The Green Power                    Graciela Chichilnisky                           UNFCCC Side Event                      ...
Human Dominated     Human Beings are today the largest     geological force in the planet     We are changing the planet’s...
Global Risks      •   Climate Change      •   Biodiversity Extinction      •   Clean Water scarcity      •   Life in the S...
URGENCY      Why are we being called to respond to                        The Climate                         QuestionMond...
Catastrophic Risks• Global sea level raise threatens the survival of  43 island nations• Polar Caps melt - accelerating wa...
Are Humans Next?• Need Action Now• Waited too long• Industrial economies 20% of world  population cause most of world’s C0...
The     The change we are producing will be read in rock     formations for thousands of years     A new geological era - ...
A Brief History of        Western Economics        How an individualistic frontier society        Grows Interconnections &...
Western Economics                        an   • Lacks connections with natural     resources   • Lacks connections between...
Western Market Economics based                   on           – Competitive Markets - individualistic              consume...
Western economics     • Lacks connections between people     • Lacks connections between economy       and environment    ...
Because humans               dominate the planet     • For the first time in recorded history     • Following an era of rap...
This means natural resource     • As we reach natural resource and environmental       limits       The survival of humank...
Sustainable                How to do itMonday, June 25, 2012
What to do     • Change International Law     • Change Economics            We just have to do it     • For the survival o...
Changing Economics is                        HOW?     • Provide the Missing       Connections     • Between people and the...
Changing Economics        Requires Changing         International LawMonday, June 25, 2012
Change International     • In 1974 I created the Bariloche Model of the World       Economy     • Based on my new concept ...
Change International      • The Carbon Market I designed and        wrote into the UN Kyoto Protocol        in 1997 is int...
Change International Law                 The Green Power       • $200Bn/year Private/Public Fund for         building Carb...
Where are We?                   What comes                     Next?Monday, June 25, 2012
Changes Articulated by the                    United Nations                        KyotoMonday, June 25, 2012
• What is it?     • What it is notMonday, June 25, 2012
The Carbon     • EU-ETS Trades $200 Bn/year     • Reduced 30% EU emissions     • CDM transfersred $50 Bn clean energy     ...
Emission Limits                  are the basis of Carbon  Dirty                 Carbon   CARBON              CHANGES  pays...
Carbon Market         Links to Global Economy                        Everything is made with energy                       ...
From the Carbon                    Market                        to the          Green Power FundMonday, June 25, 2012
Power Plants Create     • Energy is the mother of all Markets             A US$55 Trillion     Global Power Plant Infrastr...
The Green Power• Mobilizes the World Energy MarketsBuilds Carbon Negative Power Plants• $200bn/year to build carbon negati...
To Build Carbon Negative• Capture More Carbon than Emitted• Providing Rapid Development while• Cleaning the Planet’s Atmos...
Copenhagen COP15:          Two Seeds   with Irresistible Growth   1. Green Power Fund   2. Carbon Negative      Technologi...
Durban December 2011:      Kyoto Protocol extended 3                years• Existing KP limits valid until 2015• New Carbon...
Sustainable     • Cost Benefit Analysis and Optimal       Growth theory exist that do not       discount the Future     A F...
Basic Needs, The Carbon               Market and the             Green Power Fund     • New types of markets that value th...
New Markets Change                   Capitalism     • Markets trading privately produced       public goods are new     • ...
Green Capitalism in the              21 st             Century     • The basis exists: international law and       economi...
The Global              New Economics              From maximizing profits to                  economic progress           ...
Technology is Urgently     • To Reduce Carbon from the Atmosphere     • In a Profitable Way                   The Word need...
Global Thermostat Pilot Plant, SRI International - Menlo Park                                         CaliforniaMonday, Ju...
Why a Carbon Negative         Carbon Neutral is not    •    Neutralizingenough does not                     emissions     ...
Closing the Carbon     • GT Technology Captures Carbon from Air     • Inexpensive: Uses Low Process Heat     • Cogenerates...
GT’s Air Capture     Three-Step Process Produces Concentrated     CO 2 Stream         Step 1        Air InputMonday, June ...
GT’s Air Capture     Three-Step Process Produces Concentrated     CO 2 Stream         Step 1             Step 2        Air...
GT’s Air Capture     Three-Step Process Produces Concentrated     CO 2 Stream         Step 1             Step 2         St...
GT’s Air Capture     Three-Step Process Produces Concentrated     CO 2 Stream         Step 1                 Step 2       ...
UP                                                Absorbing CO2                   Pipes to oil well or algaeMonday, June 2...
DOWN                                                 Releasing CO2                   Pipes to oil well or algae pondsMonda...
Applications & Markets for   Storage              Enhance   Algae-    Hydroge Products                        d Oil     Ba...
