C2 cn governance_johan_art

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Introduction to C2C and governance aspects during the expert seminar in Leuven, July 12th 2010.

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  • Eén van die woorden die vaak gebruikt en zelden omschreven worden… In enkele grote lijnen de basisbetekenissen die doorheen het verscheiden woordgebruik naar voor komen “ Governance is what government does” In het Nederlands: veelal de Engelse term behouden, anders is ‘bestuur’ wellicht de frequentste vertaling
  • Eén van die woorden die vaak gebruikt en zelden omschreven worden… In enkele grote lijnen de basisbetekenissen die doorheen het verscheiden woordgebruik naar voor komen “ Governance is what government does” In het Nederlands: veelal de Engelse term behouden, anders is ‘bestuur’ wellicht de frequentste vertaling
  • Eén van die woorden die vaak gebruikt en zelden omschreven worden… In enkele grote lijnen de basisbetekenissen die doorheen het verscheiden woordgebruik naar voor komen “ Governance is what government does” In het Nederlands: veelal de Engelse term behouden, anders is ‘bestuur’ wellicht de frequentste vertaling
  • Hoe ziet die ‘mogelijke) shift er uit? In de tabel geschetst a.h.v. enkele kernwoorden uit de literatuur in dit domein. De basislogica van ‘government’ is: de overheid beslist en legt besluiten op, ze ‘decreteert’. Vervolgens sanctioneert (“enforcing”) ze de opvolging van die besluiten door de bevolking. Kernwoorden zijn “de overheid” en “de bevolking”, “de burgers”. Naarmate burgers mondiger werden, is dit éénrichtingsverkeer aangevuld met verschillende feedback-mechanismes. Het belangrijkste daarvan zijn de ‘verkiezingen’. Recenter zijn die aangevuld door diverse vormen van “inspraak” en “participatie”, maar de basisveronderstelling blijft dat de overheid (de regering) beslist, en op basis van macht die door verkiezingen gelegitimeerd is, sanctioneert. Het initiatief ligt bij de overheid, die in een hiërarchische, verticale verhouding tot de bevolking staat.
  • Linkerkolom: te begrijpen in de logica van kwaliteitsmanagement en ‘continuous improvement’ Rechterkolom: eerder in de orde van organisatieverandering
  • Government: Sleutelactoren: politici, ambtenaren, burgers (Mieke Schauvliege, Vl. Min. Leefmilieu, mei 2010) Participatie: “ burgerparticipatie” recent een kenwoord in dit systeem toe te voegen, namelijk “de industrie” (bv. Mieke Schauvliege: “enhanced collaboration between industry, policy makers and consumers” de belangen en machten die in dit systeem niet erkend zijn, gaan aan het lobbyen. soms ‘window dressing’ als vorm van ‘risk management’: ‘collateral damage’ beperken Governance: industrieën, sectororganisaties, werknemersorganisaties, NGO’s, … Different government actors, private organizations, including profit and social profit,
  • Hoe ziet die (mogelijke) shift er uit? In de tabel geschetst a.h.v. enkele kernwoorden uit de literatuur in dit domein. De basislogica van ‘government’ is: de overheid beslist en legt besluiten op, ze ‘decreteert’. Vervolgens sanctioneert (“enforcing”) ze de opvolging van die besluiten door de bevolking. Kernwoorden zijn “de overheid” en “de bevolking”, “de burgers”. Naarmate burgers mondiger werden, is dit éénrichtingsverkeer aangevuld met verschillende feedback-mechanismes. Het belangrijkste daarvan zijn de ‘verkiezingen’. Recenter zijn die aangevuld door diverse vormen van “inspraak” en “participatie”, maar de basisveronderstelling blijft dat de overheid (de regering) beslist, en op basis van macht die door verkiezingen gelegitimeerd is, sanctioneert. Het initiatief ligt bij de overheid, die in een hiërarchische, verticale verhouding tot de bevolking staat.
  • Scarcities: fossil fuel more scarce, products will be developed that are more efficient Externalities: costs that are not included in the price, shifted to others or to the future, e.g. environmental costs Tragedy of the commons: overexploitation of commonly owned goods, e.g. athmosphere Limited steering capacity: large businesses are much more powerful than government, civil society actors can block policies or circumvent them, cultural changes cannot be imposed Networks do not exclude the former two, but tries to achieve coordination between them, and adds civil society as an important actor
  • Business process re-engineering: different way of making products (e.g. decomposable) Enabling legislation: permission to re-use dangerous substances, e.g. landfill mining Civil society initiatives: think about the role of youth organisations in collecting recycling paper
  • A lot of ideas available about how to go about multi-actor governance Assumptions about: what is changing, how it changes, who can take which role in the change, … Transition management: give crazy a ideas a chance, keep focused on the long term goal of sustainability Network governance: bring in new people or new ideas Social learning: learning from different perspectives, between product developers and consumers, between business and government Adaptive governance: think in scenario’s, what if the most likely scenario doesn’t materialize Multi-actor collaboration: e.g. partnerships between ngo’s and corporations (e.g. sustainable soy) Policy agenda setting: using a crisis or scandal as an opportunity to introduce new policies
  • New connections: E.g. CO2 emissions become fertilizers Minimal structures: geen vooraf bepaalde ‘outcomes’, soepelheid in ‘deadlines’… Communities of practice: “temporary sensemaking systems” Loose coupling with power networks: “adaptive networks” als ‘relatively powerless networks which nonetheless influence the thinking and acting of a whole range of actors.”
  • Beyond regulating, taxing and subsidizing Keying: small changes in innovation / regulating such that they sound in the same key Integrating: becoming part of business as usual
  • C2 cn governance_johan_art

