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Salita Kahulugan Wika Kaligirang Pangkasaysayan/Gamit
Alhamdulillah Praise be to God Maranao Maranao or maranaw is the lar...
Assalamu
alaykum
peace be upon
you
Yakan Yakan
The word yakan denotes “Dayak Origin”. Various yakan folk stories indicate ...
share and exchange moma ingredients (betel-nuts, betel leaves, and lime). By Chewing together they
prove their friendly re...
plains inhabitants of Zamboanga peninsula.
- CCP encyclopedia of the Philippine Art. Volume II. Peoples of the Philippines...
by fighting and resisting every attempt by the spaniardds and Americans to conolize them. They were the
last to submit to ...
Dialogue and conflict resolution. DeKalb:Northern Illinois University International Training office &
Center for Southeast...
valleys and plains of the island. The waray are presently a mixture of Bicolanos, cebuanos, and Tagalogs,
because of the m...
Karalitaan
Alam natin ang kalagayan ng mga kapatid nating muslim, at mga kapatid natin na kristyano na
mangingisda, ay mag...
vessel and exchanging gifts, including slaves.. the blood compact described in pre-Hispanic times by
Spanish chronicles is...
Philippnes. “Manobo” is the hispanized form.
--CCP Enclyclopedia of the Philippine Art. Volume II. Peoples of the Philippi...
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Concept of Peace in the Philippines

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Different concept of Peace in the Philippines

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Concept of Peace in the Philippines

  1. 1. Salita Kahulugan Wika Kaligirang Pangkasaysayan/Gamit Alhamdulillah Praise be to God Maranao Maranao or maranaw is the largest muslim group in the Philippines. Maranao means “people of the lake” and the lake referred to is the beautiful lake lanao. They are very proud of their heritage and protect it by fighting and resisting every attempt by the spaniardds and Americans to conolize them. They were the last to submit to the amierican authority in the early years. They fought both colonizers in a series of bloody wars until their eventual defet at the hands of the amirecans in 1913. The foundation of islam was laid on them from the 14th to 15th in Mindanao. The influence of Islam, which they rigidly adhere from the past to present is clearly seen in their culture and exercise of faith, but not fully, for many of the maranao’s songs and dances, art and oral literature, and belief system show an indigenous Filipino culture. -Susan Russell, Lina Davide-Ong, & Rey Ty, (Eds). 2007. Inter-ethnic Dialogue and conflict resolution. DeKalb:Northern Illinois University International Training office & Center for Southeast Asian Studies. ******* Meaning of islam. What is islam? The form of greeting in islam is to say “assalamu alaykum” (peace be upon you). This greeting is derived from the Arabic root word “salam” meaning peace. Assalamu alaykum must be form of greeting to be used by muslim and the makhdumin missionaries must have used it to greet local people. When a khatib (one who delivers a sermon) the stands at pulpit he praises the almighty creator by saying, first and foremost, “Alhamdulillah” (praise be to God), salawat (greetings of peace) to the Holy prophet, then greeting “Assalamu alaykum....barakaktuhu” to the jama’ah (congregation) and then khutbah, the substance of the sermon, to be ended by another salawat to the holy prophet. - History of the moro and indigenous people in minsupala by Ben J. Kadil, Ph. D. published by OVC RE, 2002, Mindanao State University Marawi City. Allahumma Salamatan Alayna O Lord! Peace upon us. Yakan Yakan The word yakan denotes “Dayak Origin”. Various yakan folk stories indicate that yakans are descendants of both migrating Dayaka from Northeast Borneo and sama from Johore a long time ago. Some Yakan today identify themselves as Sama-Yakan thus acknowledging their sama and dayak origin. The prominent person in each community of yakan is the Imam who combines both religious and socio- political leadership. -Katutubo Directory: A global Yes event for the UN Decade of Indigenous people 1996 ****** The imam then says the following prayer over the food: Allahumma Salamatan Alayna O Lord! Peace upon us.
