Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.



Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this


  1. 1. Grammar Review of Attribute
  2. 2. 1 、 Attribute ( 定语) 定语是用来修饰名词或代词的成分。 2 、定语的构成 <ul><li>形容词、代词、数词、名词、名词所有格、 </li></ul><ul><li>介词短语、动词不定式(短语)、 </li></ul><ul><li>动词- ing 形式(短语)、 </li></ul><ul><li>动词- ed 形式(短语)、 </li></ul><ul><li>定语从句 </li></ul>
  3. 3. 3 、定语的位置 前置定语: 形容词、代词、数词、名词、名词所有格、 动词- ing 形式、动词- ed 形式 后置定语: 介词短语、动词不定式短语、 动词- ing 形式短语、动词- ed 形式短语、 定语从句 (包括:表语形容词、修饰不定代词的形容词)
  4. 4. 4 、多个形容词修饰名词的顺序: 冠词 + 限定词 + 描绘性形容词 + 大、小、长、 短、高、低 + 形状 + 年龄、新旧 + 颜色 + 国籍、 地区、出处 + 物质材料 + 用图、类别 <ul><li>his father’s expensive new silk shirt </li></ul><ul><li>her first beautiful little British oil painting </li></ul><ul><li>many huge ancient wooden buildings </li></ul><ul><li>a very expensive long old red French wooden </li></ul><ul><li>writing desk </li></ul>
  5. 5. Grammar Attributive clauses
  6. 6. Those who break the law will be punished. This is the room that we cleaned yesterday. that we cleaned yesterday who break the law 在复合句中修饰名词或代词的从句叫 定语从句 被 修饰的名词或代词叫 先行词 引导定语从句的词叫 关系词 关系词在定语从句中作成份
  7. 7. 主语 宾语 定语 指人 指物 who/that whom/who/that whose which/that which/that whose I like the book 我喜欢那本封面是绿色的书。 whose cover is green. the cover of which is green. of which the cover is green. 关系代词
  8. 8. 关系副词: when ; why ; where I’ll remember the day ________ I first met you. We don’t believe the reason _________ he was late. 关系副词 when 在从句中作时间状语, 先行词是表时间的词。 I’ll remember the day __________________ we spent in the park. when which / that why which / that 关系副词 why 在从句中作原因状语, 先行词只有 reason. We don’t believe the reason ____________ he explained .
  9. 9. This is the house _________ he was born. where which/that We’ll discuss a number of cases _______ beginners of English fail to use the language properly. ( 陕西卷 ) We’re just trying to reach a point ______ both sides will sit down together and talk. ( 山东卷 ) where where 关系副词 where 在句中作地点状语, 先行词可以是表地点的名词, This is the house ______________ he visited yesterday. 也可以是 case , point ,position, situation 等有地点含义的抽象名词。
  10. 10. Everything ____ we have to do is to try our best. This is the best film _____ I’ve ever seen. I have read all the books _____ you gave me. You’re the only one _____ I want to see. They talked about the things and people _____ they remembered. Who is the man _____ is talking to John? that that that that that that
  11. 11. 众所周知,台湾是中国的一部分。 ________ is known to all , Taiwan is part of China. ________ is known to all that Taiwan is part of China. He had to work on Sundays , ________ he doesn’t like. which As It
  12. 12. <ul><li>Don’t talk about such things ____ you are not sure of. </li></ul><ul><li>A. those B. that C. what D. as </li></ul><ul><li>They’re such good toys ___we all want to </li></ul><ul><li>have one. </li></ul><ul><li>A. those B. that C. what D. as </li></ul><ul><li>I will never forget those years ____ I lived in the country with the farmers, ____ has a great effort on my life. </li></ul><ul><li>A. that; which B. when; which C. which; that D. when; who </li></ul>