    1. 1. Governance for C2C An introduction to ‘ governance’ for sustainability: what and why? July 12th 2010 Johan Hovelynck – Cradle to Cradle Network – Cycloop group
    2. 2. Governance Johan Hovelynck – Cradle to Cradle Network – Cycloop group
    3. 3. Governance <ul><li>Governance: </li></ul><ul><li>“ the act of governing” </li></ul><ul><li>“ shifting pattern in styles of governing” </li></ul>Johan Hovelynck – Cradle to Cradle Network – Cycloop group
    4. 4. Governance Johan Hovelynck – Cradle to Cradle Network – Cycloop group Community governance Relational governance Corporate governance Good governance Network governance Public-private partnerships New public management New governance Global governance Self-governance
    5. 5. <ul><li>‘ Government’ </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Legitimate power </li></ul><ul><li>Positional / legal </li></ul><ul><li>Political bureaucracy </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Governance’ </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Legitimate interests </li></ul><ul><li>Relational / commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>Governance Johan Hovelynck – Cradle to Cradle Network – Cycloop group
    6. 6. <ul><li>Governance within ‘government’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Good governance’, ‘new public manage-ment‘ </li></ul><ul><li>New quality standards: efficient, transparent, accountable </li></ul><ul><li>Structure unchanged </li></ul><ul><li>Governance beyond ‘government’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Network governance’, ‘collaborative gover-nance’, ‘multi-actor’ </li></ul><ul><li>Revised approach to governing: actors, partnerships, dispersed initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Structure diversified </li></ul>Governance Johan Hovelynck – Cradle to Cradle Network – Cycloop group
    7. 7. Governance Governance within ‘government’ Governance beyond ‘government’ ‘ multi-actor’ Johan Hovelynck – Cradle to Cradle Network – Cycloop group ‘ government’ ‘ civil society’ ‘ participation’
    8. 8. <ul><li>‘ Government’ </li></ul><ul><li>A double shift: </li></ul><ul><li>The actors involved: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From government & society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To multiple stakeholders </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The organizing principles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From procedural: structures, roles and rules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To relational: reciprocal commitments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>‘ Governance’ </li></ul>Multi-actor governance Johan Hovelynck – Cradle to Cradle Network – Cycloop group
    9. 9. Mechanisms of coordination <ul><li>Market </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Entrepreneurs will achieve sustainability through technological innovations in response to scarcities” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But: externalities, tragedy of the commons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hierarchy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Government has to enforce sustainability” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But: steering capacity of government limited </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Networks / multi-actor governance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability needs coordinated efforts from government actors, business actors and civil society actors </li></ul></ul>Art Dewulf – Cradle to Cradle Network –
    10. 10. Good C2C practices <ul><li>Requires eco-effective design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technological innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Requires business-government-citizen triangle reconfigured for recycling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supply chain re-engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enabling legislation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizen initiatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Requires large-scale application/impact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Market share </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sector-wide changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul>Art Dewulf – Cradle to Cradle Network –
    11. 11. Multi-actor governance <ul><li>Transition management kl </li></ul><ul><li>Network governance lml </li></ul><ul><li>Social learning klklklklkkll </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptive governance klkl </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-actor collaboration jkj </li></ul><ul><li>Policy agenda setting </li></ul><ul><li>Innovate now for change on the long term </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilize and tweak existing networks </li></ul><ul><li>Create spaces for dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared for an uncertain future </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiate with your adversaries </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize windows of opportunity </li></ul>Art Dewulf – Cradle to Cradle Network –
    12. 12. Conditions for innovation in networks <ul><li>Creating ‘new connections’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business alliances, public-private partnerships, … </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Platforms for committed partners: ‘minimal structures’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Between understructured and overstructured </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social learning: ‘communities of practice’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn from reflection on practice </li></ul></ul><ul><li>‘ Loose couplings’ between innovation networks and power networks </li></ul>(Termeer & Kranendonk, 2009) Art Dewulf – Cradle to Cradle Network –
    13. 13. New strategies for government actors <ul><li>Keying </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tuning innovations and existing regulations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Improvising </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trying out new things, pushing the boundaries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Certifying </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Noticing and publicly supporting innovative activities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Integrating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incorporating innovations into existing organizational identities and procedures </li></ul></ul>Art Dewulf – Cradle to Cradle Network –
    14. 14. Dilemma’s and tensions <ul><li>Change versus stability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>innovating versus structuring </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Humility versus heroism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>long term processes versus pressure to score </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Networks versus transparency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>complexity versus accountability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Governing innovation versus innovating governance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>new ideas versus usual routines </li></ul></ul>Art Dewulf – Cradle to Cradle Network –
    15. 15. <ul><li>C2CN governance framework </li></ul><ul><li>will be mailed to you </li></ul><ul><li>will be available at </li></ul><ul><li>the C2CN website </li></ul><ul><li>Thanks for your attention! </li></ul><ul><li>Keep an eye on governance ;-) </li></ul>Governance in C2C Johan Hovelynck – Art Dewulf – Koen Siips Cradle to Cradle Network – Cycloop group

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