  2. 2. Assalamu alaykum peace be upon you Yakan Yakan The word yakan denotes “Dayak Origin”. Various yakan folk stories indicate that yakans are descendants of both migrating Dayaka from Northeast Borneo and sama from Johore a long time ago. Some Yakan today identify themselves as Sama-Yakan thus acknowledging their sama and dayak origin. The prominent person in each community of yakan is the Imam who combines both religious and socio- political leadership. -Katutubo Directory: A global Yes event for the UN Decade of Indigenous people 1996 ****** Qur’anic Greetings and expressions. When people meet a high level, the usual greeting is the following: Assalalu alaykum wa rahmatulla wa barakatu Peace be upon you and the mercy of god and His blessings.) Usually, this greeting is considered lond and very often is shortened to: assalamu alaykum and the answer is wa assalamu alaykum. -the yakans of basilan island by Andrew D. Sherfan 1976 Fotomatic (phils) Inc. Assalamu Alaykum Ya Rihani Ruhul Amin Peace be upon you oh! Rihani Ruhul Amin. Yakan Yakan The word yakan denotes “Dayak Origin”. Various yakan folk stories indicate that yakans are descendants of both migrating Dayaka from Northeast Borneo and sama from Johore a long time ago. Some Yakan today identify themselves as Sama-Yakan thus acknowledging their sama and dayak origin. The prominent person in each community of yakan is the Imam who combines both religious and socio- political leadership. -Katutubo Directory: A global Yes event for the UN Decade of Indigenous people 1996 ******* when the imam performs the hair cutting ceremony, the baby, if a girl, must be held by a female, and if a boy, by a male, both of whose parents should still be alive. After the cutting of the hair, the midwife holds up the child, talks to the angels, and asks them to take the child if they wish to. The midwife addresses the angel Malaikat Ya Rihani Ruhul Amin with the following prayer: Assalamu Alaykum Ya Rihani Ruhul Amin Peace be upn you oh! Rihani Ruhul Amin. Betel nut Moma ingredients Ifugao The ifugao, immortalized by the marnificent rice terraces, inhabit the rugged terrain of the extensive cordillera mountain ranges of central northern Luzon. The major sub-groups of Ifugao are Tuwali, Ayangan, Hanglulo, and Kalanguya. The tuwali subgroup occupies major parts of Banawe, Hignyon, Hungduan, Lagawe and KIangan. Handbook of Philippine Language groups by Theodore A. Llamson ******* Ordinarily, after the match both parties perfrom the Hidit (peace pact), a simple ritual during which they
  3. 3. share and exchange moma ingredients (betel-nuts, betel leaves, and lime). By Chewing together they prove their friendly relations and their desire to continue as good neighbord. -the ifugao world by Mariano A. Bumia New Day Publishers 1979 The betel nut is actively cultivated by the ifugaw. In the center of the rice fields, around the elevated platforms where the houses stand, one or two betel nut palms rising tall and stately above the roofs of the houses is a common sight. The ifugaws are forever seen chewing betel nut quids (moma). Sometimes a piece of tobacco leaf is added. Handbook of Philippine Language groups by Theodore A. Llamson Cabugatan justice of the peace Maranao Maranao Maranao or maranaw is the largest muslim group in the Philippines. Maranao means “people of the lake” and the lake referred to is the beautiful lake lanao. They are very proud of their heritage and protect it by fighting and resisting every attempt by the spaniardds and Americans to conolize them. They were the last to submit to the amierican authority in the early years. They fought both colonizers in a series of bloody wars until their eventual defet at the hands of the amirecans in 1913. The foundation of islam was laid on them from the 14th to 15th in Mindanao. The influence of Islam, which they rigidly adhere from the past to present is clearly seen in their culture and exercise of faith, but not fully, for many of the maranao’s songs and dances, art and oral literature, and belief system show an indigenous Filipino culture. - Susan Russell, Lina Davide-Ong, & Rey Ty, (Eds). 2007. Inter-ethnic Dialogue and conflict resolution. DeKalb:Northern Illinois University International Training office & Center for Southeast Asian Studies. ***** -justice of the peace Religious and beliefs and practices -CCP Enclyclopedia of the Philippine Art. Volume II. Peoples of the Philippines. 1994. Cultural Center of the Philippines. Diwata Subanon The subanon are concentrated in the provinvce of Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga del Norte, And parts of Misamis Occidental. The subanon have very strong kinship ties and still practice hereditary succession and other indigenous traditions, customs and beliefs. -Katutubo Directory: A Global Yes event for the UN Decade of Indigenous people 1996 ********* The subanon, also called “Subanu”, “Subano,” “subanen,” are the biggest group of LUmad or non-muslim indigenous cultural community on the island of Mindanao. The word is derived from the word soba or suba, word common in Sulu, Visayas, and Mindanao, which means “river”, and the suffix “-nun” or “- non” which indicates a locality or place of origin. Thus, “subanon” means a person , or people of the river”; more specifically , “from up the river,” since they are usually differentiated from the coastal and