Unique Advantages of GT’s                               Technology                        Measurable advantages over other...
Unique Advantages of GT’s                               Technology                        Measurable advantages over other...
Unique Advantages of GT’s                               Technology                        Measurable advantages over other...
Unique Advantages of GT’s                               Technology                        Measurable advantages over other...
Unique Advantages of GT’s                               Technology                        Measurable advantages over other...
Unique Advantages of GT’s                               Technology                        Measurable advantages over other...
GT Pilot Plant at SRI - October                   1, 2010     06/25/12                        47Monday, June 25, 2012
Strategic PartnersMonday, June 25, 2012
GT Producing Carbon Negative           GT isloping fully-integrated biorefinery in                partnership with Algae Sy...
The Green Power Fund           Creates      a Carbon Negative • To fund Carbon Negative Power plants in   island nations A...
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The Green Power Fund: A Presentation from Rio+20 by Graciela Chichilnisky

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The Green Power Fund: A Presentation from Rio+20 by Graciela Chichilnisky

  1. 1. The Green Power Graciela Chichilnisky UNFCCC Side Event June 18th 2012 Rio+20 Rio Centro BrazilMonday, June 25, 2012
  2. 2. Human Dominated Human Beings are today the largest geological force in the planet We are changing the planet’s atmosphere, its body of waters, and the complex web of species that makes life on earthMonday, June 25, 2012
  3. 3. Global Risks • Climate Change • Biodiversity Extinction • Clean Water scarcity • Life in the Seas going extinct AvoidingMonday, June 25, 2012
  4. 4. URGENCY Why are we being called to respond to The Climate QuestionMonday, June 25, 2012
  5. 5. Catastrophic Risks• Global sea level raise threatens the survival of 43 island nations• Polar Caps melt - accelerating warming trend• Record breaking tornadoes, floods, droughts and devastating fires• 30 million climate migration in 2011• National Security at Risk US Pentagon 2009Oceans - the origin of life – going extinctMonday, June 25, 2012
  6. 6. Are Humans Next?• Need Action Now• Waited too long• Industrial economies 20% of world population cause most of world’s C02 emissions Energy from fossil fuels is 45% of global emissions Clean Energy is the OnlyMonday, June 25, 2012
  7. 7. The The change we are producing will be read in rock formations for thousands of years A new geological era - the ‘Anthropocene’ – follows the Holocene –it started in 1945 The Bretton Woods Institutions after WWII led to Globalization of WesternMonday, June 25, 2012
  8. 8. A Brief History of Western Economics How an individualistic frontier society Grows Interconnections & the Global CommonsMonday, June 25, 2012
  9. 9. Western Economics an • Lacks connections with natural resources • Lacks connections between present and future • Lacks connections between peopleMonday, June 25, 2012
  10. 10. Western Market Economics based on – Competitive Markets - individualistic consumers trade private goods: no connection between people – Optimal Growth Theory -- exponential growth of population and resource use – a frontier society without limits: no connection between the economy and ecological systems – Cost Benefit Analysis and Financial Models Discount the Future – a short term vision: no connection between the present and the futureMonday, June 25, 2012
  11. 11. Western economics • Lacks connections between people • Lacks connections between economy and environment • Lacks connections across generations Sustainable Development requires building connectionsMonday, June 25, 2012
  12. 12. Because humans dominate the planet • For the first time in recorded history • Following an era of rapid globalization Humans dominate Planet Earth • We are connecting andMonday, June 25, 2012
  13. 13. This means natural resource • As we reach natural resource and environmental limits The survival of humankind is at stake • Need connections with the ecology, between people and with the future of our species Can Western Economics adjust?Monday, June 25, 2012
  14. 14. Sustainable How to do itMonday, June 25, 2012
  15. 15. What to do • Change International Law • Change Economics We just have to do it • For the survival of ourMonday, June 25, 2012
  16. 16. Changing Economics is HOW? • Provide the Missing Connections • Between people and the environmentMonday, June 25, 2012
  17. 17. Changing Economics Requires Changing International LawMonday, June 25, 2012
  18. 18. Change International • In 1974 I created the Bariloche Model of the World Economy • Based on my new concept of Basic Needs • Basic Needs foundation of Sustainable Development voted by 150 nations at the 1992 UN Earth Summit in Rio Brazil • Adopted by the G – 20 in 2009Monday, June 25, 2012
