Grassroots policies and projects
• Collective decision making
• Authority and Influence are shared
• Different stakeholders are involved
at different moments
How works multi-level governance?
Best practices- “Reinforcement of Local Democracy
LOD” UNDP & European Commission
•More than 200 CSO involved and supported
•Almost 250 CSO small scale projects implemented
•Over 60.000 people - direct beneficiaries.
•Ensured transparency in disbursement of
funds helps the civil sector to professionalize and
specialize in service providing
•CSO participate in decision making
Step 1: Analysis of
current issues and
Step 3: Evaluation
funds and project
Step 5: Project
“A proposal for open-mind mayors: a concept for local and regional development”
The main output: establishing an NGO representing the community interests managed
by specialists from city hall, university, representatives of the civil sector and
entrepreneurs which could develop ideas and implement projects for the community
in the following areas: tourism, research, innovation and entrepreneurship, human
resource development, culture, civil society and democracy, environment and
March 2014 on Contributors:
Best Practices Example – Steinbeis Europa Zentrum
The organization is building the bridge to Europe for enterprises, universities, research
organizations and regional authorities in Baden-Württemberg. It offers consultancy regarding:
• European Funding and Research Programmes
• Technology Cooperation
• Regional Strategies and Innovation
• Participation at and organisation of Brokerage Events, Company Missions and
Information Days as well as Trainings.
“Why Romania needs regional offices in Brussels?”
-second city after Washington regarding diplomatic relations (20.000 lobbyists, 2.000 lobby offices, more than 300 regional
offices representing regions)
Several actions of regional office:
-To provide data and information on the Community funds provided directly by the European Commission,
programs funded by the European Territorial Cooperation Instrument;
- Develop an effective network through partnerships with other organizations in Europe;
- Promote regional activities, of a city or organizations at European level in order to ensure greater visibility;
- Attract and provide information to potential investors;
July 2012: Europuls, Contributors, HotNews
Best Practices- Valencian Regional Office in Brussels
Performers indicators (2003-2012) Strategy Model
Approved projects 108 projects + 7 initiatives Public & Private Partnership
Valencian budget of Approved projects 87.2 mil € Regional Government
Total budget of approved projects 209.3 mil € Municipalities
Projects under evaluation 37 projects approx. Universities
Main Goals Research Institutes
•Employment & labor market. Energy (IBERDROLA)
•Lobby in EU Policies & Programs and Chamber of Commerce
European Territorial Cooperation Business and Entrepreneurial Assoc.
•SMEs, Entrepreneurs, Innovation, Technology,R&D.
•EU Funding & attraction of Investments
For Public Administration
•Openness and Transparency
•Consultation & Project Development with other stakeholders (academia, NGO’s, business sector)
•Use Public Private Partnership
•Development Strategy for cities/regions which should be implemented according to the needs
•Local-Regional strategy for accessing funds
•Every administration must have people well trained in EU sector, which can help in project management or grant writing
•Networking and lobby for the local and regional interests in Brussels
•Local and Regional administration should be strong connected with MP, EMP
•Be active! Be focused! Build partnership!
•Make lobby and advocacy for the cause and for the project you want to implement!
•Try to convince local and regional stakeholders of the importance of your project! Convince local administration and local politicians
and MP’s. Sell them your project!
Thank You for Your Attention
Consultant & Expert
Personal Blog: http://gratieluimihailescu.ro/