  4. 4. plains inhabitants of Zamboanga peninsula. - CCP encyclopedia of the Philippine Art. Volume II. Peoples of the Philippines. 1994. Cultural Center of the Philippines. ****** Performing Arts To be at peace with the diwata of the tribe , the Subanon perform ritual dances, sings songs, chant prayers, and play their drums and gongs. Ritual Dance. These subanos performing a dance ritual to the accompaniment of the gagong seek peace with the diwata of the tribe. -CCP encyclopedia of the Philippine Art. Volume II. Peoples of the Philippines. 1994. Cultural Center of the Philippines. Ekne Peaceful -T’boli-english Dictionary Silin A. Awed Et. Al, SIL-Philippines Manila, 2004 T’boli T’boli the t’boli are of proto-malayan stock and are found in the mountain ranges of south cotabato and sultan kudarat provinces. They have shown their wealth of craft, elaborate traditional dresses, and vivacious dances and music. They are presently known for their unusual tie-dyed and woven abaca cloth called tnalak used for dresses during ceremonies and festivities. -katutubo directory; A global YES event for the UN Decade of Indeginous People 1996 Hidit peace pact Tuwali, Ifugao The ifugao, immortalized by the marnificent rice terraces, inhabit the rugged terrain of the extensive cordillera mountain ranges of central northern Luzon. The major sub-groups of Ifugao are Tuwali, Ayangan, Hanglulo, and Kalanguya. The tuwali subgroup occupies major parts of Banawe, Hignyon, Hungduan, Lagawe and KIangan. Handbook of Philippine Language groups by Theodore A. Llamson ******* There are three methods used in settling disputes. They are dart throwing (ug-gub), wrestling (bultong), and the obsolete “boiling water” ordeal that was used in cases of theft. The the first two methods are used in bindery disputes. The bultong method is also followed in forest-boundery disputes. The wrestlers fight it out in the disputed area, notwithstanding such impediments as trees, logs, weeds, and stones. The boundary line is set on the spot touched by the loser’s back. While the greater number of the audience comes from both parties’ clans, the wrestling ordeal is so exciting that it attracts many otherspectators to see how the “cheater” meets his fate. Ordinarily, after the match both parties perfrom the Hidit (peace pact), a simple ritual during which they share and exchange moma ingredients (betel-nuts, betel leaves, and lime). By Chewing together they prove their friendly relations and their desire to continue as good neighbord. Islam Peace Maranao Maranao or maranaw is the largest muslim group in the Philippines. Maranao means “people of the lake” and the lake referred to is the beautiful lake lanao. They are very proud of their heritage and protect it
  5. 5. by fighting and resisting every attempt by the spaniardds and Americans to conolize them. They were the last to submit to the amierican authority in the early years. They fought both colonizers in a series of bloody wars until their eventual defet at the hands of the amirecans in 1913. The foundation of islam was laid on them from the 14th to 15th in Mindanao. The influence of Islam, which they rigidly adhere from the past to present is clearly seen in their culture and exercise of faith, but not fully, for many of the maranao’s songs and dances, art and oral literature, and belief system show an indigenous Filipino culture. -Susan Russell, Lina Davide-Ong, & Rey Ty, (Eds). 2007. Inter-ethnic Dialogue and conflict resolution. DeKalb:Northern Illinois University International Training office & Center for Southeast Asian Studies. ****** Islam, an Arabic word, literally means, Peace. As a religion it stands complete submission and obedience to the will of God, allah. Islam connotes peace. Like Christianity, it is anchored on the bedrock of a strong moral foundation, pluralism and tolerance. Communication, based on authentic dialogue is the bridge of understanding. – Florangel Rosario-Braid, Ph. D. (in search of Commonalities between muslim and Christian Filipinos Copyright 2002 Asian Institute of journalism and communication Islam means peace, whether as a way of life, an ideology, a code of law, a politico-economic system, a moral and ethical value..Islam is derived from the Arabic rootword Salama which connotes peace. Florangel Rosario-Braid, Ph. D. (in search of Commonalities between muslim and Christian Filipinos Copyright 2002 Asian Institute of journalism and communication Kagayiman Peace -Central tagbanua: A Philippine Language on the Brink of Extinction. 