  19. 19. Change International • The Carbon Market I designed and wrote into the UN Kyoto Protocol in 1997 is international law since 2005 • Productive clean CDM transfers to developing nations $50 Bn since 2005 • EU ETS Trades $200 Bn/year, decreased 37% EU emissions since became law in 2005 • Makes profitable the use of clean energy for the production of all goods and services • Changes the energy foundation of the Global Economy • China ratified the Kyoto Protocol and since 2005Monday, June 25, 2012
  20. 20. Change International Law The Green Power • $200Bn/year Private/Public Fund for building Carbon Negative Power Plants in developing nations • Funded by the CDM of the Kyoto Protocol = Carbon Market trading in 2011 • Created in Copenhagen CP15 December 2009 – I published and presented it to Pershing US State Dept, and Pizer US Treasury • Announced two days later December 17 2009 by US Sec H. Clinton -- now accepted in Durban 2011Monday, June 25, 2012
  21. 21. Where are We? What comes Next?Monday, June 25, 2012
  22. 22. Changes Articulated by the United Nations KyotoMonday, June 25, 2012
  23. 23. • What is it? • What it is notMonday, June 25, 2012
  24. 24. The Carbon • EU-ETS Trades $200 Bn/year • Reduced 30% EU emissions • CDM transfersred $50 Bn clean energy projects in poor nations • Now in 4 continents • Compulsory Carbon Market in California USA • US Federal Law March 2012 limits power plant emissions •Monday, June 25, 2012
  25. 25. Emission Limits are the basis of Carbon Dirty Carbon CARBON CHANGES pays Makes PRICES $25/TON THE clean – Clean ARE THE EMITTED ENTIRE ZERO Energy Missing GLOBALMonday, June 25, 2012
  26. 26. Carbon Market Links to Global Economy Everything is made with energy Economic growth = Energy Use Link to Energy Carbon Market provides Missing Signal New Market Prices = New ValuesMonday, June 25, 2012
  27. 27. From the Carbon Market to the Green Power FundMonday, June 25, 2012
  28. 28. Power Plants Create • Energy is the mother of all Markets A US$55 Trillion Global Power Plant Infrastructure (IEA) • They Power the World • The World needs more energy • But Power Plants today emit 45% of all Carbon emissionsMonday, June 25, 2012
  29. 29. The Green Power• Mobilizes the World Energy MarketsBuilds Carbon Negative Power Plants• $200bn/year to build carbon negative power pants• Creating Rapid Development in Latin America Africa Small Island StatesFunded by the CarbonMonday, June 25, 2012
  30. 30. To Build Carbon Negative• Capture More Carbon than Emitted• Providing Rapid Development while• Cleaning the Planet’s Atmosphere• Ideal for Low Income Developing Nations• Low Emitting Nation can Reduce more Carbon than they emit• Paid for by the $200 Bn/trading of the Carbon Market of the KyotoMonday, June 25, 2012
  31. 31. Copenhagen COP15: Two Seeds with Irresistible Growth 1. Green Power Fund 2. Carbon Negative Technologies in the CDMMonday, June 25, 2012
  32. 32. Durban December 2011: Kyoto Protocol extended 3 years• Existing KP limits valid until 2015• New Carbon limits pledged for 2015• Green Climate FundMonday, June 25, 2012
  33. 33. Sustainable • Cost Benefit Analysis and Optimal Growth theory exist that do not discount the Future A Formal Theory of Sustainable Development has been developed that provides Equal treatment for future generationsMonday, June 25, 2012
  34. 34. Basic Needs, The Carbon Market and the Green Power Fund • New types of markets that value the Global Commons • The Atmosphere, Biodiversity, Water Change the global economyMonday, June 25, 2012
  35. 35. New Markets Change Capitalism • Markets trading privately produced public goods are new • They combine equity with efficiency Connecting People • They require limits on resource use Connecting Economics with Ecological SystemsMonday, June 25, 2012
  36. 36. Green Capitalism in the 21 st Century • The basis exists: international law and economics • Theoretically and in practice • New markets for the global commons, new growth theory, new cost benefit analysis and new GDP measures, new international lawMonday, June 25, 2012
  37. 37. The Global New Economics From maximizing profits to economic progress that ensures survival of our speciesMonday, June 25, 2012
  38. 38. Technology is Urgently • To Reduce Carbon from the Atmosphere • In a Profitable Way The Word needs Energy CLEAN ENERGY FORMonday, June 25, 2012
  39. 39. Global Thermostat Pilot Plant, SRI International - Menlo Park CaliforniaMonday, June 25, 2012 February 2011