2003. Linguistic Society of the Philippines Manila Tagbanua The Central Tagbanwa people are known as the original indigenous inhabitants of northern Palawan. Historically, all three tagbanwa ethnolinguistic population have been semi-mobile slash- and-burn (Tagalog:Kaingin) agriculturists (Fox 1954; Warner 1981) who have dwelt throughout northwestern Palawan: form Iraan in the south, to the northern reaches of Copoas Peninsula, and as far east as taytay. -By central tagbanua: A Philippine Language on the Brink of Extinction by Robert A. Scebold Linuistic Society of the Philippines Manila, 2003 ******** Tagbanuwa means “people of the country” reported in two groups. Tagbanuwa, Aborlan inhabit the cetral region of Palawan and Tagbanuwa, Calamian found in Calamian Islands, North of Palawan. Tagbanuwa, Aborlan are coastal, riverine dwellers, and al arge sophisticated group of shifting cultivators. They are peacefull people with a complex custom law and an elaborated cult –of-the-dead associated with dramtic rituals. Over the years Tagbanuwa’s culture and society have been modified by external pressures, experiencing a more rapid changes, they have remain an ethnocentric people and the most conservative in their animistic beliefs, tradition and custom laws. They interact with coastal Christians (Roamn Catholics) almost daily but their ritual is theirs alone. -Arbie Bagani S. Llesis Talaandig tribe (Susan Russell, Lina Davide-Ong, & Rey Ty, (Eds). 2007. Inter-ethnic
  6. 6. Dialogue and conflict resolution. DeKalb:Northern Illinois University International Training office & Center for Southeast Asian Studies. ****** The rem “tagbanua”—also spelled “Tagbanwa” and Tagbanuwa”—may have been derived from “taga” meaning “people from” and “banua” meaning “countryside,” and therefore means “people from the inland area,” as contrasted to “from the shore or sea area.” The word could have ben used by later settlers to refer to the aboriginal inhabitants of Palawan who retreated inland (Llamzom 1978). -CCP encyclopedia of the Philippine Art. Volume II. Peoples of the Philippines. 1994. Cultural Center of the Philippines. Kalilintad – Kapayapaan - Bokabularyong Traylinggwal Maranao- Filipino- Ingles Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino Maranao Maranao or maranaw is the largest muslim group in the Philippines. Maranao means “people of the lake” and the lake referred to is the beautiful lake lanao. They are very proud of their heritage and protect it by fighting and resisting every attempt by the spaniardds and Americans to conolize them. They were the last to submit to the amierican authority in the early years. They fought both colonizers in a series of bloody wars until their eventual defet at the hands of the amirecans in 1913. The foundation of islam was laid on them from the 14th to 15th in Mindanao. The influence of Islam, which they rigidly adhere from the past to present is clearly seen in their culture and exercise of faith, but not fully, for many of the maranao’s songs and dances, art and oral literature, and belief system show an indigenous Filipino culture. -Arbie Bagani S. Llesis Talaandig tribe (Susan Russell, Lina Davide-Ong, & Rey Ty, (Eds). 2007. Inter-ethnic Dialogue and conflict resolution. DeKalb:Northern Illinois University International Training office & Center for Southeast Asian Studies. Kalinaw a visayan term for peace -Mindanao on the mend 2003 Sugbuanon The sebuanos The people who live on the islands of cebu, negros oriental, siquijor, and sections of Masbate, leyte, and northern Mindanao are generally called “sebuanos”. The sebuanos on the island of Cebu are also called “Sugbuanons or Sugbuhanons” (from sugbu, Cebu’s old name). -Handbook of Philippine Language groups by Theodore A. Llamson Kalinaw Stillness; serenity; quiet, ease, rest, peace, -Waray-english dictionary, 1993 Jackson, Michigan. Waray The Warays The people who inhabit the islands of samr and biliran and the eastern section of leyte are usually referred to as “Waray”, or “Waray-waray.”. those who come from samar are called “Samarenos,” while those from leyte are designated as Leytenos” The language of this group of people is variously called “waray-waray” or “samar-leyte”. The terms “Samarnon” and “Leytehanon” are also used, but these refer to the dialects of the language. Handbook of Philippine Language groups by Theodore A. Llamson ***** Warays Are direct descendants of a malay king called abak, who were the first settlers of capul, an island in the northern part of the province. Later, some of them migrated to the mainlan of samar and occupied the
  7. 7. valleys and plains of the island. The waray are presently a mixture of Bicolanos, cebuanos, and Tagalogs, because of the migration to the island during the early times. Thus, the island’s language was greatly affected resulting to diffirent “little dialects (the difference is in their intonations, pronunciation, and some spelling of the words)spoke in every town. The waray culture and language show of Spanish, Americann and Japanese influences. But, inspite of these factors, the waray cutture remains distinct among the rest of the visayan people. -Arbie Bagani S. Llesis Talaandig tribe (Susan Russell, Lina Davide-Ong, & Rey Ty, (Eds). 2007. Inter-ethnic Dialogue and conflict resolution. DeKalb:Northern Illinois University International Training office & Center for Southeast Asian Studies. Kalinaw Mindanaw Organisasyon Waray Kalinaw Mindanaw The partnership for the promotion of peace in Mindanao has been pursued to a significant degree within a loose organization known as “Kalinaw Mindanaw”. Today, Kalinaw Mindanao consists of organizations and agencies that are extensively involved in peace building, peace education and advocacy, especially in areas heavily affected by armed conflict. - Peace building in Mindanao; A partnership between government and civil Society by Alma R. Evangelista ,“Muslim Perspective in the Mindanao conflict by Amina Rasul, Asian institute of management, Makati city, Philippines, 2003 Kapayapaan- A Tagalog term for peace -Mindanao on the mend, 2003 Tagalog The Tagalogs The people who live in th province of rizal, bataan, quezon, laguna, batangas, aurora, camarines norte, marinduque, oriental and occidental Mindoro have been variously designated by the Spaniards as “Tagals.” “Tagalos,” and “Tagalogs.” The people call themselves “Tagalogs,” a term believed to have been derived from taga-ilog, “riverine people”. The language of these people speaks has been called “Tagal,” “Tagalo,” and “Tagalog.” In 1959, the national language, which was based on it, was officially called “Pilipino”. The 1972 constition still designates Pilipino as an official language , but has named “Filipino” as the new common national language. -Handbook of Philippine Language groups by Theodore A. Llamson ***** Bible Enjoins Christians to “seek peace and pursue it (Peter 3:11). Pope John Paul has noted “ the intrinsic link between an authentic religious attitude and the great good peace. -Florangel Rosario-Braid, Ph. D. (in search of Commonalities between muslim and Christian Filipinos Copyright 2002 Asian Institute of journalism and communication Law A policy of peace may even be made out from certain provisions in the 1987 Philippine Constitution: “a regime of..peace” (Preamble), “renounces war as ab instrument of national policy...and adheres to the policy of peace” Art. II, Sec 2) , and maintenance of peace and order” (Art. II, Sec. 5).
  8. 8. Karalitaan Alam natin ang kalagayan ng mga kapatid nating muslim, at mga kapatid natin na kristyano na mangingisda, ay magkapareho kapag pinag-uusapan ay karalitaan nila na hindi nagbibigay sa kanila ng kapayapaan. Dahil sa patuloy na pagliit ng control nila sa Palaisdaan, panahon na para ideklara ng kristiyano at ng islam na hindi dapat na ang karagatan ay knotrolin ng ilan, para magkaroon ng sitwasyon kung saan ay may “landlordism” sa katihan, at may sealordism”, sa karagatan. - ANgelito Manalili Dean, Social Work and Community Development (in search of Commonalities between muslim and Christian Filipinos Copyright 2002 Asian Institute of journalism and communication Kelinew Peace -Monobo- english dictionary, Richard e/ elkins. 1968 University of hawii press. Manobo Manobo “Manobo” or “manuvu” or “Minuvu” meanse “person’ or “people”; it may also have been originally “Mansuba” from man (person or people) and suba (river), hence meaning “river people”. A third derivation is from “Banobo,” the name of a creek that presently flows to Pulangi River about 2 km below Cotabato City. A fourth is from “man” meaning “First, aboriginal” and “tuvu” meaning “grow, growth,” “Manobo” is the hispanized form. --CCP Enclyclopedia of the Philippine Art. Volume II. Peoples of the Philippines. 1994. Cultural Center of the Philippines. Malinis Kapayapaan -English- Matigsalug- cebuano- Pilipino Matigsalog Matigsalug The matigsalug are the bukidnon groups who are found in the Tigwa-Salug Valley in San Fernando, Bukidnon. “Matigsalug” is a term which means “people along the River Salug”. Handbook of Philippine Language groups by Theodore A. Llamson Pakang Peace pact Manuvu Manobo “Manobo” or “manuvu” or “Minuvu” meanse “person’ or “people”; it may also have been originally “Mansuba” from man (person or people) and suba (river), hence meaning “river people”. A third derivation is from “Banobo,” the name of a creek that presently flows to Pulangi River about 2 km below Cotabato City. A fourth is from “man” meaning “First, aboriginal” and “tuvu” meaning “grow, growth,” “Manobo” is the hispanized form. --CCP Enclyclopedia of the Philippine Art. Volume II. Peoples of the Philippines. 1994. Cultural Center of the Philippines. ****** Manuvu of Mindanao Pakang - The peact pact (pakang) is consummated by the leaders drinking each other’s blood from a