  40. 40. Why a Carbon Negative Carbon Neutral is not • Neutralizingenough does not emissions prevent further increases in atmospheric CO2 • Even the most aggressive efficiency improvements and renewables adoption are unlikely to keep CO2 concentration at the generally agreed 450ppm to avoid catastrophic Negative Carbon is the climate risk solution1 enables direct and rapid • Air capture reduction of CO2 concentration • GT allows for the capture of even more CO2 than we are loading into the atmosphere or that the earth’s systems can absorb – Negative Carbon GT’s technology directly 1 United Nations Headquarters, New York, November 12, 2009. Presentation by G. Chichilnisky on"The Rising Tide at Copenhagen: reduces carbon concentration A Win-Win Solution for Industrialized and Developing Nations" in the air, making carbon 06/25/12 negative possible 40Monday, June 25, 2012
  41. 41. Closing the Carbon • GT Technology Captures Carbon from Air • Inexpensive: Uses Low Process Heat • Cogenerates Power Production withCarbon Capture • The More Power is Produced – the More Carbon is reduced • Makes Coal Plants Carbon Negative • Makes Solar Power Plants even more Carbon NegativeMonday, June 25, 2012
  42. 42. GT’s Air Capture Three-Step Process Produces Concentrated CO 2 Stream Step 1 Air InputMonday, June 25, 2012
  43. 43. GT’s Air Capture Three-Step Process Produces Concentrated CO 2 Stream Step 1 Step 2 Air Input CO 2 CaptureMonday, June 25, 2012
  44. 44. GT’s Air Capture Three-Step Process Produces Concentrated CO 2 Stream Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Air Input CO 2 Capture CO 2 RegenerationMonday, June 25, 2012
  45. 45. GT’s Air Capture Three-Step Process Produces Concentrated CO 2 Stream Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Air Input CO 2 Capture CO 2 Regeneration Key to GT’s technology is cogeneration using Transport Compressio Other low temperature and n Application process heat to Injection s capture CO 2 Subsequent steps are shared by all CO 2 capture methods though pipelining costs can be reduced by co-locating where CO 2 is stored or usedMonday, June 25, 2012
  46. 46. UP Absorbing CO2 Pipes to oil well or algaeMonday, June 25, 2012
  47. 47. DOWN Releasing CO2 Pipes to oil well or algae pondsMonday, June 25, 2012
  48. 48. Applications & Markets for Storage Enhance Algae- Hydroge Products d Oil Based n-Based Algae-based *EOR and cement, fertilizer, biofuels represent most Recover Biofuels* Fuels significant plastics, greenhouses y* opportunities for commercial applications of CO2 captured using GT’s technology 06/25/12 45Monday, June 25, 2012
  49. 49. Unique Advantages of GT’s Technology Measurable advantages over other forms of carbon captureMonday, June 25, 2012
  50. 50. Unique Advantages of GT’s Technology Measurable advantages over other forms of carbon captureMonday, June 25, 2012
  51. 51. Unique Advantages of GT’s Technology Measurable advantages over other forms of carbon capture Low-Cost Provider •Powered by low cost & widely available process heatMonday, June 25, 2012
  52. 52. Unique Advantages of GT’s Technology Measurable advantages over other forms of carbon capture Low-Cost Provider •Powered by low cost & widely available process heat Scalable Design •Modular design adapts to different sized applicationsMonday, June 25, 2012
  53. 53. Unique Advantages of GT’s Technology Measurable advantages over other forms of carbon capture Carbon Negative Low-Cost Provider Solution •Powered by low cost & •An energy or industrial plant widely available process heat can capture even more CO2 than is emitted – a carbon negative solution Scalable Design •Modular design adapts to different sized applicationsMonday, June 25, 2012
  54. 54. Unique Advantages of GT’s Technology Measurable advantages over other forms of carbon capture Carbon Negative Low-Cost Provider Solution •Powered by low cost & •An energy or industrial plant widely available process heat can capture even more CO2 than is emitted – a carbon negative solution Flexible Integration Scalable Design • Fossil, renewable, nuclear •Modular design adapts to plants, industrial plants, different sized applications (cement, steel) – anywhere heat is availableMonday, June 25, 2012
  55. 55. GT Pilot Plant at SRI - October 1, 2010 06/25/12 47Monday, June 25, 2012
  56. 56. Strategic PartnersMonday, June 25, 2012
  57. 57. GT Producing Carbon Negative GT isloping fully-integrated biorefinery in partnership with Algae Systems • Produces carbon negative transportation fuels (gasoline diesel) • Treats municipal wastewater and produces drinking water • Generates green electricity and biochar fertilizers CO 2 Fuels, Algae Dewaterin Fuel Electrici Solar Production g Production ty & Energy Biochar Waste water Treated Drinki Wastew Desalinatio ng ater Water Provides critical municipal services while producing energy 06/25/12 As Green As It Gets 49Monday, June 25, 2012
  58. 58. The Green Power Fund Creates a Carbon Negative • To fund Carbon Negative Power plants in island nations AOSIS Latin America & Africa • The ONLY WAY that low emitting developing nations can benefit from theMonday, June 25, 2012

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