  9. 9. vessel and exchanging gifts, including slaves.. the blood compact described in pre-Hispanic times by Spanish chronicles is a known mechanism among the manuvo and neighboring trbies to stop war and renew friendship. – page. 6 Pechen: The Bontok peace pact institution By Pritt-Brett, June 1987) Pax Christi The peace of Christ Maranao Pax Christi (the peace of Christ) Is the peace of the new Covenannt and new creation...salvation and reconciliation, healing of hostility and division. -In search of Commonalities between muslim and Christian Filipinos Copyright 2002 Asian Institute of journalism and communication. Salam Peace Maranao Maranao Maranao or maranaw is the largest muslim group in the Philippines. Maranao means “people of the lake” and the lake referred to is the beautiful lake lanao. They are very proud of their heritage and protect it by fighting and resisting every attempt by the spaniardds and Americans to conolize them. They were the last to submit to the amierican authority in the early years. They fought both colonizers in a series of bloody wars until their eventual defet at the hands of the amirecans in 1913. The foundation of islam was laid on them from the 14th to 15th in Mindanao. The influence of Islam, which they rigidly adhere from the past to present is clearly seen in their culture and exercise of faith, but not fully, for many of the maranao’s songs and dances, art and oral literature, and belief system show an indigenous Filipino culture. -Arbie Bagani S. Llesis Talaandig tribe (Susan Russell, Lina Davide-Ong, & Rey Ty, (Eds). 2007. Inter-ethnic Dialogue and conflict resolution. DeKalb:Northern Illinois University International Training office & Center for Southeast Asian Studies. Salawat Greetings of peace Maranao salawat (greetings of peace) to the Holy prophet Sannang tahimik, payapa Bokabularyong traylinggwal Yakan-Filipino- Ingles. 2003 Komisyon sa wikang Filipino Yakan Yakan The word yakan denotes “Dayak Origin”. Various yakan folk stories indicate that yakans are descendants of both migrating Dayaka from Northeast Borneo and sama from Johore a long time ago. Some Yakan today identify themselves as Sama-Yakan thus acknowledging their sama and dayak origin. The prominent person in each community of yakan is the Imam who combines both religious and socio- political leadership. -Katutubo Directory: A global Yes event for the UN Decade of Indigenous people 1996 tam’pudà Peace pact - Manobo Teofilo E. Gelacio, et al. Urios College Butuan City Manobo Manobo “Manobo” or “manuvu” or “Minuvu” meanse “person’ or “people”; it may also have been originally “Mansuba” from man (person or people) and suba (river), hence meaning “river people”. A third derivation is from “Banobo,” the name of a creek that presently flows to Pulangi River about 2 km below Cotabato City. A fourth is from “man” meaning “First, aboriginal” and “tuvu” meaning “grow, growth,”
  10. 10. Philippnes. “Manobo” is the hispanized form. --CCP Enclyclopedia of the Philippine Art. Volume II. Peoples of the Philippines. 1994. Cultural Center of the Philippines. Ya Allah, Ya Rasullullah Salamat keyo. Oh God! Oh Apostle of God! We thank you Yakan Yakan The word yakan denotes “Dayak Origin”. Various yakan folk stories indicate that yakans are descendants of both migrating Dayaka from Northeast Borneo and sama from Johore a long time ago. Some Yakan today identify themselves as Sama-Yakan thus acknowledging their sama and dayak origin. The prominent person in each community of yakan is the Imam who combines both religious and socio- political leadership. -Katutubo Directory: A global Yes event for the UN Decade of Indigenous people 1996 ***** Peace and order reigned land more Christian settlers came down to basilan. Delivery proper 1. During Childbirth . when the baby born is born, the midwife receives it and recites the following du’a: Ya Allah, Ya Rasullullah Salamat keyo. (Oh God! Oh Apostle of God! We thank you). 2. the imam then says the following prayer over the food: Allahumma Salamatan Alayna O Lord! Peace upon us. Ritual and Related beliefs. Personal interations Like other Philippine group, the yakan have a distinct and fairly elaborate set of a verbal expressions and gestures used when one yakan encounters another especially a group.

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